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# "Science Wire" gives access to latest science news from research centers and R&D companies.
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Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
30.08.2014
Novartis’ new heart failure medicine LCZ696 cut cardiovascular deaths by 20% vs. ACE-inhibitor in landmark PARADIGM-HF trial
Study showed significantly more HF-REF patients on LCZ696 regimen were alive, had fewer hospitalizations than those given enalapril regimen On all-cause mortality, LCZ696 doubled the effect that enalapril, an ACE-inhibitor, previously showed vs placebo when added to current best treatment for HF-REF , 26 million people across US and Europe live with heart failure , facing high risk of death and poor quality of life , Basel, Au
Administration/Government
29.08.2014
Twenty-five names added to University’s First World War roll of honour
The names of twenty-five men from Leeds who served in the Great War are being added to the University of Leeds' Brotherton War Memorial.
Life Sciences - Chemistry
29.08.2014
Going to Extremes for Enzymes
Going to Extremes for Enzymes
In the age-old nature versus nurture debate, Douglas Clark, a faculty scientist with Berkeley Lab and the University of California (UC) Berkeley, is not taking sides.
History/Archeology - Social Sciences
29.08.2014
Anti-Semitism surge in Europe reflects loss of values, historical awareness, says Stanford scholar
Anti-Semitism surge in Europe reflects loss of values, historical awareness, says Stanford scholar
A worrying spike in anti-Semitism in Europe is a stark reminder that prejudice against Jewish people is still a reality in Europe today, say Stanford scholars.
Philosophy
29.08.2014
Critics pour cold water on the Ice Bucket Challenge: are they right?
Holly Lawford-Smith from the University of Sheffield's Department of Philosophy and Christian Barry, Director of the Centre for Moral, Social, and Political Theory at Australian National University, discuss the impact of the Ice Bucket Challenge.
Life Sciences
28.08.2014
Flapping baby birds give clues to origin of flight
Flapping baby birds give clues to origin of flight
How did the earliest birds take wing? Did they fall from trees and learn to flap their forelimbs to avoid crashing? Or did they run along the ground and pump their "arms” to get aloft? The answer is buried 150 million years in the past, but a new University of California, Berkeley, study provides a new piece of evidence - birds have an innate ability to maneuver in midair, a talent that could have helped their ancestors learn to fly rather than fall from a perch.
Careers/Employment - Business/Economics
28.08.2014
Comment: A stuttering recovery is the smokescreen for an attack on European employment rights
Home > News > News releases > Comment: A stuttering recovery is the smokescreen for an attack on European employment rights Jason Heyes, Professor of Employment Relations at the University of Sheffield, comments on employment rights and economic growth.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
28.08.2014
Arthritis patients failing to take expensive medication, according to research
28 Aug 2014 Large numbers of people with severe rheumatoid arthritis are failing to take expensive medication as prescribed, according to a new multi-centre study led by researchers in Manchester. Twenty seven per cent of rheumatoid arthritis patients in the study who were on a class of drugs known as anti-TNF therapies did not take them as prescribed in the first six months.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
27.08.2014
A touching story: The ancient conversation between plants, fungi and bacteria
The mechanical force that a single fungal cell or bacterial colony exerts on a plant cell may seem vanishingly small, but it plays a heavy role in setting up some of the most fundamental symbiotic relationships in biology.
Social Sciences - Environmental Sciences
27.08.2014
Cool Roofs in China Can Save Energy and Reduce Emissions
Cool Roofs in China Can Save Energy and Reduce Emissions
Working with Chinese researchers, the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has conducted the first comprehensive study of cool roofs in China and concluded that they would be effective in substantially reducing energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in climate zones with hot summers.
Astronomy
27.08.2014
Singing astronaut inspects space engineering projects
Singing astronaut inspects space engineering projects
Astronaut Chris Hadfield has inspected projects to clean up space junk, and space engineering projects, at the University's advanced Instrumentation and Technology Centre at Mount Stromlo.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
26.08.2014
Scientists craft atomically seamless, thinnest-possible semiconductor junctions
Scientists craft atomically seamless, thinnest-possible semiconductor junctions
University of Washington Scientists have developed what they believe is the thinnest-possible semiconductor, a new class of nanoscale materials made in sheets only three atoms thick. The University of Washington researchers have demonstrated that two of these single-layer semiconductor materials can be connected in an atomically seamless fashion known as a heterojunction.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
26.08.2014
Health Digest: Ebola outbreak, HIV persistence, kids' sleep routines
Health Digest: Ebola outbreak, HIV persistence, kids’ sleep routines
University of Washington UW expert on Ebola outbreak: 'Not just a one-off event' While the Ebola outbreak in West Africa has captured the world's attention, it's just one of many emerging infections that we must confront in the coming years, said Michael Katze , UW professor of microbiology.
Earth Sciences
26.08.2014
Stanford geophysicist discusses what weekend's earthquakes mean for future
Stanford geophysicist discusses what weekend’s earthquakes mean for future
Large earthquakes occurred much more frequently in the Bay Area during the 19th century, says Stanford geophysicist Greg Beroza.
Business/Economics
26.08.2014
Professor comments on the ills of foregoing vacation days
The media and corporations regularly turn to Lonnie Golden, professor of economics at Abington, for his expertise on labor and work-life issues.
Earth Sciences
26.08.2014
Comment: What architects can learn from designing with children
Maria Patsarika, Research Associate from the School of Architecture at the University of Sheffield comments on the idea of architects and landscape designers involving children in the design process.
Environmental Sciences
26.08.2014
Coal's continued dominance of global industrialization must be made more vivid in climate change accounting
Coal's continued dominance of global industrialization must be made more vivid in climate change accounting
Coal's continued dominance of global industrialization must be made more vivid in climate change accounting Posted August 26, 2014; 01:00 p.m. by Holly Welles, Princeton Environme
Environmental Sciences - Business/Economics
26.08.2014
New funds to bolster ANU clean energy research
New funds to bolster ANU clean energy research
The ANU will enhance its position as a leader in clean energy research after receiving $9 million in new funding for five major research and development projects.
Medicine/Pharmacology
26.08.2014
Aspirin cuts risk of clots, DVT by a third
Aspirin cuts risk of clots, DVT by a third 26 August 2014 Low dose aspirin lowers the occurrence of new venous blood clots - and represents a reasonable treatment option for patients who ar
Computer Science/Telecom
25.08.2014
Team looks to take crowdsourcing to a whole new level
Crowdsourcing enables a group to join together quickly to complete a task in much less time than it would take any one person to get it done.
Medicine/Pharmacology
25.08.2014
Eye implant developed at Stanford could lead to better glaucoma treatments
Lowering internal eye pressure is currently the only way to treat glaucoma. A tiny eye implant developed by Stephen Quake's lab could pair with a smartphone to improve the way doctors measure and lower a patient's eye pressure.
Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
25.08.2014
Tilted acoustic tweezers separate cells gently
Schematic illustration of working principle and device structure for a tilted-angle standing surface acoustic wave-based cell-separation device.
Environmental Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom
25.08.2014
New Project is the ACME of Addressing Climate Change
New Project is the ACME of Addressing Climate Change
High performance computing will be used to develop and apply the most complete climate and Earth system model to address the most challenging and demanding climate change issues.
