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# "Science Wire" gives access to latest science news from research centers and R&D companies.
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Sport Sciences
17.04.2015
Toronto 2015 Pan Am/Parapan Am Games: the science of sprinting
For University of Toronto Olympian and Toronto 2015 Pan Am/Parapan Am Games hopeful Sarah Wells , few athletic moments are as rife with anticipation as those leading up to when she places her feet on the starting blocks.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
17.04.2015
Chancellor Michael Wilson named chair of Mental Health Commission of Canada
The University of Toronto's 33rd chancellor, The Honourable Michael H. Wilson , has been appointed chair of the Mental Health Commission of Canada.
Environmental Sciences - Astronomy
17.04.2015
Fast access to CryoSat’s Arctic ice measurements now available
ESA's ice mission has become the first satellite to provide information on Arctic sea-ice thickness in near-real time to aid maritime activities in the polar region. Marking five years in orbit just last week, CryoSat is the first mission to deliver complete maps of Arctic sea-ice thickness - a key indicator of global climate change and of the state of the Arctic itself.
Psychology - Business/Economics
17.04.2015
Leaders who can read the crowd do better
ANN ARBOR-Performers call it "reading the crowd" or "sizing up the audience." However you put it, new research from University of Michigan professor Jeffrey Sanchez-Burks shows this skill, which he calls emotional aperture, isn't just important for performers. It can define your success as a business leader.
Psychology
17.04.2015
Children encouraged to be fearless, not anxious
Children encouraged to be fearless, not anxious
University of Queensland researchers are seeking families of anxious children to participate in a ground-breaking intervention called Fear-less.
Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
17.04.2015
Victorian youth re-offending rates significantly lower than today
Victorian youth re-offending rates significantly lower than today
Recidivism rates amongst Victorian young offenders were significantly lower than today, revealing the value of providing "skills and stability", say University of Liverpool researchers. The After Care project, conducted by Department of Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology 's Professor Barry Godfrey and Dr Zoe Alker, studied the lives of 500 children passing through a range of industrial and reformatory schools in nineteenth-century England.
Medicine/Pharmacology
17.04.2015
Cognitive problems are common after cardiac arrest
Cognitive problems are common after cardiac arrest
Half of all patients who survive a cardiac arrest experience problems with cognitive functions such as memory and attention. This has been shown by a major international study led from Lund University. Surprisingly, however, a control group comprising heart attack patients had largely the same level of problems.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
17.04.2015
Social Sciences - Administration/Government
17.04.2015
Manifesto Check: Conservatives talk tough but bring nothing new on immigration
Dr Catherine Harris, Research Fellow in EU migration and ethnic entrepreneurship at the University of Sheffield, comments on the Conservatives' immigration policy.
Arts and Design - Computer Science/Telecom
17.04.2015
Thumbnail track pad
Researchers at the MIT Media Laboratory are developing a new wearable device that turns the user's thumbnail into a miniature wireless track pad.
Medicine/Pharmacology
16.04.2015
Sandoz receives FDA approval for GlatopaTM as the first generic competitor to MS therapy Copaxone 20mg
Glatopa is the first FDA-approved, substitutable generic version of Copaxone 20mg, a treatment for relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis Novartis and Sandoz are driving access to a full r
Social Sciences - Business/Economics
16.04.2015
Manifesto Check: on immigration, UKIP offers only confusion
Dr Catherine Harris, Research Fellow in EU migration and ethnic entrepreneurship at the University of Sheffield, comments on UKIP's immigration proposals in their manifesto.
Chemistry - Business/Economics
16.04.2015
Scientists collaborate on project to make next generation industrial filters
Scientists collaborate on project to make next generation industrial filters
Making industrial filtration technology more efficient and sustainable is the focus of a new academic partnership involving Imperial College London.
Medicine/Pharmacology - History/Archeology
16.04.2015
Victorian baby teeth could help predict future health of children today
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue. Victorian baby teeth could help predict future health of children today Baby teeth from children who died during the 1845-52 Irish famine could help predict the future health of children born today, according to new research by the Universities of Durham and Bradford.
Astronomy - Environmental Sciences
16.04.2015
GOCE helps tap into sustainable energy resources
Going far above and beyond its original mission objectives, results from the GOCE gravity satellite are now being used to produce maps for geothermal energy development. Geothermal energy is heat from under Earth's surface. From hot springs to magma, this energy provides a clean, sustainable resource that can be used to generate electricity, heat buildings, grow plants in greenhouses and many other applications.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
16.04.2015
BristolBridge: a multidisciplinary approach to tackling antimicrobial resistance
The University has been awarded almost £600,000 by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) to support researchers from a wide range of disciplines in efforts to tackle antimicrobial resistance.
Chemistry - Medicine/Pharmacology
16.04.2015
Major Advance in Artificial Photosynthesis Poses Win/Win for the Environment
Major Advance in Artificial Photosynthesis Poses Win/Win for the Environment
A potentially game-changing breakthrough in artificial photosynthesis has been achieved with the development of a system that can capture carbon dioxide emissions before they are vented into the atmo
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
16.04.2015
Ancient herbal therapy can prevent--and reverse--heart problems in mice
A natural compound derived from the bark of the magnolia tree can protect the heart from hypertrophy, a thickening of cardiac muscle often caused by chronic high blood pressure that can lead to heart failure, researchers report in the April 14 issue of the online journal Nature . When injected into mice, honokiol reduced the excess growth of individual cardiac muscle cells, decreased ventricular wall thickness and prevented the accumulation of interstitial fibrosis—a stiffening of cardiac muscle cells that reduces their ability to contract.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
16.04.2015
Gene that controls melting point of cocoa butter
Blossoms on a chocolate (or cacao) tree. Research by Penn State scientists has identified a gene that determines the melting point of cocoa butter, which could lead to new varieties of chocolate and to improved pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. UNIVERSITY PARK, PA. The discovery of a gene involved in determining the melting point of cocoa butter - a critical attribute of the substance widely used in foods and pharmaceuticals - will likely lead to new and improved products, according to researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
Law/Forensics - History/Archeology
16.04.2015
Divorced, Bigamist, Bereaved? New research makes it easier to understand family trees
Research from the University of Warwick is set to help genealogists better understand family history by providing a fresh insight into attitudes towards divorce, bigamy and bereavement through the ages. The findings are published in a new book written by Professor Rebecca Probert from the School of Law – a leading expert on the history of marriage law in England and Wales – who has been painstakingly investigating centuries-old legal precedents, newspaper accounts, statistics and census data to shed new light on our ancestors' behaviour.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
16.04.2015
Alcon receives FDA approval of new multifocal intraocular lens to treat cataract patients in the United States
US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) grants approval of the AcrySof IQ ReSTOR +2.5 Diopter (D) Intraocular Lens (IOL) for sale in the US Expands Alcon's IOL portfolio for the correct
Study of Religions - Social Sciences
16.04.2015
Religious activities help minorities, but not Muslims, build friendships
University of Manchester PhD researcher presents findings to British Sociological Association's annual conference today.
