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# "Science Wire" gives access to latest science news from research centers and R&D companies.
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Microtechnics/Electroengineering
29.01.2015
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
28.01.2015
Cubes with a view
ESA Space in Images Title Picasso CubeSat Released 28/01/2015 9:24 am Copyright BISA Description The PICosatellite for Atmospheric and Space Science Observations (Picasso) CubeSat, designed to investigate the upper layers of Earth's atmosphere.
Social Sciences - Arts and Design
28.01.2015
Child maltreatment not a clear path to adult crime
Research has found a significant link between childhood abuse and neglect and crime in adulthood. But a recent University of Washington study finds that link all but disappears when accounting for other life factors. "We find that children who were involved in child welfare services are at high risk of adult crimes, but once we accounted for childhood socioeconomic status and later marital status and education, many of those effects went away,” co-author Todd Herrenkohl said.
Medicine/Pharmacology
28.01.2015
HRH The Prince of Wales opens the Surgical Innovation Centre
HRH The Prince of Wales opens the Surgical Innovation Centre
A global centre for excellence in innovation and design in healthcare delivery was formally opened today by His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales.
Sport Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
28.01.2015
Deflategate: Could Physics Be at Fault?
By Jocelyn Duffy / 412-268-9982 By now, most people in America have heard about "Deflategate," where the New England Patriots are alleged to have used underinflated footballs during the AFC championship game against the Indianapolis Colts.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
28.01.2015
Possible Therapeutic Target for Common, But Mysterious Brain Blood Vessel Disorder
Possible Therapeutic Target for Common, But Mysterious Brain Blood Vessel Disorder
Tens of millions of people around the world have abnormal, leak-prone sproutings of blood vessels in the brain called cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs). These abnormal growths can lead to seizures, strokes, hemorrhages, and other serious conditions, yet their precise molecular cause has never been determined.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
28.01.2015
Penn-led Study: Children With Respiratory Failure Can Be Awake Yet Comfortable in ICU
Penn-led Study: Children With Respiratory Failure Can Be Awake Yet Comfortable in ICU
For small children, being hospitalized is an especially frightening experience above and beyond the challenges of whatever they are being treated for. They are often connected to a variety of unpleasant tubes and monitors, which they may instinctively try to remove. Standard practice in hospitals is to fully sedate such children for their comfort and safety, but a new study, led by Martha Curley , the Ellen and Robert Kapito Professor in Nursing Science at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing , shows that lighter, more finely-tuned sedation can be just as effective.
Chemistry - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
28.01.2015
Spiky ’hedgehog particles’ for safer paints, fewer VOC emissions
ANN ARBOR-A new process that can sprout microscopic spikes on nearly any type of particle may lead to more environmentally friendly paints and a variety of other innovations.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
28.01.2015
Manchester United’s rising stars revolutionize heart health
A unique research project to identify the effects of exercise on young hearts has been announced today [Wednesday 28 January 2015]. Manchester United's Academy players are being put through their paces having their hearts monitored by the newest imaging technology to give invaluable insights into how young people's hearts work while doing exercise.
Literature/Linguistics - Event
28.01.2015
What would you ask Tony Award-winning choreographer Bill T. Jones?
What would you ask Tony Award-winning choreographer Bill T. Jones?
Jones and his dance company perform on campus and the choreographer carves out time to engage with students in writing before his visit and in person once he arrives.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
28.01.2015
Study identifies biological mechanisms for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression
Genes relating to immune function and histone methylation - molecular changes that alter DNA expression - are risk factors Mark Wheeler Common psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression share genetic risk factors related to immune function and DNA regulation, according to new findings by a large collaborative research project from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium involving UCLA, King's College London, Cardiff University, Harvard and MIT.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Mathematics
28.01.2015
Reengineering privacy, post-Snowden
Privacy isn't what it used to be. Post-Sony, post-Snowden, we know our digital world is insecure, yet most of us continue to share a vast amount of personal information over networks.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
28.01.2015
In Illinois, muskrats and minks harbor toxoplasmosis, a cat disease
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. A new study of muskrats and minks in central Illinois indicates that toxoplasmosis, a disease spread by cats, is moving rapidly through the landscape and contaminating local waterways. Researchers found antibodies for Toxoplasma gondii , the parasite that causes toxoplasmosis, in 18 of 30 muskrats and 20 of 26 minks tested for the disease in central Illinois.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
28.01.2015
Some potentially habitable planets began as gaseous, Neptune-like worlds
Some potentially habitable planets began as gaseous, Neptune-like worlds
Two phenomena known to inhibit the potential habitability of planets - tidal forces and vigorous stellar activity - might instead help chances for life on certain planets orbiting low-mass stars, University of Washington astronomers have found.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Physics/Materials Science
28.01.2015
New project aims to take the brakes off wireless broadband data transfer
A new European Commission-funded project is setting out to develop a novel form of ultra-fast wireless data transfer.
Administration/Government - Business/Economics
28.01.2015
Vince Cable announces that Warwick will be 1 of the 5 universities to lead the Alan Turing Institute
The University of Warwick is one five universities announced today, Wednesday 28 th January, by the Rt.
Mathematics - Computer Science/Telecom
28.01.2015
Cambridge announced as one of five key partners in new national Alan Turing Institute
The University of Cambridge is to be one of the five universities that will lead the new Alan Turing Institute, announced the Rt Hon Dr Vince Cable, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills today.
Social Sciences - Environmental Sciences
28.01.2015
U-M survey reveals how personal concerns, income shape consumer attitudes about energy
ANN ARBOR-Americans are just as concerned about energy's impact on the environment as they are about its affordability, according to first-year results of the University of Michigan Energy Survey.
Business/Economics
28.01.2015
Crude conspiracy theories could be right
Researchers have for the first time provided strong evidence for what conspiracy theorists have long thought – oil is often the reason for interfering in another country's war. Throughout recent history, countries which need oil have found reasons to interfere in countries with a good supply of it and, the researchers argue, this could help explain the US interest in ISIS in northern Iraq.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Life Sciences
28.01.2015
Electronic circuits with reconfigurable pathways closer to reality
Electronic circuits with reconfigurable pathways closer to reality
Multitasking circuits capable of reconfiguring themselves in real time and switching functions as the need arises - this is the promising application stemming from a discovery made at EPFL and published. Other potential uses: miniaturising our electronic devices and developing resilient circuits. Will it be possible one day to reconfigure electronic microchips however we want, even when they are in use? A recent discovery by a team at EPFL suggests as much.
Earth Sciences - Environmental Sciences
28.01.2015
Fossils' surroundings shed light on extinction and environmental changes
Penn State paleobiologist Mark Patzkowsky at a favorite study site, the Upper Missouri Breaks National Monument in Montana. Paleobiologist Mark Patzkowsky remembers when the insight that would set the direction of his career snapped into focus.
Life Sciences
28.01.2015
The winners and losers of ocean acidification
The population balance of some marine 'pests' could be drastically changed as the world's oceans become increasingly acidic.
Astronomy - Event
28.01.2015
Does time pass?
Does time pass?
"If you walk into a cocktail party and say, 'I don't believe that time passes,' everyone's going to think you're completely insane," says Brad Skow, an associate professor of philosophy at MIT.
