science wire

# "Science Wire" gives access to latest science news from research centers and R&D companies.
Category


University of Toronto

Event - Physics/Materials Science
22.07.2014
Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17: examining the evidence
Nearly a week after the Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 was destroyed over Ukraine, questions abound over what exactly happened. Writer Jelena Damjanovic spoke to professors Tracy Rogers and Doug Perovic about the procedures − and the challenges − of gathering scientific evidence and performing analysis to determine the causes of such tragedies.
Arts and Design - Literature/Linguistics
17.07.2014
Rude a #1 Billboard hit for MAGIC! man Mark Pellizzer
For Faculty of Music graduate and MAGIC! guitarist Mark Pellizzer there are no tricks to writing a Billboard #1 hit single – just hard work, an ear for a musical hook, and persistence.
Medicine/Pharmacology
08.07.2014
Researchers create "black box" for use in operating rooms to improve patient care
Associate Professor Teodor Grantcharov and his team of researchers have developed a “black box” for using in operating rooms, similar to that used in the airline industry. Dr. Grantcharov said the goal is to improve patient safety and outcomes by identifying where errors occur in the OR and teaching surgeons how to prevent them.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
08.07.2014
How high do you feel? Research shows it matters
The opportunity to learn about a revolutionary technology that could significantly advance microfluidics research brought scientists from Brazil, England, Taiwan and elsewhere to Aaron Wheeler 's chemistry laboratory recently.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
03.07.2014
Attacking the energy grid: cyber secrets worth stealing inside your home
At a recent gathering of Canada's energy and utilities regulators, delegates voiced their greatest fear: a coordinated physical and cyber-attack on critical infrastructure.
Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
03.07.2014
One third of adults with dyslexia report physical abuse in childhood
Adults who have dyslexia are much more likely to report they were physically abused before they turned 18 than their peers without dyslexia. That was the finding of a new study from researchers at the University of Toronto and the University of North Carolina School of Medicine in Chapel Hill. Researchers found 35 per cent of adults with dyslexia report they were physically abused before they turned 18.
Medicine/Pharmacology
02.07.2014
Helping solve Kenya's retinoblastoma challenge
The potential to solve global health problems is limitless if you identify common goals, focus on mutual benefits and approach problems at a human level.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
26.06.2014
Foreign-trained physicians frustrated at lack of residency positions in higher-income countries
Foreign-trained physicians feel there are not enough residency positions for them in countries such as Canada and the United States and this information was not communicated to them before they emigrated, a new study has found.
Medicine/Pharmacology
26.06.2014
Men and women use mental health services differently
Women with chronic physical illnesses are more likely to use mental health services than men with similar illnesses; they also seek out mental health services six months earlier than those same men, according to new research from medical sociologist Flora Matheson .
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
25.06.2014
Worried your insomnia might cause high blood pressure?
There's good news for the 30 per cent or more of adults who suffer from insomnia – difficulty falling asleep, waking up for prolonged periods during the night or unwanted early morning awakenings. New research from Assistant Professor Nicholas Vozoris , a respirologist at St. Michael's Hospital, has found that insomnia does not put them at increased risk of developing high blood pressure.
Philosophy
18.06.2014
The moral of the story? Spare kids those cautionary tales
A moral story that praises a character's honesty is more effective at getting young children to tell the truth than a story that emphasizes the negative repercussions of lying, says the University of Toronto's Kang Lee , lead author of new research published in Psychological Science. His findings suggest that stories such as The Boy Who Cried Wolf and Pinocchio may not be effective cautionary tales when it comes to inspiring honest behaviour in children.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
14.06.2014
Canola oil cuts bad cholesterol, blood glucose levels
Canola is Canada's oil, and new research from the University of Toronto suggests it should also be one of the oils of choice for people with Type 2 diabetes. Dr. David Jenkins , a professor in the Department of Nutritional Sciences and Department of Medicine, compared people with Type 2 diabetes who ate either a low glycemic index diet that included bread made with canola oil, or a whole wheat diet known to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
09.06.2014
Bringing cheaper, lighter solar cells outdoors
Think those flat, glassy solar panels on your neighbour's roof are the pinnacle of solar technology? Think again.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
06.06.2014
New global institute in Toronto will boost research on life-threatening disease and palliative care
A new institute at University Health Network and the University of Toronto will drive research into a controversial and neglected area of medicine: care for patients with life-threatening or terminal disease.
