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# "Science Wire" gives access to latest science news from research centers and R&D companies.
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Medicine/Pharmacology
27.02.2015
Positive phase II data highlights benefits of Alcon’s RTH258 for patients with neovascular (wet) age-related macular degeneration
Phase II study met primary endpoint, demonstrating promising visual acuity gains in patients with neovascular (wet) age-related macular degeneration Data shows the potential for less frequent
History/Archeology - Philosophy
27.02.2015
Harris-Perry discusses realities of struggle in King Lecture
Harris-Perry discusses realities of struggle in King Lecture
"To live in a democracy is to have the right to govern, not simply to be governed," said MSNBC television host, scholar and author Melissa Harris-Perry, commencing the annual Martin Luther King Jr.
Life Sciences
27.02.2015
Gold and white or blue and black? #TheDress explained
Gold and white or blue and black? #TheDress explained
Clinical vision scientist, Dr Neil Parry, sheds some light on why millions around the world are confused about the colour of a dress in a photo circulating on the Internet.
Chemistry - Astronomy
27.02.2015
Life 'not as we know it' possible on Saturn's moon Titan
Life 'not as we know it' possible on Saturn's moon Titan
Liquid water is a requirement for life on Earth. But in other, much colder worlds, life might exist beyond the bounds of water-based chemistry.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
27.02.2015
Novartis lung cancer drug Zykadia recommended for EU approval in patients with ALK+ NSCLC previously treated with crizotinib
If approved, Zykadia (ceritinib) would be the first treatment option for patients in Europe with ALK+ NSCLC previously treated with crizotinib ALK+ NSCLC is driven by a rearrangement of the A
Medicine/Pharmacology
27.02.2015
Doctors nonsurgically correct infant ear deformities
Doctors nonsurgically correct infant ear deformities
A team of researchers from Weill Cornell Medical College and NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center has improved a nonsurgical procedure that safely and effectively corrects newborn ear deformities in just two weeks - a drastically shorter period of time than previously reported.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Pedagogy/Education Science
27.02.2015
Q&A: Seth Mnookin on vaccination and public health
Seth Mnookin, an assistant professor of science writing and associate director of MIT's Graduate Program in Science Writing, is the author of "The Panic Virus: The True Story Behind the Vaccine-Auti
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
27.02.2015
First Detailed Microscopy Evidence of Bacteria at the Lower Size Limit of Life
First Detailed Microscopy Evidence of Bacteria at the Lower Size Limit of Life
Scientists have captured the first detailed microscopy images of ultra-small bacteria that are believed to be about as small as life can get. The research was led by scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California, Berkeley.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Arts and Design
27.02.2015
Lebermann Foundation Creates UT Endowments for Medical School, Liberal Arts
AUSTIN, Texas - The Lebermann Foundation of Austin has committed $1.5 million to create two endowments at The University of Texas at Austin honoring the parents of former Austin civic leader Lowell Lebermann.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
27.02.2015
Unlocking the Key to Immunological Memory in Bacteria
Unlocking the Key to Immunological Memory in Bacteria
A powerful genome editing tool may soon become even more powerful.
Social Sciences - Business/Economics
27.02.2015
Consumers remain optimistic in February
ANN ARBOR-Consumer optimism was affected in February by lower gas prices and an unusually harsh winter.
Medicine/Pharmacology
27.02.2015
University welcomes integration of health and social care in Greater Manchester
University welcomes integration of health and social care in Greater Manchester
The University of Manchester has welcomed the news of proposals for the integration of health and social care services in Greater Manchester, providing more opportunities for the benefit of local people.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
27.02.2015
Brussels
ESA Space in Images Title Brussels Released 27/02/2015 10:00 am Copyright Airbus Defence and Space Description This false-colour image from the Spot-5 satellite
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
27.02.2015
The super-resolution revolution
Cambridge scientists are part of a resolution revolution. Building powerful instruments that shatter the physical limits of optical microscopy, they are beginning to watch molecular processes as they happen, and in three dimensions.
Social Sciences - Study of Religions
27.02.2015
Gender perspectives in Puerto Rican childhood education
FACULTY Q&A For the last few weeks, Puerto Rico's streets have seen protesters for and against the incorporation of 'perspectivas de género' or gender perspectives in the public schools' curriculum.
Social Sciences - Literature/Linguistics
27.02.2015
Mongolia: unravelling the troubled narratives of a nation
In two separate books, anthropologists Dr Franck Billé and Dr Christopher Kaplonski look at the identity of Mongolia, a country that stands at a cultural and political crossroads.  While Billé explore
Social Sciences - Administration/Government
27.02.2015
I-DECIDE: Women urged to seek online domestic violence support
Female participants aged between 16 and 50 are being asked to try I-DECIDE , the first Australian online interactive tool designed to provide practical and confidential support to victims of domestic violence.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
27.02.2015
European consortium to trial new GvHD treatment
European consortium to trial new GvHD treatment
Researchers from the University of Liverpool are part of a European research consortium that will test a new approach to treating Graft versus Host Disease (GvHD), a severe condition that occurs following bone marrow transplantation.
Business/Economics - Computer Science/Telecom
27.02.2015
Fighting inefficiencies
When MIT senior Sheldon Trotman walks into any room, he almost instinctively looks for inefficiencies.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
27.02.2015
$8.9 million injection boosts bowel cancer research
News Events Podcasts Videos Researching a cure for Australia's second biggest cancer killer is to receive a major boost with $8.9 million to establish a professorial chair in bowel cancer research at the University of Sydney.
Medicine/Pharmacology
27.02.2015
International research project tackles spread of virus among Hajj pilgrims
News Events Podcasts Videos By Richard North University of Sydney researchers are working on a project to find the best way of stopping the spread of potentially fatal infectious respiratory disease among the two million pilgrims who converge on Mecca each year for Hajj. More than 100 people have died from Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), a new form of coronavirus which first appeared in 2012 in Saudi Arabia.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
27.02.2015
Alzheimer’s disease linked to heart’s effect on the brain
News Events Podcasts Videos The prevailing medical wisdom that Alzheimer's Disease has its origins in the brain has a radical and disputed rival with shocking implications for medicine's relentless efforts to forestall disease, ageing and death, according to a new review of the evidence.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
26.02.2015
High pollution cuts most Indian lives short by three years
India's air pollution, ranked among the world's worst, is reducing the life expectancy of over half of the country's population by more than three years, according to a new study. Researchers from the University of Chicago, Harvard and Yale wrote in this month's Economic & Political Weekly that more than 660 million Indians live in areas where fine-particulate matter pollution exceeds levels considered safe by Indian standards.
Life Sciences
26.02.2015
Police seek help with Jan. 26 bus accident investigation
The investigation of the Jan. 26 fatal accident on campus involving a TCAT bus and Angela Stedwell, who was a staff member in the College of Human Ecology, is continuing.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
26.02.2015
Anesthetics could have long-term impact on children’s brains
Anesthesiologists and toxicologists are issuing a caution to parents and health care professionals about the use of general anesthetics in children. Each year millions of infants, toddlers and preschool children require anesthesia or sedation for various procedures. The University of Toronto's Professor Beverley Orser and a team of anesthesiology investigators and toxicologists have analyzed existing animal and human studies for the impact of anesthetics on the developing brain.
