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# "Science Wire" gives access to latest science news from research centers and R&D companies.
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Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
17.04.2014
Deaths from viral hepatitis surpasses HIV/AIDS as a preventable cause of deaths in Australia
Deaths from viral Hepatitis B and C have surpassed HIV/AIDS in many countries, including Australia and in Western Europe, according to an analysis of the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study.
Business/Economics - Agronomy/Food Science
16.04.2014
Chocolate milk ban riles schoolchildren
To health-minded PTA parents, it must have seemed a good idea at the time: Reduce sugar and milk fat in kids' diets by banning chocolate milk from elementary schools and substituting skim.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
16.04.2014
Firm targets 3D printing synthetic tissues, organs
Firm targets 3D printing synthetic tissues, organs
A University of Oxford spin-out, OxSyBio, will develop 3D printing techniques to produce tissue-like synthetic materials for wound healing and drug delivery.
Astronomy
16.04.2014
Sentinel-1 first images
Brussels from Sentinel-1A Acquired on 12 April 2014 at 17:18 GMT (19:18 CEST), just nine days after launch, this first image from Sentinel-1A captures Brussels and surrounds in Belgium.
Astronomy - Environmental Sciences
16.04.2014
First radar vision for Copernicus
16 April 2014 Launched on 3 April, ESA's Sentinel-1A satellite has already delivered its first radar images of Earth.
Psychology - Life Sciences
16.04.2014
Inhibited children become anxious adults
Three little girls sit together in a room, playing with the toys surrounding them. One of the girls - "Emma" - has clearly taken charge of the group, and the others happily go along with her.
Physics/Materials Science - Administration/Government
16.04.2014
Imperial receives £2.5 million funding to boost metamaterials research
Imperial receives £2.5 million funding to boost metamaterials research
The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council has invested £2.5 million to advance metamaterial development. Metamaterials are man-made materials that have unusual properties not seen in natural materials, that could have potentially transformative impacts. Using metamaterials in optics has already produced the possibility of an invisibility cloak.
Environmental Sciences - Business/Economics
16.04.2014
Atkinson Center launches postdoc fellowships
To help solve the world's significant environmental problems, Cornell's David R. Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future announces new Atkinson Postdoctoral Fellowships.
Environmental Sciences
16.04.2014
Elephant expert shares calls, images from the wild
Scientists are trained to resist applying meticulous, tedious, detailed animal research to human behavior.
Environmental Sciences
16.04.2014
Book offers simplified guide to shale gas extraction
The new book, "Science Beneath the Surface: A Very Short Guide to the Marcellus Shale," attempts to offer a reader-friendly, unbiased, scientific guide needed to make well-informed decisions regarding energy use and, more specifically, hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") in the Marcellus Shale.
History/Archeology - Media Sciences/Political Sciences
16.04.2014
Columbia Professors Help Illuminate the Crisis in Ukraine
For months the crisis in Ukraine has left the media scrambling to explain newsworthy developments that seem to unfold on a daily if not hourly basis.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
16.04.2014
Shade Grown Coffee Shrinking as a Proportion of Global Coffee Production
Shade Grown Coffee Shrinking as a Proportion of Global Coffee Production
AUSTIN, Texas -The proportion of land used to cultivate shade grown coffee, relative to the total land area of coffee cultivation, has fallen by nearly 20 percent globally since 1996, according to a new study by scientists from The University of Texas at Austin and five other institutions.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environmental Sciences
16.04.2014
Making our water safer April 16, 2014 Researcher awarded $4.2M provincial research chair to find better ways of managing one of the world’s most vital resources
Researcher awarded $4.2M provincial research chair to find better ways of managing one of the world's most vital resources.
History/Archeology - Computer Science/Telecom
16.04.2014
Crowd-sourcing Britain’s Bronze Age: call for public to help catalogue and model prehistoric artefacts
A new joint project by the British Museum and the UCL Institute of Archaeology is seeking online contributions from members of the public to enhance a major British Bronze Age archive and artefact collection.
Medicine/Pharmacology
16.04.2014
Concordia calling
16 April 2014 Are you a team player who is unafraid of long isolation? Do you have a medical degree and a healthy love of extremes? ESA is offering the chance of a lifetime to run space experiments in one of the world's most isolated places: Concordia research station in Antarctica.
Law/Forensics
16.04.2014
New book explores role of restorative justice in combating hate crime
New book explores role of restorative justice in combating hate crime
New book explores role of restorative justice in combating hate crime Meeting perpetrators face-to-face helps victims of hate crime to heal, according to new research findings published today (Wednesday 16 April) in a Sussex academic's new book. Addressing the causes and consequences of hate crime via mediation stops it occurring in most ongoing cases and often helps to repair the harm it causes, found Dr Mark Walters , Lecturer in Law at Sussex and Co-Director of the International Network for Hate Studies.
Social Sciences
16.04.2014
Life Sciences
16.04.2014
For Cells, Internal Stress Leads to Unique Shapes
For Cells, Internal Stress Leads to Unique Shapes
From far away, the top of a leaf looks like one seamless surface; however, up close, that smooth exterior is actually made up of a patchwork of cells in a variety of shapes and sizes.
Astronomy - Social Sciences
16.04.2014
Cosmologists at Penn Weigh Cosmic Filaments and Voids
Cosmologists at Penn Weigh Cosmic Filaments and Voids
Cosmologists have established that much of the stuff of the universe is made of dark matter, a mysterious, invisible substance that can't be directly detected but which exerts a gravitational pull on surrounding objects. Dark matter is thought to exist in a vast network of filaments throughout the universe, pulling luminous galaxies into an interconnected web of clusters, interspersed with seemingly empty voids.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
16.04.2014
Experts call for higher exam pass marks to close performance gap between international and UK medical graduates
Experts call for higher exam pass marks to close performance gap between international and UK medical graduates
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Literature/Linguistics
16.04.2014
Leeds signs Memorandum of Understanding with Beijing Sports University
The University of Leeds has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Beijing Sports University, China's leading higher education institution for sport.
Business/Economics - Medicine/Pharmacology
16.04.2014
Multiple births don’t have to be an inevitable result of fertility treatments
While fertility treatments have helped many people become parents, they commonly result in multiple births, increasing the risk of prematurity, and leading to lifelong complications.
Astronomy - Administration/Government
16.04.2014
Funding boost for world's most powerful telescope
Funding boost for world’s most powerful telescope
16 Apr 2014 The University of Manchester has been awarded more than £6 million towards its part in the design work for the international Square Kilometre Array (SKA) radio telescope.
Law/Forensics - Business/Economics
15.04.2014
Smart technology gives a voice to Latin American migrants
More than 180,000 Latin Americans are living in the UK today. They contribute economically and culturally to the shaping of British society — yet remain unrecognised officially as an ethnic minority.
Agronomy/Food Science
15.04.2014
Family cooking lessons and fun exercise could be the key to cutting childhood obesity
Organising cooking lessons for parents and children and planning extra exercise classes in school time are some of the activities that have shown promise in preventing obesity in primary school aged children, a University of Birmingham study published today has shown.
History/Archeology - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
15.04.2014
Probing Question: How were the Egyptian pyramids built?