Medicine/Pharmacology
16.04.2015
UQ's Professor Frazer warns against suspected scam
UQ’s Professor Frazer warns against suspected scam
RAW VIDEO FOOTAGE USE IS AVAILABLE The University of Queensland's Professor Ian Frazer has stressed he has no intention of moving overseas, in the wake of concerns that door-knock scammers could be
Literature/Linguistics
16.04.2015
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
16.04.2015
UC San Diego Turning Back the Clock on Parkinson’s
Like many young people, David Higgins was initially in denial about the possibility of having a serious, lifelong disease.
Business/Economics
16.04.2015
Patent office director offers views on intellectual property, diversity
Kevin Ponto (center), assistant professor of design studies and faculty in the Living Environments Lab, and Ross Tredinnick (right), systems programmer, demonstrate the six-sided virtual reality CAVE space to Michelle K. Lee as she tours the Wisconsin Institute for Discovery.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
16.04.2015
Research in the news: How a jab to the ribs jolts the brain into action
A short jab in the ribs instantly arouses a drowsy colleague during a long and dreary work meeting. A new study by Yale neurobiologists describes just what happens in the brain immediately following that jab that allows enhanced information processing.
Agronomy/Food Science - Life Sciences
16.04.2015
Maize roots have evolved to be more nitrogen efficient
To study the evolution of maize root systems, Penn State scientists grew 16 current and historical commercial corn varieties under several soil-fertility and population-density scenarios at the Russell E. Larson Agricultural Research Center. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Selective breeding of maize over the last century to create hybrids with desirable shoot characteristics and increased yield may have contributed indirectly to the evolution of root systems that are more efficient in acquiring nutrients, such as nitrogen, from the soil, according to researchers.
Careers/Employment - Business/Economics
16.04.2015
Carl Gulbrandsen to retire from WARF in 2016
"Joining WARF and serving the university is the best professional decision I ever made," says Carl Gulbrandsen.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
16.04.2015
Brain tumors may be new victims of Ebola-like virus
Brain tumors may be new victims of Ebola-like virus
Brain tumors are notoriously difficult for most drugs to reach, but Yale researchers have found a promising but unlikely new ally against brain cancers - portions of a deadly virus similar to Ebola. A virus containing proteins found in the Lassa virus - like Ebola, a hemorrhagic fever virus found in some parts of Africa - not only passed through the formidable blood-brain barrier but destroyed brain tumors in mice, according to research released April 16 in the Journal of Virology.
Business/Economics
16.04.2015
More Money, Same Bankruptcy Risk
In general, our financial lives follow a pattern of spending and saving described by a time-honored model that economists call the life-cycle hypothesis. Most people begin their younger years strapped for cash, earning little money while also investing heavily in skills and education. As the years go by, career advances result in higher income, which can be used to pay off debts incurred early on and to save for retirement.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
16.04.2015
DNA 'spool' modification affects aging and longevity
Research on a modified protein around which DNA is wrapped sheds light on how gene regulation is linked to aging and longevity in nematodes, fruit flies and possibly humans. The research has implications for how gene expression is regulated, and could offer a new drug target for age-related diseases.
Life Sciences
16.04.2015
Uniquely human 'pain of altruism' recruits help in childbirth
Among all the costs of childbirth - routine obstetric care and complications, midwife fees and gratuities, hospital bills longer than the baby itself - pregnant women can expect another "cost," not c
Social Sciences
16.04.2015
Scott Page to address ability, diversity in April 22 lecture
Scott Page to address ability, diversity in April 22 lecture
The successful performance of cognitive tasks by a group - problem-solving, making predictions, generating ideas - depends on individually accomplished and collectively diverse participants, social scientist Scott Page proves in his extensive research.
Environmental Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
16.04.2015
James Hansen: We should look at all energy options
James Hansen, a former head of NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies who was one of the first scientists to raise concerns about global climate change, spoke at MIT Tuesday in the biennial David J. Rose Lecture, sponsored by the Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering (NSE).
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Computer Science/Telecom
16.04.2015
High-tech robotics center coming to U-M
High-tech robotics center coming to U-M
David Remy, ME Professor, works in the Robotics and Motion Laboratory (RAMLab) in the GG Brown Building, testing the research group's new robot, Ramone, .
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
16.04.2015
U-M professor will serve as interim SNRE dean
ANN ARBOR-Professor Daniel G. Brown will serve as the interim dean at the University of Michigan's School of Natural Resources and Environment beginning June 1.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
16.04.2015
Cancer researcher named interim director of U-M Life Sciences Institute
ANN ARBOR-Dr. Stephen J. Weiss, a medical researcher who has focused his efforts on understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying the ways in which cancer cells invade tissues and metastasize, will become interim director of the University of Michigan's Life Sciences Institute.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
16.04.2015
Mercury MESSENGER nears epic mission end
ANN ARBOR-A spacecraft that carries a sensor built at the University of Michigan is about to crash into the planet closest to the sun-just as NASA intended.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
16.04.2015
Monitoring maternal and children health in rural India
Monitoring maternal and children health in rural India
ANN ARBOR-Imagine community health workers fanning out across rural villages and muddy fields to survey villagers in West Bengal, the fourth-most populous state in India.
Life Sciences - Environmental Sciences
15.04.2015
3-D printed blossoms a growing tool for ecology
3-D printed blossoms a growing tool for ecology
3-D printing has been used to make everything from cars to medical implants. Now, University of Washington ecologists are using the technology to make artificial flowers, which they say could revolutionize our understanding of plant-pollinator interactions. A new study involving hawk moths - a close relative of the species made famous by the film "Silence of the Lambs” - was published April 15 in the British Ecological Society 's journal Functional Ecology.
Social Sciences - Study of Religions
15.04.2015
Muslim women much more likely to be unemployed than white Christian women
Discrimination by employers has meant that Muslim women are much more likely to be unemployed than white Christian women even when they have the same qualifications and language abilities, new research from the University of Bristol shows.
Business/Economics - Administration/Government
15.04.2015
Manifesto Check: stacking up Labour’s deficit reduction plans
Dr Jonathan Perraton from the University's Department of Economics comments on Labour's manifesto as part of The Conversation's Manifesto Check - bringing academic expertise to bear on the political parties' key election pledges.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
15.04.2015
Wildfires emit more greenhouse gases than assumed in state climate targets
A new study quantifying the amount of carbon stored and released through California forests and wildlands finds that wildfires and deforestation are contributing more than expected to the state's greenhouse gas emissions. The 2013 Rim Fire in California burned more than 257,000 acres, the second largest wildfire in the Sierra Nevada and the third largest fire in California since 1932.
Environmental Sciences - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
15.04.2015
New Stanford energy system a model for efficiency
Stanford announces an innovative new approach to meeting its energy needs that will make it one of the world's most energy-efficient universities.
Social Sciences - Literature/Linguistics
15.04.2015
Stanford scholar unpacks the rhetoric behind extremist Marine Le Pen's mainstream success
Stanford scholar unpacks the rhetoric behind extremist Marine Le Pen’s mainstream success
A pioneering textual analysis of French political speeches led by Stanford Professor of French Cécile Alduy reveals how Marine Le Pen, leader of France's surging far-right National Front, has made extremism palatable in a land of republican values.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.04.2015
Spin-out firm Clyde Biosciences secures new investment
Clyde Biosciences Ltd. (Clyde Biosciences) has announced a £2 million ‘Series A' investment led by Epidarex Capital, a leading international early-stage life science venture capital fund.