Business/Economics
26.02.2015
New (Road) Signs of the Times?
ANN ARBOR-Traffic accidents claim lives, cause injury and cost money. Working on ways to reduce them is a constant battle. New research from University of Michigan marketing professor Aradhna Krishna and postdoctoral scholar Luca Cian shows a simple way that could drive those numbers down-make the pictures on road warning signs depict more action.
Environmental Sciences - Event
26.02.2015
UChicago and MBL announce recipients of Lillie Awards for Collaborative Research
The University of Chicago and the Marine Biological Laboratory have announced the 2015 recipients of the Frank R. Lillie Research Innovation Awards.
Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
26.02.2015
Maternity survey tracks changes in health care for mothers
A national survey of more than 4,500 recent mothers last year in England, conducted by the National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit (NPEU) at Oxford University, found that women were aware of their pregn
Environmental Sciences
26.02.2015
Embrace unknowns, opt for flexibility in environmental policies
We make hundreds, possibly thousands, of decisions each day without having full knowledge of what will happen next.
Physics/Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
26.02.2015
Seeking structural color, engineers find it glinting in the sea
Harvard and MIT researchers identify optical features in seashells that may inspire responsive, transparent displays The blue-rayed limpet is a tiny mollusk that lives in kelp beds along the coasts of Norway, Iceland, the United Kingdom, Portugal, and the Canary Islands. These diminutive organisms - as small as a fingernail - might escape notice entirely, if not for a very conspicuous feature: bright blue dotted lines that run in parallel along the length of their translucent shells.
Administration/Government
26.02.2015
Hip-hop panel looks at relations between police, community
Hip-hop panel looks at relations between police, community
Michael Brown, Eric Garner and Tamir Rice lived hundreds of miles apart, yet their deaths were tragically alike: All three were unarmed African-American men killed by the police.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
26.02.2015
Researchers reverse type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease in rats
Yale researchers developed a controlled-release oral therapy that reversed type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease in rats, according to a study published on Feb. 26 by Science. Existing therapies for type 2 diabetes, and the closely associated conditions of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), have had limited success at treating the root causes of these diseases.
Medicine/Pharmacology
26.02.2015
Madagascan frogs at risk from killer fungus
Madagascan frogs at risk from killer fungus
A deadly fungus that has ravaged frog populations across the globe has been detected in Madagascar, prompting fears for hundreds of native species. Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis ( Bd ), one of a group of fungi called chytrids, produces spores that travel through the air and infect amphibians' skin.
Environmental Sciences - Agronomy/Food Science
26.02.2015
Change Agent
W hat are some unforeseen damages caused by air pollution? How do we solve the problems of climate change? How do we feed the billions of people suffering from chronic hunger, and do it without causing further harm to the environment? These are just some of the questions that drive Jennifer Burney. UC Global Food Initiative Research projects conducted by Jennifer Burney align with the University of California Global Food Initiative (hashtag #globalfood) which aims to put the world on a path to sustainably and the capacity to nutritiously feed itself.
Business/Economics - Arts and Design
26.02.2015
When will Hollywood figure out that diversity sells?
Zocalo UCLA professor Darnell Hunt, co-author of the recently released Hollywood Diversity Report, talks about some of its findings as Hollywood Reporter executive editor Matthew Belloni and Christy Haubegger of Creative Artists Agency listen.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
26.02.2015
Interaction of ocean oscillations caused 'false pause' in global warming
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa.- The recent slowdown in climate warming is due, at least in part, to natural oscillations in the climate, according to a team of climate scientists, who add that these oscillations represent variability internal to the climate system. They do not signal any slowdown in human-caused global warming.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
26.02.2015
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Business/Economics
26.02.2015
USDA grant surveys viability for rural-urban food links
To grasp if rural towns benefit from selling local farm products to urban consumers, the USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture awarded a $500,000 grant Feb.
Computer Science/Telecom - Business/Economics
26.02.2015
New report highlights impact of sharing equipment across higher education sector
New report highlights impact of sharing equipment across higher education sector
Innovation, increased productivity, and maximum value for public investment are being enabled by more efficient and effective deployment of research equipment, according to a new report from the N8 Research Partnership.
Astronomy
26.02.2015
CubeSats offered deep-space ride on ESA asteroid probe
Think of it as the ultimate hitchhiking opportunity: ESA is offering CubeSats a ride to a pair of asteroids in deep space.
Business/Economics
26.02.2015
We could all be worse off because of price comparison websites
Study suggests we could be paying more, whether we use a price comparison website or not. The existence of price comparison websites may be bad for consumers, research by the University of Warwick's Department of Economics has found. Analyst David Ronayne argues that they may push prices up not down, and that increasing the number of competing comparison sites may exacerbate the problem.
Careers/Employment
26.02.2015
Average house prices in Oxford 'more than 15 times average income'
Average house prices in the South East, and especially London, rose even faster during 2014 (January to December) than in the same period of 2013, says new research by Professor Danny Dorling of Oxford University.
Environmental Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
26.02.2015
Mealworm farming project wins Climate Quest competition
MIGHTi (Mission to Improve Global Health Through Insects) is the winner of the University of Wisconsin-Madison Climate Quest competition, sponsored by American Family Insurance.
History/Archeology - Literature/Linguistics
26.02.2015
Renowned Stanford poet Eavan Boland interrogates identity and nationhood in new collection
In her latest book of poetry, A Woman Without a Country , English Professor Eavan Boland draws on decades of thinking, reading and writing about subjects like nation and gender to help give voice to those who have been silenced in the official record of history.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
26.02.2015
Professor Muffy Calder appointed to Nurse Review advisory board
The Advisory Group of eight leaders bringing expertise from research, academia and industry who will support Sir Paul Nurse in his review of UK Research Councils has been announced by Universities, Science and Cities Minister, Greg Clark, today.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
26.02.2015
Precision gas sensor could fit on a chip
Using their expertise in silicon optics, Cornell engineers have miniaturized a light source in the elusive mid-infrared (mid-IR) spectrum, effectively squeezing the capabilities of a large, tabletop laser onto a 1-millimeter silicon chip.
Environmental Sciences
26.02.2015
Ault unveils ’springcasting’ in March 3 webinar
Thanks to a changing environment, trees and other plants experience advanced budding and blooming - or season creep.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
26.02.2015
Spotlight on meningitis: Q&A with Dr. Louise-Marie Dembry
Recent news about a Yale College student who was diagnosed and treated for bacterial meningitis raised questions about this rare but serious infection.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
26.02.2015
A new bright light source to speed up cancer diagnosis
A newly discovered mid-infrared (MIR) light made from a special type of optical fibre, will lead to new types of cancer diagnosis, such as in the rapid screening of skin on your body while you wait, and to assist in the careful removal of diseased tissue during surgery. The finding has been achieved by scientists at The University of Nottingham in collaboration with DTU (Technical University of Denmark).