Life Sciences - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
25.08.2014
Neuroscience and Big Data: Carnegie Mellon’s Byron M. Yu Describes How To Find Simplicity in the Brain
Press Release: Neuroscience and Big Data: Carnegie Mellon's Byron M. Yu Describes How To Find Simplicity in the Brain-Carnegie Mellon News - Carnegie Mellon University : Shilo Rea / 412-268-6094 / shilo [a] cmu (p) edu PITTSBURGH—Scientists can now monitor and record the activity of hundreds of neurons concurrently in the brain, and ongoing technology developments promise to increase this number manyfold.
Chemistry - Life Sciences
23.08.2014
Stanford bioengineers close to brewing painkillers without opium from poppies
Stanford bioengineers close to brewing painkillers without opium from poppies
A decade-long effort in genetic engineering is close to creating yeast that makes palliative medicines in stainless steel vats.
Medicine/Pharmacology
22.08.2014
Postcard: Researchers establish new partnership with Wenzhou Medical University
Dr Riaz Akhtar writes following the Ocular and Biomaterials Biomechanics Group, School of Engineering's visit to Wenzhou Medical University.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
22.08.2014
Scientists at Stanford develop water splitter that runs on ordinary AAA battery
Hongjie Dai and colleagues have developed a cheap, emissions-free device that uses a 1.5-volt battery to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. The hydrogen gas could be used to power fuel cells in zero-emissions vehicles. In 2015, American consumers will finally be able to purchase fuel cell cars from Toyota and other manufacturers.
Environmental Sciences
22.08.2014
UW center teams up with five states to address asphalt issues
UW-Madison's Modified Asphalt Research Center is partnering with the Wisconsin Department of Transportation and four other states to revise the durability standards that asphalt has to meet before it goes on roads.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Chemistry
22.08.2014
Feature: Using computers to design drugs
Designing a new medicine is an expensive and time consuming business.  Typically it takes around $2 billion and ten years for a new drug to move from its initial design in the lab, to the clinic. All the while malaria and tuberculosis kill approximately one person every 10 seconds. Work at the University of Liverpool is helping to find new ways to speed up the drug discovery process, using molecular modelling to take much of the manual labour out of the initial stage of the 'drug discovery pipeline'.
Astronomy - Life Sciences
22.08.2014
Ground-breaking research awarded ARC Laureate Fellowships
Ground-breaking research awarded ARC Laureate Fellowships 22 August 2014 Advances in our understanding of the brain using maths and physics concepts and the creation of a new Australian techn
Computer Science/Telecom - Administration/Government
21.08.2014
Former Carnegie Mellon Computer Science Dean Now Assisting in White House Policy Office
Press Release: Former Carnegie Mellon Computer Science Dean Now Assisting in White House Policy Office-Carnegie Mellon News - Carnegie Mellon University Randal E. Bryant Led School of Compu
Astronomy - Social Sciences
21.08.2014
Computer Science/Telecom - Administration/Government
21.08.2014
UW-Madison chosen for federally funded cloud computing research
Cloud computing, which allows users of technology to tap into remote, shared infrastructure and services, is a major facet of today's world.
Physics/Materials Science
21.08.2014
Researchers Map Quantum Vortices Inside Superfluid Helium Nanodroplets
Researchers Map Quantum Vortices Inside Superfluid Helium Nanodroplets
Scientists have, for the first time, characterized so-called quantum vortices that swirl within tiny droplets of liquid helium. The research, led by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), the University of Southern California, and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, confirms that helium nanodroplets are in fact the smallest possible superfluidic objects and opens new avenues for studying quantum rotation.
Mathematics - Business/Economics
21.08.2014
Washington housing market improves in second quarter of 2014
Washington housing market improves in second quarter of 2014
University of Washington Washington state's housing market rebounded from its first quarter performance, as the annual rate of existing home sales rose 6.4 percent in the second quarter of 2014.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
21.08.2014
Primary care physicians can be critical resource for abused women in rural areas
HERSHEY, Pa. Many primary care physicians in rural communities do not routinely screen women for intimate partner violence (IPV), according to Penn State medical and public health researchers.
Arts and Design - Literature/Linguistics
21.08.2014
Stanford library unveils punk poster art collection
Posters in Stanford's collection of punk rock art, housed in Green Library, reflect the Bay Area's musical and cultural history of the 1970s and '80s.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
21.08.2014
«Europe is very much about stakeholders, Silicon Valley about shareholders»
Michael Dillhyon is a US entrepreneur and investor living in Zug. Originally, he moved to Switzerland and only wanted to accompany the exit of a US spin-off company.
Law/Forensics - Philosophy
21.08.2014
Syrian crisis: media experts
21 Aug 2014 A year after President Bashar al-Assad of Syria is alleged to have used sarin gas to kill more than 1,000 people in a Damascus suburb, President Obama said in a statement this week t
Life Sciences - Chemistry
21.08.2014
Water and sunlight the formula for sustainable fuel
Water and sunlight the formula for sustainable fuel
An ANU team has successfully replicated one of the crucial steps in photosynthesis, opening the way for biological systems powered by sunlight which could manufacture hydrogen as a fuel.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
21.08.2014
Emergency department nurses aren’t like the rest of us
Emergency department nurses aren't like the rest of us 21 August 2014 Emergency department nurses aren't like the rest of us - they are more extroverted, agreeable and open - attributes that make them successful in the demanding, fast-paced and often stressful environment of an emergency department, according to a new study by University of Sydney.
Social Sciences - Administration/Government
20.08.2014
English voters want hard line on Scotland
People in England want a hard line to be taken with Scotland, whatever the outcome of the independence referendum, according to research led by Cardiff University's Wales Governance Centre.
Business/Economics - Social Sciences
20.08.2014
Leading Researchers on Gender and Women in the Workplace To Convene at Carnegie Mellon, Sept. 4-5
Press Release: Leading Researchers on Gender and Women in the Workplace To Convene at Carnegie Mellon, Sept.
Physics/Materials Science
20.08.2014
Design Council expertise to boost physics projects
Research on radiation detectors, robots and an alternative to the GPS system is to receive a boost with news that the University of Liverpool has teamed up with the Design Council to accelerate their commercialisation process.
Chemistry - Environmental Sciences
20.08.2014
Air Quality in San Joaquin Valley Improving: Study Shows Controls to Reduce Nitrogen Oxide Emissions Are Working
Air Quality in San Joaquin Valley Improving: Study Shows Controls to Reduce Nitrogen Oxide Emissions Are Working
Air quality in California's San Joaquin Valley, which for years has been ranked as one of the worst in the United States has improved over the past decade and looks to improve even more in the future. Speaking at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS) in San Francisco, chemist Sally Pusede described how efforts to reduce nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions have dramatically improved air quality in the valley over the past decade and should be even more effective over the next ten years.
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
20.08.2014
UW project becomes a focal point in hunt for dark matter
UW project becomes a focal point in hunt for dark matter
University of Washington Three major experiments aimed at detecting elusive dark matter particles believed to make up most of the matter in the universe have gotten a financial shot in the arm. Two of the projects are at large national laboratories; the other is at the University of Washington. The selection will bring greater intensity to the UW research, with more equipment and scientists involved in the work.