The Aztecs, Mayans, and ancient Egyptians were three very different civilizations with one very large similarity: pyramids.
Medicine/Pharmacology
15.04.2014
Researchers raise doubt about morning sickness drug
The most commonly prescribed drug for pregnant women suffering from morning sickness in their first trimester does not prevent birth defects even though drug safety data says it does, new research has found. The drug pyridoxine-doxylamine is so popular that it has been prescribed in 33 million women worldwide and is used in half of Canadian pregnancies that result in live births.
Astronomy - Mathematics
15.04.2014
3D printing, in depth
15 April 2014 This close-up shows a titanium ball manufactured by 3D printing. ESA is investigating the potential of this promising new technology to transform the way space missions are put together.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
15.04.2014
First volunteers to receive blood cultured from stem cells in 2016
Press release issued: 15 April 2014 The first human volunteer will receive red blood cells cultured in the laboratory within the next three years, as part of a long-term research programme funded by the Wellcome Trust.
Medicine/Pharmacology
15.04.2014
Penn Medicine First to Investigate Shared Decision Making in Radiation Oncology
Penn Medicine First to Investigate Shared Decision Making in Radiation Oncology
Playing an active role in their radiation treatment decisions leaves cancer patients feeling more satisfied with their care, and may even relieve psychological distress around the experience, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania report in the journal Cancer .
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
15.04.2014
Astronomers: 'Tilt-a-worlds' could harbor life
Astronomers: ‘Tilt-a-worlds’ could harbor life
University of Washington A fluctuating tilt in a planet's orbit does not preclude the possibility of life, according to new research by astronomers at the University of Washington, Utah's Weber State University and NASA. In fact, sometimes it helps. That's because such "tilt-a-worlds,” as astronomers sometimes call them - turned from their orbital plane by the influence of companion planets - are less likely than fixed-spin planets to freeze over, as heat from their host star is more evenly distributed.
Administration/Government - Event
15.04.2014
Eradicating poverty
A new programme of work, led by the Public Policy Institute for Wales based at the University, has been launched which will help guide latest thinking on how to tackle poverty in Wales and the wider United Kingdom.
Business/Economics - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
15.04.2014
UW graduate's lens turns any smartphone into a portable microscope
UW graduate’s lens turns any smartphone into a portable microscope
University of Washington Imagine yourself examining species of coral in Fiji. Looking at fungi and parasites in grass seeds.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
15.04.2014
Making 'bucky-balls' in spin-out's sights
Making ’bucky-balls’ in spin-out’s sights
A new Oxford spin-out firm is targeting the difficult challenge of manufacturing fullerenes, known as 'bucky-balls' because of their spherical shape, a type of carbon nanomaterial which, like
Architecture - Environmental Sciences
15.04.2014
Future heat waves pose risk for population of Greater London
A study led by Oxford University has modelled the effects of future heat waves on people living in Greater London in 2050 and concludes that the risk of heat-related deaths could be significantly reduced if buildings were adapted properly for climate change.
Astronomy
15.04.2014
Astronaut credits programs with helping her soar
Astronaut credits programs with helping her soar
Decades ago, NASA rejected many underrepresented astronaut hopefuls each year. After antidiscrimination laws passed, minorities and women still felt deterred from the application process.
Environmental Sciences
15.04.2014
SPRU researcher’s work on ’rebound effects’ cited in latest IPCC report
SPRU researcher's work on 'rebound effects' cited in latest IPCC report The work of Dr Steve Sorrell , Senior Lecturer in SPRU , Co-director of the Sussex Energy Group and Director of the Centre on Innovation and Energy Demand , has been repeatedly cited in the latest report from Working Group 3 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
History/Archeology - Arts and Design
15.04.2014
Ten Faculty Members Receive Guggenheim Fellowships
Several full-time and adjunct professors at Columbia and Barnard, in disciplines ranging from dance to history to writing, were awarded prestigious Guggenheim Fellowships for 2014, based on their distinguished achievement and exceptional future promise.
Event - Administration/Government
14.04.2014
Environmental Sciences - Architecture
14.04.2014
Berkeley Lab Launches Building Energy Performance Research Project at New FLEXLAB Testing Facility
Berkeley Lab Launches Building Energy Performance Research Project at New FLEXLAB Testing Facility
FLEXLAB(TM), the Facility for Low Energy experiments in Buildings, run by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's (Berkeley Lab) Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD), has partnered with construction firm Webcor to test building energy performance. The testing will allow Webcor's engineers to predict and improve the energy performance for a new building constructed for biotech company, Genentech, a member of the Roche Group.
Arts and Design - Literature/Linguistics
14.04.2014
Performing arts project triggers social change
Performing arts project triggers social change
From villagers in Cameroon, West Africa, to war veterans in Ithaca, a Cornell-affiliated project uses theater to help empower people to express themselves and stage their stories.
Environmental Sciences
14.04.2014
At parched delta, prologue of ecological tale begins
At parched delta, prologue of ecological tale begins
Once flowing with trillions of gallons of water, the Colorado River Delta has dried up thanks to all the dams upstream that divert its water.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Law/Forensics
14.04.2014
Children's cancer expert backs Lord Saatchi Cancer Bill
PA 100/14 A pioneering children's cancer expert at The University of Nottingham is adding his weight to Lord Maurice Saatchi's campaign to give doctors more freedom to try new ways to treat rare and terminal cancers.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Administration/Government
14.04.2014
Helmet research top of mind for CFI funding April 14, 2014 High-speed camera system to test impacts one of eight UAlberta projects receiving $946,000 from Canada Foundation for Innovation
High-speed camera system to test impacts one of eight UAlberta projects receiving $946,000 from Canada Foundation for Innovation.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
14.04.2014
Pushy neighbors force stellar twins to diverge
Much like an environment influences people, so too do cosmic communities affect even giant dazzling stars: Peering deep into the Milky Way galaxy's center from a high-flying observatory, Cornell astronomers have discovered identical, rare stars whose diverging dusty and gaseous garb are strictly influenced by an intrusive cluster of neighbors.
Business/Economics
14.04.2014
Buy lunch, pay with your hand
Paying for a coffee or lunch by simply scanning your palm still sounds like science fiction to most of us.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Computer Science/Telecom
14.04.2014
New design for mobile phone masts could cut carbon emissions
Press release issued: 14 April 2014 A breakthrough in the design of signal amplifiers for mobile phone masts could deliver a massive 200MW cut in the load on UK power stations, reducing CO2 emissions by around 0.5 million tonnes a year.
Business/Economics - Physics/Materials Science
14.04.2014
From red Mars to green Earth
14 April 2014 How can a sensor for analysing the atmosphere of Mars help us to cut greenhouse emissions on Earth? By going where no human or machine has been before.
Social Sciences - Psychology
14.04.2014
Babies prefer fairness - but only if it benefits them - in choosing a playmate
University of Washington A couple of years ago a University of Washington researcher who studies how children develop social behaviors like kindness and generosity noticed something odd. The 15-month-old infants in her experiments seemed to be playing favorites among the researchers on her team, being more inclined to share toys or play with some researchers than others.