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
26.02.2015
Li Ka Shing Foundation renews support for Yale Stem Cell Center
Li Ka Shing Foundation renews support for Yale Stem Cell Center
The Yale Stem Cell Center (YSCC), under the direction of biologist Haifan Lin, has announced a new generous grant of $1.86 million from the Li Ka Shing Foundation (LKSF), founded by Hong Kong businessman Li Ka-shing, to support education and healthcare initiatives.
Social Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
26.02.2015
Kastner named president of Science Philanthropy Alliance
Kastner named president of Science Philanthropy Alliance
The Science Philanthropy Alliance, a coalition of nonprofit institutions and foundations dedicated to increasing investment in basic science research, announced today that physicist Marc Kastner, the Donner Professor of Science at MIT, will serve as its first president.  Kastner, a member of the faculty since 1973, served from 2007 to 2013 as dean of the School of Science.
Careers/Employment
26.02.2015
Average house prices in Oxford 'most unaffordable in Britain'
Average house prices in the South East, and especially London, rose even faster during 2014 (January to December) than in the same period of 2013, says new research by Professor Danny Dorling of Oxford University.
Social Sciences - Administration/Government
26.02.2015
Medicine/Pharmacology
26.02.2015
Management consultants “only partly successful” in improving the quality of NHS commissioning
The NHS uses an increasing number of commercial and not-for-profit management consultancies in healthcare commissioning but there are concerns about whether knowledge and expertise they generate is of benefit to commissioners and whether it improves the quality of commissioning.
Social Sciences
26.02.2015
The identity of 'Jihadi John' - ICSR statement
Please find a statement below on behalf the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation at King's College London, regarding the identity of 'Jihadi John': We believe that the identity and name published by the Washington Post and now in the public realm, to be accurate and correct. ‘Jihadi John' is not special in the sense that all the foreign fighters have tried to hide their identity by using pseudonyms or literally by masking themselves.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
26.02.2015
Cold-blooded animals grow bigger in the warm on land, but smaller in warm water
Cold-blooded animals grow bigger in the warm on land, but smaller in warm water
Scientists at the University of Liverpool and Queen Mary University of London have found a group of cold-blooded species living on land tend to grow to a larger size in the warm and nearer the equator, but that the reverse is true of species found in water.
Literature/Linguistics - Medicine/Pharmacology
26.02.2015
UQP’s position on proposed Campbell Newman memoir
University of Queensland Press (UQP) board chair Professor Joanne Wright has clarified UQP's decision to reject an approach to publish a proposed memoir of former Premier Campbell Newman.
Business/Economics - Medicine/Pharmacology
26.02.2015
Shopping vouchers could help one in five pregnant women quit smoking
Financial incentives could help one in five women quit smoking during pregnancy, according to new research published today in the journal Addiction. The study, led by researchers at the University of Cambridge and King's College London, found that only a small number of women 'gamed' the system to receive the incentives whilst continuing to smoke.
Physics/Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
26.02.2015
A mollusk of a different stripe
A mollusk of a different stripe
The blue-rayed limpet is a tiny mollusk that lives in kelp beds along the coasts of Norway, Iceland, the United Kingdom, Portugal, and the Canary Islands. These diminutive organisms - as small as a fingernail - might escape notice entirely, if not for a very conspicuous feature: bright blue dotted lines that run in parallel along the length of their translucent shells.
Literature/Linguistics - History/Archeology
26.02.2015
Real story of Caesar's death a lesson for our time
Two thousand, fifty nine years ago on the Ides of March, Julius Caesar was stabbed to death. With him died the Roman Republic.
Astronomy - Social Sciences
26.02.2015
IMPOSSIBLY LARGE BLACK HOLE »
At nearly 13 billion light years distance the ultrabright quasar appears as a tiny red dot in the cente of the image.
Business/Economics
25.02.2015
Startup Gets Bite on "Shark Tank"
On Feb. 6, Bobbie Rhoads (TPR'93) appeared on Shark Tank to pitch her company, FunBites. Rhoads entered the Tank with hopes that the "sharks" would invest in her product - food cutters that slice meals and snacks into fun shapes.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
25.02.2015
Income inequality - not just low wages - is taking a toll on the health of American workers
“Income inequality” has already become a buzz phrase for the campaigns leading up to the 2016 elections.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Literature/Linguistics
25.02.2015
Inside Imperial's Surgical Innovation Centre
Inside Imperial’s Surgical Innovation Centre
A multidisciplinary centre at Imperial is pushing the boundaries of surgical innovation for the benefit of patients.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
25.02.2015
Obesity poses serious health risks for moms and their babies
Ann Johansson Veronica Romero has struggled to let go of the feeling that she was somehow responsible for her son Anthony's weight problems.
Social Sciences
25.02.2015
Opportunities--and some challenges--face more racially diverse United States
ANN ARBOR-The United States is becoming racially diverse more quickly than at any time in its history, and current projections show that by 2050 nonwhites will outnumber whites in this country for the first time, according to a University of Michigan demographer.
Computer Science/Telecom - Mathematics
25.02.2015
Linguists tackle computational analysis of grammar
Children don't have to be told that “cat” and “cats” are variants of the same word—they pick it up just by listening.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Computer Science/Telecom
25.02.2015
Penn Trustees Approve Design for Pennovation Center at Pennovation Works Site
The design development for the new Pennovation Center has received approval from the University of Pennsylvania Board of Trustees.
Chemistry - Business/Economics
25.02.2015
Bioenergy center’s research leads to 100th patent application
GLBRC researcher and engineering Professor Jim Dumesic (left) and former postdoctoral researcher Jeremy Luterbacher.
Medicine/Pharmacology
25.02.2015
Study could point toward better decisions for treating men with prostate cancer
Study could point toward better decisions for treating men with prostate cancer
UCLA researchers have found that radiation therapy is the most common treatment for men with prostate cancer regardless of the aggressiveness of the tumor, the risk to the patient or the patient's overall prognosis.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
25.02.2015
Climate change likely to alter NY's Oneida Lake by 2099
Climate change likely to alter NY’s Oneida Lake by 2099
By the end of this century, the temperature of Oneida Lake - New York state's largest interior lake - will likely be higher by about 6 degrees Fahrenheit.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
25.02.2015
Three 'rising stars' boosted with Sloan fellowships
Three Cornell assistant professors have received fellowships from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, whose awards honor early-career scientists and scholars "whose achievements and potential ident
Medicine/Pharmacology
25.02.2015
Young problem drinkers consume less if they take naltrexone
Young people who drink abusively consume less and suffer fewer consequences from alcohol if they take naltrexone, a Yale School of Medicine study shows. While the drug the did not reduce how often young people drank, the authors say results justify more proactive treatment for 4 in 10 individuals aged 18 to 25 who are classified as problem drinkers.