Medicine/Pharmacology
05.06.2014
Diabetes research: how your doctor is paid affects your care
From 2006 to 2008, nearly 75 per cent of Ontarians with diabetes did not receive all of the tests recommended to properly monitor their disease – and how their doctor was paid was one of the factors determining the care they received.
Law/Forensics - Social Sciences
05.06.2014
Freeing the wrongly imprisoned, helping refugees; Class of 2014 looks back
Most law students leave the Faculty of Law after three years of hard work with lifelong friends, another degree in hand, and a new career to follow.
Medicine/Pharmacology
04.06.2014
100 in 1 Day at U of T
Hundreds of citizens working together to transform their city: that's the goal of 100 in 1 Day – a social movement originating in Bogotá, Colombia, and spreading around the world, as cities including Cape Town, Copenhagen and Montreal host a one-day festival of citizen-driven change.
Agronomy/Food Science - Business/Economics
02.06.2014
What's your hurry? How fast food may fuel impatience
Want to be able to smell the roses? You might consider buying into a neighbourhood where there are more sit-down restaurants than fast-food outlets, suggests a new paper from the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management. The paper looks at how exposure to fast food can push us to be more impatient and that this can undermine our ability to smell the proverbial roses.
Medicine/Pharmacology
28.05.2014
Preparing to perform Canada's first hand transplant
The surgery is complex and the outcome is uncertain, but for the recipient of a hand transplant, the result can be a renewed sense of wholeness.
Medicine/Pharmacology
20.05.2014
Does a resident's shift length affect patient safety?
Medical residents in Canada may work longer hours per shift and per week than their counterparts in Europe, Australia and New Zealand but there is conflicting evidence whether shorter shifts improve patient safety, a new study has found.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
13.05.2014
Most common genetic heart valve abnormality associated with risk of aneurysm
The most common heart valve abnormality has now been linked to an increased risk of aneurysms.
Medicine/Pharmacology
12.05.2014
Pregnancy tied to risk of car crash
Pregnant women worry about everything from airplane travel and hot tubs to cold cuts and rollercoaster rides, but there's a far more dangerous threat to the health of the unborn child –one that has flown almost completely under the radar until now.
Astronomy
06.05.2014
It's a fingerprint... of the Milky Way
An international team of astrophysicists has released an unprecedented map of the entire sky that charts the magnetic field shaping our Milky Way Galaxy. The map reveals magnetic field lines running parallel to the plane of the Galaxy, as well as great loops and whorls associated with nearby clouds of gas and dust.
Business/Economics
05.05.2014
Racial bias "entrenched" in Canadian advertising
The first systematic study of Canadian television commercials, conducted by sociologists Shyon Baumann and Loretta Ho from the University of Toronto Mississauga, shows that despite the country's multicultural make-up, visible minorities are underrepresented and misrepresented in TV advertising.
Medicine/Pharmacology
30.04.2014
Women with breast cancer likely to opt for double mastectomy unless counselled otherwise
North American women are more likely to opt for precautionary breast surgery - removing both a healthy breast and a cancerous breast at the same time - when physicians don't specifically counsel against it, according to a new study from U of'T researchers.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
28.04.2014
TIME magazine’s 100 most influential people names U of’T alumna, climate change expert
U of'T alumna Katharine Hayhoe was named to the 2014 TIME 100 list of the world's most influential people for her work on climate change.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
25.04.2014
Concussion may increase risk of homelessness later in life
Almost half of all homeless men studied by researchers from St. Michael's Hospital and the University of Toronto had suffered at least one traumatic brain injury in their life and 87 per cent of those injuries occurred before the men lost their homes.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
22.04.2014
Acting out dreams while asleep could be warning sign of brain disorder
Researchers at the University of Toronto say a sleep disorder that causes people to act out their dreams is the best current predictor of brain diseases like Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. &ld
Medicine/Pharmacology
17.04.2014
New program aims to improve care for children with life-threatening illnesses
Researchers at the University of Toronto and The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) hope to improve palliative and end-of-life care for children all across Canada, with a new program backed by the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer (CPAC).