Literature/Linguistics - Social Sciences
15.04.2015
T.H. Tsien, scholar and librarian of East Asian studies, 1909-2015
In 1941, T.H. Tsien risked his life to pack and ship thousands of Chinese rare books from Japanese-occupied Shanghai to the United States for safekeeping.
Life Sciences - Psychology
15.04.2015
Man with restored sight provides new insight into how vision develops
Man with restored sight provides new insight into how vision develops
California man Mike May made international headlines in 2000 when his sight was restored by a pioneering stem cell procedure after 40 years of blindness. But a study published three years after the operation found that the then-49-year-old could see colors, motion and some simple two-dimensional shapes, but was incapable of more complex visual processing.
Computer Science/Telecom - Business/Economics
15.04.2015
Game-changing work with the NBA and more from one of world's top ten computer science departments
What do the Toronto Raptors and mobile advertising have in common? You can find the answer at department of computer science's Research in Action showcase, April 15.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
15.04.2015
Durham University technology blasts into Space to seek better treatments for bone disease
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Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.04.2015
Abington study examines heat-related illness and hyperthermia in elderly
A Penn State Abington biology professor and two student researchers have identified a cellular pathway that might improve outcomes in elderly populations suffering from heat-related illness or hyperthermia.  Steven A. Bloomer, assistant professor of biology, mentored Abington students Leslee Sholomskas and Kate Roche.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.04.2015
Arab Spring's Demands for Democratic Reforms Has Precedence, Penn Senior Finds
Arab Spring’s Demands for Democratic Reforms Has Precedence, Penn Senior Finds
Understanding the molecular signals that guide early cells in the embryo to develop into different types of organs provides insight into how tissues regenerate and repair themselves.
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
15.04.2015
Physics community to discuss latest results of the AMS experiment
Geneva, 15 April 2015. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS ) collaboration will present today the latest results in its quest to understand the origin of cosmic rays and dark matter. These intriguing results will be shared and discussed during the "AMS days" starting today at CERN 2 , with many of the world's leading theoretical physicists and principal investigators of some of the major experiments exploring the field of cosmic-ray physics.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
15.04.2015
Yale launches national study of personalized medicine for metastatic melanoma
Yale University has launched a multicenter clinical trial, sponsored by Stand Up to Cancer and Melanoma Research Alliance, that will apply the latest in personalized medicine technology to treat metastatic melanoma.
Earth Sciences
15.04.2015
Reassessing China’s dinosaur ‘Pompeii’
New geological fieldwork in China has changed our understanding of a famous dinosaur fossil site. Up to now, the site at Lujiatun, in Liaoning Province, northeast China, was called the 'Chinese Pompeii' because it was assumed the animals had been killed by volcanic gases and buried at the same time under clouds of ash from erupting volcanoes.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
15.04.2015
Data in The Lancet show Novartis drug Arzerra plus chlorambucil improved median progression-free survival by 71% in CLL patients
Significant improvement in PFS seen with Arzerra plus chlorambucil in previously untreated patients with CLL for whom fludarabine-based therapy was inappropriate Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most commonly diagnosed adult leukemia in Western countries, accounting for approximately 1 in 4 cases of all leukemia , 75% of CLL patients are over 65 years of age at time of diagnosis and majority have at least one comorbidity suc
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.04.2015
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
15.04.2015
Wild voles' fight against infection could help explain varied immunity
Wild voles’ fight against infection could help explain varied immunity
The different ways in which animals and humans respond to infectious disease could be explained by analysis of the biology and environment of the genetically diverse, wild vole, say researchers at th
Law/Forensics - Pedagogy/Education Science
15.04.2015
Environmental Sciences - Administration/Government
15.04.2015
Collaborative conservation can save Borneo billions
Borneo can successfully meet conservation targets for protecting orangutan and elephant habitats if its three national jurisdictions work together, an international study has found.
Administration/Government - Social Sciences
15.04.2015
Project to provide better care for older patients
Project to provide better care for older patients
Vulnerable older hospital patients will benefit from an early warning-and-response system that has attracted more than $777,000 in Federal funding.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Careers/Employment
14.04.2015
U of M health sciences researchers voice support for medical school investment at State Capitol
Three University of Minnesota health sciences professors and clinicians who conduct groundbreaking research voiced support for state investment in the U Medical School during today's Senate Higher Education and Workforce Development Committee hearing.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
14.04.2015
Shape-shifting molecule tricks viruses into mutating themselves to death
A newly developed spectroscopy method is helping to clarify the poorly understood molecular process by which an anti-HIV drug induces lethal mutations in the virus' genetic material. The findings from the University of Chicago and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology could bolster efforts to develop the next generation of anti-viral treatments.
Computer Science/Telecom
14.04.2015
Car safety system could anticipate driver's mistakes
Car safety system could anticipate driver's mistakes
It may be a while yet before we have cars that drive themselves, but in the near future your car may help you drive.
Arts and Design - History/Archeology
14.04.2015
Three faculty members receive American Council of Learned Societies fellowships
Three University of Chicago faculty members have received fellowships from the American Council of Learned Societies. These prestigious fellowships allow scholars to spend six to 12 months on full-time research and writing. The new fellows are Thomas Christensen, the Avalon Foundation Professor in the Humanities; Nadine Moeller, assistant professor of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations; and David Simon, assistant professor of English Language and Literature.
Law/Forensics
14.04.2015
Statement of the Stanford Board of Trustees on divestment
For the last several months, Stanford has been evaluating a request submitted by Stanford Students for Justice in Palestine that it divest its endowment holdings of certain companies that do business in Israel.
Medicine/Pharmacology
14.04.2015
Kids with type 1 diabetes almost five times as likely to be hospitalised
Children with type 1 diabetes run almost five times the risk of being admitted to hospital for any reason as their peers, finds research published in the online journal BMJ Open.
Business/Economics - Environmental Sciences
14.04.2015
Ice pigging technology offers dairy industry significant savings
New analysis published by the Carbon Trust quantifies the benefits of introducing 'ice pigging', an innovative way of cleaning pipework using ice slurries that was invented and developed at the University of Bristol, into commercial dairies to improve profitability and reduce environmental impact.
Physics/Materials Science - Earth Sciences
14.04.2015
Bury nuclear waste down a very deep hole, say Sheffield scientists
Technologies that will enable nuclear waste to be sealed 5km below the Earth's surface could provide a safer, cheaper and more viable alternative for disposing of the UK's high level nuclear waste.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
14.04.2015
Female reproductive tract assists swimming sperm
In mammalian reproduction, sperm have a tough task: like trout swimming upstream, they must swim against a current through a convoluted female reproductive tract in search of the unfertilized egg. Sperm are visible swimming along a side wall. Video was recorded at 200 frames per second and replayed at 10 frames per second.
Business/Economics - Medicine/Pharmacology
14.04.2015
Patent office director visits for discussion about innovation and opportunity
Michelle K. Lee is the first woman to serve as director of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, and is working to encourage more women to enter science and technology fields.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Medicine/Pharmacology
14.04.2015
Clean ride mapper: Cycling the less polluted routes
Cyclists in Montreal and Toronto can now choose the least polluted routes to get around their cities thanks to an online tool developed at McGill University.