Astronomy
25.02.2015
Software satellite
ESA Space in Images Title Ops-Sat Released 23/02/2015 2:07 pm Copyright ESA-Stijn Laagland Description This replica of ESA's Ops-Sat was displayed at this month's Agency Technology workshop.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
25.02.2015
Poverty researchers take up new East End residence
More than 45 jobs will be relocated to Glasgow's east end, when researchers working to address the city's poor health, move into Bridgeton's historic Olympia building.
Law/Forensics - Careers/Employment
25.02.2015
Stanford Law School beats a path to the bench
A sterling reputation is the key driver of success for lawyers, agreed U.S. Supreme Court Justice Elena Kagan and U.S. Circuit Judges Sri Srinivasan (JD/MBA '95, BA '89) and Raymond Kethledge during a conversation at Stanford Law School on Wednesday.
Chemistry - Medicine/Pharmacology
25.02.2015
A simple way to make and reconfigure complex emulsions
A simple way to make and reconfigure complex emulsions
MIT researchers have devised a new way to make complex liquid mixtures, known as emulsions, that could have many applications in drug delivery, sensing, cleaning up pollutants, and performing chemical reactions. Many drugs, vaccines, cosmetics, and lotions are emulsions, in which tiny droplets of one liquid are suspended in another liquid.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
25.02.2015
Self-harm in Manchester continues to rise in latest figures
Self-harm in Manchester continues to rise in latest figures
The latest figures released by University of Manchester experts show that self-harm rates in Manchester are increasing.
Life Sciences - Earth Sciences
25.02.2015
Conservationist aims to help seabirds and sea turtles with new fellowship
Conservationist aims to help seabirds and sea turtles with new fellowship
An Imperial scientist has received a prestigious fellowship to reduce the number of marine species being harmed accidentally by commercial fishing.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
25.02.2015
Watching the death throes of tumours
A clinical trial due to begin later this year will see scientists observing close up, in real time - and in patients - how tumours respond to new drugs. Using hyperpolarisation and MRI, we can potentially tell whether the drug is working within a few hours of starting treatment Kevin Brindle There was a time when diagnosing and treating cancer seemed straightforward.
Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
25.02.2015
BHF funds renewed study of screen-viewing and physical activity in children
Researchers from Bristol, with colleagues from the University of Birmingham, have been awarded funding from the British Heart Foundation (BHF) to continue their study of children's physical activity and screen-viewing patterns.
Physics/Materials Science - Computer Science/Telecom
25.02.2015
Yale physicists find a new form of quantum friction
Yale physicists find a new form of quantum friction
Physicists at Yale University have observed a new form of quantum friction that could serve as a basis for robust information storage in quantum computers in the future.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
25.02.2015
Possible biological trigger for canine bone cancer
UW-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine intern Kathleen Tsimbas checks on Yurtie, a canine cancer patient, in the UW Veterinary Care oncology ward.  Photo: Nik Hawkins Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine (SVM) have identified the biological mechanism that may give some cancer cells the ability to form tumors in dogs.
Business/Economics - Event
25.02.2015
In Hollywood, a major disconnect between economic interests and business practices
Study by UCLA Bunche Center finds that women and minorities are still underrepresented among actors, directors and executives Eric Greene “The best and the whitest” was how host Neil Patrick Harris described the Hollywood elite being honored at the Feb.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
25.02.2015
Improved vision for James Webb Space Telescope
Key science elements of the James Webb Space Telescope have been upgraded ahead of the observatory's launch in 2018.
Medicine/Pharmacology
25.02.2015
Using snus doubles the risk of alcohol dependency
People who use snus run twice the risk of developing alcohol dependency compared with non-users, and the more one uses snus, the higher the risk. This has been found in a study from Umeå University which was published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence. "This is the first time research has succeeded in showing that middle-aged people who use snus run an increased risk of developing alcohol dependency.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
25.02.2015
Dr. Michael Nathanson designated the Crofoot Professor of Internal Medicine
Dr. Michael H. Nathanson, newly named as the Gladys Phillips Crofoot Professor of Internal Medicine, focuses his research on the mechanisms and effects of calcium signals in polarized epithelia.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
25.02.2015
Dr. Hilary Blumberg appointed the inaugural Furth Professor of Psychiatric Neuroscience
Dr. Hilary Blumberg, newly named as the inaugural John and Hope Furth Professor of Psychiatric Neuroscience, focuses her research on understanding the causes that underlie mood disorders, inclu
Event - Mathematics
25.02.2015
Future vehicles will be virtually tested before the first prototype is built
Future cars and trucks will be tested in a virtual environment long before the first vehicle prototype is built.
Study of Religions - Pedagogy/Education Science
25.02.2015
Understanding faith, teaching evolution not mutually exclusive
While this may help ease anxiety if religious issues come up in class discussions and talks with concerned parents, it is ultimately knowledge of the science of evolution that will provide biology teachers with the confidence for effective science instruction.
Arts and Design - Literature/Linguistics
25.02.2015
Acclaimed Indigenous artist Richard Frankland joins the VCA & MCM
One of Australia's foremost Indigenous artists, Richard Frankland , has joined the Wilin Centre for Indigenous Arts and Cultural Development at the Faculty of the Victorian College of the Arts and Me
Pedagogy/Education Science
25.02.2015
New York’s preschool expansion tilts system toward better-off families
Rather than extending access to new families, Mayor Bill de Blasio's robust expansion of free preschool across New York City has instead drawn thousands of children from existing programs and aided better-off families who already enjoyed abundant preschool supply, according to a new study  released today (Feb.
Computer Science/Telecom - Business/Economics
25.02.2015
A Magic Leap into Entrepreneurism
UM alumnus Rony Abovitz, a successful entrepreneur, told students that if they want to chase their dreams they need to be bold and unafraid.
Medicine/Pharmacology
25.02.2015
Almost two million smokers will die from their habit »
The first large-scale, direct evidence on smoking and mortality in Australia shows up to 1.8 million of the country's 2.7 million smokers will die from their habit if they continue to smoke. Professor Emily Banks said the research, published in the international journal BMC Medicine, was an important reminder that the war on tobacco was not yet won.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
24.02.2015
At Yale, participating in clinical research just got easier
Yale University is launching a series of initiatives that will increase access to its clinical trials program and make it easier for people to participate in clinical research.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
24.02.2015
Fighting invasive species in Michigan’s lakes
Everyone knows that clean water is important. But for the state of Michigan, surrounded on three sides by the Great Lakes, it is absolutely essential-to the economy and the environment.
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
24.02.2015
UCLA physicists offer a solution to the puzzle of the origin of matter in the universe
Most of the laws of nature treat particles and antiparticles equally, but stars and planets are made of particles, or matter, and not antiparticles, or antimatter. That asymmetry, which favors matter to a very small degree, has puzzled scientists for many years. New research by UCLA physicists , published in the journal Physical Review Letters, offers a possible solution to the mystery of the origin of matter in the universe.