Mathematics - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
27.01.2015
Study identifies common elements of STEM schools
Science, technology, engineering and mathematics schools vary in many ways, but they share eight major common elements.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
27.01.2015
Faculty members receive named, distinguished service professorships
Five UChicago faculty members— Leora Auslander , Daniel Diermeier , Yang-Xin Fu , Lucia Rothman-Denes and Benoît Roux —have received named professorships, while two UChicago faculty members— A
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Chemistry
27.01.2015
Generators that relieve power grid worsen ozone pollution
Generators that relieve power grid worsen ozone pollution
Cornell engineers have found that firing up diesel backup generators in non-emergency situations triggers rising atmospheric ozone concentrations due to additional nitrogen oxide emissions.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
27.01.2015
Scientist wins international award for discoveries leading to new class of cancer drugs
Scientist wins international award for discoveries leading to new class of cancer drugs
A Spanish foundation has awarded a major scientific prize to Yale researcher Joseph Schlessinger and two colleagues in recognition of their work leading to the first personalized treatments for cancer. The 2015 Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Biomedicine from the Madrid-based BBVA Foundation includes a 400,000 cash prize.
Earth Sciences - Environmental Sciences
27.01.2015
UW researchers helping region get ready for the next Big One
UW researchers helping region get ready for the next Big One
More than three hundred years ago this week, the geologic fault off Washington and Oregon's coast lurched and caused a massive earthquake.
Environmental Sciences
27.01.2015
Penn State doctoral candidate creates virtual tour of Ricketts Glen State Park
Matt McKinney used a specialized set up with a Glidecam that allowed him to capture ultra-smooth hiking video along the trails at Ricketts Glen State Park.
Computer Science/Telecom - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
27.01.2015
History/Archeology
27.01.2015
Comment: In praise of TV history
Dr Catherine Fletcher, a Lecturer in Public History at the University of Sheffield, comments on how the best television series convey the sweep and thrill of history and make us anew about the past.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
27.01.2015
Research Table
Research Table
The University of Liverpool has been ranked fifth in the UK's first University Global Health Research League Table.
27.01.2015
IXV into position
IXV installed on its payload adapter The IXV Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle installed on its payload adapter, on 26 January 2015 at Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.
Earth Sciences - Environmental Sciences
27.01.2015
Long dry spell doomed Mexican city 1,000 years ago
Archaeologists continue to debate the reasons for the collapse of many Central American cities and states, from Teotihuacan in Mexico to the Yucatan Maya, and climate change is considered one of the major causes.
Business/Economics - Law/Forensics
27.01.2015
Tax reform could reduce wealth inequality gap, Stanford scholar says
Stanford Law Professor Joseph Bankman discusses eight tax policies aimed at reducing inequality among the wealthiest Americans and the rest of society.
Arts and Design - Computer Science/Telecom
27.01.2015
Stanford's 'Live Context' series explores art and its ideas
Stanford’s ’Live Context’ series explores art and its ideas
Leveraging the university's deep intellectual and artistic resources, "Live Context" is inspired by the conviction that the more you know about a work of art's historical and contemporary resonance the richer your experience.
Social Sciences - Administration/Government
27.01.2015
New research compares inequalities in UK's child safeguarding systems
Why are children from poor neighbourhoods more likely to be subject to a child protection intervention than those living in better off areas? And is deprivation the primary cause? Researchers at The University of Nottingham are involved in a major new research project to study inequalities in child welfare systems across the UK.
Computer Science/Telecom - Medicine/Pharmacology
27.01.2015
Bristol gets smarter with launch of ground-breaking innovation project
Bristol is set to see the launch of its first joint venture between the city council and the University of Bristol.
Psychology - Medicine/Pharmacology
27.01.2015
World Cup ref blows the whistle on mental health
Former international rugby referee Clive Norling presided over more than 1,000 matches in a career lasting almost 25 years, including 35 test matches and the quarter-final of the first ever Rugby World Cup in 1987.
Life Sciences
27.01.2015
Why Do We Feel Thirst?
Why Do We Feel Thirst?
To fight dehydration on a hot summer day, you instinctively crave the relief provided by a tall glass of water.
Astronomy
27.01.2015
Striking lightning
ESA Space in Images Title Striking lightning from space Released 27/01/2015 11:28 am Copyright ESA/NASA Description Lightning illuminates the area it strikes on Earth but the flash can be seen from space, too.
Computer Science/Telecom - Business/Economics
27.01.2015
Oxford named a key founder of Alan Turing Institute
The Institute will build on the UK's existing academic strengths and help position the country as a world leader in the analysis and application of big data and algorithm research.
Environmental Sciences
27.01.2015
The burning issue of the world’s vulnerable carbon sinks
Changing climate conditions and increasing occurrences of wildfires may leave globally important carbon stocks defenceless, new research shows.
Astronomy
27.01.2015
Replica solar system
Replica solar system
Scientists have located an ancient solar system, dating back to the dawn of the galaxy, which appears to be a miniature version of the inner planets in our own solar system. An international research group, including Yale University professors of astronomy Sarbani Basu and Debra Fischer, announced the discovery Jan.
Astronomy
27.01.2015
Black Hole Chokes on a Swallowed Star
Black Hole Chokes on a Swallowed Star
FORT DAVIS, Texas - A five-year analysis of an event captured by a tiny telescope at McDonaldObservatory and followed up by telescopes on the ground and in space has led astronomers to believe they witnessed a giant black hole tear apart a star.
Physics/Materials Science - Life Sciences
27.01.2015
Spider electro-combs its sticky nano-filaments
A spider commonly found in garden centres in Britain is giving fresh insights into how to spin incredibly long and strong fibres just a few nanometres thick. The majority of spiders spin silk threads several micrometres thick but unusually the 'garden centre spider' or 'feather-legged lace weaver' Uloborus plumipes can spin nano-scale filaments.
Business/Economics - Medicine/Pharmacology
27.01.2015
Novartis delivered solid sales growth, margin expansion and pipeline progress in 2014; portfolio transformation will focus company on leading businesses
Net sales grew in FY 2014, with strong core margin expansion Net sales increased 1% (+3% cc ) to USD 58.0 billion in FY (Q4: -2%, +4% cc) Operating income grew 1% (+7% cc) to USD 10.7 billion
Administration/Government - Social Sciences
27.01.2015
Youngest children and poorer households worst hit by Coalition’s selective cuts
Major new report, entitled 'Social Policy in a Cold Climate', find it is the poor, not the rich, who have carried the burden of austerity.
Agronomy/Food Science
27.01.2015
Scientists call for soil mapping program to help Indian agriculture
Scientists call for soil mapping program to help Indian agriculture
Scientists attending an agriculture workshop in India organised by the University of Sydney have called for a detailed soil mapping program to help policy makers and farmers draw up effective land management proposals.
Medicine/Pharmacology
27.01.2015
3D copy of patient's heart
A 3D printed model of a patient's heart has been used by surgeons to help plan how to fix the heart.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
27.01.2015
Study explores historical influences on health policy
Study explores historical influences on health policy
University of Liverpool medical historian, Professor Sally Sheard , has been appointed as a Wellcome Trust Senior Investigator to study the development of health policy in Britain since the launch of the National Health Service in 1948.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
27.01.2015
Biology, driven by data
Biology, driven by data
Cells are incredibly complicated machines with thousands of interacting parts - and disruptions to any of those interactions can cause disease.
Medicine/Pharmacology
27.01.2015
Is the medical match fair?
