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# "Science Wire" gives access to latest science news from research centers and R&D companies.
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Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
22.12.2014
Full-time employment with no health benefits was a trend for workers in 2012
Nearly half of uninsured Californians were in families with a full-time worker; one in five Latinos with Medi-Cal didn't visit a doctor in past year Venetia Lai Almost half of the 6.9 milli
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
22.12.2014
TB: avoiding and subverting immunity
An ancient disease, tuberculosis (TB) continues to be one of the major causes of disability and death worldwide.
Environmental Sciences - Business/Economics
22.12.2014
Muddy forests, shorter winters present challenges for loggers
A new study finds that the period of frozen ground has declined by an average of two or three weeks since 1948.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
22.12.2014
Hands on: Crafting ultrathin color coatings
In a sub-basement deep below the Laboratory for Integrated Science and Engineering at Harvard University, Mikhail Kats gets dressed.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
22.12.2014
Diagnosing the past to predict the future of Salmonella infections
Different strains of Salmonella behave in different ways. Understanding how and why four closely related strains evolved to lead a more host adapted invasive life-style is at the heart of new research into the evolution of Salmonella microorganisms. Paul Barrow , Professor of Veterinary Infectious Diseases at the School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, has worked with colleagues in the Sanger Institute at Cambridge for a number of years on the Salmonella strains, S .
Life Sciences
22.12.2014
Variety is the spice of humble moth’s sex life
The twilight courtship rituals of the gold swift moth (Phymatopus hecta) can be seen in June and July in forest glades and bracken patches all over Britain.
Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
22.12.2014
One million curies of radioactive material recovered
One million curies of radioactive material recovered
The accomplishment represents a major milestone in protecting our nation and the world from material that could be used in "dirty bombs" by terrorists.
Astronomy - Business/Economics
22.12.2014
Imperial's multidisciplinary Space Lab
Imperial’s multidisciplinary Space Lab
The private and government-backed UK space sector is set to quadruple in size by 2030 and Imperial Space Lab is aiming to get in on the action.
Astronomy - Life Sciences
22.12.2014
The worst trip around the world
22 December 2014 As you celebrate the end of the year in the warmth of your home, spare a thought for the organisms riding with a third-class ticket on the International Space Station - bolted to the outside with no protection against open space. As part of ESA's Expose-R2 project, 46 species of bacteria, fungi and arthropods were delivered by a Progress supply ship to the Station in July.
Astronomy
22.12.2014
Highlights 2014
Watch Earth roll by through the perspective of ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst in this six-minute timelapse video from space.
Medicine/Pharmacology
22.12.2014
IMF lending undermined healthcare provision in Ebola-stricken West Africa
Researchers criticise reforms advocated by IMF for chronically under-funded and insufficiently staffed health systems in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
Astronomy
22.12.2014
Four Galileo satellites at ESA test centre
22 December 2014 ESA engineers unwrapped a welcome Christmas present: the latest Galileo satellite. The navigation satellite will undergo a full checkout in Europe's largest satellite test facility to prove its readiness for space. The satellite was carried by lorry from its manufacturer in Germany, cocooned within an environmentally controlled container.
Life Sciences
22.12.2014
2014 - Science That Made Headlines (1)
2014 - Science That Made Headlines (1)
This year a great deal of research done at EPFL made the headlines in newspapers. Here are a few that marked the first 4 months of the year.
Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
22.12.2014
Dateline Los Alamos: Top science news of 2014
Dateline Los Alamos: Top science news of 2014
"The breadth of scientific expertise and range of disciplines necessary for supporting Los Alamos's national security mission can be seen when reflecting on some of the year's more visible accomplishments," said Alan Bishop. Biosurveillance, secure computing, alternative energy, unique capabilities highlight the year LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec.
Physics/Materials Science
22.12.2014
Gone in 45 nanoseconds - but a new opportunity for quantum control?
In a breakthrough study scientists have revealed the coherence, or the visibility lifespan, of the spin of an electron in an emerging colour centre in diamond. This could provide a potential component for future quantum networks. We established that we can not only access the electron spin states, but also sustain an arbitrary superposition of them for 45 nanoseconds.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
22.12.2014
Bald truth about auto-immune disease
University of Queensland student Jennifer Stables has had a hair-raising year after being diagnosed with an auto-immune disease, and has now cut off her ponytail and shaved her head to raise awareness and money for research into the condition.
Physics/Materials Science
22.12.2014
Trapping light with a twister
Researchers at MIT who succeeded last year in creating a material that could trap light and stop it in its tracks have now developed a more fundamental understanding of the process. The new work - which could help explain some basic physical mechanisms - reveals that this behavior is connected to a wide range of other seemingly unrelated phenomena.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Event
22.12.2014
Melbourne early career researchers win cancer prize
Potential new treatments for cancers such as leukaemia are a step closer as young researchers are awarded the 2014 Picchi Awards for Excellence in Cancer Research. Julia Marchingo, a PhD student at the University of Melbourne and the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, together with Dr Chun Yew Fong, a PhD student at the University of Melbourne and Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, have been recognised for their originality, innovation and contribution to cancer research.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
22.12.2014
Bald truth about autoimmune disease
University of Queensland student Jennifer Stables has had a hair-raising year after being diagnosed with an auto-immune disease, and has now cut off her ponytail and shaved her head to raise awareness and money for research into the condition.
Literature/Linguistics - History/Archeology
20.12.2014
A Book of Strange and Wonderful Tales and its Eminent Translator
Crocodiles have pearls in their ears; statues move and speak. The first English translation of a collection of Arab fantasy stories opens a window on to the imaginings of the medieval mind.
Medicine/Pharmacology
20.12.2014
Monica's medical dream comes true
Monica Ng was bitten by the medical bug young – and it has stayed in her bloodstream ever since.
Life Sciences - Chemistry
19.12.2014
Stanford chemists take step toward solving mystery of how enzymes work
Enzymes are crucial for assisting virtually all biological processes, but there has been little consensus on how they work. Steven Boxer and his students have found that the electrostatic field within an enzyme accounts for the lion's share of its success. Open any biology or chemistry textbook and entire chapters will be dedicated to detailing molecular processes crucial to life that are only made possible by seemingly magical proteins called enzymes.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environmental Sciences
19.12.2014
Ways to improve public health at beaches
Ways to improve public health at beaches
Thanks to new Stanford research, an affordable, easy-to-implement system can provide significantly more accurate information on coastal water contamination to better protect public health. A new Stanford study shows how to improve the public health at beaches where coastal contamination can be a problem.
Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
19.12.2014
Strong neighborhood ties can help reduce gun violence
Strong neighborhood ties can help reduce gun violence
The bonds that tie a neighborhood together can help shield community members from gun violence, according to new findings by Yale School of Medicine researchers in the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program (RWJF CSP). The team presented their work Dec. 19 at the Institute of Medicine's Means of Violence workshop.
