science wire

# "Science Wire" gives access to latest science news from research centers and R&D companies.

University of Toronto

Medicine/Pharmacology - Careers/Employment
Sick, fired and deported: what happens to injured or ill migrant farm workers in Ontario
For migrant farm workers in Ontario, getting sick or injured can mean losing a job and getting deported, a practice that raises concerns for human rights and health equity, say researchers at the University of Toronto's Dalla Lana School of Public Health.
Philosophy - Psychology
Moral violations: hard to stomach? Hard to swallow?
It's common to refer to acts of business fraud or misbehaving politicians as disgusting, but according to new research being morally offended is not just a manner of speech. What we find morally offensive can be physically offensive as well. The study, led by University of Toronto Scarborough and Rotman School of Management Assistant Professor Cindy Chan , revealed that people are less likely to consume beverages if they are exposed to moral violations.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Medicine/Pharmacology
Why this U of’T biotech entrepreneur made MIT’s Innovators Under 35 list
David He finds himself in good company today: MIT Technology Review just named him to its list of Innovators Under 35.
Five frequently asked questions about Toronto’s finances
What should Toronto's mayoral and council candidates – and the city's voters – understand about the city's finances?
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
What you need to know about the Ebola virus
The world is watching the outbreak of Ebola virus infection that has spread across West Africa, through the countries of Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and most recently Nigeria, since early 2014.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
Beans, peas, chickpeas, lentils increase fullness and could help manage weight
Eating about one serving a day of beans, peas, chickpeas or lentils can increase fullness, which may lead to better weight management and weight loss, a new study from a University of Toronto expert has found.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
U of’T scientist to play key role on Mars 2020 Rover Mission
When NASA's next rover lands on Mars in 2020 to conduct unprecedented investigations, the seven highly-sophisticated instruments on board will include a long-anticipated radar with a U of'T connection.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
Conflict in Gaza is a public health issue, says Dr. Izzeldin Abelaish
In January 2009, Dr. Izzeldin Abuelaish watched as two tank shells hit his apartment in Gaza, killing three of his daughters and a niece, and seriously wounding a fourth daughter.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
Conflict in Gaza is a public health issue, says Dr. Izzeldin Abuelaish
In January 2009, Dr. Izzeldin Abuelaish watched as two tank shells hit his apartment in Gaza, killing three of his daughters and a niece, and seriously wounding a fourth daughter.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
"Killer sperm" prevents mating between worm species
The classic definition of a biological species is the ability to breed within its group, and the inability to breed outside it. A study published July 29 in the journal PLOS Biology offers some important clues about the evolution of barriers to breeding. The vast majority of the time, mating across species is merely unsuccessful in producing offspring, though there are exceptions.
Event - Physics/Materials Science
Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17: examining the evidence
Nearly a week after the Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 was destroyed over Ukraine, questions abound over what exactly happened. Writer Jelena Damjanovic spoke to professors Tracy Rogers and Doug Perovic about the procedures − and the challenges − of gathering scientific evidence and performing analysis to determine the causes of such tragedies.
Arts and Design - Literature/Linguistics
Rude a #1 Billboard hit for MAGIC! man Mark Pellizzer
For Faculty of Music graduate and MAGIC! guitarist Mark Pellizzer there are no tricks to writing a Billboard #1 hit single – just hard work, an ear for a musical hook, and persistence.
Researchers create "black box" for use in operating rooms to improve patient care
Associate Professor Teodor Grantcharov and his team of researchers have developed a “black box” for using in operating rooms, similar to that used in the airline industry. Dr. Grantcharov said the goal is to improve patient safety and outcomes by identifying where errors occur in the OR and teaching surgeons how to prevent them.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
How high do you feel? Research shows it matters
The opportunity to learn about a revolutionary technology that could significantly advance microfluidics research brought scientists from Brazil, England, Taiwan and elsewhere to Aaron Wheeler 's chemistry laboratory recently.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
Attacking the energy grid: cyber secrets worth stealing inside your home
At a recent gathering of Canada's energy and utilities regulators, delegates voiced their greatest fear: a coordinated physical and cyber-attack on critical infrastructure.
Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
One third of adults with dyslexia report physical abuse in childhood
Adults who have dyslexia are much more likely to report they were physically abused before they turned 18 than their peers without dyslexia. That was the finding of a new study from researchers at the University of Toronto and the University of North Carolina School of Medicine in Chapel Hill. Researchers found 35 per cent of adults with dyslexia report they were physically abused before they turned 18.
Helping solve Kenya's retinoblastoma challenge
The potential to solve global health problems is limitless if you identify common goals, focus on mutual benefits and approach problems at a human level.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
Foreign-trained physicians frustrated at lack of residency positions in higher-income countries
Foreign-trained physicians feel there are not enough residency positions for them in countries such as Canada and the United States and this information was not communicated to them before they emigrated, a new study has found.
Men and women use mental health services differently
Women with chronic physical illnesses are more likely to use mental health services than men with similar illnesses; they also seek out mental health services six months earlier than those same men, according to new research from medical sociologist Flora Matheson .
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
Worried your insomnia might cause high blood pressure?
There's good news for the 30 per cent or more of adults who suffer from insomnia – difficulty falling asleep, waking up for prolonged periods during the night or unwanted early morning awakenings. New research from Assistant Professor Nicholas Vozoris , a respirologist at St. Michael's Hospital, has found that insomnia does not put them at increased risk of developing high blood pressure.
The moral of the story? Spare kids those cautionary tales
A moral story that praises a character's honesty is more effective at getting young children to tell the truth than a story that emphasizes the negative repercussions of lying, says the University of Toronto's Kang Lee , lead author of new research published in Psychological Science. His findings suggest that stories such as The Boy Who Cried Wolf and Pinocchio may not be effective cautionary tales when it comes to inspiring honest behaviour in children.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
Canola oil cuts bad cholesterol, blood glucose levels
Canola is Canada's oil, and new research from the University of Toronto suggests it should also be one of the oils of choice for people with Type 2 diabetes. Dr. David Jenkins , a professor in the Department of Nutritional Sciences and Department of Medicine, compared people with Type 2 diabetes who ate either a low glycemic index diet that included bread made with canola oil, or a whole wheat diet known to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
Bringing cheaper, lighter solar cells outdoors
Think those flat, glassy solar panels on your neighbour's roof are the pinnacle of solar technology? Think again.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
New global institute in Toronto will boost research on life-threatening disease and palliative care
A new institute at University Health Network and the University of Toronto will drive research into a controversial and neglected area of medicine: care for patients with life-threatening or terminal disease.
Diabetes research: how your doctor is paid affects your care
From 2006 to 2008, nearly 75 per cent of Ontarians with diabetes did not receive all of the tests recommended to properly monitor their disease – and how their doctor was paid was one of the factors determining the care they received.
Law/Forensics - Social Sciences
Freeing the wrongly imprisoned, helping refugees; Class of 2014 looks back
Most law students leave the Faculty of Law after three years of hard work with lifelong friends, another degree in hand, and a new career to follow.
100 in 1 Day at U of T
Hundreds of citizens working together to transform their city: that's the goal of 100 in 1 Day – a social movement originating in Bogotá, Colombia, and spreading around the world, as cities including Cape Town, Copenhagen and Montreal host a one-day festival of citizen-driven change.
Agronomy/Food Science - Business/Economics
What's your hurry? How fast food may fuel impatience
Want to be able to smell the roses? You might consider buying into a neighbourhood where there are more sit-down restaurants than fast-food outlets, suggests a new paper from the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management. The paper looks at how exposure to fast food can push us to be more impatient and that this can undermine our ability to smell the proverbial roses.
Preparing to perform Canada's first hand transplant
The surgery is complex and the outcome is uncertain, but for the recipient of a hand transplant, the result can be a renewed sense of wholeness.
Does a resident's shift length affect patient safety?
Medical residents in Canada may work longer hours per shift and per week than their counterparts in Europe, Australia and New Zealand but there is conflicting evidence whether shorter shifts improve patient safety, a new study has found.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
Most common genetic heart valve abnormality associated with risk of aneurysm
The most common heart valve abnormality has now been linked to an increased risk of aneurysms.