Medicine/Pharmacology
17.04.2014
Re-thinking the use of adrenaline after a heart attack
Giving patients adrenaline after they suffer a cardiac arrest outside of a hospital does not increase their prospects of surviving long-term, according to new research conducted at St. Michael's Hospital.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
17.04.2014
Most Canadians support screening newborns for specific genetic conditions, sequencing genomes
Researchers say 94 per cent of Canadians surveyed said they would participate in public health programs that screen newborns for a specific number of genetic conditions.
Medicine/Pharmacology
15.04.2014
Researchers raise doubt about morning sickness drug
The most commonly prescribed drug for pregnant women suffering from morning sickness in their first trimester does not prevent birth defects even though drug safety data says it does, new research has found. The drug pyridoxine-doxylamine is so popular that it has been prescribed in 33 million women worldwide and is used in half of Canadian pregnancies that result in live births.
Event - Psychology
11.04.2014
How far away do you think that finish line is?
Why does the second hour of a journey seem shorter than the first? Why does the café 50 metres ahead of you feel closer than the one 50 metres behind you? New research from the University of Toronto Scarborough and U of T's Rotman School of Management shows the answer has to do with how you're physically oriented in space.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
07.04.2014
Lowering cholesterol by eating chickpeas, lentils, beans and peas
Eating one serving a day of beans, peas, chickpeas or lentils can significantly reduce “bad cholesterol” and therefore the risk of cardiovascular disease, a new study has found. However, most people in North America would have to more than double their consumption of these foods known as pulses to reach that target, said the researchers at St. Michael's Hospital.
Social Sciences - Media Sciences/Political Sciences
02.04.2014
Madeleine Albright, Lloyd Axworthy on R2P: Responsibility to Protect
Sovereignty implies the inalienable right of a country to protect itself, former U.S. secretary of state Madeleine Albright and former Canadian foreign affairs minister Lloyd Axworthy told University of Toronto students and staff at an international relations panel April 1.
Social Sciences - Media Sciences/Political Sciences
02.04.2014
Madeline Albright, Lloyd Axworthy on R2P: Responsibility to Protect
Sovereignty implies the inalienable right of a country to protect itself, former U.S. secretary of state Madeleine Albright and former Canadian foreign affairs minister Lloyd Axworthy told University of Toronto students and staff at an international relations panel April 1.
Social Sciences - Law/Forensics
29.01.2014
Murderous violence against Honduran journalists is on the rise
Journalists who cover organized crime, government corruption and other sensitive issues are increasingly facing threats and lethal attacks in Honduras with almost complete impunity for perpetrators, a new study reports. Honduras: Journalism in the Shadow of Impunity was produced by the International Human Rights Program at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law (IHRP), PEN Canada and PEN International.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
28.01.2014
New partnership addresses gap in health care system
University of Toronto is partnering with three other leading health care and research institutions to address a major gap in our health care system: the care of those suffering from simultaneous mental and physical illness.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
27.01.2014
DNA-built nanoparticles safely target cancer tumours
A team of researchers at the University of Toronto has discovered a method of assembling “building blocks” of gold nanoparticles as the vehicle to deliver cancer medications or cancer-identifying markers directly into cancerous tumors. The study, led by Professor Warren Chan , of U of T's Institute of Biomaterials & Biomedical Engineering (IBBME) and the Donnelly Centre for Cellular & Biomolecular Research, appears in an article this week.