science wire

# "Science Wire" gives access to latest science news from research centers and R&D companies.

University of Toronto

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
2015 Canada Gairdner Wightman Award goes to Dr. Janet Rossant
University Professor Janet Rossant is the winner of the 2015 Canada Gairdner Wightman Award – one of the most prestigious medical research awards in Canada.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
First light for a "made in Canada" search for extraterrestrial intelligence
On PI Day, March 14 2015, a team of astronomers expanded the search for extraterrestrial intelligence into a new realm when they made their first observation, known as “first-light”, with a ground-breaking instrument.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
Portable HIV blood-testing device from U of’T startup, ChipCare, readies for market with $5 million in funding
Headquartered at U of T's Banting & Best Centre, global health venture wins millions above target for its field-testing technology Imagine having blood drawn for HIV-related testing.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
Canada needs a universal drug plan - and it won't require tax increases, study finds
Contrary to common public perception, Canadian taxpayers could save billions by the introduction of a universal public drug plan to provide prescriptions to all Canadians, researchers say.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
Not the dress that broke the Internet but still pretty nifty
It's the reason television news anchors shouldn't wear striped ties and checked shirts: the moiré effect. And it's the driving force behind a new laser measurement technique that could help develop non-invasive methods for studying tooth structure, says Dr. Anil Kishen , head of endodontics at the Faculty of Dentistry.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Earth Sciences
Scarborough needs light rapid transit, experts say
LRT along major east-west arterial roads make the most sense for Scarborough's urban makeup, according to a new report on rapid transit options from the University of Toronto.
Baby boomers are not as healthy as previously believed - but Gen X has no reason to gloat
We hear all the time that “50 is the new 40” or “60 is the new 40” – claims that make it sound as though today's baby boomers are healthier than their counterparts in other generations. But are they? A University of Toronto study published in the March 2015 issue of the Milbank Quarterly suggests that baby boomers are not likely to be healthier than other generations.
Agronomy/Food Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
How much sugar is in kids' meals in chain restaurants? Enough to shock researchers
University of Toronto researchers have found that half of kids' meals at chain restaurants exceed the World Health Organization's new daily limit for added sugar – and some account for several days' worth of the daily allowance. The WHO's guideline, released March 4 2015, recommends that for optimal health no more than five per cent of a person's total calories for the day should come from added sugar.
Physics/Materials Science - Arts and Design
Online Icicle Atlas - now you can 3D print your own icicles
Anyone who might be dreading the end of winter or cannot wait until it arrives again can now enjoy the beauty and mystery of icicles all year long with the Icicle Atlas.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
Anesthetics could have long-term impact on children’s brains
Anesthesiologists and toxicologists are issuing a caution to parents and health care professionals about the use of general anesthetics in children. Each year millions of infants, toddlers and preschool children require anesthesia or sedation for various procedures. The University of Toronto's Professor Beverley Orser and a team of anesthesiology investigators and toxicologists have analyzed existing animal and human studies for the impact of anesthetics on the developing brain.
Mathematics - Chemistry
Recognizing U of T’s rising stars
The Cannes Film Festival may have the Caméra d'Or for debut filmmakers – but the research world has the Sloan Research Fellowships.
Law/Forensics - Philosophy
Assisted death: how the work of this philosopher informed the recent Supreme Court decision
In 2011, the B.C. Civil Liberties Association (BCCLA) filed a lawsuit claiming that physician-assisted dying should be legal.
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
Size matters in the battle to adapt to diverse environments and avoid extinction
A new University of Toronto study may force scientists to rethink what is behind the mass extinction of amphibians occurring worldwide in the face of climate change, disease and habitat loss. The old cliché “size matters” is in fact the gist of the findings by graduate student Stephen De Lisle and Professor Locke Rowe of U of T's department of ecology and evolutionary biology in a paper published February 18 in Proceedings of the Royal Society B .
Life Sciences - Literature/Linguistics
When choosing a mate is literally (yes, literally) a matter of life and death
Forget worrying about a sense of humour or an attractive personality. For male black widow spiders, finding an appropriate mate may come down to avoiding being eaten alive.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Business/Economics
President Gertler addresses top thinkers and policy makers in India
University of Toronto president Meric Gertler visited India from January 27 to 31, on his first visit to south Asia since becoming president.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
How much sleep do you really need? That depends: how old are you?
If you don't remembering reading about Professor John Peever 's latest research you might not be getting enough sleep. The University of Toronto neurobiologist was a co-author on the first peer-reviewed paper to recommended sleep times across the human lifespan. Peever represented the University of Toronto and the American Physiological Society on an international panel of experts appointed to determine how much sleep people of all ages need.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Chemistry
NSERC invests $5.3 million in U of’T research
The National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) has awarded more than $5.3 million to 12 University of Toronto research projects.