Medicine/Pharmacology
19.12.2014
Imperial strengthens senior health leadership roles
Imperial strengthens senior health leadership roles
Imperial's President has announced senior posts in health leadership at the College.
Physics/Materials Science
19.12.2014
Dynamic New App for Learning About Particle Physics Now Available
Dynamic New App for Learning About Particle Physics Now Available
Next time you get the itch to check Facebook on your mobile phone, why not scroll through the latest unsolved physics mysteries instead?
Medicine/Pharmacology - Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering
19.12.2014
U of T's great cities stories of 2014: the year in review
Across the globe, researchers say, universities play a key role in building and strengthening cities, helping them connect with the world and reinvent themselves in dynamic ways.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
19.12.2014
Lost memories might be able to be restored, new UCLA study indicates
Lost memories might be able to be restored, new UCLA study indicates
New UCLA research indicates that lost memories can be restored. The findings offer some hope for patients in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. For decades, most neuroscientists have believed that memories are stored at the synapses — the connections between brain cells, or neurons — which are destroyed by Alzheimer's disease.
Computer Science/Telecom
19.12.2014
Prime Minister learns how Lancaster University technology protects children online
Prime Minister learns how Lancaster University technology protects children online
Child protection technology developed by Lancaster University researchers has been showcased to Prime Minister David Cameron, Home Secretary Theresa May, and delegates from more than 50 countries.
Business/Economics - Agronomy/Food Science
19.12.2014
Diverse ideas served up at first food systems summit
Diverse ideas served up at first food systems summit
Food industry professionals, retailers and suppliers gathered to learn a cornucopia of ideas and concepts at the first Cornell Food Systems Global Summit on Dec.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
19.12.2014
Shaping the future of aviation
Shaping the future of aviation
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Social Sciences
19.12.2014
Vitamin D link to short-sightedness ruled out
19 December 2014 New findings from the Children of the 90s study at the University of Bristol suggest that children with low levels of vitamin D in their blood are not at increased risk of developing myopia (short-sightedness). There has been a steady increase in the number of children who become short-sighted over recent decades, with more than a third of young adults now needing to wear glasses to correct the condition.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
19.12.2014
Weighing risks and rewards, pregnant women eat less fish
A survey of women who recently gave birth found that many women change their behavior and consume less fish during pregnancy, in spite of receiving information about guidelines for types of fish and how much to eat during pregnancy.
Astronomy - Environmental Sciences
19.12.2014
Satellites guide sailor from treacherous waters
19 December 2014 While sailing south of Africa on an around-the-world voyage, Matteo Miceli was suddenly alerted to a massive iceberg in his path.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
19.12.2014
Jason Moore Named Director of the Institute for Biomedical Informatics at Penn Medicine
Jason Moore Named Director of the Institute for Biomedical Informatics at Penn Medicine
Jason H. Moore, PhD , has been named the first permanent director of the Penn Institute for Biomedical Informatics (IBI), at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania .
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
19.12.2014
Effective Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes Patients with Severe Hypoglycemia
Effective Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes Patients with Severe Hypoglycemia
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients who have developed low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) as a complication of insulin treatments over time are able to regain normal internal recognition of the condition after receiving pancreatic islet cell transplantation, according to a new study led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania , published online in Diabetes .
Business/Economics - Administration/Government
19.12.2014
Industrial clusters fuel economies
Experts have long theorized that having a cluster of firms within a given industry helps a region's economy grow. Now a study co-authored by an MIT professor shows empirically that clusters of almost all kinds help drive overall economic growth in multiple ways, from job creation and development of intellectual property to the formation of new industries.
Medicine/Pharmacology
19.12.2014
Tooth loss linked to slowing mind and body
Tooth loss linked to slowing mind and body
The memory and walking speeds of adults who have lost all of their teeth decline more rapidly than in those who still have some of their own teeth, finds new UCL research.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
19.12.2014
Knee meniscus fixed using revolutionary stem cell procedure
Knee meniscus fixed using revolutionary stem cell procedure
Researchers report on a revolutionary new procedure that uses 3-D printing and the body's stem cells to regenerate knee meniscus, a tissue lining that acts as a natural cushion between the femur and tibia. People with damaged menisci develop arthritis and are forced to limit their activity. The procedure, published online Dec.
Business/Economics
19.12.2014
Seven steps to selling your idea to the boss
ANN ARBOR-Middle managers often know best when certain practices or products are ripe for change in an organization, but can struggle selling their ideas up the chain of command.
Physics/Materials Science - Environmental Sciences
19.12.2014
Talkin 'bout a revolution: Interview with Professor Keith Barnham
Talkin ’bout a revolution: Interview with Professor Keith Barnham
Keith Barnham - particle physicist turned photovoltaics researcher - has recently penned a popular science book about the solar energy revolution.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
19.12.2014
Manufacturing project aims to take IT beyond the electronic age
A £5.2 million project led by the University of Leeds is aiming to transform data with a new generation of photonic microchips.
Business/Economics
19.12.2014
Economic output less dependent on road transportation
ANN ARBOR-For the past 10 years, motorization in the U.S. has been on the decline, due mainly to more telecommuting, greater use of public transit, increased urbanization of the population and changes in the ages of drivers.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
19.12.2014
Innovative manufacturing to take IT beyond the electronic age
A £5.2 million project led by the University of Leeds is aiming to transform data with a new generation of photonic microchips.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
19.12.2014
Peek into the past
ESA Space in Images Title Great Bahamas Bank Released 19/12/2014 10:00 am Copyright USGS/ESA Description Underwater structures of the Great Bahamas Bank are pictured in this image from the Landsat-8 satellite on 5 February.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Careers/Employment
19.12.2014
University to tackle musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace
Undergraduate Undergraduate Courses Undergraduate Teaching and learning Expanding your study (undergraduate) After you graduate (undergraduate) Download a prospectus (undergraduat
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
19.12.2014
Unraveling the light of fireflies
Unraveling the light of fireflies
How do fireflies produce those mesmerizing light flashes? Using cuttingedge imaging techniques, scientists from Switzerland and Taiwan have unraveled the firefly's intricate light-producing system for the first time. Fireflies used rapid light flashes to communicate. This "bioluminescence" is an intriguing phenomenon that has many potential applications, from drug testing and monitoring water contamination, and even lighting up streets using glow-in-dark trees and plants.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
19.12.2014
OCD patients’ brains light up to reveal how compulsive habits develop
Misfiring of the brain's control system might underpin compulsions in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), according to researchers at the University of Cambridge, writing in the American Journal of Psychiatry.
History/Archeology
19.12.2014
Public mourning: a brief history
By Hilda Maclean The sea of flowers and messages of condolence in Sydney's Martin Place is reminiscent of public mourning in the Victorian era.