Astronomy
20.08.2014
ESA and CNES experts ready for Galileo’s first orbits
20 August 2014 Lift-off for Galileo satellites 5 and 6 is set for Thursday, 21 August, at 12:31 GMT (14:31 CEST) on a Soyuz rocket from the Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana.
Social Sciences - History/Archeology
20.08.2014
Stanford expert describes how U.S., China can avoid conflict
Stanford expert describes how U.S., China can avoid conflict
Intense competition between the United States and China will be one of the significant global issues in the years to come.
Environmental Sciences
20.08.2014
Minor variations in ice sheet size can trigger abrupt climate change
Small fluctuations in the sizes of ice sheets during the last ice age were enough to trigger abrupt climate change, scientists have found. The team, which included Cardiff University researchers, compared simulated model data with that retrieved from ice cores and marine sediments in a bid to find out why temperature jumps of up to ten degrees took place in far northern latitudes within just a few decades during the ice age.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
20.08.2014
Enterprise Selects Cancer Institute as Chosen Charity
The European Cancer Stem Cell Research Institute, one of Cardiff University's high profile research facilities, is delighted that the Enterprise Holdings Foundation has selected them as their chosen charity to support for the next year. The Institute is the only centre in Europe completely focussed on cancer stem cell research and as a charity, relies on additional support from societies such as the Enterprise Holdings Foundation.
Astronomy
20.08.2014
Watch the launch
On 21 August, at 12:31 UTC/14:31 CEST, a Soyuz rocket will launch the fifth and sixth Galileo satellites from Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
20.08.2014
Tickling your ear could be good for your heart
A team at the University of Leeds used a standard TENS machine like those designed to relieve labour pains to apply electrical pulses to the tragus, the small raised flap at the front of the ear immediately in front of the ear canal. The stimulation changed the influence of the nervous system on the heart by reducing the nervous signals that can drive failing hearts too hard.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
20.08.2014
Novartis provides drug candidate compounds to TB Alliance
Exclusive worldwide license from Novartis includes a novel class of drugs that is active against drug sensitive and multi-resistant strains of tuberculosis Basel, August 20, 2014 - Novartis has signed an exclusive worldwide licensing agreement with the Global Alliance for TB Drug Development (TB Alliance) for compounds to fight tuberculosis (TB) that have been discovered at the Novartis Institutes for Tropical Diseases (NITD).
Administration/Government - Social Sciences
20.08.2014
Scottish poverty study calls on governments to tackle rising deprivation
The percentage of households falling below society's minimum standard of living has increased from 14% to 33% over the last 30 years, despite the size of the economy doubling.
Social Sciences - Business/Economics
20.08.2014
“Social networks not serious competition for eBay,” says expert
20 Aug 2014 On the 15 year anniversary of eBay UK being launched, an economist from The University of Manchester says social networks are not serious competition for eBay as a selling platform.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
20.08.2014
The power of salt
The power of salt
Where the river meets the sea, there is the potential to harness a significant amount of renewable energy, according to a team of mechanical engineers at MIT.
Astronomy - Business/Economics
20.08.2014
What keeps two Australian scientists up at night
What keeps two Australian scientists up at night 20 August 2014 I = TO is Dr Cameron Clark's equation for success for Australian scientists.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
20.08.2014
Researcher recognised for work with childhood cancer survivors
A career devoted to improving the health and nutrition of children with cancer has drawn a prestigious World Cancer Research Fund International Academy Fellowship for a University of Queensland researcher. Dr Alexia Murphy , from the Children's Nutrition Research Centre at the Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute , is the only Australian among the six people worldwide receiving the fellowship.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
19.08.2014
Neither too hot nor too cold: the evolution of marine crocodilians constrained by ocean temperatures
Press release issued: 19 August 2014 The ancestors of today's crocodiles colonised the seas during warm phases and became extinct during cold phases, according to a new Anglo-French study which establishes a link between marine crocodilian diversity and the evolution of sea temperature over a period of more than 140 million years.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Medicine/Pharmacology
19.08.2014
Why this U of’T biotech entrepreneur made MIT’s Innovators Under 35 list
David He finds himself in good company today: MIT Technology Review just named him to its list of Innovators Under 35.
Computer Science/Telecom - Business/Economics
19.08.2014
Sussex computer scientists help Innovation Centre company to
Sussex computer scientists help Innovation Centre company to "make media local"
Sussex computer scientists help Innovation Centre company to "make media local" Computer scientists at the University of Sussex are supporting the development of a media platform that will help smartphone users to find out what's happening at the end of their street.
Pedagogy/Education Science - Social Sciences
19.08.2014
How parents juggle work hours may influence kids' weight
SAN FRANCISCO - The way parents balance their work schedules may affect their adolescent children's eating habits, according to Penn State researchers.
Astronomy - Social Sciences
19.08.2014
Dark Energy Survey Opens Second Season with Catalog of Stunning Deep-Space Images
Dark Energy Survey Opens Second Season with Catalog of Stunning Deep-Space Images
The Dark Energy Survey has just kicked off its second season of snapping shots of deep space with its 570-megapixel camera mounted on the Victor M. Blanco Telescope in Chile. The U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, (Berkeley Lab) is a founding member of the DES collaboration and its Microsystems Lab designed and fabricated all 62 of the CCDs in the camera, which will be used over the survey's five-year mission to investigate dark energy and its impact of our universe.
Astronomy
19.08.2014
Doing what ATV does best
Title Doing what ATV does best Released 19/08/2014 1:40 pm Copyright Roscosmos/O. Artemiev Description Shortly before the docking of ATV Georges Lemaître on 12 August 2014, ES
Computer Science/Telecom - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
19.08.2014
Can computers understand what they see?
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. "Deep learning" is the task at hand for Vijaykrishnan Narayanan and his multidisciplinary team of researchers who are developing computerized vision systems that can match-and even surpass-the capabilities of human vision.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
19.08.2014
Umeå University ranked among the world’s top 300
In this year's Shanghai Jiaotong Academic Ranking of World Universities, Umeå University is again placed among the world's top 300 instiutions.
Medicine/Pharmacology
19.08.2014
Mother whose young daughter died from ovarian cancer raises money for UCLA cancer research
Inspired by her memories of her daughter, Paulinda Babbini created a non-profit to fight gynecological cancers Kim Irwin Courtesy of Paulinda Babbini Paulinda Babbini and her late daughter, Robin Babbini, who died of ovarian cancer at 20.
Social Sciences - Psychology
19.08.2014
Hungry workers feel more entitled, research suggests
Bosses, do yourselves a favor. Spring for lunch at those late morning meetings with workers. Chances are, they'll think more like team players when they're not hungry as you power through the agenda, according to research presented by Emily Zitek, ILR School assistant professor, at the Academy of Management annual meeting in Montreal Aug.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering
19.08.2014
Heart disease and strokes have dropped in the U.S. in last decade
Heart disease and strokes have dropped in the U.S. in last decade
In some positive news for heart disease and stroke patients, Yale School of Medicine researchers report that the rates of U.S. hospitalizations and deaths from both conditions dropped significantly in the last decade, more so than for any other condition.
