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Environment - Life Sciences - 15.10.2021
Plankton head polewards
Ocean warming caused by anthropogenic greenhouse-gas emissions will prompt many species of marine plankton to seek out new habitats, in some cases as a matter of sur-vival. researchers expect many organisms to head to the poles and form new communities - with unforeseeable consequences for marine food webs.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 15.10.2021
Social media and AI can measure the aesthetic quality of landscapes
Social media and AI can measure the aesthetic quality of landscapes
To measure an ecosystem's beauty and the well-being it produces for people can help inform public environmental policy. Scientists at EPFL and Wageningen University in the Netherlands have developed a novel modeling approach for ecosystem assessments based on deep learning and millions of Flickr photos.

Social Sciences - 15.10.2021
Middle age is highest risk time for veteran suicide
Scottish veterans face the highest risk of suicide in middle age, many years after leaving service. The study, led by the University of Glasgow in partnership with the Forces in Mind Trust and published in the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine, looked at the risk of suicide in veterans compared with people who had never served, and found that overall, their risk was no higher than non-veterans.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.10.2021
A rapid mechanism for muscle self-repair independent of stem cells
Researchers led by Pura Muñoz-Cánoves, ICREA professor and principal investigator at UPF and the CNIC, describe a new mechanism for muscle repair after physiological damage relying on the rearrangement of muscle fibre nuclei, and independently of muscle stem cells. This protective mechanism paves the way to a broader understanding of muscle repair in physiology and disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.10.2021
Delhi outbreak highlights challenge of herd immunity in the face of Delta variant | University of Cambridge
Delhi outbreak highlights challenge of herd immunity in the face of Delta variant | University of Cambridge
The severe outbreak of COVID-19 in Delhi, India, in 2021 showed not only that the Delta variant of SARS-CoV2 is extremely transmissible but that it can infect individuals previously infected by a different variant of the coronavirus, say a team of international scientists writing in Science .

Health - Life Sciences - 14.10.2021
Severe Delhi outbreak highlights challenge of reaching herd immunity in face of Delta variant | University of Cambridge
Severe Delhi outbreak highlights challenge of reaching herd immunity in face of Delta variant | University of Cambridge
The severe outbreak of COVID-19 in Delhi, India, in 2021 showed not only that the Delta variant of SARS-CoV2 is extremely transmissible but that it can infect individuals previously infected by a different variant of the coronavirus, say a team of international scientists writing in Science .

Computer Science - Chemistry - 14.10.2021
Artificial intelligence helps to find new natural substances
Artificial intelligence helps to find new natural substances
Bioinformatics team develops method that enables fast and confident identification of small molecules More than a third of all medicines available today are based on active substances from nature and a research team from the University of Jena has developed a procedure to identify small active substance molecules much more quickly and easily.

Life Sciences - Environment - 14.10.2021
Tree-dwelling mammals survived after asteroid strike destroyed forests | University of Cambridge
Tree-dwelling mammals survived after asteroid strike destroyed forests | University of Cambridge
An asteroid strike 66 million years ago wiped out the non-avian dinosaurs and devastated the Earth's forests, but tree-dwelling ancestors of primates may have survived it, according to a new study published in the journal Ecology and Evolution . The recovery of terrestrial vertebrate life following the end-Cretaceous asteroid impact was one of the most important events in the history of life on Earth Daniel Field Overall, the study supports the h

Health - 14.10.2021
Swissuniversities warns of a medicine and research ban
The adoption of the initiative for a ban on animal and human experimentation would prevent biomedical research and new medical treatments in particular. The high quality of healthcare and responsible research in Switzerland to the benefit of the population and the environment are at stake.