Medicine/Pharmacology
19.12.2014
Dad's melanoma leads to Masters for young doctor
Dad’s melanoma leads to Masters for young doctor
Dr Carly Fox realised a lifelong dream when she graduated with a Bachelor of Medicine in 2008. However, when her father was diagnosed with melanoma at the age of 46 and died within a year, her career path took a detour.
Veterinary Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
19.12.2014
Study of Religions - Administration/Government
19.12.2014
The Tunisian Presidential Election: Five Questions with Professor Alfred Stepan
Alfred Stepan has been called the democracy whisperer. As the Wallace Sayre Professor of Government, he's been watching, advising and studying government and democracy for over 40 years.
Event - Medicine/Pharmacology
19.12.2014
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
18.12.2014
Origin of high-latitude auroras revealed
18 December 2014 Auroras are the most visible manifestation of the Sun's effect on Earth, but many aspects of these spectacular displays are still poorly understood. Thanks to ESA's Cluster and NASA's Image satellites working together, a particular type of very high-latitude aurora has now been explained.
Social Sciences
18.12.2014
Festive tastes have changed but Christmas is still a cracker
Some of Britain's traditional Christmas favourites are losing their appeal, a new study of spoken English has revealed. Long-standing festive treats, such as sherry and brandy, are declining in popularity, according to the research by a joint team from Lancaster University and Cambridge University Press.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
18.12.2014
Bristol ranked among top ten UK universities for research
18 December 2014 The Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014 has ranked Bristol among the UK's top research universities.
Agronomy/Food Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
18.12.2014
Breastfeeding past two months helps babies avoid obesity
Infants at risk for childhood and adult obesity have a better chance of not becoming overweight if breastfeeding continues beyond two months, nutritional scientists at Cornell have discovered.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
18.12.2014
New horizons for self-assembling materials
Today's 3-D printers, in which devices rather like inkjet-printer nozzles deposit materials in layers to build up physical objects, are a great tool for designers building prototypes or small companies with limited product runs.
History/Archeology - Social Sciences
18.12.2014
Research among best in world
The University of Birmingham's arts and humanities researchers have been ranked among the best in the world in a UK-wide research quality survey released today.
Life Sciences - Mathematics
18.12.2014
In one aspect of vision, computers catch up to primate brain
For decades, neuroscientists have been trying to design computer networks that can mimic visual skills such as recognizing objects, which the human brain does very accurately and quickly. Until now, no computer model has been able to match the primate brain at visual object recognition during a brief glance.
Astronomy
18.12.2014
Christmas wrapping
ESA Space in Images Title Sentinel-3A antenna covered Released 18/12/2014 2:26 pm Copyright ESA-Anneke Le Floc'h Description The moment a team of technicians, go
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
18.12.2014
Flying over Becquerel
18 December 2014 This latest release from the camera on ESA's Mars Express is a simulated flight over the Becquerel crater, showing large-scale deposits of sedimentary material.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
18.12.2014
Season’s greetings
ESA Space in Images Title Multicoloured view of supernova remnant Released 22/12/2014 10:00 am Copyright ESA/XMM-Newton & NASA/Chandra (X-ray); NASA/WISE/Spitzer (Inf
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Computer Science/Telecom
18.12.2014
Radhika Nagpal, expert on swarm robotics, celebrated among "Nature's 10"
Cambridge/Boston, Mass. December 18, 2014 - Radhika Nagpal, the Harvard computer scientist whose self-organizing swarm robotics are today's state of the art in collective artificial intelligence, has been named among Nature 's 10 , the ten scientists and engineers who "made a difference" in 2014.
Study of Religions - Social Sciences
18.12.2014
Religious Studies at Lancaster ranked top in UK for research impact
Research in Religious Studies at Lancaster University has been ranked as having the biggest impact on culture and society in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF).
Environmental Sciences - Astronomy
18.12.2014
Salinity matters
18 December 2014 Measurements of salt held in surface seawater are becoming ever-more important for us to understand ocean circulation and Earth's water cycle. ESA's SMOS mission is proving essential to the quest. The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity satellite, SMOS, is monitoring changes in the amount of water held in the surface layers of soil and concentrations of salt in the top layer of seawater - both of which are a consequence of the continuous exchange of water between the oceans, the atmosphere and the land.
Computer Science/Telecom - Physics/Materials Science
18.12.2014
Multiferroic heroics put instant-on computing in sight
Multiferroic heroics put instant-on computing in sight
To encode data, today's computer memory technology uses electric currents - a major limiting factor for reliability and shrinkability, and the source of significant power consumption.
Event - Astronomy
18.12.2014
Preparing for an asteroid strike
18 December 2014 ESA and national disaster response offices recently rehearsed how to react if a threatening space rock is ever discovered to be on a collision course with Earth.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
18.12.2014
First of new generation of cancer drugs granted European approval
A new drug for ovarian cancer, developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge and AstraZeneca, has today become the first of new class of drugs, known as PARP-inhibitors, to be granted approval anywhere in the world.
Administration/Government
18.12.2014
’On the first day of Christmas my true love gave to me, a 3D printed Penguin family’
Could Santa be 3D printing your presents next year? Potentially - academics from the University of Birmingham have created a festive family of penguins using 3D laser printers.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
18.12.2014
Penn and UGA Awarded $23.4 Million Contract for Pathogen Genomics Database
At the turn of the millennium, the cost to sequence a single human genome exceeded $50 million, and the process took a decade to complete.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
18.12.2014
Tailor-made cancer treatments? New cell culture technique paves the way
ANN ARBOR-In a development that could lead to a deeper understanding of cancer and better early-stage treatment of the disease, University of Michigan researchers have devised a reliable way to grow a certain type of cancer cells from patients outside the body for study. The new technique is more than three times as effective as previous methods.
Pedagogy/Education Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
18.12.2014
Helping parents understand infant sleep patterns
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Most parents are not surprised by the irregularity of a newborn infant's sleep patterns, but by six months or so many parents wonder if something is wrong with their baby or their sleeping arrangements if the baby is not sleeping through the night. Healthcare providers, specifically nurse practitioners, can help parents understand what "normal" sleep patterns are for their child, according to researchers.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering
18.12.2014
Creating the fastest outdoor wireless Internet connection in the world
Lancaster University engineers are to head up a European team working on the world's first W-band wireless system, heralding the arrival of cost effective, high speed internet everywhere, every time.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
18.12.2014
Unique forest experiment given the green light
A major new decade-long experiment to study the impact of climate and environmental change on woodlands took a step closer to reality this week as planning permission was granted by Stafford Borough Council to the University of Birmingham. The Birmingham Institute of Forest Research (BIFoR) field facility, which has been made possible thanks to a transformational £15 million donation to the University, will be created in Mill Haft Wood in Norbury, Staffordshire.