Medicine/Pharmacology
14.04.2014
Watching the hand washers
Watching the hand washers
Stanford researchers pioneer use of video surveillance to better understand essential hygiene behavior. One of the best defenses against infectious disease is one of the most simple – hand washing. Still, despite years of global public awareness campaigns, hand washing rates remain low. Caregivers of young children in low-income, developing world settings are found to wash their hands only 17 percent of the time after using the toilet.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Business/Economics
14.04.2014
Cultivating happiness often misunderstood, says Stanford researcher
Stanford research explores the concept of maximizing happiness, and finds that pursuing concrete "giving" goals rather than abstract ones leads to greater satisfaction. The paradox of happiness is that chasing it may actually make us less happy, a Stanford researcher says. So how does one find happiness? Effective ways exist, according to new research.
Environmental Sciences - Architecture
14.04.2014
Scientists See Urgent Need for Reducing Emissions
The bad news: a major transformation of our current energy supply system is needed in order to avoid a dangerous increase in global temperatures. The good news: the technologies needed to get there are mostly readily available. These are some of the main conclusions reached by experts from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and their Working Group III co-authors on the Fifth Assessment Report of the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
14.04.2014
Research team to search for new antibiotics from untapped microbes
Facing an imminent global public health crisis, a University of Wisconsin-Madison research team has been awarded up to $16 million from the National Institutes of Health to find new sources of antibiotics to combat the rising number of deadly antibiotic-resistant infections. “The inability to mine novel natural resources for antimicrobials is a major bottleneck for attacking the drug-resistance crisis.” - David Andes “The number of antibiotic-resistant strains has increased while the discovery of new antibiotics has slowed to a crawl.
Physics/Materials Science - Earth Sciences
14.04.2014
Puget Sound's rich waters supplied by deep, turbulent canyon
Puget Sound’s rich waters supplied by deep, turbulent canyon
University of Washington The headwaters for Puget Sound's famously rich waters lie far below the surface, in a submarine canyon that draws nutrient-rich water up from the deep ocean. New measurements may explain how the Pacific Northwest's inland waters are able to support so many shellfish, salmon runs and even the occasional pod of whales.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
14.04.2014
First volunteers to receive blood cultured from stem cells in 2016
The first human volunteer will receive red blood cells cultured in the laboratory within the next three years, as part of a long-term research programme funded by the Wellcome Trust.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Earth Sciences
14.04.2014
Yale affiliates named 2014 Guggenheim Fellows
Yale affiliates named 2014 Guggenheim Fellows
Two Yale faculty members - Jun Korenaga and Steven Pincus - and 10 alumni have been named 2014 Guggenheim Fellows "on the basis of prior achievement and exceptional promise for future accomplishment.
Life Sciences
14.04.2014
Does germ plasm accelerate evolution?
Scientists at The University of Nottingham have published research in the leading academic journal Science that challenges a long held belief about the way certain species of vertebrates evolved. Dr Matt Loose and Dr Andrew Johnson who are experts in genetics and cell development in the School of Life Sciences carried out the research, funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC).
Astronomy
14.04.2014
A tadpole’s tale
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Physics/Materials Science - Environmental Sciences
14.04.2014
Shiny quantum dots brighten future of solar cells
Shiny quantum dots brighten future of solar cells
The project demonstrates that superior light-emitting properties of quantum dots can be applied in solar energy by helping more efficiently harvest sunlight.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Life Sciences
14.04.2014
University’s robotics research showcased in London
The University of Leeds is joining forces with Universities UK in June to celebrate how research is improving lives, focusing on the extraordinary contribution that robots are making to society.
Environmental Sciences - Social Sciences
14.04.2014
Technology reveals ancient cultural secrets from beneath the jungle canopy
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. As a grad student, Tim Murtha loved trekking through the rain forest deep in the heart of Mesoamerica.
Environmental Sciences
13.04.2014
Scientist contributes to latest IPCC report
Press release issued: 13 April 2014 Members of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) will approve the Summary for Policymakers of the Working Group III (WGIII) contribution to the F
History/Archeology
12.04.2014
Naughty money: clippers and coiners in 16th-century England
In 2017 a new £1 coin will appear in our pockets with a design extremely difficult to forge.
Social Sciences - Life Sciences
11.04.2014
Free online course on food security
A new free “massive” online course explores how we can feed an extra two billion people by 2050.
Study of Religions
11.04.2014
Comment: Noah film is more accurate than most children’s Bible stories
" Perhaps what makes the film unpalatable is that it's so different from the re-tellings of the biblical flood story with which we're familiar " Dr Katie Edwards, Lecturer in the Bible in Contempo
Medicine/Pharmacology
11.04.2014
Neuroscience and art collide in new Imperial exhibition
Neuroscience and art collide in new Imperial exhibition
Imperial neuroscientist Professor David Dexter talks about his work with artist Susan Aldworth for Transcience - an exhibition at the Blyth Gallery.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
11.04.2014
Green space keeps you from feeling blue
If you start feeling better as spring begins pushing up its tender shoots, you might be living proof of a trend discovered in data from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin: The more green space in the neighborhood, the happier people reported feeling. “Across neighborhoods of Wisconsin, from the North Woods to the cities, the results are striking,” says Dr. Kristen Malecki , assistant professor of population health sciences at the UW School of Medicine and Public Health.
Environmental Sciences - Administration/Government
11.04.2014
Michigan Sea Grant awarded $5M to continue Great Lakes work
ANN ARBOR-The Michigan Sea Grant College Program has received $2.1 million from the federal government, universities and partners in the first year of a four-year, $5 million grant award to support Great Lakes research, education and public outreach efforts in the state.
History/Archeology - Literature/Linguistics
11.04.2014
Wesley Trimpi, professor emeritus of English at Stanford, dead at 85
An expert in English Renaissance lyric poetry and ancient classical literature, Trimpi will be remembered as a scholar, educator and poet who challenged and engaged students and colleagues with his intellectual rigor.
Event - Social Sciences
11.04.2014
Food glorious food
Press release issued: 11 April 2014 The first ever Bristol Food Connections festival runs from 1 - 11 May this year and the University of Bristol will host a series of events.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
11.04.2014
World leading scientists develop new approach to bird conservation
Scientists produce list of the world's 100 most unique and most endangered birds New approach will help prioritise which endangered birds need particular attention A new approach to species conservation which could change how we protect the world's most endangered birds has been developed by a team of the world's leading scientists, including the University of Sheffield.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
11.04.2014
Rocks and salt
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History/Archeology - Arts and Design
11.04.2014
Event - Psychology
11.04.2014
How far away do you think that finish line is?
Why does the second hour of a journey seem shorter than the first? Why does the café 50 metres ahead of you feel closer than the one 50 metres behind you? New research from the University of Toronto Scarborough and U of T's Rotman School of Management shows the answer has to do with how you're physically oriented in space.
Computer Science/Telecom
11.04.2014
Sneak a peek through the mist to technology of the future
Press release issued: 11 April 2014 A tabletop display with personal screens made from a curtain of mist that allow users to move images around and push through the fog-screens and onto the display, will be unveiled at an international conference later this month.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Mathematics
10.04.2014
’Body hack’ app by math researchers shortcuts jet-lag recovery
ANN ARBOR-A different kind of jet-lag mobile app released today by University of Michigan mathematicians reveals previously unknown shortcuts that can help travelers snap their internal clocks to new time zones as efficiently as possible.