When medical-school graduates apply for their residencies, they use a centralized clearinghouse that matches applicants with jobs.
Medicine/Pharmacology
27.01.2015
New Dean for Nursing and Midwifery
Professor Donna Waters has commenced her role as the University's new Professor and Dean of the Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery.
Administration/Government - Medicine/Pharmacology
27.01.2015
Inside Operation Boring, the LNP's strategy to reclaim Queensland
By John Harrison If Queensland's Liberal National Party reclaims government at this Saturday's election, you can be sure the politicians will be quick to take the credit.
Life Sciences
27.01.2015
Sharks aren't criminals, but our fear makes us talk as if they are
By Adrian Peace Sharks have been making news yet again, after a spate of sightings in Newcastle, New South Wales, prompted days of beach closures and reports of oceangoers allegedly being “ stalked ” by “ monster ” specimens.
Administration/Government
27.01.2015
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
26.01.2015
Rosetta watches comet shed its dusty coat
ESA's Rosetta mission is providing unique insight into the life cycle of a comet's dusty surface, watching 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko as it sheds the dusty coat it has accumulated over the past four years. The COmetary Secondary Ion Mass Analyser, or COSIMA, is one of Rosetta's three dust analysis experiments.
Business/Economics
26.01.2015
Identify HR’s role for M&A deals to succeed
HR needs to adapt to the right role for the many different types of mergers and acquisitions to improve the chance of the deal being a success, says new research. Most mergers and acquisitions are doomed to failure, when a deal that looks great on paper comes undone because of human issues, like a clash of cultures.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
26.01.2015
Study explores key influences on British health policy
Study explores key influences on British health policy
University of Liverpool medical historian, Professor Sally Sheard , has been appointed as a Wellcome Trust Senior Investigator to study the development of health policy in Britain since the launch of the National Health Service in 1948.
Literature/Linguistics - Medicine/Pharmacology
26.01.2015
One in five online scholarly articles affected by 'reference rot'
One in five online scholarly articles affected by ’reference rot’
Science & Innovation Home » Science & Engineering Capabilities Research Library Publications Science Briefs Science Programs Science Pillars Science Organizations Science Features Collaboration Home » Richard P. Feynman Center for Innovation Fellows Postdocs, Students Conferences User Facilities Pathogen
Law/Forensics
26.01.2015
Does the First Amendment need a New Deal?
Does the First Amendment need a New Deal?
The terrorist attack on the office of Charlie Hebdo, a satirical magazine in Paris, sparked a heated debate on the freedom of speech around the world.
Computer Science/Telecom
26.01.2015
Researcher talks about his involvement in the film Ex-Machina
Researcher talks about his involvement in the film Ex-Machina
An Imperial researcher talks about his role as an advisor on the latest science fiction film currently out in the cinemas.
History/Archeology - Event
26.01.2015
Site of Brunel’s ss Great Britain ‘shipwreck’ located in Northern Ireland
Archaeologists have located the exact position where the ss Great Britain was grounded for nearly a year during her fifth voyage to New York in 1846.
Astronomy - Environmental Sciences
26.01.2015
Satellites for peat’s sake
Satellites can help us to safeguard nature's richest carbon storehouses - peatlands. Peatlands make up just 3% of land but capture twice as much carbon as all forests combined.
Event - Media Sciences/Political Sciences
26.01.2015
Foreign correspondent Richard Engel will be Stanford’s 2015 Commencement speaker
Engel, a veteran war correspondent and Stanford alumnus who has covered international events for nearly two decades, will deliver the 124th Commencement address.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Careers/Employment
26.01.2015
The Blue Shield and Sutter Health impasse and what it means to Stanford employees
The recent contract renewal negotiations between Blue Shield and Sutter Health have many employees feeling uneasy.
Business/Economics
26.01.2015
Super Bowl ads not profitable for competing brands, Stanford scholar says
A Stanford study finds that Super Bowl television commercials for beer and soda may generate sales, but when two major brands of the same type run competing ads, the sales benefits disappear. The Super Bowl is the most watched American TV spectacle, and companies annually put forth their biggest efforts to make stunning commercials aimed at creating impressions and buzz.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
26.01.2015
Stanford bioengineers develop tool for reprogramming genetic code
By selectively manipulating how DNA issues biological commands, Stanford bioengineers have developed a tool that could prove useful in future gene therapies. Biology relies upon the precise activation of specific genes to work properly. If that sequence gets out of whack, or one gene turns on only partially, the outcome can often lead to a disease.
Medicine/Pharmacology
26.01.2015
Ethnic minorities and deprived communities hardest hit by air pollution
Ethnic minorities and deprived communities hardest hit by air pollution
A new study has found big differences in air pollution across communities in England, with deprived and ethnic minority areas the worst affected. Air pollution levels are linked to many forms of ill health, including higher risk of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, especially for more vulnerable groups such as children and the elderly.
Business/Economics - Medicine/Pharmacology
26.01.2015
Want to kickstart the Canadian economy? Try "indovation", says U of’T prof
University of Toronto president Meric Gertler is visiting India from January 27 to 31, on his first visit to south Asia since becoming president.
Business/Economics
26.01.2015
Look what happens when researchers from one of the world's top ten computer science departments launch a startup
MaRS Innovation and the University of Toronto have announced that the founders of Granata Decision Systems Inc., a graduate of the University of Toronto Early-Stage Technology (UTEST) start-up incubator program, have joined Google Inc.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
26.01.2015
Researchers at Penn, Berkeley and Illinois Use Oxides to Flip Graphene Conductivity
Graphene, a one-atom thick lattice of carbon atoms, is often touted as a revolutionary material that will take the place of silicon at the heart of electronics. The unmatched speed at which it can move electrons, plus its essentially two-dimensional form factor, make it an attractive alternative, but several hurdles to its adoption remain.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
26.01.2015
Susan Kidwell receives Mary Clark Thompson Medal
The National Academy of Sciences has awarded the 2015 Mary Clark Thompson Medal to geologist Susan Kidwell , the William Rainey Harper Professor in Geophysical Sciences and the Committee on Evolutionary Biology at the University of Chicago.
Arts and Design
26.01.2015
The Quadrangle Club Revels Presents ’Any Resemblance: A Revels Selfie’
The Quadrangle Club Revels will return for its annual musical revue in Any Resemblance: A Revels Selfie , taking place at 8 p.m. on Friday and Saturday, Jan.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
26.01.2015
Good bedtime habits equal better sleep for kids
Several potential reasons for poor sleep include the use of technology in the bedroom, complicated and busy daily schedules with competing work, school, social, and recreational activities as well as neighborhood noise from vehicular traffic, commercial or industrial activity and neighbors. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
26.01.2015
3 Questions: Dara Entekhabi on NASA's soil-moisture mission
3 Questions: Dara Entekhabi on NASA’s soil-moisture mission
Dara Entekhabi, an MIT professor of civil and environmental engineering and of earth, atmospheric and planetary sciences, is the science team leader of NASA's Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellite, scheduled to be launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California on Jan.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
26.01.2015
Intrepid projects backed by Bose Grants
What if the unique properties of diamond could be harnessed for use in electronics? What if a light bulb could operate at 100 percent efficiency? What if the search for extraterrestrial life could be abetted by a deeper understanding of the chemistry of life on Earth? All of these ideas would be considered big "ifs" by many.