Chemistry - Administration/Government
18.12.2014
Oxford ranked first for research
The official UK-wide assessment of all university research, the Research Excellence Framework, found that Oxford has the largest volume of world-leading research in the country.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
18.12.2014
Rolling lab tracks methane to its source
Zach Barkley, then a research assistant, attaches a GPS device and an intake tube to the roof of the research team's car before heading out on the rural roads of Pennsylvania.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
18.12.2014
REF 2014 confirms Sheffield as a world-leading university
REF 2014 confirms Sheffield as a world-leading university
The University of Sheffield has confirmed its place as a world-leading university with an international reputation for research excellence across a wide range of disciplines following the results of the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF), published today.
Environmental Sciences - Chemistry
18.12.2014
Finding innovative solutions for reducing CO2 emissions
Finding innovative solutions for reducing CO2 emissions
Today, the company Gaznat SA and EPFL signed an agreement for the creation of two new research chairs. The first one will study ways to seize carbon dioxide (CO2) at its production source and increase its value through its derivatives. The second will be devoted to underground CO2 storage and geo-energy.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
18.12.2014
Electron spin could be the key to high-temperature superconductivity
Electron spin could be the key to high-temperature superconductivity
EPFL scientists take a significant step in our understanding of superconductivity by studying the strange quantum events in a unique superconducting material. Cuprates are materials with great promise for achieving superconductivity at higher temperatures (-120 o C). This could mean low-cost electricity without energy loss.
Administration/Government - Medicine/Pharmacology
18.12.2014
Research and impact power
A new assessment of higher education institutions, based on the strength of their research, positions Leeds as one of the top UK universities for research and impact power.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
18.12.2014
King's confirmed as world-leading research university
The results of the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF), announced today (18 December 2014), have confirmed King's College London as a world-leading research university.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
18.12.2014
UCL rated top UK university by research strength in the REF2014
UCL rated top UK university by research strength in the REF2014
UCL is the top-rated university in the UK for research strength in the new Research Excellence Framework 2014 published today, by a measure of average research score multiplied by staff numbers sub
Administration/Government - Medicine/Pharmacology
18.12.2014
World-class research recognised at The University of Nottingham
The University of Nottingham is a leading international institution carrying out world-class research, according to the Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
18.12.2014
Research ranked in UK top 10
The University of Liverpool's research power has been ranked 20 th in the UK's Research Excellence Framework (REF), with six subjects in the top 10.  81% of the University's research is ranked in
Medicine/Pharmacology - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
18.12.2014
Imperial has UK's greatest research impact, finds REF 2014
Imperial has UK’s greatest research impact, finds REF 2014
Imperial has the greatest concentration of high impact research of any major UK university, according to the Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014.
Literature/Linguistics
18.12.2014
Welsh and modern languages research number one in UK for impact
Cardiff's commitment to advancing language research has been recognised for its outstanding quality and has achieved top marks for its impact in the Research Excellence Framework (REF), a national exercise that assesses the quality of research in UK higher education institutions.
Administration/Government
18.12.2014
Cardiff in top five for research excellence
The quality and impact of Cardiff's research has led to a meteoric rise in league tables, pushing it into the UK's top 5 universities.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
18.12.2014
Research Excellence Framework confirms Cambridge’s global strength and depth in research
Almost nine out of ten (87%) University of Cambridge submissions for the UK's Research Excellence Framework (REF) have been rated as 'world leading' or 'internationally excellent', demonstrating the institution's strength in research, figures released today show.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
18.12.2014
Medicine/Pharmacology - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
18.12.2014
REF Confirms Birmingham’s Position Amongst Top Research Universities
More than 81 per cent of all research carried out by the University of Birmingham is rated as internationally excellent (3*) or world leading (4*) according to a UK-wide research quality survey published today (Thursday 18 December). The results of the Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014 also show that 87 per cent of the University of Birmingham's research activity has a global impact, confirming its position among the world's top universities for research in a broad range of areas from History and Education to Chemical Engineering and Psychology.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
18.12.2014
Out of the lab, into the world
Who says you have to choose one passion? For MIT senior Anisha Gururaj, each of her varied interests - such as Indian classical dance and music, engineering medical devices, and education - is one
Administration/Government - Environmental Sciences
18.12.2014
The Great Barrier Reef should not be listed as 'in danger'
The Great Barrier Reef should not be listed as ’in danger’
By Ove Hoegh-Guldberg and Justine Bell . The Australian government has stepped up its campaign this month to prevent the Great Barrier Reef being listed as a World Heritage site “in danger” at international meetings next year.
Earth Sciences
18.12.2014
Fighting fire with science
Fighting fire with science
Queensland Fire and Emergency Services (QFES), The University of Queensland and the Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) are undertaking an Australian-first research project to study bushfires in an effort to better protect lives and property.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
17.12.2014
Helping seriously ill children, families cope with the unfathomable
Ann Johansson/U Magazine UCLA social worker Gina Korfeind, a member of the Children's Pain and Comfort Care team based at Mattel Children's Hospital, and some of the families the team has helped get through the trauma of losing a child or sibling.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
17.12.2014
Bringing new VIEWS to aerospace technologies - Nottingham secures £1.2m research contract
The University of Nottingham is working on a major project which will bring new wing design, manufacturing and assembly technologies to market.
Literature/Linguistics - History/Archeology
17.12.2014
Stanford scholar spotlights Catalan journalist
Stanford scholar spotlights Catalan journalist
A ban on the Catalan language left the voluminous works of Spanish writer and journalist Josep Pla unrecognized for decades, but Stanford Professor Joan Ramon Resina is resurrecting Pla's reputation.
Business/Economics - Medicine/Pharmacology
17.12.2014
Veteran employment falls as disability enrollment climbs, Stanford study shows
Veteran employment falls as disability enrollment climbs, Stanford study shows
Research by Stanford economist Mark Duggan shows that the significant rise in disability coverage for veterans may be hurting them in making employment gains. He suggests possible reforms, such as time limits for applying, more frequent medical reviews and building job skills among veterans. U.S. military veterans are more likely to file for disability compensation and less likely to find employment than ever before, according to a Stanford economist.
History/Archeology - Literature/Linguistics
17.12.2014
Stanford freshmen create medieval-inspired artifacts for the 21st century
Students in SIMILE, an intensive year-long humanities program with a focus on the history of science, put hand-made ink to hand-made paper to recreate the ancient manuscript process.
Business/Economics - Computer Science/Telecom
17.12.2014
Big data may be fashion industry's next must-have accessory
Layout of the network is created by using ForceAtlas algorithm, where the edge weights influence how the nodes spread out. Sizes of nodes are proportional to the level of influence. The dispersed nodes around the network are designers without any influence links going in nor going out. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa.
Administration/Government
17.12.2014
Help still needed for Peruvian quest for justice
17 December 2014 A University of Bristol project which aims to connect the voices of people affected by forced sterilisations in Peru with listeners around the world has almost succeeded in raising the £20,000 needed to develop and expand its work.