Business/Economics - Life Sciences
24.02.2015
Four UChicago scholars receive 2015 Sloan Research Fellowships
The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation has awarded four UChicago faculty members 2015 Sloan Research Fellowships: Eric Budish, associate professor of economics at Chicago Booth; Jian Ding, assistant pr
Business/Economics - Computer Science/Telecom
24.02.2015
World’s protected natural areas receive eight billion visits a year
Researchers say that the first study to attempt to gauge global visitation figures for protected areas reveals nature-based tourism has an economic value of hundreds of billions of dollars annually, and call for much greater investment in the conservation of protected areas in line with the values they sustain - both economically and ecologically.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Environmental Sciences
24.02.2015
Electric Vehicle Range and Emissions Vary With Climate
By Tara Moore / 412-268-9673 A new study by Carnegie Mellon University researchers finds that electric vehicles have shorter range and more emissions in regions with extreme weather. Mechanical Engineering and Engineering and Public Policy Professor Jeremy Michalek and mechanical engineering graduate student Tugce Yuksel used data collected from Nissan Leaf drivers together with weather data to analyze the regional effect of air temperature on the range, energy consumption, and emissions of electric vehicles.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
24.02.2015
Inquiry led by Warwick professor finds death in detention of hundreds of people with mental health conditions could have been avoided
A new inquiry by the Equality and Human Rights Commission, led by University of Warwick Professor Swaran Singh, has found deaths in detention of hundreds of people with mental health conditions could have been avoided.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Computer Science/Telecom
24.02.2015
Move over Wallace and Gromit - it’s the right trousers
With an ageing UK population, older people could have the opportunity to stay independent for longer thanks to a pioneering project announced today [Tuesday 24 February].
Life Sciences - Environmental Sciences
24.02.2015
Undergrad finds how jumping fish navigate land to find new pools
A 3-inch East Coast killifish can jump across land and navigate from one tide pool to another - a finding that could give insight into how sea creatures first made the transition to land, according to research by a Cornell undergraduate.
Arts and Design - Literature/Linguistics
24.02.2015
The South Bank Show Archive finds a new home
A major archive comprising hundreds of hours of unseen's with many of the world's leading artistic figures has been established at the University of Leeds.
Astronomy - Life Sciences
24.02.2015
Actin’ strange
ESA Space in Images Title Human endothelial cells Released 09/02/2015 10:46 am Copyright Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy Description Components of human endothelial cells stained for identification. In red is the 'actin' protein that allows the cells to move, adhere, divide and react to stimuli.
Astronomy - Environmental Sciences
24.02.2015
Last look at Sentinel-2A
Before Sentinel-2A is packed up and shipped to French Guiana for its launch targeted on 12 June, media representatives and specialists got one last look at the second satellite for Europe's Copernicus programme.
Administration/Government
24.02.2015
ESA’s spaceplane is coming home
ESA's IXV spaceplane, launched on a Vega rocket on 11 February, is now on its way to Europe for detailed study in Italy.
Astronomy
24.02.2015
Astronomy
24.02.2015
World’s oldest printed books soon available for your viewing pleasure
A new exhibition, opening at the University of Glasgow's Hunterian Art Gallery this Friday will mark the end of a project to create a unique publicly accessible digital catalogue of over 1,000 of the world's oldest books.
Social Sciences
24.02.2015
Professor studies impact of Chicago gang violence
Robert Vargas , an assistant professor of sociology at UW-Madison, didn't set out to study gang violence in impoverished Chicago neighborhoods, but once he saw its power over the community, he quickly shifted his area of research.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
24.02.2015
UW to test ‘breakthrough’ pediatric leukemia treatment
A promising method of immunotherapy to treat children with relapsed acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is opening at the University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center and American Family Children's Hospital. The trial is open to relapsed/refractory pediatric ALL patients who have limited treatment options.
Mathematics - Chemistry
24.02.2015
Recognizing U of T’s rising stars
The Cannes Film Festival may have the Caméra d'Or for debut filmmakers – but the research world has the Sloan Research Fellowships.
Sport Sciences - Law/Forensics
24.02.2015
High court should reconsider baseball's antitrust exemption, Stanford experts say
High court should reconsider baseball’s antitrust exemption, Stanford experts say
Stanford scholars offer perspective on Major League Baseball's antitrust exemption, which could come under review this spring if a San Jose lawsuit proceeds to the high court.
Mathematics - Pedagogy/Education Science
24.02.2015
Study identifies children at risk for persistent mathematics difficulties
A new study strongly indicates that the socioeconomic status of the family matters quite a lot in terms of increasing children's risk of repeatedly experiencing low mathematics achievement. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. A recent study published in the Journal of Learning Disabilities suggests early screening and intervention may prevent persistent math difficulties (PMD) for at-risk children.
Life Sciences
24.02.2015
New P3 agri-tech centre launched to tackle global plant and soil challenges
‘ New P3 (Plant Production and Protection) Centre of Excellence for Translational Plant and Soil Biology at the University of Sheffield will provide answers as to how we can improve food security around the world.
Earth Sciences
24.02.2015
Calling on satellites in alpine rescues
Emergency services rescued 1780 people in the Austrian Alps last year. They can now count on satellites to access maps, send messages, give warnings and stay in.
Earth Sciences - Event
24.02.2015
Geysers have loops in their plumbing
Early morning at one of several geyser fields in the El Tatio region of Chile's Atacama desert. Michael Manga photo.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
24.02.2015
Scientists tackle animal diseases with US counterparts
Scientists in Glasgow are working with colleagues at Kansas State University to tackle animal diseases caused by bunyaviruses.
Medicine/Pharmacology
24.02.2015
Fungal disease deaths: just ‘$30 a person’ for global AIDS reduction
Early detection and treatment of fungal meningitis and pneumonia can save hundreds of thousands of lives, for a cost of 'only $30' per HIV patient, a conference convened by a University of Manchester academic has concluded.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
24.02.2015
New 'knobs' can dial in control of materials
New 'knobs' can dial in control of materials
Designing or exploring new materials is all about controlling their properties. In a new study, Cornell scientists offer insight on how different "knobs" can change material properties in ways that were previously unexplored or misunderstood. "The ultimate goal is to control electronic and magnetic properties of new materials using various knobs," said Kyle Shen, associate professor of physics, who led the study published in Physical Review Letters in January.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
24.02.2015
The European roadmap for graphene science and technology
Europe's Graphene Flagship lays out a science and technology roadmap, targeting research areas designed to take graphene and related two-dimensional materials from academic laboratories into society.
Administration/Government
24.02.2015
New Research Partnership to inform policing policy and practice
A new programme of research and knowledge sharing, involving The University of Manchester, is to play a key role in informing future policing policy, following funding for a major new research collaboration in the North of England.
Earth Sciences
24.02.2015
Helping Japanese youth bounce back from disaster
University of Queensland experts are working with Japanese schools to help identify and reduce the long-term effects of trauma in children after a disaster.