Physics/Materials Science - Life Sciences
26.01.2015
Five NY companies receive jump start from Cornell
Five New York state companies have received JumpStart grants for spring 2015.
Medicine/Pharmacology
26.01.2015
Yale cardiac surgeon helps famed football ref get back in the game
Cardiac surgeon Dr. John Elefteriades, the William W.L. Glenn professor of surgery at Yale School of Medicine, has treated more than 10,000 patients in his over three-decade career.
Architecture - Arts and Design
26.01.2015
Heavenly matters, earthly delights
In his book, Gothic Wonder, Professor Paul Binski explores a period in which English art and architecture pushed the boundaries to produce some of Europe's most spectacular buildings and illuminated manuscripts.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
26.01.2015
Zombie bacteria in tuberculosis
Zombie bacteria in tuberculosis
"Living-dead" bacteria exist in limbo: biologically active but not proliferating. Buried in this zombie state, disease-causing bacteria could come back from the dead to re-infect patients. Researchers at EPFL have produced the first evidence of this strange phenomenon in tuberculosis, suggesting new avenues for treatment.
Administration/Government
26.01.2015
How can we protect our information in the era of cloud computing?
Private information would be much more secure if individuals moved away from cloud-based storage towards peer-to-peer systems, where data is stored in a variety of ways and across a variety of sites, argues a University of Cambridge researcher.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
25.01.2015
Ancient and cratered
ESA Space in Images Title Jupiter's cratered moon, Callisto Released 26/01/2015 10:00 am Copyright NASA/JPL/DLR Description The speckled object depicted here is Callisto, Jupiter's second largest moon.
Life Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom
25.01.2015
Neuroscience to Benefit from Hybrid Supercomputer Memory
Neuroscience to Benefit from Hybrid Supercomputer Memory
To handle large amounts of data from detailed brain models, IBM, EPFL, and ETH Zrich are collaborating on a new hybrid memory strategy for supercomputers.
Life Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom
25.01.2015
HBP Summit Showcases Successes of Year One
HBP Summit Showcases Successes of Year One
Heidelberg. The second annual summit of the Human Brain Project (HBP) begins today at the University of Heidelberg. Nearly 400 participants from a dozen countries will present their key results and discuss the future challenges facing global collaborative brain research. Having expanded to 112 Partners in 24 countries in its first year, the HBP is well-placed to set new the frontiers of neuroscience, medicine, and computing.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
24.01.2015
Blood flow image voted supporters' favourite in BHF competition
Blood flow image voted supporters’ favourite in BHF competition
An image showing a computer model of blood flow has been voted the British Heart Foundation supporters' favourite in a science image competition. ‘Lifelines', by Francesco Iori from the Department of Aeronautics , was one of four images from Imperial College London shortlisted for ‘Reflections of Research' , which showcases images produced by BHF-funded researchers.
Medicine/Pharmacology
23.01.2015
Novartis Bexsero vaccine approved by FDA for the prevention of meningitis B, the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in the US
With today's approval, Bexsero is now licensed in 37 countries; since first approval in Europe, over 1 million doses have been distributed worldwide Bexsero's two-dose regimen offers a flexib
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Physics/Materials Science
23.01.2015
Material can be both magnetic and electrically charged
Material can be both magnetic and electrically charged
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have controlled the structure of a material to simultaneously generate both magnetisation and electrical polarisation, an advance which has potential applications in information storage and processing.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.01.2015
Five intriguing facts about viruses that cause measles, Ebola and other scourges
Viruses are incredibly simple, arguably the most simple living organisms on the planet. They have no brains, no metabolism, and they can't reproduce on their own.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
23.01.2015
Integral manoeuvres for the future
Since 2002, ESA's Integral spacecraft has been observing some of the most violent events in the Universe, including gamma-ray bursts and black holes.
Sport Sciences
23.01.2015
OCR complaint statement
A complaint has been filed with the U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights (OCR), against the University of Minnesota - Twin Cities. The complaint alleges discrimination in inte
Physics/Materials Science
23.01.2015
Catch the Northern Lights with your mobile
Catch the Northern Lights with your mobile
Updates on the best opportunities to spot the Northern Lights in the UK are now available on a mobile phone app developed in association with scientists at Lancaster University.
Pedagogy/Education Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.01.2015
$3.9 million project will identify, treat Washington state toddlers at risk for autism
$3.9 million project will identify, treat Washington state toddlers at risk for autism
Early detection can make a world of difference for toddlers with autism, but many children do not get diagnosed until they're at least 4 years old.
Medicine/Pharmacology
23.01.2015
Novartis drug Jakavi recommended by CHMP for EU approval to treat adults with rare blood cancer polycythemia vera
Polycythemia vera (PV) is associated with overproduction of blood cells that can cause serious cardiovascular complications, such as stroke and heart attack Clinical data show Jakavi (ruxol
Psychology - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.01.2015
‘Kindness curriculum’ boosts school success in preschoolers
Over the course of 12 weeks, twice a week, the pre-kindergarten students learned their ABCs. Attention, breath and body, caring practice - clearly not the standard letters of the alphabet. Rather, these 4- and-5-year-olds in the Madison Metropolitan School District were part of a study assessing a new curriculum meant to promote social, emotional and academic skills, conducted by the University of Wisconsin-Madison Center for Investigating Healthy Minds (CIHM) at the Waisman Center.
Sport Sciences - Life Sciences
23.01.2015
Concussions – an issue for male and female athletes alike, Stanford professor says
Concussions – an issue for male and female athletes alike, Stanford professor says
William Maloney, professor of orthopaedic surgery, told the Faculty Senate on Thursday that while concussions are a problem in football, they also are a big concern in other sports, including soccer, basketball and club sports, involving both male and female players.
Literature/Linguistics - Philosophy
23.01.2015
Stanford scholar explores Arabic obsession with language
Stanford scholar explores Arabic obsession with language
Through a study of metaphor in medieval Arabic literature, Stanford comparative literature professor Alexander Key finds that the Arab world had a head start on the West when it comes to understanding how language works.
Environmental Sciences - Business/Economics
23.01.2015
Larry Linden: Big changes needed to avert possible climate "catastrophe"
After a career that included work as a White House advisor in the Carter administration and as a partner at Goldman Sachs, Larry Linden SM '70, PhD '76 has turned his attention to what he says is the most critical issue facing humanity today: the threat of catastrophic global climate change.
Philosophy
23.01.2015
New sports centre building to be named after Olympic rower Acer Nethercott
Oxford University is to name the first phase of its new sports centre at Iffley Road after Olympic rower and scholar Dr Acer Nethercott.
Environmental Sciences - Business/Economics
23.01.2015
Calculating the future of solar-fuel refineries
A team of University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers has developed a new tool to help plot the future of solar fuels.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
23.01.2015
Medicaid "Fee Bump" to Primary Care Doctors Associated with Better Access to Appointments, According to Penn Study
As the United States population has doubled since 1955, the number of inpatient psychiatric beds in the United States has been cut by nearly 95 percent to just 45,000, a wholly inadequate equation when considering that there are currently 10 million U.S. residents with serious mental illness.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.01.2015
Study Uncovers Secrets of a Clump-Dissolving Protein
Workhorse molecules called heat-shock proteins contribute to refolding proteins that were once misfolded and clumped, causing such disorders as Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Alzheimer's disease. James Shorter, PhD , an associate professor of Biochemistry and Biophysics, at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania , has been developing ways to "reprogram" one such protein - a yeast protein called Hsp104 - to improve its therapeutic properties.