Business/Economics - Administration/Government
17.12.2014
Financial exclusion of private tenants persists and needs addressing
17 December 2014 Eight per cent of tenants living in privately rented accommodation are 'financially excluded', meaning they don't have access to banking services due to low income, according to a new report.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Physics/Materials Science
17.12.2014
Switching to Spintronics
Switching to Spintronics
In a development that holds promise for future magnetic memory and logic devices, researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and Cornell University successfully used an electric field to reverse the magnetization direction in a multiferroic spintronic device at room temperature.
Environmental Sciences - Social Sciences
17.12.2014
Climate issues must be on the agenda
Man made emissions of climate threatening greenhouse gases are changing our living conditions around the globe. Martin Hultman, Technology and Environmental Historian, Umeå University and Jonas Anshelm researcher at the Department of Technology and Social Change, Linköping University, are the author's behind a new book: Discourses of Global Climate Change.
Social Sciences - Administration/Government
17.12.2014
Crime Lab New York will help promote evidence-based policies to prevent crime, violence
Leading researchers will provide policymakers in New York City with rigorous, objective, scientific evidence to help reduce crime, violence and the toll taken by aspects of the criminal justice system.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
17.12.2014
New PG studentship and improvements in animal welfare for stroke research
Stroke is the third leading cause of death and the leading cause of adult disability in the UK. It is vital that new drug therapies and rehabilitative strategies are developed for this devastating disease.
Earth Sciences
17.12.2014
North Atlantic signalled Ice Age thaw 1,000 years before it happened
North Atlantic signalled Ice Age thaw 1,000 years before it happened
The Atlantic Ocean at mid-depths may have given out early warning signals, 1,000 years in advance, that the last Ice Age was going to end. Scientists had previously known that at the end of the last Ice Age, around 14,700 years ago, major changes occurred to the Atlantic Ocean in a period known as the Bolling-Allerod interval.
Astronomy
17.12.2014
FACULTY HONOR: Spergel named one of Nature's 10 in 2014
FACULTY HONOR: Spergel named one of Nature's 10 in 2014 Posted December 17, 2014; 01:00 p.m. Princeton University's David Spergel , the Charles A. Young Professor of As
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
17.12.2014
Healthy brain development balanced on edge of a cellular 'sword'
Healthy brain development balanced on edge of a cellular ’sword’
A new Yale-led study of children with neurodevelopmental abnormalities of the brain identifies a "cutting" enzyme crucial to the shaping and division of brain cells as well as the replenishment of neural stem cells. The study, appearing online Dec. 17 in the journal Neuron, helps explain the molecular basis of complex brain abnormalities, including small brain size (microcephaly) observed in children who were suffering from a wide variety of clinical problems, ranging from severe cognitive deficits to autism spectrum disorders.
Physics/Materials Science
17.12.2014
’Enhancing life’ focus of new Divinity School project
The University of Chicago Divinity School has launched a two-year, interdisciplinary project aimed at understanding what it means to enhance life and how the human aspiration for a better life can be fulfilled.
Social Sciences
17.12.2014
Festive tastes have changed but Christmas is still a cracker
Some of Britain's traditional Christmas favourites are losing their appeal, a new study of spoken English has revealed. This analysis presents an interesting insight into how our use of language has changed over time Claire Dembry Long-standing festive treats, such as sherry and brandy, are declining in popularity, according to the research by a joint team from Cambridge University Press and Lancaster University.
Law/Forensics
17.12.2014
U-M expert on the UN Arms Trade Treaty
Susan Waltz, professor at the University of Michigan's Ford School of Public Policy, is available to speak with journalists about the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty, which takes effect Dec.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
17.12.2014
Road test for methane
Research associate Zach Barkley attaches a GPS device and an intake tube to the roof of the research team's car before heading out on the rural roads of Pennsylvania.
Chemistry
17.12.2014
New class of synthetic molecules mimics antibodies
New class of synthetic molecules mimics antibodies
A Yale University lab has crafted the first synthetic molecules that have both the targeting and response functions of antibodies.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering
17.12.2014
Record Investment in EPFL Start-ups
Record Investment in EPFL Start-ups
EPFL start-ups have raised private capital exceeding 220 million Swiss francs in 2014, which is twice the amount of the previous year.
Medicine/Pharmacology
17.12.2014
New Zealand's WWI veterans had higher risk of early death
New research on the impact of the First World War on participating New Zealand soldiers shows they typically lost around eight years of life and had an increased risk of early death in the post-war period, according to a study published in the British Medical Journal .
Arts and Design - Literature/Linguistics
17.12.2014
Earliest known piece of polyphonic music discovered
New research has uncovered the earliest known practical piece of polyphonic music, an example of the principles that laid the foundations of European musical tradition. Typically, polyphonic music is seen as having developed from a set of fixed rules and almost mechanical practice. This changes how we understand that development precisely because whoever wrote it was breaking those rules.
Business/Economics
17.12.2014
Life in better light
Over the years, EGG Energy, co-founded by MIT and Harvard University engineering and business students, has garnered public praise as the "Netflix of electricity" for rural Tanzania.
Medicine/Pharmacology
17.12.2014
3Q: Hacking Ebola health care
Bryan Ranger, a third-year doctoral student in the Harvard-MIT Health Sciences and Technology program, was the student lead for MIT's participation in the weekend event Stop Ebola Hackathon (Dec.
Astronomy - Environmental Sciences
17.12.2014
Life on an aquaplanet
Nearly 2,000 planets beyond our solar system have been identified to date. Whether any of these exoplanets are hospitable to life depends on a number of criteria. Among these, scientists have thought, is a planet's obliquity - the angle of its axis relative to its orbit around a star. Earth, for instance, has a relatively low obliquity, rotating around an axis that is nearly perpendicular to the plane of its orbit around the sun.
Life Sciences - Event
17.12.2014
Environmental Sciences - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
17.12.2014
Life Sciences - Chemistry
17.12.2014
Beer quality is no froth and bubble
A team of UQ scientists has been tasked with prescribing the unique molecular signature of Queensland's famous XXXX beer.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
17.12.2014
Clean energy goals could be thwarted by skills and resources shortage
Researchers at The University of Queensland believe it might not be possible to build enough low-carbon and renewable power stations to limit global warming to two degrees Celsius – even if there was a global consensus to do so.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
16.12.2014
Venus Express goes gently into the night
16 December 2014 ESA's Venus Express has ended its eight-year mission after far exceeding its planned life.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
16.12.2014
Scientists get $1.6M to study infectious farm diseases
A team of researchers, led by Cornell scientists, will explore basic research questions and real-world issues surrounding the transmission of two important agricultural diseases, bovine tuberculosis and Johne's disease, thanks to a federal grant.