Environmental Sciences - History/Archeology
14.04.2015
Stanford art history scholar explores nature and culture in frost and forests
George Philip LeBourdais, a doctoral student in Stanford's Department of Art & Art History, applies his research on Arctic artistry and ecology to curate an exhibition on how trees inform human judgment and imagination.
Pedagogy/Education Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
14.04.2015
Sense of youthful purpose driven by action, passion, says Stanford researcher
Sense of youthful purpose driven by action, passion, says Stanford researcher
Stanford education Professor William Damon says that research shows that while young people can sometimes struggle with a sense of purpose, they are likely to find it in concrete and action-oriented goals.
Environmental Sciences
14.04.2015
New
New "Cool Roof Time Machine" Will Accelerate Cool Roof Deployment
Cool roofs can help keep buildings cool, thus lowering the building's energy use, while also mitigating the urban heat island effect by reflecting sunlight away from buildings and cities. But as cool roofs age and get soiled, how much of their reflectance do they lose?
Astronomy
14.04.2015
Spitzer, OGLE Spot Planet Deep Within Our Galaxy
Spitzer, OGLE Spot Planet Deep Within Our Galaxy
NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has teamed up with a telescope on the ground to find a remote gas planet about 13,000 light-years away, making it one of the most distant planets known.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
14.04.2015
Rosetta and Philae find comet not magnetised
Measurements made by Rosetta and Philae during the probe's multiple landings on Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko show that the comet's nucleus is not magnetised. Studying the properties of a comet can provide clues to the role that magnetic fields played in the formation of Solar System bodies almost 4.6 billion years ago.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
14.04.2015
UW among select universities to use investigational Medtronic device, advance research into brain activity
UW among select universities to use investigational Medtronic device, advance research into brain activity
Essential tremor, a nervous system disorder that causes a rhythmic shaking in the hands, affects an estimated 10 million Americans and millions more worldwide. Deep brain stimulation, essentially a pacemaker for the brain, has been approved to treat essential tremor. But there is not an existing system that automatically provides electrical stimulation only when needed.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
14.04.2015
Top U of M health sciences researchers to testify before Senate Higher Education April 14
Top U of M health sciences researchers to testify before Senate Higher Education and Workforce Development Committee April 14 What : U of M health sciences researchers address Senate Higher
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
14.04.2015
UK dementia and stroke research 'remains underfunded'
The amount of governmental money put into dementia and stroke research in the UK has risen significantly in recent years, but is still too low when compared with the economic and personal impact these conditions have, a study published in BMJ Open has found.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
14.04.2015
Scientists investigate extent of severe respiratory infection in Malawi
Scientists investigate extent of severe respiratory infection in Malawi
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have been awarded more than £3 million to define the nature and extent of influenza-associated Severe Acute Respiratory Infection (SARI) amongst adults and children in Malawi.  The research, supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) influenza division, will support the surveillance of patients admitted to urban and rural hospitals, as well as a vaccine trial in children aged six to 59 months.
Life Sciences - Environmental Sciences
14.04.2015
An ocean of opportunity
Dip a beaker into any portion of the world's oceans, and you're likely to pull up a swirling mix of planktonic inhabitants.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
14.04.2015
Taking aircraft manufacturing out of the oven
Composite materials used in aircraft wings and fuselages are typically manufactured in large, industrial-sized ovens: Multiple polymer layers are blasted with temperatures up to 750 degrees Fahrenheit, and solidified to form a solid, resilient material. Using this approach, considerable energy is required first to heat the oven, then the gas around it, and finally the actual composite.
Business/Economics - Event
14.04.2015
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
14.04.2015
MIT sensor detects spoiled meat
MIT chemists have devised an inexpensive, portable sensor that can detect gases emitted by rotting meat, allowing consumers to determine whether the meat in their grocery store or refrigerator is safe to eat.
Environmental Sciences - History/Archeology
14.04.2015
The art of laundry on show at UQ Art Museum
The art of laundry on show at UQ Art Museum
Hung out to dry: Space, memory and domestic laundry practices , a new exhibition at The University of Queensland Art Museum , is more than a homage to the backyard rotary hoist.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Veterinary Science
13.04.2015
Tests show Midwestern canine flu outbreak stems from new strain
Canine influenza virus (CIV) has affected at least 1,000 dogs in Illinois, Wisconsin, Ohio and Indiana in the last month, including one confirmed case in the Madison area. Previously thought to be caused by the H3N8 strain, which has been circulating in North America since 2004, recent tests from the Wisconsin Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (WVDL) and the New York State Animal Diagnostic Laboratory at Cornell University have identified the strain as H3N2.
Administration/Government - Physics/Materials Science
13.04.2015
Comment: Crowdfunding could be a simple way to pay for science research
Dr Maksym Sich, Research Fellow in Semiconductor Physics at the University of Sheffield comments on the use of crowdfunding to pay for science research.
Pedagogy/Education Science
13.04.2015
‘mum friends’ don’t fit the mould
From playgroup mums to school gate mums, most women have found themselves part of new friendship groups after the arrival of children.
Business/Economics - Social Sciences
13.04.2015
Political disruptions generated economic collapses in post-communist states, Stanford scholar says
New Stanford research on socialist countries' transitions to market systems in the 1990s found that the longer the decline of that country's communist system before regime change and the greater the
Life Sciences
13.04.2015
Laura Tach named 2015 William T. Grant Scholar
Cornell sociologist Laura Tach joins four other professors nationally as 2015 William T. Grant Foundation Scholars, receiving a five-year, $350,000 award to fund research on U.S. families.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
13.04.2015
Dodo bird verdict given new life by psychosis therapy study
Dodo bird verdict given new life by psychosis therapy study
A study by researchers at the University of Liverpool and the University of Manchester has examined the psychological treatment of more than 300 people suffering from psychosis, showing that, whatever the therapy, it is the relationship between the patient and therapist which either improves or damages wellbeing.
Administration/Government - Medicine/Pharmacology
13.04.2015
Weekend opening for GPs would save 2m unnecessary A&E admissions
Weekend opening for GPs would save 2m unnecessary A&E admissions
Weekend opening for GPs would save 2m unnecessary A&E admissions By Dr Vikram Pathania , Lecturer in Economics at the University of Sussex GPs are the gateway to NHS care – nine out of ten times , the first a patient has with the health system is through their GP.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
13.04.2015
Women preferred 2:1 over men for STEM faculty positions
For decades, sexism in higher education has been blamed for blocking women from landing academic positions in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) fields. But a new study by Cornell psychologists suggests that era has ended, finding in experiments with professors from 371 colleges and universities across the United States that science and engineering faculty preferred women two-to-one over identically qualified male candidates for assistant professor positions.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
13.04.2015
Encapsulated stem cells accelerate wound healing
A team of Cornell scientists has shown that stem cells confined inside tiny capsules secrete substances that help heal simulated wounds in cell cultures, opening up new ways of delivering these substances to locations in the body where they can hasten healing.