Physics/Materials Science - Administration/Government
24.02.2015
Leading lights of Scottish science shine at quantum technology launch event
Scotland's leading quantum technology research centre will be officially opened with a launch event at Glasgow Science Centre today (Tuesday 24 February).
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
24.02.2015
Save lives - be a brain tumour tissue donor
Brain tumour tissue is removed everyday by surgeons but very few patients know they can donate brain tumour tissue to research.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
24.02.2015
Quick test for Ebola
Quick test for Ebola
When diagnosing a case of Ebola, time is of the essence. However, existing diagnostic tests take at least a day or two to yield results, preventing health care workers from quickly determining whether a patient needs immediate treatment and isolation. A new test from MIT researchers could change that: The device, a simple paper strip similar to a pregnancy test, can rapidly diagnose Ebola, as well as other viral hemorrhagic fevers such as yellow fever and dengue fever.
Medicine/Pharmacology
24.02.2015
Wear your team's colours with pride - on your teeth
Wear your team’s colours with pride - on your teeth
Fancy decorating your mouth in the colours of your favourite Cricket World Cup team? It's now entirely possible thanks to the work of University of Queensland dentistry PhD student and budding software developer Dr William Ha.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
23.02.2015
Novartis receives FDA approval of Farydak , the first HDAC inhibitor for patients with multiple myeloma
Farydak, an HDAC inhibitor with epigenetic activity, approved in combination for patients who received at least two prior regimens including bortezomib and IMiD Farydak prolonged median
Environmental Sciences - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
23.02.2015
Exporting Natural Gas Will Not Increase, But Lower Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Carnegie Mellon Team Finds Exporting Natural Gas Will Not Increase, But Lower Greenhouse Gas Emissions-Carnegie Mellon News - Carnegie Mellon University Researchers at Carnegie Mellon Universi
Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.02.2015
Garbarino book goes inside the minds of murderers
In two decades as a psychological expert witness for 75 murder cases, James Garbarino, MAT '70, Ph.D. '73, never had encountered a scarier defendant.
Astronomy - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.02.2015
Scientific spring in isolated Antarctica
In Antarctica, the crew of the French-Italian Concordia research station are preparing for the winter.
Administration/Government - Law/Forensics
23.02.2015
New research partnership to inform policing policy and practice
New research partnership to inform policing policy and practice
A new programme of research and knowledge sharing is to play a key role in informing future policing policy, following funding for a major new research collaboration.
Administration/Government - Law/Forensics
23.02.2015
Police use of force: White House told US must learn from UK
Cambridge criminologist tells White House task force that translating UK models of policing to US is the best hope in a generation for tackling dangerous rates of 'justifiable' homicides committed by US police, and the resultant haemorrhaging of police legitimacy across the nation.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.02.2015
Innovation funds awarded to support natural sciences, humanities projects and industry collaborations
Innovation funds awarded to support natural sciences, humanities projects and industry collaborations Posted February 23, 2015; 03:00 p.m. by Catherine Zandonella, Office of the Dean
Earth Sciences - Business/Economics
23.02.2015
UCL announces partnership to enable new insights in the study of sedimentary geology
UCL announces partnership to enable new insights in the study of sedimentary geology
A collaboration between UCL's Department of Earth Sciences, Rocktype Limited, and FEI will potentially enable faster and more efficient processing of large data sets in the study of sedimentary geology.
Administration/Government
23.02.2015
New research partnership to inform policing policy and practice
A new programme of research and knowledge sharing is to play a key role in informing future policing policy, following funding for a major new collaboration in the north of England.
Social Sciences - Administration/Government
23.02.2015
New UT/Texas Tribune Poll Finds Cruz and Walker Neck and Neck
AUSTIN, Texas - U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas holds a narrow lead over Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker among potential Republican primary voters in Texas, according to the latest University of Texas/Texas Tribune Poll.
Business/Economics - Law/Forensics
23.02.2015
Patent trolls serve valuable role in innovation, Stanford expert says
Patent trolls serve valuable role in innovation, Stanford expert says
Stanford political scientist Stephen Haber's research finds that much-maligned patent trolls actually offer inventors protection from potential bankruptcy and may help spur technological innovations. So-called patent trolls may actually benefit inventors and the innovation economy, according to a Stanford intellectual property expert.
Literature/Linguistics
23.02.2015
Stanford scholar blazes pathway for academic study of asexuality
Drawing from her research into the growth of asexual communities and queer studies, Stanford lecturer Karli Cerankowski is shedding light on an under-studied and misunderstood facet of human sexuality: asexuality.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
23.02.2015
Building tailor-made DNA nanotubes step by step
Researchers at McGill University have developed a new, low-cost method to build DNA nanotubes block by block - a breakthrough that could help pave the way for scaffolds made from DNA strands to be used in applications such as optical and electronic devices or smart drug-delivery systems. Many researchers, including the McGill team, have previously constructed nanotubes using a method that relies on spontaneous assembly of DNA in solution.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
23.02.2015
Los Alamos scientists join prestigious ranks of APS fellows
Los Alamos scientists join prestigious ranks of APS fellows
Science & Innovation Home » Science & Engineering Capabilities Research Library Publications Science Briefs Science Programs Science Pillar
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
23.02.2015
Three Carnegie Mellon Professors Win Sloan Research Fellowships
By Jocelyn Duffy / 412-268-9982 / and Byron Spice / 412-268-9068 Three Carnegie Mellon University faculty members have been named recipients of 2015 Sloan Research Fellowships.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.02.2015
Researchers to build smart trousers and sensitive bionic hand
University of Leeds researchers will play key roles in two innovative projects using futuristic engineering to assist the human body.
Mathematics - Computer Science/Telecom
23.02.2015
Computer sciences, mathematics professors win Sloan Fellowships
Two University of Wisconsin-Madison professors have been selected for Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowships - an honor awarded on a competitive basis to promising young researchers in the early stages of their careers.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
23.02.2015
U-M researchers selected for Sloan fellowships
ANN ARBOR-Five University of Michigan professors are among the 126 early-career professors from the United States and Canada selected as 2015 Alfred P. Sloan research fellows.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.02.2015
Long-term nitrogen fertilizer use disrupts plant-microbe mutualisms
University of Illinois plant biology professor Katy Heath and her colleagues found that long-term nitrogen fertilizer use disrupts the mutually beneficial relationship between legumes and soil microbes. CHAMPAIGN, Ill. When exposed to nitrogen fertilizer over a period of years, nitrogen-fixing bacteria called rhizobia evolve to become less beneficial to legumes - the plants they normally serve, researchers report in a new study.
Business/Economics - Administration/Government
23.02.2015
European alternative finance market could top ¤7 billion in 2015
Alternative finance, at least in some European countries, is on the cusp of becoming mainstream Robert Wardrop The European online alternative finance market grew by 144% last year to ne
Astronomy
23.02.2015
Colours in the cloud
ESA Space in Images Title Exploring the colours of the Small Magellanic Cloud Released 23/02/2015 10:40 am Copyright ESA/NASA/JPL-Caltech/STScI Description Astronomical images often look like works of art.