Environmental Sciences - Architecture
19.08.2014
A gentle reminder – and guidelines – from Stanford Recycling
A gentle reminder – and guidelines – from Stanford Recycling
As part of a collaborative effort by several campus departments, Stanford offers many ways for the campus community to minimize the amount of material sent to the landfill through its programs for red
Literature/Linguistics - History/Archeology
19.08.2014
Stanford scholar sees failure as key element of success for famous American authors
English professor Gavin Jones finds that acclaimed 19th century authors solidified their place in the literary canon by embracing the imperfection of the human condition.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
19.08.2014
NMR Using Earth's Magnetic Field
NMR Using Earth’s Magnetic Field
Earth's magnetic field, a familiar directional indicator over long distances, is routinely probed in applications ranging from geology to archaeology. Now it has provided the basis for a technique which might, one day, be used to characterize the chemical composition of fluid mixtures in their native environments.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
19.08.2014
Penn State is a member of a new $678 million telescope project
The U.S. National Science Foundation and Department of Energy have completed an agreement to support the $678 million construction costs of a major new tool for studying the universe, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), which will be located in Chile.
Physics/Materials Science - Social Sciences
19.08.2014
Love makes sex better for most women
While 50 women of the 95 that were ed said that love was not necessary for sex, only 18 of the women unequivocally believed that love was unnecessary in a sexual relationship.
Astronomy
19.08.2014
Medicine/Pharmacology
19.08.2014
Research in the News: Women fare worse than men following heart attack
Research in the News: Women fare worse than men following heart attack
Young women who have heart attacks have worse health outcomes than men, according to a study by Yale School of Medicine researchers.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
19.08.2014
Penn Sophomore Seeks to Improve Pneumonia Vaccines
Penn Sophomore Seeks to Improve Pneumonia Vaccines
By Christina Cook Almost a million Americans fall ill with pneumonia each year. Nearly half of these cases require hospitalization, and 5-7 percent are fatal.
Administration/Government - Business/Economics
19.08.2014
New University of Minnesota funding program will kick-start companies bringing U discoveries to market
The University of Minnesota announced today it has launched a first-of-its kind seed-investment program, the Discovery Capital Investment Program, to accelerate the transfer of university technology to the market by providing early-stage funding to startup companies based on university-discovered technology and innovation.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
19.08.2014
Women will benefit from the Affordable Care Act's contraceptive coverage
HERSHEY, Pa. Women could benefit greatly from the Affordable Care Act's mandate for contraceptive coverage, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
19.08.2014
Penn State is a part of the new $678 million telescope
The U.S. National Science Foundation and Department of Energy have  completed an agreement to support the $678 million construction costs of a major new tool for studying the universe, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST).
Agronomy/Food Science - Life Sciences
19.08.2014
Algae could boost livestock productivity
Beef producers could soon benefit from a protein-rich and sustainable livestock feed supplement in the form of microalgae.
Environmental Sciences - Administration/Government
19.08.2014
Rising sea levels force Pacific Island capital to relocate
A Solomon Islands provincial capital will be relocated to the mainland due to coastal hazards and the risks of rising sea levels resulting from climate change.
Life Sciences - Business/Economics
19.08.2014
Our connection to content
Our connection to content
It's often said that humans are wired to connect: The neural wiring that helps us read the emotions and actions of other people may be a foundation for human empathy.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
19.08.2014
Moving forward
Moving forward
For young Niaja Farve, one thing was certain: She was going to college, whether she liked it or not.
Medicine/Pharmacology
19.08.2014
Cholesterol drug cuts heart and stroke risks by 30pc in diabetic women
Cholesterol drug cuts heart and stroke risks by 30pc in diabetic women 19 August 2014 The cholesterol-lowering drug fenofibrate cuts cardiovascular disease risks by 30 per cent in women with type-2 diabetes, a new University of Sydney study reveals. "The finding is good news for women," says the study's chairman, University of Sydney Professor, Tony Keech.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
19.08.2014
How physics revolutionises medicine
How physics revolutionises medicine 19 August 2014 When most people think of medical breakthroughs they probably don't think of physics. On 20 August at a Sydney Science Forum for National Science Week Associate Professor Kuncic reveals the many contributions of physics to modern medicine and provides a tantalising glimpse of the next generation of breakthroughs it will underpin.
Social Sciences - Arts and Design
18.08.2014
Major exhibition showcases Oxford research into Ming Dynasty
A robe found in the tomb of Zhu Tan, reflecting the power of this regional prince who was one of the 26 songs of the Ming Dynasty's founder A major exhibition based on research by an Oxford University art historian and British Museum curator opens at the British Museum next month. The BP exhibition, Ming: 50 Years that Changed China tells the story of China under the Ming Dynasty in 1400-1450.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
18.08.2014
UCLA faculty voice: Thanks to technology, our internal sleep clocks are out of sync
UCLA Chancellor Gene Block is a distinguished professor of psychiatry and biobehavioral sciences at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Medicine/Pharmacology
18.08.2014
Engineering new bone growth
Engineering new bone growth
MIT chemical engineers have devised a new implantable tissue scaffold coated with bone growth factors that are released slowly over a few weeks.
Life Sciences - Chemistry
18.08.2014
Hans Krebs Tower to be demolished
A demolition ceremony was held this morning (18 August), followed by a reception in the New Biochemistry Building.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
18.08.2014
Cardiff University spin-out company to float on the London stock exchange
University spin-out company MedaPhor Group plc ("MedaPhor"), the global provider of advanced ultrasound education and training for medical professionals, is pleased to announce that it has raised £4.7 million in its planned flotation on the AIM market of the London Stock Exchange.
Life Sciences - Environmental Sciences
18.08.2014
Broadening the 'SCOPE' of microbial oceanography
Broadening the 'SCOPE' of microbial oceanography
The Simons Foundation , a New York-based philanthropic organization that supports a range of basic science research, has made its first venture into microbial oceanography with a $40 million award to fund the creation of the Simons Collaboration on Ocean Processes and Ecology ( SCOPE ), a five-year program centered at the University of Hawaii at Manoa to study the role of microscopic organisms in the ocean ecosystem.
Astronomy
18.08.2014
Twin Galileos meet, ready for Thursday’s launch
18 August 2014 Final functional testing of Europe's twin Galileo navigation satellites has been completed at Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana, on track for launch this Thursday.
Social Sciences - History/Archeology
18.08.2014
New exhibit at Special Collections unearths UChicago’s research in Mexico
Since the late 19th century, UChicago anthropologists, scientists and linguists have found in Mexico's landscape and culture the opportunity to discover unique environments and populations. The University's scholarly explorations of Mexico have ranged from Howard Taylor Ricketts' investigations of the typhus outbreak to Robert Redfield's linguistic studies of isolated Mexican villages and Friedrich Katz's biographical research on the political legacy of Pancho Villa.
Life Sciences
18.08.2014
Earth Sciences
18.08.2014
Mars Deep down
18 August 2014 Scarring the southern highlands of Mars is one of the Solar System's largest impact basins: Hellas, with a diameter of 2300 km and a depth of over 7 km.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
18.08.2014
No one-size-fits-all approach in a changing climate, changing land
Researchers say they looked at the combined effects of land use decisions and climate change because, while there are many studies of each, the two factors need to be examined together. Photo: iStock As climate change alters habitats for birds and bees and everything in between, so too does the way humans decide to use land.