Physics/Materials Science
10.04.2014
£1.7m Leverhulme award for Bristol-Durham knot theory collaboration
10 April 2014 The Leverhulme Trust has awarded one of its prestigious Research Programme Grants to a collaboration between the Universities of Durham and Bristol for 'SPOCK: Scientific Properties of Complex Knots'.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
10.04.2014
Wind power and a low carbon future
A Lancaster University professor has contributed to a key report published by The Royal Academy of Engineering into the future of wind energy in the UK.
Life Sciences
10.04.2014
Fruit flies, fighter jets use similar nimble tactics when under attack
Fruit flies, fighter jets use similar nimble tactics when under attack
University of Washington When startled by predators, tiny fruit flies respond like fighter jets - employing screaming-fast banked turns to evade attacks. Researchers at the University of Washington used an array of high-speed video cameras operating at 7,500 frames a second to capture the wing and body motion of flies after they encountered a looming image of an approaching predator.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
10.04.2014
Penn Medicine: New Cell Models for Tracking Body Clock Gene Function will Help Find Novel Meds
The consequences of modern life - shift work, cell phone addiction, and travel across time zones - all disturb internal clocks.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
10.04.2014
Penn Medicine Receives $1.45 Million to Speed Research for Rare Neurodegenerative Diseases
Two Penn Medicine research teams have received a total of $1,450,000 in funding commitments from CurePSP , the Foundation for PSP CBD and Related Brain Diseases, to study rare neurodegenerative disorders that cause motor, balance and cognitive impairment. The team of John Trojanowski, MD, PhD, and Virginia M.-Y. Lee, PhD, MBA, will leverage recent work uncovering how tau, an essential protein of nerve cell structure, becomes toxic and spreads from cell-to-cell in diseased brains.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
10.04.2014
Researchers Determine Mechanism by Which Lung Function is Regulated in Rare Disease Known As Birt-Hogg-Dube Syndrome
Researchers at Penn Medicine have discovered that the tumor suppressor gene folliculin (FLCN) is essential to normal lung function in patients with the rare disease Birt-Hogg-Dube (BHD) syndrome, a genetic disorder that affects the lungs, skin and kidneys. Folliculin's absence or mutated state has a cascading effect that leads to deteriorated lung integrity and an impairment of lung function, as reported in their findings in Cell Reports .
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
10.04.2014
Tamiflu: an analysis of all the data
Was the government right to spend half a billion pounds in stockpiling the antiviral drugs Tamiflu and Relenza in preparation for a flu pandemic? These drugs were handed out via a phoneline during the swine flu pandemic of 2009 as part of a wider public health strategy. Professor Carl Heneghan of Oxford University's Department of Primary Care Health Sciences and colleagues in the independent Cochrane Collaboration are clear that the money was wasted.
Environmental Sciences - Business/Economics
10.04.2014
Lancaster University and Booths' team up to encourage greener eating
Lancaster University and Booths’ team up to encourage greener eating
Academics at Lancaster University are working with regional retailer Booths to try to reduce shoppers' carbon footprints.
Physics/Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
10.04.2014
Princeton and PPPL share in $25 million nuclear arms-control project
Princeton and PPPL share in $25 million nuclear arms-control project
Princeton and PPPL share in $25 million nuclear arms-control project Posted April 10, 2014; 01:00 p.m. by John Greenwald, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory The National Nuclear S
Arts and Design - Philosophy
10.04.2014
Stanford scholar studies ancient Greek dance performances from the viewers' perspective
Stanford scholar studies ancient Greek dance performances from the viewers’ perspective
Stanford classics Professor Anastasia-Erasmia Peponi discovers how dance challenged both the imagination and the intelligence of ancient audiences.
Earth Sciences - Environmental Sciences
10.04.2014
Beauty from chaos
10 April 2014 Beautiful streamlined islands and narrow gorges were carved by fast-flowing water pounding through a small, plateau region near the southeastern margin of the vast Vallis Marineris canyon system.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
10.04.2014
Sunlight generates hydrogen in new porous silicon
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Porous silicon manufactured in a bottom up procedure using solar energy can be used to generate hydrogen from water, according to a team of Penn State mechanical engineers, who also see applications for batteries, biosensors and optical electronics as outlets for this new material.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
10.04.2014
Developing new anti-cancer medicines
  The prospect of four new cancer medicines becoming a reality for patients has taken a huge step forward with the announcement of a £34M investment by a European private biotech company in University research. ProTide is a platform developed by Professor Chris McGuigan and his team at Cardiff University's School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.
History/Archeology - Medicine/Pharmacology
10.04.2014
Cambridge heads for Hay
A host of Cambridge academics, including Nobel Laureate Sir John Gurdon, will be speaking on subjects ranging from stem cell technology and Alzheimer's to the future of North Korea and the history of conspiracy theories at this year's Hay Festival.
Environmental Sciences - Social Sciences
10.04.2014
Communicating #climatechange on Twitter
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 's (IPCC) report published last September was the first comprehensive assessment of physical climate science in six years. As such, it was a significant event within the often contentious climate change debate. Researchers from The University of Nottingham have analysed how climate change and the report were discussed on Twitter around the time of its publication.
Social Sciences
10.04.2014
Connected vehicles: Concerns about security, privacy
ANN ARBOR-A majority of Americans, Australians and Britons believe that connected-vehicle technology will make driving safer, but most are also concerned about security and privacy, according to a University of Michigan survey.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
10.04.2014
Invasive species ’hitchhiking’ on water sports kit
Foreign species that are devastating water ecosystems could be "hitchhiking" around Britain on canoeists' and anglers' kit, according to a new study. Invaders like the killer shrimp, zebra mussel and American signal crayfish have already caused extensive environmental damage and millions of pounds of economic costs.
Agronomy/Food Science - Business/Economics
10.04.2014
Taste-makers for the nation: Britain’s fine-dining revolution
Frequently derided as stuck-up and exclusive, haute cuisine has dropped its posh image and is appealing to a wider range of customers than ever before, transforming the way we think about food in the process, according to new research.
Life Sciences - Earth Sciences
09.04.2014
Security barriers affect movement of animals
Press release issued: 9 April 2014 Security barriers in national parks on the US/Mexican border which aim to deter illegal migrants are affecting the movements of some native animal species while not necessarily restricting the movement of humans, according to new research from the University of Bristol, published today in PLoS ONE.
Business/Economics
09.04.2014
Bulgarian ambassador assesses Ukraine, Russia
Bulgarian ambassador assesses Ukraine, Russia
As leaders around the world work to address the situation in Ukraine, they are faced with a difficult question: How do they reshape international relations in the face of a crisis that everyone was unprepared for?
Administration/Government - Careers/Employment
09.04.2014
UK’s youth unemployment blackspots revealed
The UK's youth unemployment crisis continues to leave almost one in five young people unable to find a job according to a report from Lancaster University's The Work Foundation.
