AUSTIN, Texas — A Â database and Web site tool that tracks social conflict in Africa has been created by the Climate Change and African Political Stability (CCAPS) program at the Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law.
- History - 10:02 ‘Pompeii of the north’ revealed by archaeologists
- Business - Jul 22 Research hub to boost dairy product innovation
- Business - Jul 22 Innovations set to improve dairy products
- Microtechnics - Jul 21 Toyota Gift Will Support Penn Research on Automotive Electronic and Computer Systems
- Medicine - Jul 21 Some aggressive tumors silence genes that fight cancer
- Life Sciences - Jul 21 Metabolic Enzyme Stops Progression of Most Common Type of Kidney Cancer
- History - Jul 21 Comment: Don’t stop toddlers running around museums – it could help them learn
- Microtechnics - Jul 21 Migrating wildebeests, raging hippos, and robotic boats on Kenya's Mara River
- Study of Religions - Jul 21 Comment: Hollywood’s slew of biblical films is no return from Exodus
- Life Sciences - Jul 21 World- leading biophysicist to head Biological Sciences at Leeds
- Astronomy - Jul 21 Messy peaks of Zucchius
- Medicine - Jul 21 Stem cells aid muscle repair and strengthening after resistance exercise
- Chemistry - Jul 21 Yimon Aye is a Beckman Young Investigator
- Life Sciences - Jul 21 Research in the news: A 520 million-year- old food plan
- Chemistry - Jul 21 £1.8 million investment boosts cutting- edge molecular science at Imperial
- Medicine - Jul 21 Study to trial intense exercise to aid mental health
African Social Conflict Database Introduced by Strauss Center's CCAPS Program
The Social Conflict in Africa Database (SCAD) provides information that has never been tracked before on more than 6,300 social conflict events across Africa, including strikes, riots, protests, coups and communal violence from 1990 and 2009.
Cullen Hendrix and Idean Salehyan, assistant professors of political science at the University of North Texas and members of the CCAPS research team, created the database. Previous datasets have collected information on civil and interstate conflict in Africa, but none have systematically looked at these other forms of unrest.
"Conventional datasets on civil and international war were missing a lot of significant events, whether it was electoral violence in Kenya or protests for independence in southern Sudan or the current crises in Libya, Egypt and Tunisia," Salehyan said.
"SCAD provides an important new tool for analyzing conflict patterns and intervention strategies in Africa," said Ashley Moran, CCAPS program manager. "In responding to issues like climate change, building resilience is dependent on a firm understanding of how environmental stressors, conflict and governance intersect. SCAD allows this now on a more full range of conflict in Africa."
Using SCAD, Hendrix and Salehyan found that conflict in recent years has been more common in extremely wet and dry years than in years of normal rainfall. Violent social conflict is more common in the wet years, as they reported in a recent CCAPS policy brief. Climate forecasts suggest major disruptions in typical African rainfall patterns, raising the possibility of future social conflict.
"Understanding the threat of climate-driven instability in Africa requires a nuanced definition of conflict-one that includes episodic unrest, riots and demonstrations as well as interstate and civil war," said Hendrix. "Our findings indicate that rainfall has a surprising influence on the prevalence of social conflict in Africa."
SCAD has been used primarily to analyze the links between climate change and conflict. But it also tracks a wide range of issues and has broad applications for conflict patterns related to natural resources, elections, economic downturns and ethnic tensions.
SCAD offers data on more than 70,000 fatalities due to social unrest that were overlooked in datasets on civil and international war. It is designed to complement existing well-regarded data sources on conflict such as the Uppsala Armed Conflicts Database. The data are derived from Associated Press and Agence France-Presse newswires. SCAD is available through a search interface or as a complete dataset download at www.scaddata.org. Each record includes information on the event type, location and magnitude along with a brief event description and several other attributes.
Funded by the U.S. Department of Defense’s Minerva Initiative, the Strauss Center’s program on Climate Change and African Political Stability (CCAPS) aims to assess where and how climate change poses threats to stability in Africa, develop strategies to build government capacity to respond and evaluate the effectiveness of foreign aid for climate change adaptation in Africa. For more information, visit: ccaps.strausscenter.org.
Last job offers
- Social Sciences - 17.7
Wissensch. Mitarbeiter/in (80 %)
- Mechanical Engineering - 16.7
Senior Wissenschaftlerin / Senior Wissenschaftler Energieforschung
- Business - 15.7
Program Manager Junior with expertise in macroeconomics / financial economics
- Chemistry - 14.7
Polymer Chemistry / Material Scientist
- Computer Science - 14.7
Wissenschaftliche/r Mitarbeiter/in 80-100%
- Business - 11.7
Associate Professor Position in Management
- Medicine - 21.7
Professorial Fellow- Functional Recovery in Youth Mental Health Research Program (re-advertised)
- Medicine - 21.7
Professorial Fellow - Neurobiology and Neuroprotection in Emerging Mental Disorders (re-advertised)
- Physics - 17.7
Stiftungsprofessur Schwerpunkt Photonik
- Arts - 16.7
Universitätsprofessorin / Universitätsprofessor für das Fach Musikalische Gestaltung für Schauspiel (BV...
- Microtechnics - 8.7
- Business - 12.6
Professorship in Economics of Energy Markets
- Mechanical Engineering - 18.7
Assistant / Associate Professor Aeronautical Engineering
- Pedagogy - 18.7
Chair in Employment Relations or HRM. 38029
- Medicine - 22.7
Asst/Assoc / Professor of Pediatrics (Critical Care)
- Medicine - 22.7
Asst/Assoc / Professor of Clinical Pediatrics (Neurology)