Social Sciences
18.08.2014
Hand gestures improve learning in both signers and speakers
Spontaneous gesture can help children learn, whether they use a spoken language or sign language, according to a new report.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
18.08.2014
Pica in pregnant teens linked to low iron
In a study of 158 pregnant teenagers in Rochester, New York, nearly half engaged in pica, the craving and intentional consumption of ice, cornstarch, vacuum dust, baby powder and soap, and other nonfood items, reports a new Cornell study. Moreover, such teens had significantly lower iron levels across a number of iron biomarkers, as compared with teens who did not eat nonfood substances.
Social Sciences
18.08.2014
Neglected boys may turn into violent adolescents
Acts of violence included fighting with students or parents, hitting teachers or instructors and using a weapon to scare, rob or injure another person. SAN FRANCISCO - Parents who physically neglect their boys may increase the risk that they will raise violent adolescents, according to Penn State sociologists.
Computer Science/Telecom - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
18.08.2014
StopInfo for OneBusAway app makes buses more usable for blind riders
StopInfo for OneBusAway app makes buses more usable for blind riders
University of Washington It's a daily routine for many transit riders in the Seattle area: Pull out your smartphone, check the OneBusAway app, then decide whether you need to sprint to the bus stop or can afford that last sip of coffee.
Business/Economics - Chemistry
18.08.2014
Bionic Liquids from Lignin
Bionic Liquids from Lignin
While the powerful solvents known as ionic liquids show great promise for liberating fermentable sugars from lignocellulose and improving the economics of advanced biofuels, an even more promising candidate is on the horizon - bionic liquids.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
18.08.2014
Researchers lead £20 million fight against cardiovascular diseases
Researchers from the University of Leeds are leading the fight against heart diseases thanks to more than £20 million of funding from the British Heart Foundation (BHF).
Law/Forensics - Social Sciences
18.08.2014
Young people of color mistrust police and legal system, report finds
Black youth are far more likely than other young people to have negative experiences with the police, and believe overwhelmingly that the American legal system does not treat all groups equally, according to a new report from the Black Youth Project at the University of Chicago.
Environmental Sciences
18.08.2014
U-M Water Center awarded $20M federal contract to help lead national estuary research program
ANN ARBOR-The University of Michigan Water Center has been awarded a five-year, $20 million cooperative-agreement contract to join the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in overseeing research at a nationwide network of 28 coastal reserves.
Psychology - Arts and Design
18.08.2014
Purchases ’to have in order to do’ make people just as happy as life experiences
ANN ARBOR-If you want to be happier, buy life experiences instead of material items. However, if you are going to buy material items, spend your money on those that provide you with experiences, according to a new University of Michigan and San Francisco State University study.
Physics/Materials Science - Administration/Government
18.08.2014
New dark matter detector gets green light
New dark matter detector gets green light
A new search for dark matter will soon be underway after a second generation experiment was selected by US funding agencies. Most physicists believe that dark matter particles make up most of the mass of the universe, but these particles have never been observed directly since they neither emit nor absorb light at any wavelength.
Astronomy - Social Sciences
18.08.2014
Dark Energy Survey kicks off second season cataloguing deep space
Dark Energy Survey kicks off second season cataloguing deep space
UCL scientists are set to continue investigations into why expansion of the universe is speeding up, having already secured high quality early data. On 15th August, with its successful first season behind it, the Dark Energy Survey (DES) collaboration, which includes over a dozen researchers from UCL's Astrophysics Group (within Physics & Astronomy), began its second year of mapping the southern sky in unprecedented detail.
Environmental Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
18.08.2014
Recycling old batteries into solar cells
This could be a classic win-win solution: A system proposed by researchers at MIT recycles materials from discarded car batteries - a potential source of lead pollution - into new, long-lasting solar panels that provide emissions-free power.
Agronomy/Food Science - Environmental Sciences
18.08.2014
Social Sciences
16.08.2014
Study identifies factors that contribute to food trucks’ fast spread
ANN ARBOR-They're not your father's lowbrow roach coaches serving up greasy burgers and bad dogs.
Study of Religions
16.08.2014
Virginity pledges for men can lead to sexual confusion -- even after the wedding day
Virginity pledges for men can lead to sexual confusion -- even after the wedding day
University of Washington Bragging of sexual conquests, suggestive jokes and innuendo, and sexual one-upmanship can all be a part of demonstrating one's manhood, especially for young men eager to exert their masculinity.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Chemistry
15.08.2014
Penn Doctoral Candidate Minh Nguyen Sets His Sights on Curing Diseases
Penn Doctoral Candidate Minh Nguyen Sets His Sights on Curing Diseases
Minh Nguyen says he dropped out of medical school after just one year when he realized that there was a better way to save lives.
Physics/Materials Science - Literature/Linguistics
15.08.2014
Stanford's 2014 Three Books program embraces theme of 'science and scientists'
Stanford’s 2014 Three Books program embraces theme of ’science and scientists’
Persis Drell is the first scientist to choose the summer reading list for incoming freshmen and transfer students.
15.08.2014
University to test upgrades to AlertSU system on Wednesday, Aug. 20
On Wednesday, Aug. 20, at 12:15 p.m., the university will send out a test message to faculty and staff via the AlertSU system.
Business/Economics
15.08.2014
Research brings to light businesses’ energy use
According to Oxford University researchers, many retailers, including those with smart meters, are not actively 'managing' how much energy they use and are paying larger energy bills than they need to.
Life Sciences - Business/Economics
15.08.2014
Grants fund UW technology projects on the road to commercialization
A coordination-retraining device was awarded first-round funding from the university's Discovery to Product program.
Physics/Materials Science - Life Sciences
15.08.2014
The beetle’s white album
The physical properties of the ultra-white scales on certain species of beetle could be used to make whiter paper, plastics and paints, while using far less material than is used in current manufacturing methods. Current technology is not able to produce a coating as white as these beetles can in such a thin layer Silvia Vignolini The Cyphochilus beetle, which is native to South-East Asia, is whiter than paper, thanks to ultra-thin scales which cover its body.
Careers/Employment - Social Sciences
15.08.2014
Marriage means faster wage growth for men, but not for women
ANN ARBOR-Saying "I do" at a young age isn't always the best career option for women. After the wedding vows are said, gender inequality with wages begin as marriage is associated with fast wage growth for men but slow growth for women, a new University of Michigan study found.
Arts and Design
15.08.2014
More to a skilled ear in music
More to a skilled ear in music 15 August 2014 The first pilot study in Australia to give musicians the skills and training to critically assess music by what they hear rather than what they see begins this month at the Sydney Conservatorium of Music.
Administration/Government - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.08.2014
UQ consolidates its place in the world's top 100 universities
UQ consolidates its place in the world’s top 100 universities
The University of Queensland has held its position in the top 100 universities globally, according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities for 2014, announced today.
Administration/Government - Business/Economics
15.08.2014
Australia’s top ranked university now in world 50
The University of Melbourne, Australia's top ranked university, has been ranked 44 in the world in the Academic Ranking of World Universities - the first time any Australian university has made it under 50 in this ranking.
Physics/Materials Science
15.08.2014
Laser makes microscopes way cooler
Laser makes microscopes way cooler
Laser physicists have found a way to make atomic-force microscope probes 20 times more sensitive and capable of detecting forces as small as the weight of an individual virus.