Medicine/Pharmacology
09.04.2014
Engaging the public in minimally invasive surgery
Engaging the public in minimally invasive surgery
Professor Roger Kneebone and Dr Fernando Bello demonstrated simulations of keyhole surgery in a sold out event on 2 April at the Royal Institution.
Environmental Sciences - Business/Economics
09.04.2014
Imperial Podcast: UK knowledge economy performance and climate change report
In the latest edition, we discuss the latest IPPC report on climate change impacts with an Imperial climate change policy expert.
Event - Pedagogy/Education Science
09.04.2014
Kids' earliest memories might be earlier than they think
What girls remember In this study, as in another published by Wang in 2013, a gender-related difference was noted: "Females generally, although not always, exhibit superior retention of episodic memories than males," Wang and Peterson wrote in the 2014 report.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
09.04.2014
Tiger beetle's chase highlights mechanical law
Tiger beetle's chase highlights mechanical law
If an insect drew a line as it chased its next meal, the resulting pattern would be a tangled mess. But there's method to that mess, says Jane Wang, professor of mechanical engineering and physics, who tries to find simple physical explanations for complex, hardwired animal behaviors. It turns out the tiger beetle, known for its speed and agility, does an optimal reorientation dance as it chases its prey at blinding speeds.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
09.04.2014
Supermarket vouchers improve completion of Hep B vaccination with drug users
Supermarket vouchers improve completion of Hep B vaccination with drug users
The first UK trial of incentivising drug users to complete a hepatitis B vaccination course has had promising results. The hepatitis B virus (HBV) affects about 22 per cent of injecting drug users in the UK and it is estimated that about 15 to 25 per cent of people with untreated chronic HBV die of liver disease.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
09.04.2014
New drug offers hope for devastating childhood disease
Press release issued: 9 April 2014 A powerful new drug which could relieve the symptoms of devastating childhood disease Rett syndrome is on the horizon thanks to a funding injection of £180,000.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
09.04.2014
Novel way to make ethanol without corn or other plants
Stanford scientists have created a copper-based catalyst that produces large quantities of ethanol from carbon monoxide gas at room temperature. Courtesy Matthew Kanan Stanford's Matthew Kanan, an assistant professor of chemistry, co-authored a study on producing liquid ethanol from carbon monoxide.
Environmental Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
09.04.2014
Scientists model a win-win situation: crops on photovoltaic farms
Scientists model a win-win situation: crops on photovoltaic farms
A new model for solar farms that "co-locates" crops and solar panels could result in a harvest of valuable biofuel plants along with solar energy.
Computer Science/Telecom
09.04.2014
See what a child will look like using automated age-progression software
See what a child will look like using automated age-progression software
University of Washington It's a guessing game parents like to ponder: What will my child look like when she grows up? A computer could now answer the question in less than a minute. University of Washington researchers have developed software that automatically generates images of a young child's face as it ages through a lifetime.
Administration/Government
09.04.2014
Comment: Dear Maria Miller, it really wasn’t all your fault
Professor Matthew Flinders from the University of Sheffield, Director of the University of Sheffield's Sir Bernard Crick Centre for the Public Understanding of Politics comments on Maria Miller's resignation as Culture Secretary.
Event
09.04.2014
Fiber science takes center stage at fashion show April 12
Fiber science takes center stage at fashion show April 12
Now in its 30th year, the Cornell Fashion Collective (CFC) runway show - one of the university's oldest and biggest student-run events - is getting a makeover.
Law/Forensics - Agronomy/Food Science
09.04.2014
Weight discrimination: Public supports disability and civil rights legal protection
Public support for policies that prohibit weight discrimination and even provide disability and civil rights protection for obese individuals has grown in the past few years, according to a new study by researchers from the Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity.
Education/Continuing Education - Environmental Sciences
09.04.2014
Joint Brazilian/U.S. Project to Study Formation of Rain in the Amazon Rainforest
Using tethered balloons and instruments placed in towers, the GoAmazon team will study amounts and types of aerosols influencing the formation of clouds that produce torrential rains in the tropics.
Physics/Materials Science - Environmental Sciences
09.04.2014
Happy birthday, solar cell
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Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
09.04.2014
Novartis appoints Jeff George as Division Head, Alcon as Kevin Buehler retires; Richard Francis named as new Division Head, Sandoz
Basel, April 9, 2014 - Novartis announced today the appointment of Jeff George as Division Head of Alcon, effective May 1, 2014.
Social Sciences - Administration/Government
09.04.2014
Groundbreaking research highlights little support for shark culling
9 April 2014 In the wake of yet another fatal shark bite in Australia, groundbreaking new research released today by the SEA LIFE Conservation Fund has found little support for the Government on
Pedagogy/Education Science - Social Sciences
09.04.2014
Report reveals adoption breakdown rate and the experiences of adoptive families in crisis
Press release issued: 9 April 2014 The most comprehensive study ever to be carried out into adoption in England has confirmed that the rate of breakdown is lower than anticipated, but it also reveals a stark picture of the problems faced by families. Researchers from the University of Bristol analysed national data on 37,335 adoptions over a 12 year period to show that 3.2 per cent of children – around three in 100 - move out of their adoptive home prematurely, known as a ‘disruption'.
Administration/Government
09.04.2014
New research puts conventional theories about Titanic disaster on ice
Titanic not unlucky for sailing in a year with an exceptional number of icebergs, study finds Risk of icebergs higher now than in 1912 - the year of the world's most famous maritime disaster Academics at the University of Sheffield have dispelled a long-held theory that the Titanic was unlucky for sailing in a year with an exceptional number of icebergs and say the risk of icebergs is actually higher now.
Pedagogy/Education Science - Social Sciences
09.04.2014
Parents need to be listened to after loss of baby to improve care
An independent study giving a national picture of the NHS care experienced by parents of babies who died before or during birth, or as newborns, has been undertaken by Oxford University researchers, working in conjunction with the charities Sands and Bliss.
Administration/Government
09.04.2014
Use celebrities wisely, Professor urges charities
Use celebrities wisely, Professor urges charities
09 Apr 2014 Celebrities working with international charities are at their most useful when they work behind the scenes speaking to movers and shakers, rather than filling column inches of newspapers, according to new research.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
09.04.2014
North West's first Florence Nightingale Foundation Chair appointed
North West’s first Florence Nightingale Foundation Chair appointed
09 Apr 2014 Patients in Manchester are to benefit from a new Florence Nightingale Foundation Chair in Clinical Nursing Practice Research to follow the celebrated social reformer's role reviewing and developing evidence to deliver the highest quality care to patients. The appointment made by the Florence Nightingale Foundation in partnership with The University of Manchester and Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust will see Professor Angela Tod become the first Florence Nightingale Foundation Chair in Clinical Nursing Practice Research in the North West.
Education/Continuing Education - Environmental Sciences
09.04.2014
Joint Brazilian/U.S. project to study rormation of rain in the Amazon rainforest
Using tethered balloons and instruments placed in towers, the GoAmazon team will study amounts and types of aerosols influencing the formation of clouds that produce torrential rains in the tropics.