Environmental Sciences
16.12.2014
Stanford’s conservation efforts yield water savings
As a result of extensive water conservation measures, Stanford University saw a 4.5 percent reduction in domestic water use and an 18 percent reduction in lake water use from last year.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
16.12.2014
Big data in biosciences and health care is focus of new UCLA research center
Institute for Quantitative and Computational Biosciences will advance basic and applied biomedical sciences Stuart Wolpert Reed Hutchinson/UCLA Alexander Hoffmann and his colleagues will collaborate with mathematicians to make sense of a tsunami of biological data.
Media Sciences/Political Sciences - Social Sciences
16.12.2014
How information moves between cultures
By analyzing data on multilingual Twitter users and Wikipedia editors and on 30 years' worth of book translations in 150 countries, researchers at MIT, Harvard University, Northeastern University, an
Psychology
16.12.2014
Comment: How mindfulness could give you the gift of a calmer Christmas
Anna Leyland, a PhD student at the University of Sheffield, writes about the benefits of mindfulness during the festive period.
History/Archeology
16.12.2014
Beyond the Classroom
Anna Larsson, Associate Professor of the History of Science and Ideas and Björn Norlin, researcher in History, both at the Department of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies, Umea University are editors of a new book: "Beyond the Classroom: Studies on Pupils and Informal Schooling Processes in Modern Europe".
Medicine/Pharmacology - Mathematics
16.12.2014
Network will spark new IDEAS in drug development
A new £2.7 million international training network project, led by a team at Lancaster University, will develop a generation of medical statisticians dedicated to achieving early stage drug development success. The four-year research and training initiative, which has attracted funding from the European Union, is due to get underway next year.
Physics/Materials Science - Environmental Sciences
16.12.2014
Lighter planes are the future
A global fleet of composite planes could reduce carbon emissions by up to 15 per cent, but the lighter planes alone will not enable the aviation industry to meet its emissions targets, according to new research.
Astronomy
16.12.2014
Follow the light
ESA Space in Images Title Pretty lines of light Released 16/12/2014 1:51 pm Copyright ESA/NASA Description This image was taken by ESA astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti from the Internatioanal Space Station.
Astronomy
16.12.2014
Bright lights: big cities at night
16 December 2014 As the days grow shorter and the temperatures drop in Europe, test your geography skills in the warmth of your home - while helping scientists to pinpoint light pollution.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
16.12.2014
University’s sponsored research funding advances groundbreaking innovation, scholarship
The University of Chicago received $451 million in sponsored research funding in fiscal year 2014, a slight increase from the previous year's figure of $449.8 million.
Computer Science/Telecom
16.12.2014
Stanford to host 100-year study on artificial intelligence
Stanford to host 100-year study on artificial intelligence
Stanford University will lead a 100-year effort to study the long-term implications of artificial intelligence in all aspects of life.
Social Sciences - Study of Religions
16.12.2014
Spirituality shaped through culture, according to Stanford anthropologist
Buddhism, symbolized by this reclining Buddha in Wat Phra That Hariphunchai temple, Thailand, inspires a different set of spiritual experiences than evangelical Christianity, according to Stanford anthropology Professor Tanya Luhrmann. (Jedsada Kiatpornmongkol / Shutterstock ) Stanford anthropologist Tanya Luhrmann finds that social, bodily and cultural contexts shape and give meaning to spiritual experiences.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
16.12.2014
Study identifies prevalence of rickets among 16th century sailors
16 December 2014 The bones of sailors who sailed on Henry VIII's Mary Rose ship have been analysed with the help of new laser technology to identify evidence of bone disease.
Medicine/Pharmacology
16.12.2014
Yale's play2PREVENT Lab acquires Tunnel Tail to prevent teen substance abuse
Yale’s play2PREVENT Lab acquires Tunnel Tail to prevent teen substance abuse
The Yale play2PREVENT Lab, which uses video games to address risky behavior among young people, has acquired Tunnel Tail(TM), an interactive video game that focuses on substance abuse prevention in teens.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
16.12.2014
U-M professors elected to National Academy of Inventors
Greta Guest, University of Michigan, 734-936-7821, gguest [a] umich (p) edu or Keara Leach, National Academy of Inventors, 813-974-5862, kleach [a] academyofinventors (p) org ANN ARBOR-Three University of Michigan researchers have been named fellows of the National Academy of Inventors.
Computer Science/Telecom - Administration/Government
16.12.2014
New position with focus on Database Systems
Umeå University is investing in research and expertise in the area of database systems as part of the establishment of an infrastructure for federated research databases, meeting in particular the privacy and security needs for sensitive data.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
16.12.2014
Main reason for lifespan variability between races not cause of death
Taken all together, differences in causes of death account for only about 13 percent of the difference in lifespan variability between blacks and whites, but about an 87 percent overall difference persists. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Eliminating health disparities between races is a goal of many groups and organizations, but a team of sociologists suggests that finding the reasons for the differences in the timing of black and white deaths may be trickier than once thought.
Administration/Government
16.12.2014
Depression in dementia more common in community care, study finds
Undergraduate Undergraduate Courses Undergraduate Teaching and learning Expanding your study (undergraduate) After you graduate (undergraduate) Download a prospectus (undergraduate
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
16.12.2014
Most carbon-dense ecosystem in Amazonia mapped for first time
The highest concentration of carbon in parts of Amazonia is not stored in trees, but below the ground as peat, according to new University of Leeds research. Mapping and quantifying carbon stored in the largest area of peatland forest in Amazonia, a geological basin almost the size of England, the researchers estimated that more than three billion tonnes of carbon is stored within this ecosystem.
Administration/Government - Astronomy
16.12.2014
Cost of cloud brightening for cooler planet revealed
Undergraduate Undergraduate Courses Undergraduate Teaching and learning Expanding your study (undergraduate) After you graduate (undergraduate) Download a prospectus (undergraduat
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
16.12.2014
Thinking outside the box
Natural habitats are changing at ever-faster rates. Can wildlife cope? And what can humans learn from their responses? A range of research projects at Glasgow examining wildlife in country and city environments is helping to uncover answers. On the wooded banks of Loch Lomond at the University's Scottish Centre for Ecology & the Natural Environment (SCENE), scientists are studying wild birds under natural conditions.
Business/Economics
16.12.2014
The lost art of risk management
Dr Mukesh Kumar from the Centre for International Manufacturing suggests that multinational manufacturers are taking unnecessary risks with their industrial investments - and he offers a solution.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Chemistry
16.12.2014
Novartis gains FDA approval for Signifor LAR to treat patients with acromegaly, a rare and life-threatening hormonal disorder
Novartis Global select country select business Acromegaly is an endocrine disorder caused by elevated growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels
Medicine/Pharmacology
16.12.2014
Feeling younger than actual age meant lower death rate for older people
A UCL study published in JAMA Internal Medicine found that older people who felt three or more years younger than their chronological age had a lower death rate compared with those who felt their age or who felt more than one year older than their actual age.