Earth Sciences - Environmental Sciences
23.01.2015
Aletsch
ESA Space in Images Title Aletsch Glacier Released 23/01/2015 10:00 am Copyright USGS/ESA Description Parts of the Swiss and Italian Alps are pictured in this satellite image.
Medicine/Pharmacology
23.01.2015
Researcher takes top spot in national image competition
A University of Leeds researcher has been named the winner of the British Heart Foundation (BHF) image competition.
Earth Sciences - Environmental Sciences
23.01.2015
A 3-D View of the Greenland Ice Sheet Opens Window on Ice History
A 3-D View of the Greenland Ice Sheet Opens Window on Ice History
AUSTIN, Texas - Scientists using ice-penetrating radar data collected by NASA's Operation IceBridge and earlier airborne campaigns have built the first comprehensive map of layers deep inside the Greenland Ice Sheet, opening a window on past climate conditions and the ice sheet's potentially perilous future.
Astronomy - Environmental Sciences
23.01.2015
Satellites catch Austfonna shedding ice
Rapid ice loss in a remote Arctic ice cap has been detected by the Sentinel-1A and CryoSat satellites. Located on Norway's Nordaustlandet island in the Svalbard archipelago, parts of the Austfonna ice cap have thinned by more than 50 m since 2012 - about a sixth of the ice's thickness. Over the last two decades, ice loss from the southeast region of Austfonna has increased significantly, and ice thinning has spread over 50 km inland and is now within 10 km of the summit.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
23.01.2015
Research to help farmers address environmental challenges of climate change
Charles Anderson (left), assistant professor of biology, and undergraduate researcher Liam Farrell examine the growth and development of Brachypodium plants.
Medicine/Pharmacology
23.01.2015
University of Sydney helping to build health capacity in Fiji
A newly refurbished centre dedicated to improving the health of women and children was today opened in Vatukarasa on Fiji's Coral Coast by Fijian Prime Minister Rear Admiral (rtd) J.V.Bainimarama.
Literature/Linguistics
23.01.2015
Advancing the appreciation of Australian literature through new Chair
In a first for Victoria, the Boisbouvier Founding Chair in Australian Literature has been established at the University of Melbourne to advance the teaching, understanding and public appreciation of Australian literature.
Business/Economics - Administration/Government
23.01.2015
Astronomy
22.01.2015
Comet close-ups
Crack extension in Anuket This OSIRIS narrow-angle camera image shows part of a large fracture running across Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko's neck, in particular where it has left Hapi and is extending into Anuket. In this orientation, the Seth region is at the uppermost left and Hapi in the lower left.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
22.01.2015
Getting to know Rosetta’s comet
Rosetta is revealing its host comet as having a remarkable array of surface features and with many processes contributing to its activity, painting a complex picture of its evolution.
Psychology - Medicine/Pharmacology
22.01.2015
Comment: Well-being programmes in schools might be doing children more harm than good
Kathryn Ecclestone, Professor of Education at the University of Sheffield, comments on the effects of well-being programmes in schools. by Katherine Ecclestone, 22 January 2015, posted on The Conversation Apocryphal depictions of an unprecedented crisis in young people's mental ill-health and their general vulnerability have been accompanied by increasingly alarmist claims that only schools can address this social "ticking time bomb".
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
22.01.2015
Exotic, gigantic molecules fit inside each other like Russian nesting dolls
University of Chicago scientists have experimentally observed for the first time a phenomenon in ultracold, three-atom molecules predicted by Russian theoretical physicist Vitaly Efimov in 1970. In this quantum phenomenon, called geometric scaling, the triatomic molecules fit inside one another like an infinitely large set of Russian nesting dolls.
Environmental Sciences - Business/Economics
22.01.2015
Boston’s natural gas infrastructure releases high levels of heat-trapping methane
Harvard-led study reveals aging natural gas distribution system short-changes customers, contributes to greenhouse gas buildup - Imagine if every time you filled your car with gas, a few gallons didn't make it into the tank and instead spilled onto the ground.
Administration/Government - Careers/Employment
22.01.2015
Faculty member to share research at special White House meeting
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. College of Education faculty member Liza Conyers will share her expertise on HIV and workforce development at a special White House meetingon Monday(Jan.
Environmental Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
22.01.2015
A new public private collaboration in Singapore aims to develop more eco-friendly ships
‌Singapore's Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Sembcorp Marine, the University of Glasgow and University of Glasgow Singapore (UGS) have signed an agreement to collaborate and d
Physics/Materials Science - Mathematics
22.01.2015
Is glass a true solid?
Does glass ever stop flowing? Researchers at the University of Bristol and Kyoto University have combined computer simulation and information theory, originally invented for telephone communication and cryptography, to answer this puzzling question. Watching a glass blower at work we can clearly see the liquid nature of hot glass.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
22.01.2015
Scientists set quantum speed limit
University of California, Berkeley, scientists have proved a fundamental relationship between energy and time that sets a "quantum speed limit" on processes ranging from quantum computing and tunneling to optical switching. The speed limit, that is, the minimal time to transition between two easily distinguishable states, such as the north and south poles representing up and down states of a quantum spin (top), is characterized by a well-known relationship.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
22.01.2015
Rare neurological disease shines light on health of essential nerve cells
Ian Duncan is a Scotsman with the iron discipline and stamina of a competitive marathoner, triathlete and cross-country skier.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
22.01.2015
Trust your gut: E. coli may hold one of the keys to treating Parkinson's
Trust your gut: E. coli may hold one of the keys to treating Parkinson’s
ANN ARBOR-E. coli usually brings to mind food poisoning and beach closures, but researchers recently discovered a protein in E. coli that inhibits the accumulation of potentially toxic amyloids-a hallmark of diseases such as Parkinson's. Amyloids are formed by proteins that misfold and group together, and when amyloids assemble at the wrong place or time, they can damage brain tissue and cause cell death, according to Marger
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
22.01.2015
Exotic, giantic molecules fit inside each other like Russian nesting dolls
University of Chicago scientists have experimentally observed for the first time a phenomenon in ultracold, three-atom molecules predicted by Russian theoretical physicsist Vitaly Efimov in 1970. In this quantum phenomenon, called geometric scaling, the triatomic molecules fit inside one another like an infinitely large set of Russian nesting dolls.
Environmental Sciences - Astronomy
22.01.2015
Scientists team with indigenous people to study carbon in Amazon rainforest
Scientists team with indigenous people to study carbon in Amazon rainforest
By teaching basic ecology field work techniques to indigenous groups in the Amazon, Stanford researchers have found that satellite measurements of rainforests in the area underestimate the region's carbon storage potential. When it comes to measuring the carbon storage potential of the Amazon forest, indigenous people might outperform sophisticated satellites.