Business/Economics - Law/Forensics
08.04.2014
Unequal treatment of Twin Cities communities of color in mortgage lending continues
MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (04/09/2014) —A 2009 study by Institute on Metropolitan Opportunity (IMO, formerly the Institute on Race and Poverty) at the University of Minnesota Law School show
Astronomy
08.04.2014
Space wash
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Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
08.04.2014
Nano-sized drug particles to expand HIV treatment further
Dr Paul L. Domanico: "This project partners two substantial organisations committed to transforming the treatment of disease for patients in low resource settings” Research at the Univer
History/Archeology
08.04.2014
Archaeologist reveals sustainable practices of the Haudenosaunee
Archaeologist reveals sustainable practices of the Haudenosaunee
Every longhouse hearth - every reworked brass kettle and fractured deer bone unearthed by Cornell archaeologist Kurt Jordan and his student diggers in 18th century Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) villages - tells a very different story.
Physics/Materials Science - Life Sciences
08.04.2014
Cornell's ERL research supports new X-ray laser
For more than a decade, Cornell scientists have been developing a groundbreaking new synchrotron X-ray technology called the Energy Recovery Linac (ERL).
Chemistry
08.04.2014
Inspired by a music box, Stanford bioengineer creates $5 chemistry set
Manu Prakash won a contest to develop the 21st-century chemistry set. His version, based on a toy music box, is small, robust, programmable and costs $5.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
08.04.2014
Mayor launches MedCity at Imperial
Mayor launches MedCity at Imperial
The Mayor of London Boris Johnson launched MedCity, a major new medical research and translation initiative, at Imperial College London today.
Medicine/Pharmacology
08.04.2014
New investment for medical imaging device
Quantum Imaging Ltd, a University of Leeds spin out, has secured a £1.6 million investment to develop its medical imaging technology. The investment, announced today by IP Group plc and the University of Leeds, will enable the company to build on its research to develop a medical imaging device, to be used in a clinical setting.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
08.04.2014
New Director of Institute for Cancer Sciences
New Director of Institute for Cancer Sciences
08 Apr 2014 One of the world's most cited scientists - knighted by the Queen for services to the subject - has taken the helm as Director at The University of Manchester's Institute for Cancer Sciences.
Astronomy
08.04.2014
Ride into space
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Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
08.04.2014
Optimism associated with lower risk of heart failure
ANN ARBOR-Optimistic older adults who see the glass as half full appear to have a reduced risk of developing heart failure. Researchers from the University of Michigan and Harvard University found that optimism-an expectation that good things will happen-among people age 50 and older significantly reduced their risk of heart failure.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
08.04.2014
Breast cancer cell subpopulation cooperation can spur tumor growth
These red and green cells in a chimeric mammary tumor are genetically distinct and cooperate to enable tumor growth. HERSHEY, Pa. Subpopulations of breast cancer cells sometimes cooperate to aid tumor growth, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers, who believe that understanding the relationship between cancer subpopulations could lead to new targets for cancer treatment.
Life Sciences
08.04.2014
What songbirds tell us about how we learn
When you throw a wild pitch or sing a flat note, it could be that your basal ganglia made you do it. This area in the middle of the brain is involved in motor control and learning. And one reason for that errant toss or off-key note may be that your brain prompted you to vary your behavior to help you learn, from trial-and-error, to perform better.
Physics/Materials Science - Agronomy/Food Science
08.04.2014
From athletes to couch potatoes: humans through 6,000 years of farming
Research into lower limb bones shows that our early farming ancestors in Central Europe became less active as their tasks diversified and technology improved. At a conference today, Cambridge University anthropologist Alison Macintosh will show that this drop in mobility was particularly marked in men.  My results suggest that, following the transition to agriculture in Central Europe, males were more affected than females by cultural and technological changes.
Life Sciences
08.04.2014
"Your Inner Fish," with strong UW connections, premieres on PBS
A University of Wisconsin-Madison professor wants to help more people get to know their ancestors.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
08.04.2014
Plymouth role in antiobiotic test company
A senior Plymouth scientist is to play a role in a new business which is developing a new, 10-minute test which could indicate to a doctor if a patient requires an antibiotic and, if so, which one.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
08.04.2014
Astral matter from the Paul Scherrer Institute
Media Releases Matter and Material Processes in stars recreated with isotopes from PSI To understand why chemical elements exist in certain amounts on Earth, processes that take place in exploding stars – supernovae – need to be studied. After all, much of the matter that makes up the earth was formed in a supernova billions of years ago and hurled into space by the explosion.
Social Sciences - Business/Economics
08.04.2014
Parliamentary inquiry should consider the impact of welfare reform on demand for food banks
Research raises the question of whether the state or civil society is responsible for protecting people from hunger Policy-makers urged to consider the impact of welfare reform on food bank deman
History/Archeology
08.04.2014
Lessons, warnings in a centuries-old peace
Lessons, warnings in a centuries-old peace Harvard conference takes a look back at Congress of Vienna Y our mission this week, should you chose to accept it, is to attend a conference at Ha
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Computer Science/Telecom
07.04.2014
UW startup creates underwater robotics with a human touch
UW startup creates underwater robotics with a human touch
University of Washington It should be just as easy to use a robotic arm as it is to use your own hand.
Agronomy/Food Science
07.04.2014
Food psychologists eyeball cereal characters
Food psychologists eyeball cereal characters
Museumgoers shiver when portrait eyes seem to follow them around the room.
Physics/Materials Science
07.04.2014
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
07.04.2014
Space tech at Hannover
Angela Merkel and Mark Rutte visit space booth at Hannover Messe German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Prime Minister of the Netherlands Mark Rutte were introduced to space activities at the Holland Pavilion's Dutch Space booth of this year's Hannover Messe, the world's largest industry fair.
Social Sciences - Careers/Employment
07.04.2014
When gender roles are reversed: equality and intimacy at home and in the workplace
In a paper prepared for the workshop "Gender, Equality and Intimacy: (Un)comfortable Bedfellows?"  at the Institute of Education today -  Cambridge scholar Monica Wirz explores how couples, whose gend
Environmental Sciences - Law/Forensics
07.04.2014
Advising on climate change
When Daniel Schrag arrived at Harvard as a 30-year-old geologist interested in paleoclimate, the study of climate changes through history, he didn't realize his career was about to gain another dimension.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
07.04.2014
Lowering cholesterol by eating chickpeas, lentils, beans and peas
Eating one serving a day of beans, peas, chickpeas or lentils can significantly reduce “bad cholesterol” and therefore the risk of cardiovascular disease, a new study has found. However, most people in North America would have to more than double their consumption of these foods known as pulses to reach that target, said the researchers at St. Michael's Hospital.
Agronomy/Food Science - Social Sciences
07.04.2014
Mortality Risks of Being Overweight or Obese Are Underestimated
Mortality Risks of Being Overweight or Obese Are Underestimated
New research by Andrew Stokes , a doctoral student in demography and sociology in the School of Arts and Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania , suggests that many obesity studies substantially underestimate the mortality risks associated with excess weight in the United States. His study, " Using Maximum Weight to Redefine Body Mass Index Categories in Studies of The Mortality Risks of Obesity ," was published in the March issue of the open-access journal Population Health Metrics .