Study of Religions - Social Sciences
Muslim women in Canada have high levels of equality, researchers say
"The idea that Muslims hold values that make it difficult for them to integrate into Canadian society is misguided," says Jeff Reitz A landmark study on gender equality among religious minorities
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
Vaccines: world needs new approach, more transparency, say researchers
A group of University of Toronto researchers is urging the world's health authorities to overhaul the way vaccine decisions are made and communicated, saying such decisions should no longer be made behind closed doors.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
Merck gives $7.5 million to the Structural Genomics Consortium at U of T
Global healthcare leader Merck has joined the Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) at the University of Toronto with a $7.5 million contribution.
Crohn's drug may help treat bone marrow disorder, researchers say
Researchers in the department of medicine may have found a new way to treat a bone marrow disorder. A drug called adalimumab, which is commonly used to treat Crohn's disease, may help people who have myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
New technique could lead to cheaper, more efficient solar power and LEDs
U of'T experts are shining new light on an emerging family of solar-absorbing materials that could lead to cheaper and more efficient solar panels and LEDs.
Environmental Sciences - Earth Sciences
Global warming research: strong storms to become stronger, weak storms to become weaker
A study led by atmospheric physicists at the University of Toronto finds that global warming will not lead to an overall increasingly stormy atmosphere, a topic debated by scientists for decades. Instead, strong storms will become stronger while weak storms become weaker, and the cumulative result of the number of storms will remain unchanged.
Business/Economics - Medicine/Pharmacology
Want to kickstart the Canadian economy? Try "indovation", says U of’T prof
University of Toronto president Meric Gertler is visiting India from January 27 to 31, on his first visit to south Asia since becoming president.
Look what happens when researchers from one of the world's top ten computer science departments launch a startup
MaRS Innovation and the University of Toronto have announced that the founders of Granata Decision Systems Inc., a graduate of the University of Toronto Early-Stage Technology (UTEST) start-up incubator program, have joined Google Inc.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
Quitting smoking? Read this first
Researchers from University of Toronto and the University of Pennsylvania can tell whether smokers will fare better with nicotine patch or varenicline pills If you're trying to quit smoking, new research from the University of Toronto suggests the first thing you need to understand is your DNA.
Psychology - Social Sciences
Shooting the messenger: Charlie Hebdo and the emotional effect of violence on journalists
Psychiatry professor Anthony Feinstein of the University of Toronto has studied the effects of violence on journalists for more than a decade, and found that stress may affect their emotional well-being. Recently, he discussed the emotional fallout of the Charlie Hebdo attack on a profession unaccustomed to being the subject of the story.
Law/Forensics - Social Sciences
Elton John AIDS Foundation supports U of’T human rights program
The International Human Rights program (IHRP) at the University of Toronto has received a $75,000 grant from the Elton John AIDS Foundation (EJAF) to launch a project exposing the negative impact of
Environmental Sciences - Life Sciences
European fire ants team up with invasive plant species to alter North American ecosystems
An invasive ant species that has become increasingly abundant in eastern North America not only takes over yards and delivers a nasty sting, it's helping the spread of an invasive plant species. The ants are so effective at dispersering invasive plant seeds that new research suggests this combination of seed and ant could wreak havoc on native ecosystems.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering
U of T's great cities stories of 2014: the year in review
Across the globe, researchers say, universities play a key role in building and strengthening cities, helping them connect with the world and reinvent themselves in dynamic ways.
Business/Economics - Careers/Employment
Tech wearables holiday gift roundup: U of’T startups take on smart watches, biometrics and more
The holidays are upon us and as savvy shoppers search for gift ideas with a personal touch, wearable gadgets from U of T-developed companies are pret-a-porter for the fashionable tech lover on your list.
Administration/Government - Event
Canada First Research Excellence Fund will help U of’T compete globally: Gertler
The University of Toronto and other leading Canadian universities will be better equipped to compete globally, thanks to the newly-launched $1.5 billion Canada First Research Excellence Fund (CFREF),
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
Solar power: researchers develop new technique for spraying solar cells onto products
Pretty soon, powering your tablet could be as simple as wrapping it in cling wrap. That's Illan Kramer 's hope. Kramer and colleagues have just invented a new way to spray solar cells onto flexible surfaces using miniscule light-sensitive materials known as colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) – a major step toward making spray-on solar cells easy and cheap to manufacture.
Life Sciences - Chemistry
New $5 million NSERC network uses enzymes for greener manufacturing
Instead of using fossil fuels to make plastics and industrial chemicals, what if we could harness eco-friendly enzymes – nature's smallest helpers – to do the work? On November 28, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) announced a five-year, $5-million grant to create the Industrial Biocatalysis Network (IBN).
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
Historic $130-million gift to establish the Ted Rogers Centre for Heart Research
Largest private donation in Canadian health-care history will bring together the strengths of SickKids, UHN and U of'T in personalized genomic medicine, tissue engineering, and advanced cardiac care
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering
Convocation 2014 grads to watch: city builders
Universities play a key role in building and strengthening cities, helping them connect with the world and reinvent themselves in dynamic ways.
