- Administration - Jul 3 Explainer: The Greek debt crisis and bailout referendum
- Administration - Jul 3 Analysis: The real question being asked of Greek voters in the referendum
- Study of Religions - Jul 3 Researcher helps to develop a pioneering digital prayer project
- Social Sciences - Jul 3 Staff- prisoner relationships are key to managing suicide risk in prison, say researchers
- Literature - Jul 3 Novel Thoughts #8: Amy Milton on Hubert Selby’s Requiem for a Dream
- Physics - Jul 3 Two Institute of Physics medals for Imperial
- Medicine - Jul 3 Shoppers confused by ’traffic light’ food labels, says study
- Life Sciences - Jul 3 Ahoy there! Spiders really can sail across oceans
- Medicine - Jul 3 Gene therapy for cystic fibrosis shows encouraging trial results
- Environmental Sciences - Jul 3 Scientists warn: ocean near tipping point
- Life Sciences - Jul 2 Expert: Editing stem cell genes will “revolutionize” biomedical research
- Life Sciences - Jul 2 Landmark genetic analysis identifies how woolly mammoth adapted to arctic life
- Arts - Jul 2 What makes a good horror movie?
- Life Sciences - Jul 2 Our sense of smell evolved, including in cave men
- Medicine - Jul 2 Why BRCA gene resists cancer treatment
Researchers put the squeeze on citrus disease by developing trees that taste bad to bugs
With Florida’s $9 billion citrus industry threatened by a deadly bacterial disease, Rick Kress ’73 asked scientists at Cornell’s New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva for help. Three years later, the researchers have delivered several genetically engineered orange trees that could provide a long-term solution.
The trees were engineered to provide a natural resistance to the Asian citrus phyllid, the insect responsible for spreading the deadly bacterial disease huanglongbing -- also known as citrus greening because it causes perpetually immature green fruit that tastes bitter, medicinal and sour. First confirmed in Florida in 2005, the disease has spread to all citrus growing counties, and growers face a costly regime of cutting out dying trees and spraying insecticides to reduce the psyllid populations.
Far from the citrus growing climate and the federally quarantined psyllid pest, Cornell scientists turned to a model system instead: tomatoes.
Plant pathology and plant-microbe biology faculty members Kerik Cox and Herb Aldwinckle first identified a handful of naturally occurring insecticides produced by bacteria, fungi and plants known to fend off other types of insects.
Research support specialist Ewa Borejsza-Wysocka and technicians Peggy Abbott and Shirley Kuehne then used genetic engineering to insert candidate genes individually and in groups into tomato plants. They found some transgenic lines were very effective in making the tomato leaves unappealing to tomato psyllid insects and inserted the most promising genes into the Hamlin orange variety.
The diminutive transgenic orange plants await the opportunity to prove themselves against the Asian citrus psyllid on its home turf in Florida while the required permits and approvals are being secured. Aldwinkle said that he hopes to have some results of the trials within a year.
Kress, president of Southern Gardens Citrus Inc., one of the largest citrus growers and processors of not-from-concentrate orange juice in Florida, is in the process of continuing the overall research in Florida through evaluation of disease resistance on a commercial basis. He is optimistic that the work will have tremendous economic benefits. "It would also have a positive environmental impact by reducing insecticide sprays, because in Florida, trying to eliminate the Asian citrus psyllid is as daunting as trying to get rid of mosquitoes," Kress said.
Amanda Garris is a freelance writer in Geneva, N.Y.
Last job offers
- Environmental Sciences - 3.7
PhD candidate (soil science, ecology)
- Life Sciences - 2.7
PhD position in NEUROSCIENCES: Pain Research
- Business/Economics - 2.7
Direktorin / Direktor Hochschule Luzern - Wirtschaft
- Psychology - 2.7
Assistant Professor of Behavioral Medicine (in Psychiatry) at CUMC
- Administration/Government - 1.7
Collaborateur / trice scientifique à 80-100%
- Computer Science/Telecom - 30.6
Studiengangleiter/in Digital Ideation (80-100%)
- Physics/Materials Science - 3.7
Chair of BioPhotonics, Centre for Nanoscale BioPhotonics
- Mathematics - 3.7
Associate Professor in Pure Mathematics
- Event - 29.6
Professur für Event Engineering
- Education/Continuing Education - 8.6
Professur für Industrial Management
- Earth Sciences - 3.7
Professur für Orts-, Regional- und Landesentwicklung / Raumplanung am Institut für Geographie
- Mechanical Engineering - 2.7
- Pedagogy/Education Science - 3.7
Chair in Teaching English for Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL)
- Arts and Design - 3.7
Reader / Professor in Design
- Medicine/Pharmacology - 3.7
- Arts and Design - 3.7
Assistant, Associate, or Full Professor of Directing / Film Production, Fall 2015