Medicine/Pharmacology
07.04.2014
U-M Risk Science Center part of new food ingredient safety research
Ishani Hewage, (734) 249-3723, ishanih [a] umich (p) edu or Laurel Thomas Gnagey, (734) 647-1841, ltgnagey [a] umich (p) edu ANN ARBOR-The University of Michigan Risk Science Center at th
Administration/Government - Life Sciences
07.04.2014
Engineers design video game controller that can read players’ minds
Stanford engineers have developed what could be the next big thing in interactive gaming: handheld game controllers that measure the player's physiology and alter the gameplay to make it more engaging.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environmental Sciences
07.04.2014
Swedish researchers map the risks of new virus epidemic in Europe
The risk of dengue fever beginning to spread in Europe is imminent. According to researchers from Umeå University, this is no longer just an issue for the scientific community but also for politicians and policy makers, who need to be prepared and develop preventive measures. With a changing climate and rising temperatures in Europe, the incidence of the Aedes aegypti mosquito has also increased.
Earth Sciences
07.04.2014
Cable guys: Male identity evolves on TV dramas
ANN ARBOR-Male characters on television used to hold onto traditional ideas of masculinity tighter than viewers maintained their grip on remote controls.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
07.04.2014
A middle road for Medicaid expansion?
Kara Gavin, (734) 764-2220, kegavin [a] umich (p) edu or Laurel Thomas Gnagey, (734) 647-1841, ltgnagey [a] umich (p) edu ANN ARBOR-With the political divide over health care reform still st
Life Sciences - Chemistry
07.04.2014
What About BOB?
What About BOB?
Picture an industrial-sized manufacturing plant in which workers are turning out a valuable chemical product, say a pharmaceutical drug, or an exotic material such as a truly biodegradable plastic, or a clean-burning carbon-neutral transportation fuel.
Life Sciences
07.04.2014
From Mexican wave to retinal wave: why sharing data is good for science
From the way we learn, to how our memories are made and stored, the workings of our brains depend on connections forged between billions of neurons, yet much about how our nervous system develops remains a mystery. There are two main benefits to sharing. As well as leading to other collaborations and more interesting research, it also means that other people can check what you've done, which leads to more robust research.
History/Archeology - Study of Religions
07.04.2014
Q&A: how archives make history
The early modern period (1500-1800) saw a surge in the keeping of records. A conference later this week (9-10 April 2014) at the British Academy will look at the origins of the archives that shape our understanding of history.  We asked ten of the speakers to tackle some fundamental questions.
Physics/Materials Science - Earth Sciences
07.04.2014
World's largest single crystal of gold verified at Los Alamos
World’s largest single crystal of gold verified at Los Alamos
The SCD instrument is a neutron single crystal diffractometer used to determine the periodic atomic arrangement or crystal structure of single crystals, both natural and synthetic.
Astronomy
07.04.2014
Alien sand dunes
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Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
07.04.2014
Slowdown of global warming fleeting
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. The recent slowdown in the warming rate of the Northern Hemisphere may be a result of internal variability of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation - a natural phenomenon related to sea surface temperatures, according to Penn State researchers. "Some researchers have in the past attributed a portion of Northern Hemispheric warming to a warm phase of the AMO," said Michael E. Mann , Distinguished Professor of Meteorology.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environmental Sciences
07.04.2014
World needs to
World needs to “be alert” to threat of mosquito-transmitted diseases, expert says
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Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
07.04.2014
Novartis meningitis B vaccine Bexsero receives FDA Breakthrough Therapy designation in the US
The designation highlights the potential of Bexsero to meet the urgent need for a licensed vaccine in the US against unpredictable and devastating meningitis B Bexsero, already approved in Eur
Medicine/Pharmacology
07.04.2014
World's largest ever Parkinson's disease study
World’s largest ever Parkinson’s disease study
Next week (Monday 7 April- Sunday 13 April 2014) marks National Parkinson's Awareness Week. Each day, 80 people are newly diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (PD) in the UK and one in 20 will be under the age of 40.
Astronomy - History/Archeology
07.04.2014
New tool for galactic archaeology
New tool for galactic archaeology
Reconstructing the history of our Galaxy has just become a whole lot easier, thanks to a team of international astronomers led by Dr Luca Casagrande from the ANU. By examining both the light and soundwaves from stars, the team has developed a more precise way to deduce the ages of stars and to pinpoint when our Galaxy's big events happened.
Computer Science/Telecom - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
07.04.2014
Down to the details, a giant in computing history
Down to the details, a giant in computing history Harvard Mark I exhibit gets an upgrade S eventy years ago, the first programmable computer in the United States began humming away in a basement lab where the Maxwell-Dworkin building stands today.
Social Sciences - Life Sciences
07.04.2014
Genes increase stress of social disadvantage for some children
ANN ARBOR-Genes amplify the stress of harsh environments for some children and magnify the advantage of supportive environments for other children, according to a study that's one of the first to document how genes interacting with social environments affect biomarkers of stress.
Careers/Employment - Business/Economics
06.04.2014
Zero hours are ’tip of the iceberg’ of damaging shift work, say researchers
New report shows that zero hour contracts are only one of a wide number of flexible employment practices that are abused by managers - leading to financial insecurity, anxiety and stress in the workforce.
Social Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
04.04.2014
UW researchers, radar company conduct aerial surveys of Oso site
UW researchers, radar company conduct aerial surveys of Oso site
University of Washington Two days after the landslide at Oso, Wash., a University of Washington scientist got a morning call from a radar company and research partner.
Life Sciences - Business/Economics
04.04.2014
Literature/Linguistics - Medicine/Pharmacology
04.04.2014
Professor helps recreate 1915 field hospital for BBC drama The Crimson Field
Professor helps recreate 1915 field hospital for BBC drama The Crimson Field
04 Apr 2014 A University of Manchester academic from the School of Nursing has taken a journey back in time to help television producers recreate a 1915 field hospital for new BBC drama The Crimson Field which begins on Sunday.
Literature/Linguistics - Law/Forensics
04.04.2014
Stanford exhibit spotlights medieval ’world of words’
'The Statutes of the City of Marseille' was copied and illuminated in 1265, with significant additions in later hands until 1317.
Social Sciences - Education/Continuing Education
04.04.2014
Nationalism clouds WWII memories in Asia, says Stanford scholar
Nationalism clouds WWII memories in Asia, says Stanford scholar
Stanford scholar Daniel Sneider says that historical memories about World War II in Japan, China and Korea still influence politics among these nations and fuel tensions over a past that could once again trigger conflict.
Astronomy
04.04.2014
Separation in space
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Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
04.04.2014
UC Berkeley professor and structural biologist Thomas Alber dies at 60
Thomas C. Alber, a structural biologist known for his striking ability to choose important biological problems and attack them with elegant biochemical and structural studies, died peacefully on March 28, 2014, at his home in Berkeley, Calif. Alber celebrated his 60th birthday in January, a major milestone after a five-year battle with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a neurodegenerative disease often called Lou Gehrig's disease, which sapped his strength but not his spirit.