Medicine/Pharmacology
16.12.2014
Becoming an Expert: Making cities bettter places to grow old in
PhD student, Sara Ronzi Sara Ronzi, a PhD student in the Department of Public Health and Policy , is exploring aspects of how to make cities better places to grow old in.
Business/Economics - Careers/Employment
16.12.2014
The Big Debate: The Modern Slavery Bill
There are concerns that the new Bill will have little impact on the causes of exploitation There is much debate in the UK about the best way to tackle human trafficking and forced labour, particu
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
16.12.2014
In a body that rebels, the search for a delicate balance
When Elliot Akama-Garren was in high school and tried to envision his future, his path was by no means clear to him.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
16.12.2014
Fuzzy reasoning by patients may lead to antibiotic resistance
When the doctor says, "I could prescribe antibiotics for your sniffles, but it's probably a virus - not bacterial," do you decline? Many patients expect antibiotics, although overprescription is a major factor driving one of the biggest public health concerns today: antibiotic resistance.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
15.12.2014
Virus causing mass Cape Cod duck die-offs identified
Virus causing mass Cape Cod duck die-offs identified
Since 1998, hundreds and sometimes thousands of dead eider ducks have been washing up every year on Cape Cod's beaches in late summer or early fall, but the reasons behind these cyclic die-offs have remained a mystery.
Mathematics - Environmental Sciences
15.12.2014
A sustainable society? £1m to do the sums
PA 319/14 The problems of food shortages, water scarcity and insufficient clean energy threaten to intensify as the global population grows.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Computer Science/Telecom
15.12.2014
Team combines logic, memory to build a ’high-rise’ chip
Stanford researchers are building layers of logic and memory into skyscraper chips that are smaller, faster, cheaper – and taller.
Chemistry - Environmental Sciences
15.12.2014
Imaging the chemistry of the global atmosphere
2014 - With an airborne, globe-spanning study of the Earth's atmosphere, a Harvard-led team hopes to establish how air pollution from human activities reacts with greenhouse gases. The findings will develop the scientific foundation for near-term strategies to mitigate climate change. The Atmospheric Tomography (ATom) project, led by Steven Wofsy , Abbott Lawrence Rotch Professor of Atmospheric and Environmental Science at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), is part of NASA's Earth Venture suborbital investigations program.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
15.12.2014
Receptor may be key to treating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
"Some patients with NAFLD can develop a range of health problems, such as steatohepatitis, fibrosis and cirrhosis that, if it gets this far, may require a liver transplant," said Andrew Patterson, assistant professor of molecular toxicology, Penn State.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
15.12.2014
Young adults often neglected in policies and programs that could help them
Young adults between the ages 18 to 26 are in need of better support and programs to help them be fully productive members of society, according to a report from the Institute of Medicine.
Computer Science/Telecom - Mathematics
15.12.2014
Coding, in the key of C (and Python)
Shoulder to shoulder in the Northwest Labs, students gathered around laptops-200 at a time-at the CS 50 Fair on December 8.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
15.12.2014
Scientists observe the Earth grow a new layer under an Icelandic volcano
New research into an Icelandic eruption has shed light on how the Earth's crust forms, according to a paper published today in Nature. When the Bárðarbunga volcano, which is buried beneath Iceland’s Vatnajökull ice cap, reawakened in August 2014, scientists had a rare opportunity to monitor how the magma flowed through cracks in the rock away from the volcano.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Earth Sciences
15.12.2014
Back to the Future with Roman Architectural Concrete
Back to the Future with Roman Architectural Concrete
No visit to Rome is complete without a visit to the Pantheon, Trajan's Markets, the Colosseum, or the other spectacular examples of ancient Roman concrete monuments that have stood the test of time and the elements for nearly two thousand years. A key discovery to understanding the longevity and endurance of Roman architectural concrete has been made by an international and interdisciplinary collaboration of researchers using beams of X-rays at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab).
Astronomy
15.12.2014
Magnetic paint
ESA Space in Images Title The magnetic field along the Galactic plane Released 15/12/2014 12:00 pm Copyright ESA/Planck Collaboration.
Physics/Materials Science
15.12.2014
Research in the News: Yale joins the Mu2e physics collaboration
Research in the News: Yale joins the Mu2e physics collaboration
A research team led by Yale physicist Sarah Demers has been accepted into an international collaboration to push the known boundaries of physics.
Environmental Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
15.12.2014
Carbon-trapping 'sponges' can cut greenhouse gases
Carbon-trapping 'sponges' can cut greenhouse gases
In the fight against global warming, carbon capture - chemically trapping carbon dioxide before it releases into the atmosphere - is gaining momentum, but standard methods are plagued by toxicity, corrosiveness and inefficiency. Using a bag of chemistry tricks, Cornell materials scientists have invented low-toxicity, highly effective carbon-trapping "sponges" that could lead to increased use of the technology.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
15.12.2014
Engineers use liquid drops to make solids stiffer
Engineers use liquid drops to make solids stiffer
Engineers at Yale University have discovered that the stiffness of liquid drops embedded in solids has something in common with Goldilocks: While large drops of liquids are softer than the solid that surrounds them, extremely tiny drops of liquid can actually be stiffer than certain solids.
History/Archeology - Literature/Linguistics
15.12.2014
Research sheds light on the history of the Christmas pantomime
Research sheds light on the history of the Christmas pantomime
A Lancaster historian has undertaken a definitive study of one of England's most popular theatrical forms.
History/Archeology
15.12.2014
The family archive
  Many families own some sort of 'family archive'; documents, photographs, heirlooms, scrapbooks, recipes and a whole range of other items that reveal insights into past generations and preserve family stories for future ones. Now, a new research project led by Dr Vicky Crewe of the School of History, Archaeology and Religion will explore how these archives help mould a sense of family identity.
Life Sciences - Chemistry
15.12.2014
Squid supplies blueprint for printable thermoplastics
The researchers used recombinant techniques to manufacture the small, synthetic SRT molecule used to produce eco-friendly thermoplastics. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Squid, what is it good for? You can eat it and you can make ink or dye from it, and now a Penn State team of researchers is using it to make a thermoplastic that can be used in 3-D printing.
Environmental Sciences - Business/Economics
15.12.2014
Local Market Conditions and Policies Strongly Influence Solar PV Pricing
Berkeley, CA - Differences in local market conditions and policies, and other factors, particularly the size of the system, can lead to wide disparities in what consumers across the United States pay to install solar energy systems on their homes or small businesses, according to a recent study published by the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab).
Physics/Materials Science
15.12.2014
PPPL and USDA engineers receive a patent for pasteurizing eggs in the shell
PPPL and USDA engineers receive a patent for pasteurizing eggs in the shell
PPPL and USDA engineers receive a patent for pasteurizing eggs in the shell Posted December 15, 2014; 12:00 p.m. by John Greenwald, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory The U.S&po
Life Sciences
15.12.2014
Show us how you play and it may tell us who you are
The way in which toys are handled and combined with one another during object play can tell use a lot about the cognitive underpinnings of the actors.