Computer Science/Telecom - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
15.08.2014
Visual control of big data
In the age of big data, visualization tools are vital. With a single glance at a graphic display, a human being can recognize patterns that a computer might fail to find even after hours of analysis.
Physics/Materials Science - Event
15.08.2014
A celebration of the scientific achievement that transformed our view of matter
A celebration of the scientific achievement that transformed our view of matter 15 August 2014 What area of science has earned 28 Nobel Prizes, was instrumental in determining the structure of DNA, turns 100 this year and continues to be of fundamental importance to researchers?
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
15.08.2014
Prickly prediction issue plagues Great Barrier Reef
Prickly prediction issue plagues Great Barrier Reef
Predicting the patterns of crown-of-thorns starfish outbreaks is the focus of a University of Queensland study that could be vital to protecting the Great Barrier Reef.
Business/Economics - Administration/Government
15.08.2014
Environmental Sciences - Business/Economics
14.08.2014
Sustainable green alternatives to fertilisers could boost food and energy security
Sustainable green alternatives to fertilisers could boost food and energy security
Lancaster University scientists are leading research looking at formulating sustainable fertilisers from renewable energy waste.
Environmental Sciences
14.08.2014
New analysis links tree height to climate
What limits the height of trees? Is it the fraction of their photosynthetic energy they devote to productive new leaves? Or is it their ability to hoist water hundreds of feet into the air, supplying
Administration/Government
14.08.2014
Five frequently asked questions about Toronto’s finances
What should Toronto's mayoral and council candidates – and the city's voters – understand about the city's finances?
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
14.08.2014
Molecular engineers record an electron’s quantum behavior
A University of Chicago-led team of researchers has developed a technique to record the quantum mechanical behavior of an individual electron contained within a nanoscale defect in diamond. Their technique uses ultrafast pulses of laser light, both to control the defect's entire quantum state and observe how that single electron state changes over time.
Astronomy
14.08.2014
School pupils experience space science at UCL
School pupils experience space science at UCL
A group of secondary school students have designed their own space missions during a new week-long work experience programme at the UCL Mullard Space Science Laboratory (MSSL).
Literature/Linguistics - Arts and Design
14.08.2014
Alumna finds playwriting success at Steppenwolf
Martyna Majok's “Ironbound” is the story of the relationship between Darja, a struggling Polish immigrant, and three very different men.
Life Sciences - Event
14.08.2014
Strogatz quantifies how ’one thing leads to another’
"One thing led to another," people often say. Events, discoveries and relationships are triggered by something previous. The iPhone case was designed only because the iPhone was invented first. A song became popular only after someone liked it. Mathematicians always want to quantify things, and Steven Strogatz, Cornell's Jacob Gould Schurman Professor of Applied Mathematics, is trying to quantify the commonsense concept of "correlated novelties" - that one new thing sometimes (but not always) triggers another.
Literature/Linguistics
14.08.2014
Digital revolution is changing what it means to be an author, says Stanford professor
Stanford English Professor Andrea Lunsford says today's writing instruction should teach students how to become better writers for social media and other interactive online environments.
Computer Science/Telecom - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
14.08.2014
A self-organizing thousand-robot swarm
The first thousand-robot flash mob has assembled at Harvard University. "Form a sea star shape," directs a computer scientist, sending the command to 1,024 little bots simultaneously via an infrared light.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
14.08.2014
Seven tiny grains captured by Stardust likely visitors from interstellar space
Seven tiny grains captured by Stardust likely visitors from interstellar space
NASA's Stardust spacecraft, which collected comet and interstellar dust in 2004 and later delivered the tennis-racket shaped dust collectors to Earth via parachute. Courtesy NASA. Since 2006, when NASA's Stardust spacecraft delivered its aerogel and aluminum foil dust collectors back to Earth, a team of scientists has combed through the collectors in search of rare, microscopic particles of interstellar dust.
Life Sciences
14.08.2014
PTSD can develop even without memory of the trauma, psychologists report
PTSD can develop even without memory of the trauma, psychologists report
Adults can develop symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder even if they have no explicit memory of an early childhood trauma, according to research by UCLA psychologists. The study, which will be published Aug. 15 in the journal Biological Psychiatry, found that among the many forms of memory, only some may be critical for the development of post-traumatic stress disorder.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
14.08.2014
Inside the cell, an ocean of buffeting waves
Conventional wisdom holds that the cytoplasm of mammalian cells is a viscous fluid, with organelles and proteins suspended within it, jiggling against one another and drifting at random. However, a new biophysical study led by researchers at Harvard University challenges this model and reveals that those drifting objects are subject to a very different type of environment.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
14.08.2014
RNA combination therapy for lung cancer offers promise for personalized medicine
RNA combination therapy for lung cancer offers promise for personalized medicine
Small RNA molecules, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), offer tremendous potential as new therapeutic agents to inhibit cancer-cell growth. However, delivering these small RNAs to solid tumors remains a significant challenge, as the RNAs must target the correct cells and avoid being broken down by enzymes in the body.
Astronomy
14.08.2014
Big, spinning black hole blurs light
NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) has captured an extreme and rare event in the regions immediately surrounding a supermassive black hole.
Environmental Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
14.08.2014
Investigating soil moisture dynamics using cosmic-ray technology
14 August 2014 A University of Bristol project which will investigate soil moisture dynamics in the UK using novel cosmic-ray technology has been awarded £330,000 funding from the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). Led by Dr Rafael Rosolem in the Department of Civil Engineering , the three-year AMUSED (A MUlti-scale Soil moisture-Evapotranspiration Dynamics study) project will monitor soil moisture using cosmic-rays sensors in combination with land surface modelling, satellite remote sensing, and model diagnostics and data assimilation methods.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
14.08.2014
Cell transplantation could provide new therapies for sepsis
Cell transplantation could provide new therapies for sepsis Researchers believe that their breakthrough in cell transplantation could pave the way for new therapies to combat sepsis, the cause of 7.3 million deaths worldwide each year. The study, published today in Science Translational Medicine , identified novel ways of treating sepsis in mice by withdrawing fibroblastic reticular cells (FRCs) from the lymph nodes and administering these cells in high numbers to those affected.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering
14.08.2014
Water additive on the nose with concrete sewers
High res and low res raw footage, a short explanatory video and contents list available here . UQ TV News episode available here and an infographic on the research is here. A team of University of Queensland researchers has found a way to save water providers hundreds of millions of dollars a year by reducing sewer corrosion.
Physics/Materials Science - Event
14.08.2014
The University joins Australia's celebration of science
The University joins Australia’s celebration of science
The University joins Australia's celebration of science 14 August 2014 A crowd of science enthusiasts joined the University of Sydney's Vice-Chancellor Dr Michael Spence and its sleek g
Medicine/Pharmacology
14.08.2014
Donation to champion a new era for advances in melanoma and skin cancers
Research into melanoma and skin cancers will be further advanced through a $5 million gift from a donor in honour of her husband who died of melanoma.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Chemistry
13.08.2014
To bolster lithium battery life, add a little salt
Cornell chemical engineers have achieved a breakthrough in the race to achieve safer, longer-lasting batteries to power the world's automobiles, cell phones, computers and autonomous robots.