Pregnancy tied to risk of car crash
Pregnant women worry about everything from airplane travel and hot tubs to cold cuts and rollercoaster rides, but there's a far more dangerous threat to the health of the unborn child –one that has flown almost completely under the radar until now.
It's a fingerprint... of the Milky Way
An international team of astrophysicists has released an unprecedented map of the entire sky that charts the magnetic field shaping our Milky Way Galaxy. The map reveals magnetic field lines running parallel to the plane of the Galaxy, as well as great loops and whorls associated with nearby clouds of gas and dust.
Racial bias "entrenched" in Canadian advertising
The first systematic study of Canadian television commercials, conducted by sociologists Shyon Baumann and Loretta Ho from the University of Toronto Mississauga, shows that despite the country's multicultural make-up, visible minorities are underrepresented and misrepresented in TV advertising.
Women with breast cancer likely to opt for double mastectomy unless counselled otherwise
North American women are more likely to opt for precautionary breast surgery - removing both a healthy breast and a cancerous breast at the same time - when physicians don't specifically counsel against it, according to a new study from U of'T researchers.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
TIME magazine’s 100 most influential people names U of’T alumna, climate change expert
U of'T alumna Katharine Hayhoe was named to the 2014 TIME 100 list of the world's most influential people for her work on climate change.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
Concussion may increase risk of homelessness later in life
Almost half of all homeless men studied by researchers from St. Michael's Hospital and the University of Toronto had suffered at least one traumatic brain injury in their life and 87 per cent of those injuries occurred before the men lost their homes.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
Acting out dreams while asleep could be warning sign of brain disorder
Researchers at the University of Toronto say a sleep disorder that causes people to act out their dreams is the best current predictor of brain diseases like Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. &ld
New program aims to improve care for children with life-threatening illnesses
Researchers at the University of Toronto and The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) hope to improve palliative and end-of-life care for children all across Canada, with a new program backed by the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer (CPAC).
Re-thinking the use of adrenaline after a heart attack
Giving patients adrenaline after they suffer a cardiac arrest outside of a hospital does not increase their prospects of surviving long-term, according to new research conducted at St. Michael's Hospital.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
Most Canadians support screening newborns for specific genetic conditions, sequencing genomes
Researchers say 94 per cent of Canadians surveyed said they would participate in public health programs that screen newborns for a specific number of genetic conditions.
Researchers raise doubt about morning sickness drug
The most commonly prescribed drug for pregnant women suffering from morning sickness in their first trimester does not prevent birth defects even though drug safety data says it does, new research has found. The drug pyridoxine-doxylamine is so popular that it has been prescribed in 33 million women worldwide and is used in half of Canadian pregnancies that result in live births.
Event - Psychology
How far away do you think that finish line is?
Why does the second hour of a journey seem shorter than the first? Why does the café 50 metres ahead of you feel closer than the one 50 metres behind you? New research from the University of Toronto Scarborough and U of T's Rotman School of Management shows the answer has to do with how you're physically oriented in space.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
Lowering cholesterol by eating chickpeas, lentils, beans and peas
Eating one serving a day of beans, peas, chickpeas or lentils can significantly reduce “bad cholesterol” and therefore the risk of cardiovascular disease, a new study has found. However, most people in North America would have to more than double their consumption of these foods known as pulses to reach that target, said the researchers at St. Michael's Hospital.
Social Sciences - Media Sciences/Political Sciences
Madeleine Albright, Lloyd Axworthy on R2P: Responsibility to Protect
Sovereignty implies the inalienable right of a country to protect itself, former U.S. secretary of state Madeleine Albright and former Canadian foreign affairs minister Lloyd Axworthy told University of Toronto students and staff at an international relations panel April 1.
Social Sciences - Media Sciences/Political Sciences
Madeline Albright, Lloyd Axworthy on R2P: Responsibility to Protect
Sovereignty implies the inalienable right of a country to protect itself, former U.S. secretary of state Madeleine Albright and former Canadian foreign affairs minister Lloyd Axworthy told University of Toronto students and staff at an international relations panel April 1.