Astronomy - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
Convocation 2014 grads to watch: astronaut for hire Aaron Persad
For Aaron Persad , ‘reach for the stars' is far more than a clichéd phrase on a graduation card.
Agronomy/Food Science - Environmental Sciences
Waste not, want not: the cost of throwing out perfectly good food
Many kids have faced mothers who threatened punishment for not eating everything on their plates and wasting food.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Media Sciences/Political Sciences
CNN medical analyst, Dallas Morning News reporter, Munk School graduate
"Epidemiology is about connecting people's stories and finding patterns in diseases. Journalism is the same," says Dr. Seema Yasmin Since the Ebola outbreak in West Africa began, numerous commentators have appeared on television news shows to discuss the disease and its implications.
Social Sciences
Computer espionage attacks on human rights, civil liberties groups
Civil society organizations (CSOs) that work to protect human rights and civil liberties around the world are being bombarded with persistent and disruptive targeted computer espionage attacks, say researchers at the University of Toronto's Munk School of Global Affairs.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
Solving the mystery of increased hydrogen chloride in the Northern Hemisphere
University of Toronto physicist Kaley Walker has helped solve the scientific mystery behind the recent increase in ozone-depleting chemicals in the lower stratosphere of the Northern Hemisphere, despite a 25-year old ban on chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
Study of Religions - Medicine/Pharmacology
Crack cocaine and religion: inside Guatemala's Christian rehab centres
What happens when addiction is defined as a sin instead of a sickness? In Guatemala, it means snatching addicts off the streets and holding them against their will in “compulsory” Christian rehabilitation centres.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
Moving the clocks back and seasonal affective disorder or SAD
The days are getting shorter. Daylight savings time ended at 2 a.m. Sunday. Falling leaves will soon be replaced by falling snow.
Agronomy/Food Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
Salt levels in restaurant meals "alarmingly high" - legislation needed, says researcher
"There is an urgent need for legislation that requires both calorie and sodium information on restaurant menus," says Mary L'Abbé University of Toronto researchers have found that a large majority
Careers/Employment - Business/Economics
U of’T Cities podcast final episode: future cities
It's been a long road to election day in Toronto. But – regardless of which candidates come out on top – all the ideas brought to life through debates, platforms, opinion pieces and public discussion will result in a new city and set its citizens on a new path.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environmental Sciences
Transatlantic Science Week 2014 at U of T
As the world grapples with the question of how best to address climate change, many scientists are looking to some of the coldest places on Earth for answers.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
Ebola: controlling outbreak in West Africa most effective way to decrease international risk, paper says
Controlling the Ebola virus outbreak at the source in West Africa is the most effective way to decrease international risk of transmission, a new study published in The Lancet has found.
How action video games bolster sensorimotor skills
People who play action video games such as Call of Duty or Assassin's Creed seem to learn a new sensorimotor skill more quickly than non-gamers do, say University of Toronto psychology researchers.
Environmental Sciences - Architecture
U of’T Cities podcast episode three: sustainable cities
With the election just a week away, voter decisions are coming down to the wire: when it comes time to actually cast their ballot, will the choice they make help build a better Toronto?
Finnish President Sauli Niinistö visits U of T
Finland and Canada need to work together to ensure the Arctic region is developed sustainably, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö told a standing-room only audience at the University of Toronto's Munk School of Global Affairs.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Business/Economics
U of’T Cities podcast episode two: the future of transit
U of'T News is presenting a mini-series of podcasts aimed at giving voters – or anyone interested in the future of cities – an idea of what Toronto and other global cities could look like just a
Social Sciences - Literature/Linguistics
Canada needs to re-think how it engages with China, says former ambassador
Canada's former ambassador to China stressed the importance of better engaging with the emerging superpower in the first of several public lectures at the University of Toronto Scarborough that will examine the deepening relationship between the two countries.
Tackling dirty water, childhood hunger
Canadians often take safe drinking water and a stable food supply for granted. But in many parts of the world, people are much less fortunate.
Administration/Government - Arts and Design
U of’T Cities podcast episode one: the future of traffic
Issues driving public debate and city politics over the past year are heating up as Toronto voters get ready to head to the polls.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Business/Economics
New IMFG report highlights key election issues in six Ontario cities
As municipal politicians across the province vie for votes, transit is a key issue for four of Ontario's six biggest cities, says a new report from the University of Toronto's Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance (IMFG). “There will be plenty of political intrigue in the run up to the municipal elections,” said Zachary Spicer.
Literature/Linguistics - Medicine/Pharmacology
Aboard the HMS Terror at the University of Toronto
What do the University of Toronto Library and the discovery of a wrecked ship in the cold waters off Nunavut have in common? More than you would imagine, says Anne Dondertman , associate librarian for special collections and director of U of T's Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library.