Life Sciences
23.02.2015
How brain waves guide memory formation
How brain waves guide memory formation
Our brains generate a constant hum of activity: As neurons fire, they produce brain waves that oscillate at different frequencies. Long thought to be merely a byproduct of neuron activity, recent studies suggest that these waves may play a critical role in communication between different parts of the brain.
Medicine/Pharmacology
23.02.2015
Web app prompts important sexual health testing
ANN ARBOR-A personalized web app designed to encourage young men at risk for sexually transmitted diseases to go for testing has proven successful in a small trial conducted in Southeast Michigan.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Environmental Sciences
23.02.2015
Concrete solutions to aging bridges
In the Civil Infrastructure Testing and Evaluation Lab at Cato Park, Farshad Rajabipour prepares to add aggregate (crushed rock) to a concrete mixer.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
23.02.2015
Delving deep into ancestry to help doctors prescribe better hypertension treatments
Scientists are investigating whether treatment for high blood pressure can be improved by taking a person's ethnic heritage into account. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is common in the general population. A healthy lifestyle alone is not enough to control blood pressure, and drug treatment is required.
Environmental Sciences
23.02.2015
Modern technology monitors World Heritage forests
Modern technology monitors World Heritage forests
Drones, laser scanners, planes and sharp shooters have been put to work in the Tasmanian forest to better understand the environmental effects of forest management regimes. Researchers from The University of Queensland worked with CSIRO, Forestry Tasmania and the University of Tasmania to comprehensively measure and assess a twenty five square kilometre area known as the Warra Tall Eucalypt SuperSite.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
23.02.2015
Fewer people taking long term sick leave since introduction of `Fit Note'
Fewer people taking long term sick leave since introduction of `Fit Note’
Research by the University of Liverpool has found evidence that the UK 'Fit Note,' which replaced the 'Sick Note' in 2010 in the UK, is linked to fewer people taking long term sick leave of 12 or more weeks.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
23.02.2015
Worldwide treatment of hepatitis C could be within sight at the right cost
Worldwide treatment of hepatitis C could be within sight at the right cost
Lowering the cost of hepatitis C drugs is possible and key to achieving global access to treatment, according to new research by the University of Liverpool and Imperial College London.
Business/Economics - Social Sciences
23.02.2015
Stress cost of a new baby = $85,000
Research from the University of Melbourne has put a dollar figure of $85,000 on the time pressure and stress experienced by mothers in the first year of a baby's life. This research, undertaken by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, is the first of its kind to propose a dollar value equivalent to the increase in time pressure and stress for new mothers.
Administration/Government - History/Archeology
23.02.2015
History's lesson for Queensland: a slim majority is enough to be bold
By Chris Salisbury As Queensland's new Labor minority government sits down to determine its immediate priorities, it faces a difficult choice: hasten slowly, or seize the day?
Social Sciences - Law/Forensics
23.02.2015
Does US pressure really risk driving Thailand into China's arms?
By Patrick Jory The unusually strident criticism of Thailand's military regime by the US assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Daniel Russel, during his visit to the country last month drew a strong reaction.
Law/Forensics - Administration/Government
23.02.2015
Computer Science/Telecom
22.02.2015
The Game of Life
Rachel Franklin (S'91) merged lifelong loves of math and film in her job at Electronic Arts (EA). Franklin produces video games as the executive producer of " The Sims 4 ." She weaves big data into improving players' experiences, capturing real-time feedback to improve on these virtual worlds.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Physics/Materials Science
22.02.2015
Radio chip for the
Radio chip for the "Internet of things"
At this year's Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, the big theme was the "Internet of things" - the idea that everything in the human environment, from kitchen appliances to industrial equipment,
Careers/Employment
20.02.2015
Junior researcher posts now open to more applicants
Karolinska Institutet is now calling for a second round of applications for junior researcher posts as part of its "career ladder" programme.
Law/Forensics - Philosophy
20.02.2015
Assisted death: how the work of this philosopher informed the recent Supreme Court decision
In 2011, the B.C. Civil Liberties Association (BCCLA) filed a lawsuit claiming that physician-assisted dying should be legal.
History/Archeology
20.02.2015
Exhibition in war-torn Syria celebrates UCLA archaeological discovery
Giorgio Buccellati The palace in Urkesh excavated by UCLA archaeologist Giorgio Buccellati and his team.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
20.02.2015
Diabetes and depression predict dementia risk in people with slowing minds
Diabetes and depression predict dementia risk in people with slowing minds
People with mild cognitive impairment are at higher risk of developing dementia if they have diabetes or psychiatric symptoms such as depression, finds a new review led by UCL researchers. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a state between normal ageing and dementia, where someone's mind is functioning less well than would be expected for their age.
Medicine/Pharmacology
20.02.2015
Diabetes drug could protect against low blood sugar
Diabetes drug could protect against low blood sugar
DPP-4 inhibitors are a group of drugs used to treat type 2 diabetes that lower high blood sugar levels by stimulating insulin production in the body. Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have now discovered that DPP-4 inhibitors are also effective against low blood sugar levels. The study, which was carried out on mice, has been published in the journal Diabetologia.
Life Sciences - Agronomy/Food Science
20.02.2015
Helping Wisconsin dairy farms produce ‘brown gold’
In the heart of Wisconsin, a project is underway to produce energy from a resource in little danger of running low: cow manure, also known as "brown gold." Although some manure can be used as fertilizer, nutrient imbalances and pollution caused by manure runoff can create environmental problems.
Social Sciences
20.02.2015
Prof. Amanda Woodward appointed Deputy Dean of the Division of Social Sciences
Amanda Woodward, the William S. Gray Professor of Psychology, has been appointed Deputy Dean of Faculty Affairs for the Division of the Social Sciences.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
20.02.2015
Subterfuge, double agents and viruses
Every moment of every day, our immune systems are battling to keep us healthy against an onslaught from invading organisms.
Earth Sciences - Chemistry
20.02.2015
Winter air campaign tracking how pollution handles the cold
Winter air campaign tracking how pollution handles the cold
When we think about pollution, we imagine the dark clouds puffing from smokestacks or tailpipes. But those clouds quickly rise upward, follow the winds, and react with other gases and particles in the air.
Life Sciences
20.02.2015
Comment: Sea creatures will get bigger and bigger (if we don’t eat them first)
Dr Tom Webb from the Department of Animal and Plant Sciences at the University of Sheffield comments on new research suggesting sea creatures are growing bigger and bigger. by Dr Tom Webb, 20 February 2015, posted on The Conversation When life on Earth began around 3.6 billion years ago, all organisms were small.
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
20.02.2015
What to Expect Next from the World's Largest Particle Accelerator
What to Expect Next from the World’s Largest Particle Accelerator
In March, when researchers flip the switch to the world's largest, most powerful particle accelerator, scientists from all over the world will be watching. Physicists expect the refurbished, higher-energy Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will build on the 2012 discovery of the Higgs particle and crack open even more mysteries of the universe.