Environmental Sciences
22.01.2015
California's Policies Can Significantly Cut Greenhouse Gas Emissions through 2030
California’s Policies Can Significantly Cut Greenhouse Gas Emissions through 2030
A new model of the impact of California's existing and proposed policies on its greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction goals suggests that the state is on track to meet 2020 goals, and could achieve greater emission reductions by 2030, but the state will need to do more to reach its 2050 climate goals.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
22.01.2015
Mysteries in Nili Fossae
These new images from the high-resolution stereo camera on ESA's Mars Express show Nili Fossae, one of the most enticing regions on Mars.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
22.01.2015
Brookings Tops List of Penn’s 2014 Global Go To Think Tank Index Rankings
The increase in Medicaid reimbursement for primary care providers, a key provision of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), was associated with a 7.7 percentage points increase in new patient appointment availability without longer wait times, according to results of a new 10-state study - co-authored by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania and the Urban Institute, and funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation - published online-first by the New England Journal of Medicine .
Philosophy - Social Sciences
22.01.2015
Is cheating on the field worse than cheating on a spouse? Some fans think so
Is cheating on the field worse than cheating on a spouse? Some fans think so
ANN ARBOR-Why did fans and sponsors such as Nike drop Lance Armstrong but stay loyal to Tiger Woods? Probably because Armstrong's doping scandal took place on the field, unlike Wood's off-the-field extramarital affairs, according to new studies.
Astronomy - Social Sciences
22.01.2015
Black hole on a diet creates a 'changing look' quasar
Yale University astronomers have identified the first "changing look" quasar, a gleaming object in deep space that appears to have its own dimmer switch. The discovery may offer a glimpse into the life story of the universe's great beacons. Quasars are massive, luminous objects that draw their energy from black holes.
Administration/Government - Medicine/Pharmacology
22.01.2015
New program reduces hospitalizations for youth with psychosis
New program reduces hospitalizations for youth with psychosis
Providing coordinated care to young people who experience their first psychotic episode reduces hospitalization costs and helps patients continue to work and go to school, according to a new study scheduled to appear online Feb.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Astronomy
22.01.2015
UCLA and CASIS to collaborate on International Space Station study of possible therapy for bone loss
NASA A study of rodents on the International Space Station will allow astronauts to test the ability of a bone-forming molecule to direct stem cells to induce bone formation.
Environmental Sciences - Business/Economics
22.01.2015
Boston’s leaky pipes release high levels of heat-trapping methane
Harvard-led study reveals aging natural gas distribution system short-changes customers, contributes to greenhouse gas buildup - Imagine if every time you filled your car with gas, a few gallons didn't make it into the tank and instead spilled onto the ground.
Environmental Sciences
22.01.2015
UQ staff save cash and carbon with energy competition
University of Queensland staff have collectively prevented 77 tonnes of carbon emissions and saved $7600 in electricity costs during a three-week competition aimed at reducing energy consumption in laboratories.
Social Sciences
22.01.2015
Retreating from Darfur? A decade on, spectre of atrocities returns
By Phil Orchard News media have been reporting widespread atrocities by Boko Haram against as many as 2000 civilians in Nigeria.
Medicine/Pharmacology
21.01.2015
Novartis announces FDA approval for first IL-17A antagonist Cosentyx(TM) (secukinumab) for moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis patients
Offering a new treatment option for patients, Cosentyx is the first approved human monoclonal antibody (mAb) that selectively binds to interleukin IL-17A , Phase III data demonstrated Cosentyx resulted in clear or almost clear skin in the majority of patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis Approval based on the efficacy and safety outcomes from 10 Phase II and III studies which included over 3,990 adult patients with mo
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
21.01.2015
Death of a dynamo - a hard drive from space
Hidden magnetic messages contained within ancient meteorites are providing a unique window into the processes that shaped our solar system, and may give a sneak preview of the fate of the Earth's core as it continues to freeze.
Astronomy
21.01.2015
SPIDER Experiment Touches Down in Antarctica
SPIDER Experiment Touches Down in Antarctica
After spending 16 days suspended from a giant helium balloon floating 115,000 feet above Antarctica, a scientific instrument dubbed SPIDER has landed in a remote region of the frozen continent.
Astronomy
21.01.2015
Let there be light
ESA Space in Images Title ESA's Optical Ground Station laser tags ISS Released 21/01/2015 3:21 pm Copyright Victor R. Ruiz Description The future of space
Literature/Linguistics - Life Sciences
21.01.2015
Chinese Academy of Sciences and EPFL Renew Agreement in Davos
Chinese Academy of Sciences and EPFL Renew Agreement in Davos
The agreement signed in 2010 between the Chinese Academy of Sciences and EPFL was renewed yesterday, a few hours before the WEF opening ceremony in Davos, in the presence of Chinese Premier Li Keqi
Business/Economics
21.01.2015
Doing it for the team: Business study tests motivational techniques
Every year, U.S. companies spend billions on incentives for salespeople, and although incentives can help boost sales figures, the associated costs cut into the bottom line in a big way.
Medicine/Pharmacology
21.01.2015
New drug compounds show promise against endometriosis
An interdisciplinary research team developed a new approach to treating endometriosis. The team includes, clockwise, from back left: molecular and integrative physiology professor Milan Bagchi, chemistry professor John Katzenellenbogen, visiting research scientist Ping Gong, molecular and integrative physiology professor Benita Katzenellenbogen, postdoctoral fellow Yiru Chen, research scientist Yuechao Zhao, and comparative biosciences professor CheMyong Ko.
History/Archeology - Administration/Government
21.01.2015
Exploiting sports triumphs for political gain a classic tale, scholar demonstrates
Reed Hutchinson/UCLA In a new book, classics professor Kathryn Morgan examines the tactics of Hieron, an ambitious ruler who trumpeted his horses' victories at the horse track and chariot races to gain political power.
Arts and Design - Medicine/Pharmacology
21.01.2015
Sharing the Secret to ‘Results’
Alumnus Sam Daley-Harris shared his journey from musician to global activist during his Distinguished Alumni Lecture.
Pedagogy/Education Science
21.01.2015
We must scrap new baseline tests for primary school children
Cathy Nutbrown, Professor of Education and Head of the School of Education at the University of Sheffield comments on the planned reintroduction of baseline assessment.
Careers/Employment - Medicine/Pharmacology
21.01.2015
Why sickness absence policies at work need to be reformed
Part-time sick pay is needed for employees with fluctuating health conditions, say researchers.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
21.01.2015
Got charisma? Look for it in your voice
Kenjo-Baptiste OIKAWA/Wikimedia Commons In examining the vocal style of former President of France Nicolas Sarkozy, UCLA voice scholar Rosario Signorello found characteristics that convey dominance and contrast with that of his successor, President Francois Hollande.
Administration/Government
21.01.2015
Ithaca mayor: Perspective moves us from fear to hope
Ithaca mayor: Perspective moves us from fear to hope
In a talk about hope, City of Ithaca Mayor Svante Myrick '09 shared his thoughts first about fear. Fear is "the largest obstacle any of us can face - any community can face, any individual, any family," he said Jan.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
21.01.2015
New worldwide estimates for herpes simplex virus type 2 published
New global estimates for herpes simplex virus type 2 show that over 400-million people worldwide were infected with the virus in 2012. The estimates underline the extent to which herpes simplex virus type 2 - the virus which causes genital herpes - is widespread throughout the world causing a significant burden of disease.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
21.01.2015
Synthetic amino acid enables safe, new biotechnology solutions to global problems
Scientists from Yale have devised a way to ensure genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can be safely confined in the environment, overcoming a major obstacle to widespread use of GMOs in agriculture, energy production, waste management, and medicine.