Astronomy
13.04.2015
Alien contact
ESA Space in Images Title Comet activity 31 January - 25 March 2015 Released 13/04/2015 11:12 am Copyright ESA/Rosetta/NAVCAM - CC BY-SA IGO 3.0 Description Four
Astronomy
13.04.2015
Rosetta latest results
Mosaic art at ESA's spacecraft operations centre ESOC in Darmstadt, Germany. French artist Invader is installing his iconic art at ESA establishments all over Europe and even on the International Space Station.
Astronomy - Life Sciences
13.04.2015
Defending the planet
ESA Space in Images Title Root cause Released 14/04/2015 2:14 pm Copyright University of Freiburg-F. Ditengou / T. Haser / AG Palme Description This
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
13.04.2015
High-power laser spinoff proves versatility is strength
A green laser module, together with control electronics, at the Madison lab of Alfalight, a spinoff from UW-Madison that makes high-power lasers.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
13.04.2015
Violent methane storms on Titan may solve dune direction mystery
Violent methane storms on Titan may solve dune direction mystery
With its thick, hazy atmosphere and surface rivers, mountains, lakes and dunes, Titan , Saturn's largest moon, is one of the most Earthlike places in the solar system. As the Cassini-Huygens spacecraft examines Titan over many years, its discoveries bring new mysteries. One of those involves the seemingly wind-created sand dunes spotted by Cassini near the moon's equator, and the contrary winds just above.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Physics/Materials Science
13.04.2015
On the Road to Spin-orbitronics
On the Road to Spin-orbitronics
Few among us may know what magnetic domains are but we make use of them daily when we email files, post images, or music or video to our personal devices.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
13.04.2015
Promising future of quantum dots explored in conference
Promising future of quantum dots explored in conference
Researchers are gathering to reflect on two decades of quantum dot research at a special topical conference, "20 Years of Quantum Dots at Los Alamos" "This research, which started two decades a
Business/Economics
13.04.2015
Water insecurity is 'a drag on the global economy'
A new report shows floods, droughts and a lack of investment in providing good quality, reliable water supplies is dragging down the global economy.
Medicine/Pharmacology
13.04.2015
Alcohol use in films linked to adolescents’ drinking habits
The more adolescents witness alcohol consumption in films, the more likely they are to try alcohol and participate in risky drinking behaviour, according to new research from the University of Bristol, published today in Pediatrics.
Social Sciences
13.04.2015
Scholar leads talk on 'black lives matter' movement
Scholar leads talk on 'black lives matter' movement
Activist, scholar and writer Barbara Ransby led a community conversation about the social history and current state of activist movements fighting the oppression of black Americans April 8 at the Africana Studies and Research Center.
Environmental Sciences
13.04.2015
Calling all photographers!
For the launch of Sentinel-2A, ESA is inviting you to take part in a photo contest focusing on the theme of 'colour vision'.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
13.04.2015
Warming seas pose habitat risk for fishy favourites
Popular North Sea fish such as haddock, plaice and lemon sole could become less common on our menus because they will be constrained to preferred habitat as seas warm, according to a study by researchers from the Universities of Exeter and Bristol published today.
Astronomy - Social Sciences
13.04.2015
Dark Energy Survey creates detailed guide to spotting dark matter
Dark Energy Survey creates detailed guide to spotting dark matter
The largest single high definition map of mysterious dark matter has been produced, with the help of UK scientists. And it could reveal more about how galaxies formed in our Universe. Researchers at the Dark Energy Survey (DES), including several from the University of Manchester, have released the first in a series of dark matter maps of the cosmos.
Administration/Government
13.04.2015
Edward Snowden Archive: University of Toronto project gives you access to all leaked NSA documents
How much do you know about the American surveillance documents leaked by whistleblower Edward Snowden – and how many of those National Security Agency documents have you read?
Study of Religions - Law/Forensics
13.04.2015
University hosts Commission on Religion and Belief in Public Life
The Commission on Religion and Belief in Public Life (CORAB) is coming to the University of Glasgow on Monday 13th April for an evidence hearing from over 30 distinguished members of the Scottish faith and belief sectors, as well as Scottish politicians, journalists and civic leaders.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
13.04.2015
Donita Brady Appointed Presidential Professor at Penn
Donita Brady Appointed Presidential Professor at Penn
Donita Brady has been named the seventh Presidential Professor at the University of Pennsylvania , effective July 1.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
13.04.2015
Solution-grown nanowires make the best lasers
Take a material that is a focus of interest in the quest for advanced solar cells. Discover a "freshman chemistry level" technique for growing that material into high-efficiency, ultra-small lasers.
Administration/Government - Arts and Design
13.04.2015
Marie Curie funding herald new generation of contemporary art conservators
The University of Glasgow has secured funding to educate a new generation of curators, conservators and academic researchers to develop new ways of conserving and restoring contemporary artworks.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
13.04.2015
Explaining Saturn's Great White Spots
Explaining Saturn’s Great White Spots
Every 20 to 30 years, Saturn's atmosphere roils with giant, planet-encircling thunderstorms that produce intense lightning and enormous cloud disturbances. The head of one of these storms-popularly called "great white spots," in analogy to the Great Red Spot of Jupiter-can be as large as Earth. Unlike Jupiter's spot, which is calm at the center and has no lightning, the Saturn spots are active in the center and have long tails that eventually wrap around the planet.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
13.04.2015
Logging means ants, worms and other invertebrates lose rainforest dominance
Logging means ants, worms and other invertebrates lose rainforest dominance
Logging slashes the abundance of invertebrates like ants and earthworms but new research shows vertebrates can take up their roles in the ecosystem.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
13.04.2015
Emmanuelle Charpentier named in Time magazine’s ’100 most influential people in world’ list
Emmanuelle Charpentier, professor at Umeå University, has been selected by Time magazine as one of its 100 most influential people in the world list for 2015.
Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
13.04.2015
ANU to establish a joint centre with China »
The University's John Curtin School of Medical Research (JCSMR) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine to establish a Joint Research Centre for Personalised Immunology.
History/Archeology
13.04.2015
Springbank Island archaeology dig underway »
The Australian National University (ANU) has begun an archaeological dig on Springbank Island in Canberra's Lake Burley Griffin.
Study of Religions
13.04.2015
Earth Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
13.04.2015
Return of the Brontosaurus: Q&A with the Peabody's Jacques Gauthier
The dinosaur with an identity crisis is standing on its own four legs again. The venerable Brontosaurus excelsus , that gargantuan, long-necked sauropod that roamed the earth 150 million years ago, has reclaimed a distinct spot in the fossil record.
Medicine/Pharmacology
13.04.2015
New course recognises changing healthcare landscape
As healthcare increasingly depends on the innovative use of modern technologies the University of Sydney has announced a first of its kind master's degree aimed at developing leaders in the emerging field of health technology.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
13.04.2015
Gilenya data at AAN to highlight Novartis leadership in innovation with new MS assessment methods to benefit patients and physicians
New analysis will confirm high efficacy of Gilenya in achieving 'no evidence of disease activity' (NEDA4) in previously-treated highly-active RMS patients Separate analyses will show adding brain shrinkage to an existing assessment tool enhances ability to predict disability progression in relapsing MS (RMS) Early data on a novel method to assess motor function in patients with MS and its potential clinical application will also be
History/Archeology
13.04.2015
The Anzac battlefield: landscape of war and memory exhibition opening at the Shrine of Remembrance
The University of Melbourne and The Shrine of Remembrance Trustees are pleased to announce that The Anzac battlefield: landscape of war and memory will be opened today.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
13.04.2015
Fragment of continental crust found under south east Iceland
Fragment of continental crust found under south east Iceland
An international team, including researchers at the University of Liverpool, have shown that south east Iceland is underlain by continental crust.  The team found that the accepted theory, that Iceland consists of very thick oceanic crust, generated by the interaction between the ocean-ridge sea-floor and a mantle plume, is incorrect.  In the report, published in (PNAS), maps of crustal thickness produced from satellite gravity data by Pro
Computer Science/Telecom - Mathematics
13.04.2015
Graphics in reverse
Most recent advances in artificial intelligence - such as mobile apps that convert speech to text - are the result of machine learning, in which computers are turned loose on huge data sets to look for patterns.