Physics/Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
15.12.2014
Insect flight obeys aerodynamic rules, Cornell physicist proves
MINNEAPOLIS - A computer simulation of rapidly oscillating wings and the complex motions of fluids has proved that insect flight conforms to the physical principles of aerodynamics. The computer-modeling accomplishment - which is expected to aid the future design of tiny insect-like flying machines and should dispel the longstanding myth that "bumblebees cannot fly, according to conventional aerodynamics" - was announced by Cornell University physicist Z. Jane Wang today (March 20) at the Minneapolis meeting of the American Physical Society (APS).
Medicine/Pharmacology
15.12.2014
War metaphors for cancer hurt certain prevention behaviors
ANN ARBOR-It's not unusual for people to use war metaphors such as "fight" and "battle" when trying to motivate patients with cancer.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Physics/Materials Science
15.12.2014
New findings could point the way to "valleytronics"
New findings from a team at MIT and other institutions could provide a pathway toward a kind of two-dimensional microchip that would make use of a characteristic of electrons other than their electrical charge, as in conventional electronics. The new approach is dubbed "valleytronics," because it makes use of properties of an electron that can be depicted as a pair of deep valleys on a graph of their traits.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
15.12.2014
Researchers detect possible signal from dark matter
EPFL scientists have picked up an atypical photon emission in X-rays coming from space, and say it could be evidence for the existence of a particle of dark matter. If confirmed, it could open up new perspectives in cosmology. Could there finally be tangible evidence for the existence of dark matter in the Universe? After sifting through reams of X-ray data, scientists in EPFL's Laboratory of Particle Physics and Cosmology (LPPC) and Leiden University believe they could have identified the signal of a particle of dark matter.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
15.12.2014
Shortcut to protein portraits
Shortcut to protein portraits
Public & Media Explore the world of PSI Scientists & Users For the scientific community Industry & the Economy Transfer and collaboration opportunities Media Releases Research Using Synchrotron Light Biology All living organisms, from bacteria to humans, rely on proteins to perform their vital functions.
Pedagogy/Education Science
15.12.2014
Literature/Linguistics
15.12.2014
Cancer won't keep Graham from Creative Arts
Cancer won’t keep Graham from Creative Arts
A diagnosis of a rare cancer was not enough to stop University of Queensland valedictorian Graham Akhurst achieving his dream of becoming a writer.
Veterinary Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.12.2014
Veterinary hospital in Connecticut earns Level 1 certification
Cornell University Veterinary Specialists (CUVS) in Stamford, Connecticut, has received Level I certification from the Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society (VECCS), distinguishing CUVS as a facility at the highest level of veterinary trauma, emergency and critical care.
Arts and Design
15.12.2014
Seams, dreams: the hands behind classic Hollywood costumes
By Huw Walmsley-Evans , The University of Queensland and Nadia Buick , State Library of Queensland This article was originally published on The Conversation.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
12.12.2014
FDA approves drug that extends survival in the most common type of lung cancer
Drug offers new hope for people with lung cancer who often have few treatment options, says UCLA's Edward Garon Peter Bracke The Food and Drug Administration today approved a new drug to treat non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), offering people new hope in fighting the disease. Lung cancer is expected to lead to more than 150,000 deaths in the United States this year alone, and NSCLC accounts for about 85 percent of all lung cancers.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
12.12.2014
Piotr Matyba appointed Gunnar Öquist Fellow
Physicist Piotr Matyba, Umeå University, is appointed Gunnar Öquist Fellow by the Kempe Foundations.
Astronomy
12.12.2014
ESA and Omega: a watch for astronauts
12 December 2014 Swiss watchmaker Omega has announced a new version of its historic space watch, tested and qualified with ESA's help and drawing on an invention of ESA astronaut Jean-François Clervoy.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
12.12.2014
Researchers Tame the Inflammatory Response in Kidney Dialysis
Researchers Tame the Inflammatory Response in Kidney Dialysis
Frequent kidney dialysis is essential for the approximately 350,000 end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients in the United States. But it can also cause systemic inflammation, leading to complications such as cardiovascular disease and anemia, and patients who rely on the therapy have a five-year survival rate of only 35 percent.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
12.12.2014
Penn Medicine Study: U.S. Workers Sacrifice Sleep for Work Hours and Long Commutes
Penn Medicine Study: U.S. Workers Sacrifice Sleep for Work Hours and Long Commutes
An increasing number of studies show that chronically restricted sleep to less than seven hours per day impairs performance, increases the risk for errors and accidents, and is associated with negative health consequences like obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.
Environmental Sciences
12.12.2014
Comment: Weather bomb: scary new name for common winter storm
Edward Hanna, Professor of Climate Change at the University of Sheffield, explores the scary new name for a common winter storm by Professor Edward Hanna, 12 December 2014, posted on the Conversat
Study of Religions - Social Sciences
12.12.2014
Rejection of American culture rather than US foreign policies shapes Muslim support for attacks on US civilians
Research finds support for attacks on civilians in the United States among people in some Muslim countries is linked to negative views of American culture rather than perceptions of its foreign polic
Computer Science/Telecom - Environmental Sciences
12.12.2014
Crocodile attack project could help save lives in vulnerable communities
Crocodile attack project could help save lives in vulnerable communities
New research into crocodile attacks around the world could help communities better protect themselves from harm.
Physics/Materials Science
12.12.2014
CERN’s Large Hadron Collider gears up for run 2
Geneva, 12 December 2014. CERN announced today at the 174 th session of the CERN Council that the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is gearing up for its second three-year run.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
12.12.2014
Novartis announces results of trial evaluating the use of Afinitor in first-line treatment in HER2+ advanced breast cancer at SABCS
Novartis Global select country select business BOLERO-1 trial explored everolimus in women with HER2+ advanced breast cancer and did not meet criteria for statistical significance
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
12.12.2014
New theory suggests alternate path led to rise of the eukaryotic cell
As a fundamental unit of life, the cell is central to all of biology. Better understanding how complex cells evolved and work promises new revelations in areas as diverse as cancer research and developing new crop plants. But deep thinking on how the eukaryotic cell came to be is astonishingly scant.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
12.12.2014
UCLA ecologists save endangered turtles weakened by the drought
UCLA One of the endangered turtles rescued by La Kretz Center ecologists had a cement-like mineral coating on its head.
Medicine/Pharmacology
12.12.2014
Professor Jonathan Weber named as Imperial College AHSC Director
Professor Jonathan Weber named as Imperial College AHSC Director
Professor Jonathan Weber has been appointed Director of Imperial College Academic Health Science Centre (AHSC).