Life Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom
13.08.2014
Cornell Tech's Manohar helps design IBM 'brain chip'
Rajit Manohar, associate dean for academic affairs at Cornell Tech and professor of electrical and computer engineering, pioneered the design methodology for a new IBM computer chip inspired by the human brain. "After years of collaboration with IBM, we are now a step closer to building a computer similar to our brain," Manohar said.
Agronomy/Food Science - Life Sciences
13.08.2014
Geneva summer scholars present agriculture research
Geneva summer scholars present agriculture research
A diverse array of students from across the nation spent this summer conducting research with faculty members and their teams at Cornell's New York State Agricultural Experiment Station (NYSAES) in Geneva, New York.
13.08.2014
Clearing, Adjustment and Confirmation 2014
Clearing, Adjustment and Confirmation 2014
UCL has no places available through Clearing. However, we have a small number of places available through UCAS Adjustment for very well qualified applicants that have exceeded the conditions of their firm choice.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
13.08.2014
Sen. Durbin and UChicago scientists discuss need for increased biomedical research funding
University of Chicago PhD student Jason Torres has ambitious career plans, but they're tempered by concerns about the future of biomedical research in America.
Life Sciences - Administration/Government
13.08.2014
Flagship centre secures funding renewal
Funding renewal for Wales's leading research centre examining the genetics of mental illness will help 'nurture the next generation of world-leading scientists', according to Cardiff University's Professor Sir Michael Owen.
Psychology
13.08.2014
Pssssst! Want to know what makes good gossip?
Most people enjoy a good bit of gossip, but what makes it worth passing on? According to psychology researchers we gossip most about familiar people and the more interesting and unpredictable the story, the more likely we are to gossip about it. “Intuitively it's not surprising that we are more likely to gossip about familiar people and interesting stories,” said Dr Bo Yao the lead author of the paper.
Life Sciences - Psychology
13.08.2014
How arbitrary is language?
How arbitrary is language?
Words in the English language are structured to help children learn according to research led by Lancaster University. Words like “woof” accurately represent the sound of a dog while sounds with similar meanings may have a similar structure eg the “sl” sound at the beginning of a word often has negative properties as in “slime, slur, slum, slug”.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
13.08.2014
Faculty research fuels record 15 startups at University of Minnesota
The University of Minnesota announced today that it launched a record 15 startup companies based on discoveries and inventions by its researchers during the past year.
Medicine/Pharmacology
13.08.2014
UCLA honors legacy of former World Boxing Council president
UCLA honors legacy of former World Boxing Council president
The UCLA Health System and department of neurosurgery will celebrate the legacy of Don Jose Sulaiman, former president of the World Boxing Council, with a tribute luncheon on Aug.
Business/Economics
13.08.2014
Effective corporate governance employs multiple strategies, study says
The most effective corporate governance occurs when a mix of complementary mechanisms that include CEO incentive alignment and both internal and external monitoring mechanisms are present, according to a new study from Penn State Smeal College of Business faculty member Vilmos Misangyi and his colleague from the Singapore Management University.
Astronomy
13.08.2014
Hayes and Sullivan named to Mars 2020 team
For a Mars rover, you need a roving eye - and scientists to build it: Alex Hayes, Cornell assistant professor of astronomy, and Rob Sullivan, senior research associate in space sciences, are co-inves
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
13.08.2014
New material could enhance fast and accurate DNA sequencing
New material could enhance fast and accurate DNA sequencing
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Gene-based personalized medicine has many possibilities for diagnosis and targeted therapy, but one big bottleneck: the expensive and time-consuming DNA-sequencing process.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Computer Science/Telecom
13.08.2014
Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy Is Safe for Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy Is Safe for Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Researchers from Penn Medicine have developed a safe and effective technique for inducing sleep in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea. The new procedure, known as drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE), uses progressive doses of anesthesia to pharmacologically induce sleep to the point of the obstruction-causing apnea in a short time frame without a dip in blood oxygen level and with few side effects.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
13.08.2014
What you need to know about the Ebola virus
The world is watching the outbreak of Ebola virus infection that has spread across West Africa, through the countries of Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and most recently Nigeria, since early 2014.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
13.08.2014
U-M forest preserve joins Smithsonian global network
U-M forest preserve joins Smithsonian global network
ANN ARBOR-A 57-acre research plot at a University of Michigan forest preserve northwest of Ann Arbor has been added to a Smithsonian Institution global network used to study tropical and temperate forest function and diversity.
Chemistry - Environmental Sciences
13.08.2014
$20M grant to support developing eco-friendly plastics
A five-year, $20 million National Science Foundation grant will allow chemists from Cornell and other institutions to study new ways to make plastics more sustainable.
Business/Economics - Medicine/Pharmacology
13.08.2014
Study 'identifies EU policy shift' on tobacco after industry lobbying
A study has tracked how the dominance of language that first appeared in tobacco industry's submissions gradually crept into the final drafts of the European tobacco directive passed by the European parliament earlier this year. Using a word coding technique, researchers tracked how the European Commission's drafts on tobacco control policy changed markedly between 2010 and 2013, resembling tobacco industry submissions much more than those of health groups in the latter stages.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering
13.08.2014
Penn IUR Publishes Two New Reports on Rapid Urbanization
Penn IUR Publishes Two New Reports on Rapid Urbanization
Penn IUR has recently published two reports about rapid urbanization. Both reports- Feeding Cities: Food Security in a Rapidly Urbanizing World , and Place Matters - grew out of Penn IUR conferences supported by the Rockefeller Foundation.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
13.08.2014
Snow has thinned on Arctic sea ice
Snow has thinned on Arctic sea ice
University of Washington From research stations drifting on ice floes to high-tech aircraft radar, scientists have been tracking the depth of snow that accumulates on Arctic sea ice for almost a century. Now that people are more concerned than ever about what is happening at the poles, research led by the University of Washington and NASA confirms that snow has thinned significantly in the Arctic, particularly on sea ice in western waters near Alaska.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Event
13.08.2014
Loeckenhoff reaps early career award in gerontology
Corinna Loeckenhoff, associate professor of human development, is the 2014 recipient of the Margret M. and Paul B. Baltes Foundation Award in Behavioral and Social Gerontology from The Ge
Social Sciences
13.08.2014
Slim people asked to share tips in registry
While many struggle with their weight and count calories, everyone has slim friends who never seem to gain weight.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
13.08.2014
Researcher uses Jell-O-like substance to attract and kill cancer cells
Yong Wang, associate professor of bioengineering at Penn State, has created a tissue-like biomaterial that attracts cancer cells, like bits of metal to a magnet, and entraps them. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Chasing cancer cells with chemotherapy drugs can save lives, but there's no guarantee that the treatment will kill every run-away cancer cell in the body.
Life Sciences
13.08.2014
Cuckoos trick other cuckoos in the race to own the nest
Cuckoos trick other cuckoos in the race to own the nest
Australian native cuckoos are engaged in an arms race, competing with each other to take over other species' nests. The finding by Research School of Biology scientists gives new insights into the deceptive habits of cuckoos, which lay their eggs in other birds' nests to dupe other mums into raising cuckoo chicks.
Medicine/Pharmacology
13.08.2014
New tool could drastically reduce the number of potential future hip fractures
13 Aug 2014 A new tool is being developed by experts in Manchester which automatically searches medical images for early signs of osteoporosis in the spine by identifying fractures there and could help reduce the number of future potentially fatal hip fractures.