Social Sciences - Event
13.04.2015
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
13.04.2015
Recruiting the entire immune system to attack cancer
The human immune system is poised to spring into action at the first sign of a foreign invader, but it often fails to eliminate tumors that arise from the body's own cells. Cancer biologists hope to harness that untapped power using an approach known as cancer immunotherapy. Orchestrating a successful immune attack against tumors has proven difficult so far, but a new study from MIT suggests that such therapies could be improved by simultaneously activating both arms of the immune system.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
13.04.2015
Laboratory in Flight
MIAMI - April 13, 2015 -The University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science unveiled today its one-of-a-kind flying scientific laboratory.
Environmental Sciences - Business/Economics
10.04.2015
MIT hosts debate on pros and cons of fossil-fuel divestment
On Thursday, MIT held an event that Maria Zuber, vice president for research, described in welcoming remarks as likely "a first-of-its-kind occurrence: a serious, campus-wide debate on the pros and c
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
10.04.2015
Pain and Analgesia Pathways Fine-Tune Neurons’ Sensitivity to Each Other
By Jocelyn Duffy / 412-268-9982 At the cellular level, pain and pain relief are caused by two different signaling pathways. But the two pathways aren't necessarily independent of one another, according to a study published by Carnegie Mellon researchers in Cell Reports. The researchers determined the mechanism by which cellular signals for pain fine-tunes neurons' sensitivity to opioids, medications that relieve pain.
Chemistry
10.04.2015
Mellon Foundation makes challenge grant to fund conservation science at Yale
Yale University has received a $2 million grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to advance the field of conservation science.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
10.04.2015
NIGMS director to discuss how to improve funding for biomedical research
John Lorsch, director of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) at the National Institutes of Health, present a talk at Yale titled "Developing a More Efficient, Productive, and Sustainable Biomedical Research Enterprise" on Tuesday, April 21.
Law/Forensics
10.04.2015
Suggests police shooting in South Carolina not justified, Stanford legal expert says
Suggests police shooting in South Carolina not justified, Stanford legal expert says
Stanford law Professor David Sklansky said the police shooting in South Carolina of a man fleeing from an officer appears to have not been justified, based on the video taken by a bystander.
Earth Sciences - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
10.04.2015
An Earthquake Warning System in Our Pockets?
While you are checking your email, scrolling through social-media feeds, or just going about your daily life with your trusty smartphone in your pocket, the sensors in that little computer could also be contributing to an earthquake early warning system. So says a new study led by researchers at Caltech and the United States Geological Survey (USGS).
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
10.04.2015
Can hosting the 2015 Pan Am/Parapan Am Games make Toronto a healthier city?
This summer, thousands of the world's top athletes will descend on our city to compete in the Toronto 2015 Pan Am/ Parapan Am Games , showcasing not only athletic prowess, but the dynamic and thriving City of Toronto.
Psychology - Life Sciences
10.04.2015
Carnegie Mellon Scientists Question Representation of Women in International Journal
By Shilo Rea / 412-268-6094 Three leading cognitive scientists from Carnegie Mellon University are questioning the gender representation of invited contributors in the special February 2015 issue, " The Changing Face of Cognition ,” published by the international journal Cognition.
Social Sciences - Law/Forensics
10.04.2015
UCLA faculty voice: Social media enhances the power of "common knowledge"
Political science professor Michael Chwe writes about having his book chosen by Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg as a book club selection Michael Chwe Michael Chwe is a professor in the UCLA department of political science.
Administration/Government
10.04.2015
Online system lets State College residents share opinions with local government
Researchers at Penn State's College of Information Sciences and Technology (IST), in conjunction with the State College Borough, are pioneering a system that is intended to allow citizens to engage more directly in decision-making processes, partly through online communication. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa.
Life Sciences - Arts and Design
10.04.2015
Studying How Species Evolve
Documentary film 'Islands of Creation' captures UM researcher's fascinating speciation studies. By.(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) UM News CORAL GABLES, Fla.
Astronomy
10.04.2015
Patagonian glaciers
ESA Space in Images Title Los Glaciares National Park, Argentina Released 10/04/2015 10:00 am Copyright USGS/ESA Description Part of the Southern Patagonian Ice
Earth Sciences - Life Sciences
10.04.2015
A new beginning for baby mosasaurs, thanks to Yale research
They weren't in the delivery room, but researchers at Yale University and the University of Toronto have discovered a new birth story for a gigantic marine lizard that once roamed the oceans. Thanks to recently identified specimens at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, paleontologists now believe that mighty mosasaurs - which could grow to 50 feet long - gave birth to their young in the open ocean, not on or near shore.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
10.04.2015
Pain Fine-Tunes Pain Relief
By Jocelyn Duffy / 412-268-9982 At the cellular level, pain and pain relief are caused by two different signaling pathways. But the two pathways aren't necessarily independent of one another, according to a study published by Carnegie Mellon researchers in Cell Reports. The researchers determined the mechanism by which cellular signals for pain fine-tunes neurons' sensitivity to opioids, medications that relieve pain.
Life Sciences - Literature/Linguistics
10.04.2015
Animals enliven human language
In one of Aesop's best-known fables, The Ant and the Grasshopper , the grasshopper goofs around all summer and makes fun of the ants, who spend their days storing food for the long winter ahead.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
10.04.2015
Environmental Solutions Initiative awards seed grants to advance collaborative progress on environmental challenges
How can sustainable consumption in U.S. cities be fostered? Can the ocean floor be mined in an ecologically benign way? What are the health risks associated with the mining of rare metals used
Business/Economics - Psychology
09.04.2015
The stranger within: Connecting with our future selves
iStock A UCLA social psychologist has found that we think of future selves as different people, which could explain why many of us don't save enough for retirement.
Computer Science/Telecom
09.04.2015
U.S. Department of Energy awards $200 million for next-generation supercomputer at Argonne National Laboratory
Lynn Orr, U.S. Department of Energy Under Secretary for Science and Energy, announced two new high performance computing awards that will continue to advance U.S. leadership in developing exascale computing.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
09.04.2015
U-M scientists to help build next-generation dark energy probe
U-M scientists to help build next-generation dark energy probe
ANN ARBOR-University of Michigan scientists and students will build components of a giant camera that will map 30 million galaxies' worth of the universe in three dimensions.