Careers/Employment - Administration/Government
21.01.2015
Sanctions linked to drop in benefits but few return to work report
The government's imposition of sanctions on Jobseeker's Allowance claimants has led to a significant rise in people leaving unemployment benefits, but they are not returning to work, according to researchers at the University of Oxford and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. Sanctions are used to punish claimants who do not meet government conditions for actively seeking work and result in claimants having their benefit payments cut for a minimum of four weeks.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
21.01.2015
Cosmic radio burst caught red-handed
A team of astronomers using twelve telescopes from around the world, and in space, have for the first time captured a 'fast radio burst' happening live. The achievement will help scientists trap more bursts in the future, which could offer insight into the evolution of the universe. University of Manchester academics working from Jodrell Bank were members of the team, led by Emily Petroff from the Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia, that captured the burst using the Parkes radio telescope located in eastern Australia.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
21.01.2015
Ebola becomes lethal as it spreads
Ebola becomes lethal as it spreads
Researchers from the University of Liverpool, in collaboration with Public Health England, have determined why Ebola virus becomes increasingly lethal as it jumps species. Scientists investigated why Ebola virus is so deadly when it spreads from animals to humans and then from human-to-human. The research team looked at the Zaire Ebola strain in an animal system to understand how it gains strength.
Social Sciences - Literature/Linguistics
21.01.2015
First edited volume of Burns’s prose reveals new details about Scottish tours
Researchers have created the most complete mapping of the route that Robert Burns took on his famous tours of the Borders, Highland, and Lowland Scotland. It has been published as part of a major new edition of the Bard's prose work, the first time that Burns's complete writings have been made available to the public in fully annotated and edited form.
Life Sciences
21.01.2015
Research in the News: Ribosomal motor crucial part of cellular protein factory
The ribosome is the protein-making "factory" within cells responsible for knitting together amino acids into polypeptide chains that form proteins.
Arts and Design
21.01.2015
Culture at King's at Davos
Deborah Bull, Director, Cultural Partnerships at King's College London will be amongst the world's top political and business leaders and intellectuals taking part in this year's annual World Economic Forum at Davos.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
21.01.2015
The AMA and Medicare: a love-hate relationship
The Australian Medical Association (AMA) has emerged from the recent brouhaha over the Abbott government's proposed Medicare reforms as both a winner in the protection of doctors' incomes and an apparent champion of the affordability of health care for patients.
Computer Science/Telecom - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
21.01.2015
Optimizing optimization algorithms
Optimization algorithms, which try to find the minimum values of mathematical functions, are everywhere in engineering.
Life Sciences - Environmental Sciences
21.01.2015
Farming in a Hot, Dry World
Penn State Eberly College of Science Professor Charles Anderson and his research team are looking to help farmers and crop breeders grow hardier plants to boost world food supplies.
Earth Sciences
20.01.2015
Sequestration on shaky ground
Carbon sequestration promises to address greenhouse-gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and injecting it deep below the Earth's surface, where it would permanently solidify into rock. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that current carbon-sequestration technologies may eliminate up to 90 percent of carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants.
Mathematics - Pedagogy/Education Science
20.01.2015
Software teaches computers to translate words to math
Software teaches computers to translate words to math
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. If Johnny has five apples and seven oranges, and he wants to share them with three of his friends, can a computer understand the text to figure out how many pieces of fruit each person gets?
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environmental Sciences
20.01.2015
Comment: Chimps and gorillas desperately need Ebola vaccine too – virus has wiped out a third of the
Meera Inglis, a PhD student in Conservation Policy at the University of Sheffield, comments on the threat posed by the Ebola virus to the great apes of Africa.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
20.01.2015
Alumna fights Ebola on the front lines in Liberia
Alumna fights Ebola on the front lines in Liberia
Beer encountered numerous infrastructural challenges in Liberia. Many of the major roads were muddy and filled with overloaded trucks that often got stuck, such as the one pictured, and caused massive traffic jams.
Astronomy - Administration/Government
20.01.2015
Winter tracking
ESA Space in Images Title Kiruna station Released 20/01/2015 3:17 pm Copyright ESA Description ESA's Kiruna station is located at Salmijrvi, 38 km east of Kiruna, in northern Sweden.
Environmental Sciences - Chemistry
20.01.2015
Scientists drilling first deep ice core at the South Pole
Scientists drilling first deep ice core at the South Pole
This winter, when many people's imaginations were fixed on the North Pole, a small group of scientists has been working on the other side of the planet.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
20.01.2015
Becoming an Expert: Sarah Nolan on analysis of clinical trials
Becoming an Expert: Sarah Nolan on analysis of clinical trials
Sarah Nolan is a Research Assistantat the University of Liverpool's Institute of Translational Medicine , and part time PhD student focused onmedical decision making.
Social Sciences - Administration/Government
20.01.2015
Cornell Perspectives: Wingman 101 shifts violence discussion
Cornell Perspectives: Wingman 101 shifts violence discussion
What's being done at Cornell to address sexual violence? A series of articles will present firsthand accounts from those who are on the front lines of the issue in our community.
Astronomy
20.01.2015
Computer Science/Telecom - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
20.01.2015
UW computer scientists enhance robotic manufacturing
Baxter, introduced in 2012 by the company Rethink Robotics, is a two-armed robot with a tablet-like panel for its "eyes." Photo: Rethink Robotics, Inc.
Life Sciences - Environmental Sciences
20.01.2015
Screening Plants for Potential Natural Products the New Fashioned Way
Screening Plants for Potential Natural Products the New Fashioned Way
Humans have been making use of plants for as long as there have been humans and plants. The actual cultivation of plants for food and other products began with the Neolithic Revolution some 12,000 years ago and has been evolving ever since.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
20.01.2015
Greenland ice: The warmer it gets the faster it melts
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Melting of glacial ice will probably raise sea level around the globe, but how fast this melting will happen is uncertain.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
20.01.2015
Particles accelerate without a push
Some physical principles have been considered immutable since the time of Isaac Newton: Light always travels in straight lines. No physical object can change its speed unless some outside force acts on it. Not so fast, says a new generation of physicists: While the underlying physical laws haven't changed, new ways of "tricking" those laws to permit seemingly impossible actions have begun to appear.
Physics/Materials Science - Life Sciences
20.01.2015
Unlocking the mystery of how cells in the body function
Unlocking the mystery of how cells in the body function
New drugs for diseases like cystic fibrosis could be developed following a 1.5m grant to a research team led by Lancaster University Physicists and biologists are to work together to find out how our body's cells work at a fundamental level. The team are examining ion channels in biological cells, which are involved in the basic functioning of all forms of life.
Medicine/Pharmacology
20.01.2015
How your friends might help you avoid flu
A study of social networks has yielded clues about how best to improve vaccination rates for influenza. Researchers at Lancaster University found that people who have lots of friends should be prioritised for the ‘flu jab because they might influence others to get vaccinated too. Influenza is a global health problem, affecting 3 to 5 million people a year and causing fatalities among the very old, the very young, and those with existing medical conditions.
Astronomy
20.01.2015
Destination: Moon
ESA Space in Videos ESA Web-TV Title Destination: Moon Released 18/01/2015 Length 00:08:32 Language English Footage Type Documentary Copyright ESA
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
20.01.2015
Siemens and CHUV Create a Research Group at EPFL's Innovation Park
Siemens and CHUV Create a Research Group at EPFL's Innovation Park
Another large company installs itself on EPFL's campus. Today, Siemens Healthcare, leader in medical technology, and the medical radiology department of the CHUV inaugurated their new facilities hosting a group of scientists in medical imaging. This unique research unit is collaborating with HUG, CIBM and EPFL.