Health - Event - 14.10.2021
Research on detecting cancer in primary care wins RCGP Research Paper of the Year award
Dr Garth Funston and colleagues including professor Emma Crosbie from The University of Manchester have won the 2020 Research Paper of the Year for Clinical Research, awarded by the Royal College of General Practitioners, for their paper on detecting cancers in primary care. The research shows that CA125, a simple blood test available in primary care, is useful for ovarian cancer detection in symptomatic women attending their GP and could help identify other types of cancer.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 14.10.2021
Deep-learning-based image analysis is now just a click away
Researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), the Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón (IiSGM), and collaborators in Switzerland and Sweden, have developed a tool, called deepImageJ. The tools processes and analyses using models based on artificial intelligence biomedical images (for example, acquired with microscopes or radiological scanners), improving their quality or identifying and classifying specific elements in them, among other tasks.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.10.2021
Help for the weakened heart
Help for the weakened heart
MHH research team demonstrates how inflammatory cells improve the function of diseased heart muscle cells Heart failure or cardiac insufficiency is one of the most common causes of death in Germany and is caused by heart attacks, high blood pressure or heart valve defects. The heart is then no longer able to pump a sufficient amount of blood through the body and supply organs, muscles or other tissues with enough oxygen and nutrients.

Health - Environment - 14.10.2021
Pesticide linked to chronic kidney disease
A commonly available pesticide has been associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a University of Queensland study. Researchers analysed links between pesticide exposure and the risk of kidney dysfunction in 41,847 people, using data from the USA National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).

Health - Life Sciences - 14.10.2021
Lateral flow tests detect most people at risk of transmitting Covid-19
Lateral flow tests are more accurate than previously reported and cannot be compared directly to how PCR tests work, finds a new paper led by UCL researchers. The peer-reviewed paper, published today in Clinical Epidemiology, uses a new formula to show that lateral flow tests (LFTs) are likely more than 80% effective at detecting any level of Covid-19 infection and likely more than 90% effective at detecting those who are most infectious when using the test.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.10.2021
Sustainable farming: There's no one solution
Sustainable farming: There’s no one solution
Sustainable agriculture will not be achieved by one universal solution. A meta-analysis by the University of Basel shows that the current focus on no-till farming does not achieve the desired results. A sustainable system of agriculture must be designed for local needs and in dialog with local farmers.

Pharmacology - 14.10.2021
New proteins enable scientists to control cell activities
New proteins enable scientists to control cell activities
Scientists have developed new controlled proteins and used to switch cellular activities on and off like a light bulb. Sailan Shui, a doctoral assistant at EPFL's Laboratory of Protein Design and Immunoengineering, enjoys playing with proteins, activating and deactivating them as she wishes, as if light switches that can be turned on and off.

Physics - Materials Science - 14.10.2021
Exotic magnetic states in miniature dimensions
Exotic magnetic states in miniature dimensions
Led by scientists at Empa and the International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory, an international team of researchers from Switzerland, Portugal, Germany, and Spain have succeeded in building carbon-based quantum spin chains, where they captured the emergence of one of the cornerstone models of quantum magnetism first proposed by the 2016 Nobel laureate F. D.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 14.10.2021
Lockdown wellbeing: children who spent more time in nature fared best | University of Cambridge
Lockdown wellbeing: children who spent more time in nature fared best | University of Cambridge
Children from less affluent backgrounds are likely to have found COVID-19 lockdowns more challenging to their mental health because they experienced a lower connection with nature than their wealthier peers, a new study suggests.

Chemistry - Health - 14.10.2021
Let there be Light: Photoinitiators for Dental Fillings, Contact Lenses and Dentures etc
Let there be Light: Photoinitiators for Dental Fillings, Contact Lenses and Dentures etc
Photoinitiators ensure that liquid plastic - for example for dental fillings - hardens quickly by means of light. Thanks to a new synthesis method developed by TU Graz, these initiators can be produced cheaply, something which will open up further doors for the technology. Anyone who has ever been in the dentist's chair with a hole in their tooth is probably familiar with the procedure.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 14.10.2021
The planet does not fall far from the star
The planet does not fall far from the star
A compositional link between planets and their respective host star has long been assumed in astronomy. For the first time now, a team of scientists, with the participation of researchers of the National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) PlanetS from the University of Bern and the University of Zürich, deliver empirical evidence to support the assumption - and partly contradict it at the same time.
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