Life Sciences - Psychology
09.04.2015
Amygdala encodes ’cooties’ and ’crushes’ in the developing brain
University of Illinois psychology professor Eva Telzer and her colleagues found that children's brain responses to opposite-sex faces differ as they mature. CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Scientists have found a signal in the brain that reflects young children's aversion to members of the opposite sex (the “cooties” effect) and also their growing interest in opposite-sex peers as they enter puberty.
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
09.04.2015
After the Higgs: Penn Gears Up for New Physics Discoveries at CERN
by Sarah Welsh After a two-year hiatus, the Large Hadron Collider at the European Organization for Nuclear Research, or CERN, is gearing up for its second run.
Life Sciences - Agronomy/Food Science
09.04.2015
The cutting-edge science taking on some of the world’s most notorious parasitic plants
Caroline Wood, a PhD student in Plant Biology at the University of Sheffield, discusses how modern science is developing techniques to protect crops from parasitic plants.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
09.04.2015
Greater use of food banks linked to higher unemployment
Greater use of food banks linked to higher unemployment
The mass expansion of food banks across the United Kingdom is associated with cuts in spending on local services, welfare benefits and higher unemployment rates, a study published in the British Medi
Earth Sciences - Environmental Sciences
09.04.2015
'Warm blob' in Pacific Ocean linked to weird weather across the U.S
‘Warm blob’ in Pacific Ocean linked to weird weather across the U.S
The one common element in recent weather has been oddness. The West Coast has been warm and parched; the East Coast has been cold and snowed under.
Social Sciences - Environmental Sciences
09.04.2015
University to launch Spring 2015 Climate Survey on sexual misconduct and sexual assault
On April 14, the University of Chicago will launch a campus survey to assess the climate for students with regard to sexual misconduct and sexual assault.
Environmental Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
09.04.2015
Young designers focus on sustainability for degree show
Young designers focus on sustainability for degree show
Young designers focus on sustainability for degree show Final-year Product Design students at Sussex will be displaying a range of innovative and eco-friendly creations at their degree show next week (14-17 April).
Life Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom
09.04.2015
$18.5M grant aims to boost staple crop breeding worldwide
To streamline the breeding of five staple crops - wheat, rice, maize, sorghum and chickpea - the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded Cornell $18.5 million for a project that will put modular,
Medicine/Pharmacology
09.04.2015
Motion sickness in autonomous cars: Don’t read and ride
ANN ARBOR-Self-driving vehicles should make roads safer, save energy and improve mobility, but they also might make some people sick, say University of Michigan researchers.
Social Sciences - Psychology
09.04.2015
Yale survey asks nation's youth 'How would you like to feel?'
Yale survey asks nation’s youth ’How would you like to feel?’
How do you feel in school? How would you like to feel? The nation's high school students will be asked to answer those questions in a survey distributed April 8 by the Yale Center for Emotional Intelligence and Born This Way Foundation, which hope to find ways to bridge the gap between emotional reality and aspiration among the nation's youth.
Administration/Government
09.04.2015
Silver Shield Foundation and University of Texas to Give Scholarship to Child of Fallen Police and Firefighters
NEW YORK - The University of Texas at Austin will provide the New York-based Silver Shield Foundation a full college scholarship to a child of a firefighter or police officer killed in the line of duty.
Life Sciences - Chemistry
09.04.2015
U-M researchers track the toxicity of Lake Erie cyanobacterial blooms
ANN ARBOR-Efforts to reduce the amount of phosphorus and other nutrients washing off farm fields and into Lake Erie shifted into overdrive after high levels of a bacterial toxin shut down the drinking water supply to more than 400,000 Toledo-area residents last August.
Life Sciences - Chemistry
09.04.2015
'Shield' gives tricky proteins a new identity
'Shield' gives tricky proteins a new identity
Studding the lipid membrane of every cell are millions of integral membrane proteins - molecules that play crucial roles in cell signaling, adhesion and other life processes, and become the targets for half of today's pharmaceutical drugs. Integral membrane proteins also are notoriously hard to synthesize and study, which explains why so few have been fully, three-dimensionally characterized with protein crystallography.
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
09.04.2015
For Ultra-cold Neutrino Experiment, a Successful Demonstration
For Ultra-cold Neutrino Experiment, a Successful Demonstration
An international team of scientists releases early results from the CUORE experiment with implications for why there's more matter than antimatter in the universe. Today an international team of nuclear physicists announced the first scientific results from the Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) experiment.
Business/Economics
09.04.2015
Water needs a new brand to make it easier to swallow
Trendy California is going for it, but recycled water still won't wash in Queensland – and a University of Queensland researcher is warning that we need to stop being squeamish about drinking treated water.
History/Archeology - Social Sciences
09.04.2015
Passage from India
They came across the ocean to build railways and work as traders. They settled as merchants, farmers, and government workers, and have stayed for generations.
Astronomy - History/Archeology
09.04.2015
Archaeology of a million stars to unravel galaxies’ evolution
Archaeology is no longer earthbound but is being used to solve one of the fundamental mysteries of astronomy. "We still don't understand how the more than 100 billion galaxies in our universe formed and evolved. Now we are going back to the very beginning of the Milky Way and using the astronomical equivalent of fossils to understand how our galaxy and those beyond it came about," said Dr Gayandhi De Silva, from the University of Sydney's School of Physics.
Mathematics - Social Sciences
08.04.2015
Deans announce new Institute for Data, Systems, and Society
What do data scientists and social scientists have in common? Not nearly enough - yet.
Event
08.04.2015
Charter Day panelist preview: math wiz Steven Strogatz
Register for Charter Day events Charter Day: A Festival of Ideas and Imagination, part of Cornell's sesquicentennial celebration, runs April 24-27.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
08.04.2015
CMU Chemists Create Tiny Gold Nanoparticles That Reflect Nature’s Patterns
By Jocelyn Duffy / 412-268-9982 Our world is full of patterns, from the twist of a DNA molecule to the spiral of the Milky Way. New research from Carnegie Mellon chemists has revealed that tiny, synthetic gold nanoparticles exhibit some of nature's most intricate patterns. Unveiling the kaleidoscope of these patterns was a Herculean task, and it marks the first time that a nanoparticle of this size has been crystallized and its structure mapped out atom by atom.
Astronomy - Sport Sciences
08.04.2015
Heading for great heights
ESA Space in Images Title Thomas Pesquet with Tony Parker and Boris Diaw Released 07/04/2015 1:17 pm Copyright NASA-L. Harnett Description ESA astronaut Th
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
08.04.2015
Distance running may be an evolutionary ’signal’ for desirable male genes
New research shows that males with higher 'reproductive potential' are better distance runners. This may have been used by females as a reliable signal of high male genetic quality during our hunter-gatherer past, as good runners are more likely to have other traits of good hunters and providers, such as intelligence and generosity.
Social Sciences
08.04.2015
Game played in sync increases children's perceived similarity, closeness
Game played in sync increases children’s perceived similarity, closeness
What helps children who have just met form a connection? A new study shows that a simple game played together in sync on a computer led 8-year-olds to report a greater sense of similarity and closeness immediately after the activity. Children who played the same game but not in a synchronous way did not report the same increase in connection.