Study of Religions
20.02.2015
Stanford expert calls for national security strategy toward failed states
Stanford scholar and former U.S. Ambassador Karl Eikenberry says that U.S. military intervention should be the exception, not the norm, toward failed states like Syria, Iraq and Yemen.
History/Archeology
20.02.2015
Race is on to map endangered archaeological sites
Google Earth image shows piles of rubble where minaret once stood on site at Aleppo in Syria. The mosque was built by the Umayyad dynasty (6th to 8th century AD) and the minaret was built in 1090 AD.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
20.02.2015
Development of Personalized Cellular Therapy for Brain Cancer
Immune cells engineered to seek out and attack a type of deadly brain cancer were found to be both safe and effective at controlling tumor growth in mice that were treated with these modified cells, according to a study published in Science Translational Medicine by a team from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research.
Administration/Government - Business/Economics
20.02.2015
London sees faster private sector growth and smallest public sector job cuts, study finds
London sees faster private sector growth and smallest public sector job cuts, study finds
Research finds public sector job cuts spread 'very unevenly' across the country While North East of England lost 19 per cent and Yorkshire 12.6 per cent of its public sector jobs, London saw a cu
Astronomy - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
20.02.2015
Team are gearing up for their mission to the sun
Team are gearing up for their mission to the sun
A NASA rocket is expected to blast off from Cape Canaveral in October 2018, carrying a spacecraft that will fly closer to the sun than ever before. The spacecraft, known as Solar Orbiter, is aiming to answer questions about the heliosphere – a bubble of gas that fills the entire solar system.
Environmental Sciences
20.02.2015
Estonian mosaic
ESA Space in Images Title Estonia Released 20/02/2015 10:00 am Copyright Copernicus data/ESA (2014) Description The Baltic country of Estonia - with the politica
Careers/Employment - Psychology
20.02.2015
Acting ’out of character’ in the workplace
Look around your workplace - and ask yourself which colleagues you'd describe as extravert and which as introvert. Perhaps your most talkative workmate is actually an introvert?
Astronomy - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
20.02.2015
SwissCube's longevity marks its success
SwissCube's longevity marks its success
Launched more than five years ago, the small Swiss satellite designed by EPFL and several other Universities of Applied Sciences, will soon have orbited the Earth 30'000 times.
Administration/Government
20.02.2015
ICSR brief White House on extremism
The ‘next generation of Osama bin Ladens' are cutting their teeth in Syria and Iraq, ICSR Director Peter Neumann warned a special White House summit on violent extremism this week.
Interdisciplinary/All Categories
20.02.2015
Ukraine crisis: King's advise Parliament
Following a lengthy inquiry into the current Ukraine crisis, to which a King's College London expert served as Specialist Advisor, Parliament has released a timely and hard-hitting report on European Union-Russia relations warning the EU to ‘stand firm'.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Chemistry
20.02.2015
Fibers made by transforming materials
Scientists have known how to draw thin fibers from bulk materials for decades. But a new approach to that old method, developed by researchers at MIT, could lead to a whole new way of making high-quality fiber-based electronic devices. The idea grew out of a long-term research effort to develop multifunctional fibers that incorporate different materials into a single long functional strand.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering
20.02.2015
Medicine/Pharmacology - Law/Forensics
20.02.2015
Medicine/Pharmacology - Careers/Employment
20.02.2015
The COACH Program delivers personal care from a distance for heart patients
A medical coaching program developed at the University of Melbourne for patients with cardiovascular disease and/or type 2 diabetes successfully reduced risk factors in both Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations. There is evidence that clinical practice consistently fails to adhere to evidence-based guidelines and achieve targets for cardiovascular risk factors like LDL-cholesterol and blood pressure, in most patients.
Medicine/Pharmacology
19.02.2015
Let’s talk about sex...after cancer
Romance may still be lingering in the air, but for many cancer survivors Valentine's Day was just another reminder of how their sexuality has been scarred by cancer.
Medicine/Pharmacology
19.02.2015
UCLA notifies patients who received endoscopic procedures
The UCLA Health System notified 179 patients on Feb. 18 that they may have been exposed last fall to the carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae (CRE) bacteria during an endoscopic procedure to diagnose and treat diseases of the liver, bile ducts and pancreas at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center.
Environmental Sciences - Astronomy
19.02.2015
ESA’s Biomass satellite goes ahead
Following the initial selection in 2013 for Biomass to become ESA's seventh Earth Explorer mission and the completion of preparatory activities, ESA Member States yesterday gave the green light for its full implementation for launch in 2020. The mission addresses one of the most fundamental components in the Earth system: the status and dynamics of tropical forests.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
19.02.2015
University to become ’epicentre for European Neuroimaging’
The University has confirmed its plans to utilise advanced MR imaging technology within its Brain Research Imaging Centre" target="_blank" new Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC), in a bid to make the centre one of the top brain imaging facilities in Europe.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
19.02.2015
New solder for semiconductors creates technological possibilities
A research team led by the University of Chicago's Dmitri Talapin has demonstrated how semiconductors can be soldered and still deliver good electronic performance.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
19.02.2015
Scientists unravel mechanisms that stop proteins misbehaving
Scientists unravel mechanisms that stop proteins misbehaving
Scientists have shed new light on the behaviour of proteins in cells, which could lead to fresh approaches for tackling diseases, including cancer.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
19.02.2015
Protein’s novel role in several types of cancers
Stanford ChEM-H scientists are helping to develop a novel cancer therapy based on a new finding of a protein that inadvertently promotes cancer growth. Blocking this protein could help block the growth of many types of tumors. A protein found in pancreatic tumors may lead to a new chemotherapy that is effective against many different kinds of cancers, but turning the discovery into a new drug has required a bit of chemistry know-how.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
19.02.2015
Perfect colors, captured with one ultra-thin lens
Most lenses are, by definition, curved. After all, they are named for their resemblance to lentils, and a glass lens made flat is just a window with no special powers.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environmental Sciences
19.02.2015
Comment: Throwing science at anti-vaxxers just makes them more hardline
Dr Tom Stafford, Lecturer in Psychology and Cognitive Science at the University of Sheffield comments on those who argue against vaccinations. Throwing science at anti-vaxxers just makes them more hardline by Dr Tom Stafford, 19 February 2015, posted on The Conversation Since the uptick in outbreaks of measles in the US, those arguing for the right not to vaccinate their children have come under increasing scrutiny.
Physics/Materials Science
19.02.2015
Yale to launch Lens Media Lab for photograph research and conservation
The Lens Media Laboratory (LML), a new research facility that will apply scientific principles to the characterization and conservation of photographs and other lens-based media, has been created as
Study of Religions - Astronomy
19.02.2015
Darwin meets the Exorcist in unique film series
Darwin meets the Exorcist in unique film series
A unique film series which is the first of its kind opens in Manchester next month focusing on the roles of science and religion in movies.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
19.02.2015
Mars hills hide icy past
A complex network of isolated hills, ridges and small basins spanning 1400 km on Mars is thought to hide large quantities of water-ice.