Administration/Government
20.01.2015
Democracy Day: What the experts say
Democracy Day: What the experts say
Today (20 January 2015) is Democracy Day and 2015 marks the 750th anniversary of the first parliament of elected representatives at Westminster.
Study of Religions - History/Archeology
20.01.2015
Expert adviser: how I played the historical guessing game of adapting Wolf Hall
Dr Catherine Fletcher from the University of Sheffield's Department of History comments on her role as advisor to the BBC's forthcoming version of Wolf Hall.
Agronomy/Food Science - Psychology
20.01.2015
Current nutrition labeling is hard to digest
Current government-mandated nutrition labeling is ineffective in improving nutrition, but there is a better system available, according to a study by McGill University researchers published in the December issue of the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.
Environmental Sciences - Social Sciences
20.01.2015
MIT-USAID program releases pioneering evaluation of solar lanterns
MIT-USAID program releases pioneering evaluation of solar lanterns
When a person lives on less than $2 a day - as some 2.7 billion people around the world do - there isn't room for a product like a solar lantern or a water filter to fail.
Pedagogy/Education Science - Social Sciences
20.01.2015
Poorer parents are just as involved in their children’s activities as better-off parents
Poorer parents are just as involved in education, leisure, and sports activities with their children as better-off parents, a new study involving University of Bristol academics has found. Dr Esther Dermott and Marco Pomati analysed survey data on 1,665 UK households and found that poorer parents were as likely to have helped with homework, attended parents' evenings, and played sports or games with their children in the previous week.
Life Sciences - Environmental Sciences
20.01.2015
Predators, parasites, pests and the paradox of biological control
Predators, parasites, pests and the paradox of biological control
ANN ARBOR-When a bird swoops down and grabs a caterpillar devouring your backyard garden, you might view it as a clear victory for natural pest control. But what if that caterpillar is infected with larvae from a tiny parasitic wasp-another agent of biological pest control. Who should you root for now, the bird or the wasp? A new study from University of Michigan researchers suggests that the gardener should cheer for both of them or, more precisely, for the struggle between the predator and the parasite.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
20.01.2015
A very personal perspective on Dengue fever
Leah Katzelnick was all set for a career as an anthropologist until she contracted dengue fever. She was in hospital for a week with severe symptoms.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
20.01.2015
Greenland plays important role in polar ice research
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Melting of glacial ice will probably raise the sea level around the globe, but how fast this melting will happen is uncertain.
Administration/Government - Social Sciences
20.01.2015
Dealing with defence: the problems with a military covenant
By Cate Carter The ANZAC centenary will be full of symbols. After all, commemoration is cheaper than defence.
Media Sciences/Political Sciences - Social Sciences
20.01.2015
UQ experts help voters find their direction
More than 60,000 people have explored their political options through Vote Compass, a joint project by the ABC, Vox Pop Labs and the University of Queensland. Vote Compass is an online democratic engagement tool that allows people to work out where their views sit on the political spectrum and in relationship to the major political parties.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
20.01.2015
Saving the little Aussie battler
Efforts to save the koala should focus on the availability of habitat and food resources under a changing climate, according to a University of Queensland researcher.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environmental Sciences
19.01.2015
Study sheds light on links between diseases of dogs and big cats
Study sheds light on links between diseases of dogs and big cats
A new study of Serengeti lions addresses key questions about the spread of canine distemper virus (CDV) from domestic dogs and evaluates the effectiveness of dog vaccination efforts in protecting dogs and lions against the disease. CDV most commonly infects domestic dogs and other canines, but it can also affect species such as skunks, raccoons and is a threat to big cats such as lions and tigers.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
19.01.2015
Carnegie Mellon President Subra Suresh, Researchers Develop New Way To Model Sickle Cell Behavior
Carnegie Mellon President Subra Suresh, Researchers Develop New Way To Model Sickle Cell Behavior-Carnegie Mellon News - Carnegie Mellon University A multidisciplinary research team, led by Carnegie Mellon University President Subra Suresh , has developed a novel microfluidic device to assess cell-level processes influencing the pathophysiology of sickle cell disease (SCD), an inherited genetic disorder.
Astronomy - Environmental Sciences
19.01.2015
An ecosystem in a box
An unusual package was delivered to a hotel in Beijing, China, in 1987 containing a batch of blue-green algae that would spend five days in space in a capsule.
Earth Sciences
19.01.2015
Geophysicists find the crusty culprits behind sudden tectonic plate movements
Yale-led research may have solved one of the biggest mysteries in geology - namely, why do tectonic plates beneath the Earth's surface, which normally shift over the course of tens to hundreds of millions of years, sometimes move abruptly? A new study published Jan. 19 in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences says the answer comes down to two things: thick crustal plugs and weakened mineral grains.
Life Sciences - Earth Sciences
19.01.2015
Fossil ankles indicate Earth’s earliest primates lived in trees
Earth's earliest primates have taken a step up in the world, now that researchers have gotten a good look at their ankles. A new study has found that Purgatorius , a small mammal that lived on a diet of fruit and insects, was a tree dweller. Paleontologists made the discovery by analyzing 65-million-year-old ankle bones collected from sites in northeastern Montana.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
19.01.2015
New laser could upgrade the images in tomorrow’s technology
A new semiconductor laser developed at Yale has the potential to significantly improve the imaging quality of the next generation of high-tech microscopes, laser projectors, photo lithography, holography, and biomedical imaging. Based on a chaotic cavity laser, the technology combines the brightness of traditional lasers with the lower image corruption of light emitting diodes (LEDs).
History/Archeology - Arts and Design
19.01.2015
Art Historian Reveals the Elizabethan Selfie-Addict
As 2014, the proclaimed year of the ‘selfie' comes to a close, a new book by Dr Elizabeth Goldring of the University of Warwick reveals Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, as the Elizabethan equivalent of a selfie-addict.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
19.01.2015
Know your enemy: Combating whooping cough requires informed vaccine booster schedules
ANN ARBOR-A key to victory in battle, according to Chinese general and military strategist Sun Tzu, is to know your enemy.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
19.01.2015
Bed nets and vaccines: Some combinations may worsen malaria
Bed nets and vaccines: Some combinations may worsen malaria
ANN ARBOR-Combining insecticide-treated bed nets with vaccines and other control measures may provide the best chance at eliminating malaria, which killed nearly 600,000 people worldwide in 2013, most of them African children. More than 20 malaria vaccine candidates are in different stages of development, but none are licensed for use.
Social Sciences - Administration/Government
19.01.2015
Understanding conflict is the road to peace, prosperity, Stanford scholar says
The Empirical Studies of Conflict project focuses on the causes and characteristics of politically motivated violence.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
19.01.2015
Perovskites provide big boost to silicon solar cells, Stanford study finds
Perovskites provide big boost to silicon solar cells, Stanford study finds
Putting a film of the crystalline material perovskite on top of a silicon solar cell increases the cell's efficiency nearly 50 percent, say Stanford scientists. Stacking perovskites, a crystalline material, onto a conventional silicon solar cell dramatically improves the overall efficiency of the cell, according to a new study led by Stanford University scientists.