Social Sciences - Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering
08.04.2015
In rural areas, white women more prone to depression than African-American women
ANN ARBOR-"Location, location, location" is key in determining a home's value, but the phrase is equally important regarding the mental health for women living in rural areas, according to a new University of Michigan study. Addie Weaver, a researcher at the U-M School of Social Work, and colleagues examined how the interaction of rural and urban residency and race/ethnicity affected lifetime and 12-month major depressive and mood disorders.
Computer Science/Telecom - Business/Economics
08.04.2015
Exploring the dark side of Bitcoin
Bitcoin, a peer-to peer online payment system that was conceived in 2008, has experienced considerable growth in popularity and increasingly has been adopted as a viable payment scheme in mainstream electronic commerce.
History/Archeology
08.04.2015
Researchers help create public archive of BBC election coverage
Researchers help create public archive of BBC election coverage
Sussex researchers help create public archive of BBC election coverage A new public archive site that contains footage of every General Election since the BBC first introduced televised coverage
Law/Forensics - Social Sciences
08.04.2015
New director at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights
New director at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights
Morten Kjaerum is the new director of the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, having taken over the reins of the Institute on 1 April 2015.
Astronomy
08.04.2015
Last stretch before being packed tight
Once in space, Sentinel-2A will open its solar wing to generate the power it needs to carry out the task of monitoring Earth's vegetation.
Medicine/Pharmacology
08.04.2015
Making vaccinations less painful and scary
Its goal is to increase vaccination rates and reduce the spread of disease globally – so the World Health Organization turned to the University of Toronto's Anna Taddio .
Social Sciences - Law/Forensics
08.04.2015
Q&A: Co-chairs of the Provost's Task Force on Sexual Assault Policies and Practices talk about recommendations
Q&A: Co-chairs of the Provost’s Task Force on Sexual Assault Policies and Practices talk about recommendations
The Provost's Task Force on Sexual Assault Policies and Practices has issued its recommendations for enhancing Stanford's approach to preventing and responding to sexual assault, relationship violence and other forms of prohibited conduct at Stanford.
Social Sciences - Law/Forensics
08.04.2015
Letter from the provost to the campus community
Dear Members of the Stanford Community: I am writing to provide you with the report, being released today, of the Provost's Task Force on Sexual Assault Policies and Practices.
Business/Economics - Administration/Government
08.04.2015
Captioning at scale
In 2008, four students at the MIT Sloan School of Management developed a system for captioning online video that was far more efficient than traditional methods, which involve pausing a video frequently to write text and mark time codes.
History/Archeology
08.04.2015
How the NHS became almost a national ’religion’
Researchers at the University of Warwick are appealing for communities and individuals to get involved in a new five year research project which will record and examine the cultural history of the NHS.
Arts and Design
08.04.2015
Lighted clothing that flashes to beat of music will hit runway
Lighted clothing that flashes to beat of music will hit runway
These clothes soon may be all the rave: Fiber science and physics students have teamed to create fashionable "smart" garments with vivid, luminescent panels that pulse to music.
Environmental Sciences - Study of Religions
08.04.2015
Protecting the environment begins in the heart, says Buddhist leader
As a child living in a rural area in eastern Tibet, His Holiness the 17th Karmapa Ogyen Trinley Dorje recalls a natural environment that was pristine and untarnished by modern development.
Law/Forensics
08.04.2015
Comment: Internet of things devices meant to simplify our lives may end up ruling them instead
Andy Tattersall, Information Specialist at the University of Sheffield comments on the complications advances in technology might cause.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
08.04.2015
City appoints new director of healthcare innovation
City appoints new director of healthcare innovation
The University of Manchester's Professor Jackie Oldham has been appointed by the city in a new role to make Manchester a leading centre for healthcare business and innovation.
Life Sciences
08.04.2015
Getting into hot water: Preventing the spread of aquatic invasive species
Hot water could be the answer to stopping aquatic invasive species from "hitchhiking" around Britain on anglers' and canoeists' kit, according to a new study.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
08.04.2015
Information Researchers to Create Digital Archives from Central Lunatic Asylum for Colored Insane
AUSTIN, Texas - Three faculty members at The University of Texas at Austin's School of Information have received a grant from the Andrew Mellon Foundation to develop and field test a digital infrastr
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
08.04.2015
Researchers deliver large particles into cells at high speed
Courtesy of Eric Pei-Yu Chiou A team led by Professor Eric Pei-Yu Chiou created a tool that delivers nanoparticles, enzymes, antibodies and bacteria into cells at the rate of 100,000 cells per minute - significantly faster than current technology.
Medicine/Pharmacology
08.04.2015
Partial knee replacement surgery tops full replacement
Partial knee replacements are superior economically to total knee replacements in older adults and, with a few small improvements, can be an attractive option for younger patients as well, new research from Weill Cornell Medical College and Hospital for Special Surgery investigators suggests.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
08.04.2015
A digital field guide to cancer cells
A digital field guide to cancer cells
Scientists are mapping the habits of cancer cells, turn by microscopic turn. Using advanced technology and an approach that merges engineering and medicine, a Yale University-led team has compiled some of the most sophisticated data yet on the elaborate signaling networks directing highly invasive cancer cells.
History/Archeology
08.04.2015
Archaeologists defy Isis militants by finding new antiquities in Iraq
Archaeologists defy Isis militants by finding new antiquities in Iraq
University of Manchester archaeologists are continuing to make significant new discoveries near the ancient city of Ur despite efforts by Islamic State militants to 'culturally cleanse' Iraq of its ancient relics. The Manchester team - one of only two operating in non-Kurdish Iraq – has just returned from three months of fieldwork there.
Business/Economics - Life Sciences
08.04.2015
Evolution explains when and why we gamble
Sales of lottery tickets and insurance policies reveal our ambivalent attitude towards risk-in some situations we love to gamble, whereas in others we prefer to avoid it. New research by scientists at the University of Bristol has found an evolutionary explanation for this puzzling pattern of behaviour.
Literature/Linguistics - Environmental Sciences
08.04.2015
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
08.04.2015
Emotionally inspired engineering
When MIT senior Emma Nelson was teaching engineering classes in China in 2013, a male student remarked of her as an instructor, "I thought we were supposed to meet engineers, not women." As she stare
Environmental Sciences
08.04.2015
Knee-jerk cat-kicking needs scientific basis »
Preventing Australia's biodiversity from collapsing needs long-term science-based programs that are more complex than just culling cats and foxes, says leading environmental scientist Professor David Lindenmayer.
Event
08.04.2015
Charter Day panelist preview: math whiz Steven Strogatz
Register for Charter Day Weekend events Charter Day: A Festival of Ideas and Imagination, part of Cornell's sesquicentennial celebration, runs April 24-27.
Arts and Design
07.04.2015
Environmental Sciences - Architecture
07.04.2015
Climate Ribbon
Rendering of Solar Data Downtown Miami's 5.4-million-gross-square-foot mixed-use Brickell City Centre, slated to open in phases at the end of 2015 into 2016, wanted an innovative design - an open-air feel for its shoppers, despite Miami's heat and rain.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
07.04.2015
Kaler: Governor’s bonding recommendations symbolic of U’s impact on state
University of Minnesota President Eric Kaler today praised Gov. Mark Dayton's bonding proposal for the University, noting that it demonstrates his continued recognition of the institution's impact on the state.