Medicine/Pharmacology
13.08.2014
Protecting newborns: milk protein could save millions from harm
Protecting newborns: milk protein could save millions from harm 13 August 2014 An international effort led by the University of Sydney hopes to protect hundreds of Bangladeshi newborns from
Astronomy
12.08.2014
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
12.08.2014
’Particle Fever’ screening and discussion on Aug. 26 to feature film’s star scientist
“Particle Fever,” the new, award-winning documentary that follows six scientists during the launch of the Large Hadron Collider—the biggest and most expensive experiment in the hist
Mathematics - Physics/Materials Science
12.08.2014
Stanford’s Maryam Mirzakhani wins Fields Medal
Maryam Mirzakhani is the first woman to ever win the Fields Medal – known as the "Nobel Prize of mathematics" – in recognition of her contributions to the understanding of the symmetry of curved surfaces.
Environmental Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
12.08.2014
Value of clams, mussels in cleaning dirty water
Value of clams, mussels in cleaning dirty water
New Stanford research shows that bivalves can cleanse streams, rivers and lakes of potentially harmful chemicals that treatment plants can't fully remove. Pharmaceuticals, personal care products, herbicides and flame retardants are increasingly showing up in waterways. New Stanford research finds that a natural, low-cost solution – clams and mussels – may already exist for these contaminants of emerging concern, or CECs.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
12.08.2014
Biologist explains science of superheroes’ origin stories
Captain America and the Incredible Hulk are two of our most iconic comic book superheroes, but little is known about how they came to possess their superpowers.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
12.08.2014
New analysis reveals tumor weaknesses
New analysis reveals tumor weaknesses
Scientists have known for decades that cancer can be caused by genetic mutations, but more recently they have discovered that chemical modifications of a gene can also contribute to cancer. These alterations, known as epigenetic modifications, control whether a gene is turned on or off. Analyzing these modifications can provide important clues to the type of tumor a patient has, and how it will respond to different drugs.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
12.08.2014
To eat or not to eat
UCLA researchers have developed a disposable biosensor that may help doctors determine which patients should be fed following surgery Kim Irwin UCLA The Abstat, developed by a team at UCLA, is a non-invasive acoustic gastrointestinal surveillance biosensor that monitors gut sounds.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
12.08.2014
Carbon dioxide ’sponge’ could ease transition to cleaner energy
The new sponge-like material could ease the transition to hydrogen fuel (graphic courtesy of the American Chemical Society) A sponge-like plastic, developed at the University of Liverpool, which soa
Astronomy - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
12.08.2014
ATV completes final automated docking
12 August 2014 In a flawless demonstration of technology and skill, ESA's fifth and final ATV, Georges Lemaître, docked with the International Space Station today, fixing itself firmly for a six-month resupply and reboost mission.
Life Sciences
12.08.2014
Brain training games won’t help children do better at school
Emma Blakey, PhD researcher in developmental psychology at the University of Sheffield, discusses the effect of brain training games on children. Brain training games won't help children do better at school by Emma Blakey, 11 August 2014, posted on The Conversation There has been a big increase recently in the number of computerised "brain training" programs marketed at young children.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
12.08.2014
Pioneering online treatment for people with Bipolar Disorder
The first effective web-based treatment for Bipolar Disorder based on the latest research evidence has been developed by psychologists.
Business/Economics
12.08.2014
How companies can minimize the stigma of affirmative action
ANN ARBOR-Affirmative action policies in the workforce have increased diversity, often at the cost of stigmatizing the very workers the policies are designed to help. New research finds that a deeper understanding of what triggers feelings such as resentment, stigmatization and "stereotype threat" can help companies prevent these negative reactions and make diversity efforts more successful, said the study's authors.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
12.08.2014
College of Engineering establishes internal grant program, announces recipients
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Penn State's College of Engineering has awarded six grants through its new Innovation Grant Program (IGP).
Life Sciences - Agronomy/Food Science
12.08.2014
Business/Economics - Administration/Government
12.08.2014
Start-ups to benefit from new capital fund
Start-ups to benefit from new capital fund
Queensland start-ups are to benefit from a new $10 million early stage investment fund. The fund is a joint initiative of the ilab incubator based at The University of Queensland's (UQ) Long Pocket site, and Artesian Capital Management.
Agronomy/Food Science - Social Sciences
11.08.2014
Research in the News: Ancient barley tells a tale of drought
A Yale University anthropologist is helping document how drought conditions in the Near East thousands of years ago affected communities and agricultural systems.
Life Sciences - Chemistry
11.08.2014
How some of the first animals lived - and died
New three-dimensional reconstructions show how some of the earliest animals on Earth developed, and provide some answers as to why they went extinct. As the Cambrian began, these specialists could no longer survive, and nothing quite like them has been seen again Jennifer Hoyal Cuthill A bizarre group of uniquely-shaped organisms known as rangeomorphs may have been some of the earliest animals to appear on Earth, uniquely suited to ocean conditions 575 million years ago.
Astronomy
11.08.2014
Introducing this year’s underground astronauts
11 August 2014 Each year, ESA sends up to six astronauts down into the caves of Sardinia, Italy, for two weeks on a simulated space mission.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
11.08.2014
A global temperature conundrum: cooling or warming climate?
A fisherman walks toward open water in the Antarctic ice sheet. Conflicting research on the heating and cooling of Earth has led to a global temperature conundrum, which climate scientists plan to address further this fall.   Photo: iStock Photo When the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recently requested a figure for its annual report, to show global temperature trends over the last 10,000 years, the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Zhengyu Liu knew that was going to be a problem.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
11.08.2014
Manchester professor mobilises medics to treat the injured in Gaza
11 Aug 2014 A University of Manchester professor has helped to organise a group of NHS medical professionals to travel to Gaza to help treat hundreds of those affected by the crisis.
Social Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
11.08.2014
Yuri Orlov's 90th birthday to be celebrated worldwide
Yuri Orlov, professor of physics and government, will celebrate his 90th birthday Wednesday, Aug. 13.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
11.08.2014
To watch DNA unwrap, blank out the proteins
To watch DNA unwrap, blank out the proteins
Biophysics is a science of shapes - the shapes of molecules like DNA as they wrap and unwrap around protein cores, for instance. Cornell researchers have unveiled a new method for observing such processes in real time. Professor of applied and engineering physics Lois Pollack and her research group have devised a way to watch dynamic movements and shape changes of molecules in solution using a new X-ray scattering method.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
11.08.2014
Community pharmacies could play bigger part in tackling poor health
Community pharmacies could play bigger part in tackling poor health
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Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
11.08.2014
Native bacteria block Wolbachia from being passed to mosquito progeny
A cross-section of an Anopheles mosquito that has been injected with Wolbachia (red). The blue area represents mosquito DNA. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Native bacteria living inside mosquitoes prevent the insects from passing Wolbachia bacteria - which can make the mosquitoes resistant to the malaria parasite - to their offspring, according to a team of researchers.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
11.08.2014
Combatting childhood obesity from the age of two
Press release issued: 11 August 2014 A successful American initiative to tackle childhood obesity will be trialled in the UK, thanks to a new £431,495 research project targeting children as young as two.