Physics/Materials Science
04.04.2014
Physicists create lightning in the race to develop quantum technology microchip
Physicists create lightning in the race to develop quantum technology microchip
Physicists create lightning in the race to develop quantum technology microchip Physicists at the University of Sussex have invented a powerful new microchip capable of holding the voltage equi
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
04.04.2014
Obituary: Professor Neville Symonds
Obituary: Professor Neville Symonds
Obituary: Professor Neville Symonds Neville Symonds, who was the founding Professor of Microbial Genetics in the School of Biological Sciences (as it then was) from 1965 to 1989, died on 17 March at the age of 89.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
04.04.2014
Researchers receive $1.14 million to study threats to honey bees
University Park, Pa. Scientists in the Center for Pollinator Research at Penn State received three grants from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the National Science Foundation to study various threats to honey bees, including disease, pesticides and the extinction and invasion of other species into their habitats.
Earth Sciences - Agronomy/Food Science
04.04.2014
100s
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Astronomy
04.04.2014
Sentinel-1 performs opening dance routine
4 April 2014 Following its launch yesterday, Sentinel-1A has performed a carefully choreographed 10-hour dance routine to open its large radar antenna and solar wings.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Medicine/Pharmacology
04.04.2014
Light-activated neurons from stem cells restore function to paralysed muscles
Light-activated neurons from stem cells restore function to paralysed muscles
A new way to artificially control muscles using light, with the potential to restore function to muscles paralysed by conditions such as motor neuron disease and spinal cord injury, has been developed by scientists at UCL and King's College London. The technique involves transplanting specially-designed motor neurons created from stem cells into injured nerve branches.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
04.04.2014
Fuel cell know-how from the Paul Scherrer Institute at the core of the SBB minibar
Fuel cell know-how from the Paul Scherrer Institute at the core of the SBB minibar
Media Releases Energy and Environment On 4 April 2014 SBB is to launch a new minibar model in its Intercity trains.
Sport Sciences
04.04.2014
World’s first database of footballer statues compiled by UK researchers
A database of statues commemorating football's heroes around the world has been compiled by researchers from the University of Sheffield.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
04.04.2014
New causes of mouth and throat cancer
Poor oral health and failure to have regular dental checks could increase the risk of mouth and throat cancer, according to a pan-European study. The research also suggests – based on a small number of tumour patients – that excessive use of mouthwash may also cause this particular form of cancer.
Life Sciences - Event
04.04.2014
Personal stories and advances in research revealed at adoption centre launch
Personal stories and advances in research revealed at adoption centre launch
Personal stories and advances in research revealed at adoption centre launch A couple whose generous gift has helped to establish a major research centre at the University of Sussex on child adoption, described the personal struggles of their “adoption journey” at a special launch of the centre on Tuesday (1 April).
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
04.04.2014
Researchers receive $1.14 million to study threats to honeybees
University Park, Pa. Scientists in the Center for Pollinator Research at Penn State received three grants from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the National Science Foundation to study various threats to honeybees, including disease, pesticides and the extinction and invasion of other species into their habitats.
Astronomy
04.04.2014
Life Sciences
04.04.2014
Into the deep
Into the deep Cambridge students connect with Harvard researchers exploring Gulf with sub O n the third floor of Cambridge Rindge and Latin School (CRLS), a student leaned forward and asked: Will the future of deep-sea technology be human or robotic?
History/Archeology
04.04.2014
Professor Richard N. Frye dies at 94
Professor Richard N. Frye dies at 94 Aga Khan Professor of Iranian Studies Emeritus founded Harvard's Center for Middle Eastern Studies I n the summer of 1948, Richard N. Frye wa
Astronomy - Environmental Sciences
03.04.2014
Europe lofts first Copernicus environmental satellite
3 April 2014 The ability of European citizens, policymakers and service providers to access key environmental data on a routine basis will take a major step forward following the launch today of ESA's Sentinel-1A satellite.
Astronomy
03.04.2014
Sentinel-1 soundtrack
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Physics/Materials Science - Computer Science/Telecom
03.04.2014
Quantum cryptography for mobile phones
Press release issued: 3 April 2014 An ultra-high security scheme that could one day get quantum cryptography using Quantum Key Distribution into mobile devices has been developed and demonstrated by researchers from the University of Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics (CQP) in collaboration with Nokia.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
03.04.2014
Novartis data on 19 compounds at AACR highlight strong cancer pipeline across multiple molecular targets and biological pathways
More than 50 abstracts highlight breadth and depth of Novartis Oncology pipeline and ability to test various combinations early to target multiple pathways Data show activity of investigationa
Social Sciences - Education/Continuing Education
03.04.2014
Nationalism clouds WWII memories, says Stanford scholar
Nationalism clouds WWII memories, says Stanford scholar
Stanford scholar Daniel Sneider says that historical memories about World War II in Japan, China and Korea still influence politics among these nations and fuel tensions over a past that could once again trigger conflict.
Computer Science/Telecom
03.04.2014
Stanford computer scientists learn to predict which photos will go viral
Stanford computer scientists learn to predict which photos will go viral
Researchers can forecast the ultimate popularity of a Facebook photo by watching how fast it is shared.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
03.04.2014
New computer model amounts to a lot more than a hill of beans
Professors Praveen Kumar, right, and Stephen Long developed a computer modeling system to help plant scientists breed soybean crops that produce more and use less water.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Medicine/Pharmacology
03.04.2014
Off the shelf, on the skin: Stick-on electronic patches for health monitoring
Off the shelf, on the skin: Stick-on electronic patches for health monitoring
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Wearing a fitness tracker on your wrist or clipped to your belt is so 2013.
Social Sciences
03.04.2014
Hirschl's 'Chasing the American Dream' impels 'virtuous cycle'
The headline from "Chasing the American Dream: Understanding What Shapes Our Fortunes" (Oxford University Press) - the surprising statistic cited by Barack Obama in a speech about economic mobility
Education/Continuing Education
03.04.2014
Economist identifies useful education reforms in India
Economist identifies useful education reforms in India
Jim Berry believes that economics can be a force for good. His projects in India use economic studies and principles to uncover the best ways to alleviate poverty and inform policy.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
03.04.2014
Full-service campus facility offers RNA sequencing
Full-service campus facility offers RNA sequencing
Cornell scientists exploring the road from genes to proteins can access a new research service that helps map some of its more mysterious turns. The university has established the RNA Sequencing Core (RSC) for researchers interested in studying RNA, the builder molecules that translate DNA's blueprints into the proteins they code for.
Life Sciences - Earth Sciences
03.04.2014
Hummingbird evolution soared after invading South America 22 million years ago
Hummingbird evolution soared after invading South America 22 million years ago
A newly constructed family tree of the hummingbirds, published today in the journal Current Biology , tells a story of a unique group of birds that originated in Europe, passed through Asia and North America, and ultimately found its Garden of Eden in South America 22 million years ago.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
03.04.2014
No ’permanent El Niño,’ scientists say -- and the tropics may get even hotter
New research by Yale University scientists challenges a long-standing paradigm for temperature variability in the Pacific Ocean, casting doubt on the existence of a past period of "permanent" El Niño-like conditions and suggesting that the tropics could grow markedly hotter. "There's good news and bad news about future global warming," said Mark Pagani, professor of geology and geophysics at Yale and an author of the research, published April 4 .