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Pharmacology - Health - 18.11.2021
Inequitable access to COVID-19 vaccines among countries that hosted trials
A Yale-led study reveals that lowand middle-income countries that hosted clinical trials for COVID-19 vaccines are receiving proportionately fewer doses of these vaccines, suggesting that there are wealth-based disparities in COVID-19 vaccine access among countries that participate in testing. The study, published Nov.

Astronomy / Space Science - Innovation - 17.11.2021
Worlds next door: looking for habitable planets around Alpha Centauri
Worlds next door: looking for habitable planets around Alpha Centauri
In collaboration with the Breakthrough Initiative, Saber Astronautics and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Professor Peter Tuthill is leading TOLIMAN, a project to discover if the nearest stars have planets that could support life. A mission to discover new planets potentially capable of sustaining life around Earth's nearest neighbour, Alpha Centauri, was announced today.

Research Management - Health - 17.11.2021
Nine Waterloo researchers among the most cited in the world
Highly anticipated list identifies a "who's who" of influential researchers A major annual publication has recognized nine University of Waterloo faculty members as being among the most cited in the word. A list published by the global analytics firm Clarivate identifies researchers who demonstrated "significant influence in their chosen field or fields through the publication of multiple highly cited papers during the last decade." Their names are drawn from the publications that rank in the top one per cent by citations for field and publication year in the company's global citation index.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.11.2021
Matters of the Heart
Matters of the Heart
The cover of this week's edition of Nature , with the eye-catching title "Matters of the heart", features a basic research study carried out exclusively by the Research Group on Evolution and Development (Evo-Devo) of the Genetics Section of the Faculty of Biology of the UB. The study deciphers one of the remaining enigmas about the transition between free and sedentary lifestyle in the ancestors of our own phylum: chordates.

Pharmacology - Chemistry - 17.11.2021
Chemistry breakthrough leads way to more sustainable pharmaceuticals
Chemistry breakthrough leads way to more sustainable pharmaceuticals
Scientists at Bath have developed a more sustainable way of making pharmaceuticals that will cut waste and energy usage significantly. Last updated on Wednesday 17 November 2021 Chemistry researchers at the University of Bath have developed a new method using blue light to create pharmaceuticals in a more sustainable way, significantly reducing the amount of energy needed and the chemical waste created in the manufacture process.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.11.2021
Sufficient energy supply decisive for nerve development
Sufficient energy supply decisive for nerve development
The bodies of animals and humans are innervated by a network of nerve cells which are connected through long extensions. The nerve cells use these so-called axons and dendrites to communicate with one another. During early development, nerve cells grow a large number of axons and dendrites. To make the connections specific, redundant extensions are removed at a later stage in a process called "pruning".

Health - Psychology - 16.11.2021
Researchers confirm link between testing positive for COVID-19 and fatigue and sleep problems
Those who tested positive for COVID-19 (confirmed by a PCR test) had an increased risk of mental illness, fatigue and sleep problems, finds a new study which analysed the electronic primary care health care records* of 226,521 people from across the UK between February 2020 and December 2020. The research**, published in The Journal of the American Medical Association Network Open (JAMA Network Open) today, was funded by the National Institute for Health Research Greater Manchester Patient Safety Translational Research Centre (NIHR GM PSTRC).

Linguistics / Literature - 16.11.2021
Perceptual links between sound and shape may unlock origins of spoken words
Perceptual links between sound and shape may unlock origins of spoken words
Share this page Share on Twitter Share on facebook Share on linkedin Share on email Most people around the world agree that the made-up word 'bouba' sounds round in shape, and the made-up word 'kiki' sounds pointy - a discovery that may help to explain how spoken languages develop, according to a new study.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.11.2021
A deep look into Huntington's brain aggregates
A new study from EPFL reveals novel insights into the ultrastructure and biochemical composition of huntingtin aggregates, the mark of Huntington's disease, pointing to new avenues for treatment strategies. Huntington's disease is a progressively debilitating brain disease that causes uncontrolled movements, psychological problems, and loss of cognition.

Pharmacology - Health - 16.11.2021
Global antibiotic consumption rates increased by 46 percent since 2000
Antibiotic consumption rates grew by 46 percent after 2000, according to findings which also suggest lack of treatment access in some areas. Global antibiotic consumption rates increased by 46 percent in the last two decades, according to the first study to provide longitudinal estimates for human antibiotic consumption covering 204 countries from 2000 to 2018, published in Lancet Planetary Health on Thursday by the Global Research on Antimicrobial Resistance (GRAM) Project.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.11.2021
Scientists make strides toward an ’off-the-shelf’ immune cell therapy for cancer
Using stem cell engineering and organoid technology, researchers produce large quantities of powerful cancer-fighting iNKT cells Using stem cell engineering and organoid technology, researchers produce large quantities of powerful cancer-fighting iNKT cells Immunotherapies, which harness the body's natural defenses to combat disease, have revolutionized the treatment of aggressive and deadly cancers.

Environment - Health - 16.11.2021
Air pollution clouds brain performance and workforce productivity
Air pollution clouds brain performance and workforce productivity
Even short-term exposure to air pollution impacts our brain performance and capacity to work, according to researchers from The University of Queensland and Carnegie Mellon University. Dr Andrea La Nauze from UQ's School of Economics said a data study indicated that air pollution damaged cognitive function in working-age adults.

Environment - 16.11.2021
Climate change impact on Earth's 'life zones' on track to accelerate
Climate change impact on Earth’s ’life zones’ on track to accelerate
Scientists have revealed that climate change has already impacted all of Earth's 'life zones' and the effects are set to triple under business-as-usual emissions growth. A University of Queensland and Wildlife Conservation Society-led (WCS) research team assessed the impact of global warming across the world's 45 different 'life zones' - distinct biogeographic regions characterised by differences in temperature, precipitation, and aridity along with the species and ecosystems that live within them.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.11.2021
Air filter significantly reduces presence of airborne SARS-CoV-2 in COVID-19 wards | University of Cambridge
Air filter significantly reduces presence of airborne SARS-CoV-2 in COVID-19 wards | University of Cambridge
When a team of doctors, scientists and engineers at Addenbrooke's Hospital and the placed an air filtration machine in COVID-19 wards, they found that it removed almost all traces of airborne SARS-CoV-2. Reducing airborne transmission of the coronavirus is extremely important for the safety of both patients and staff Vilas Navapurkar While the discovery could have implications for improving the safety of repurposed 'surge wards', the researchers say it also opens up the possibility of being able to set standards for cleaner air to reduce the risk of airborne transmission of infections.

Materials Science - Environment - 16.11.2021
An ironclad future
An ironclad future
Solar energy plays an important role in the fight against climate change as a substitute for fossil fuels. Dye-sensitized solar cells promise to be a low-cost supplement to the photovoltaic systems we know today. Their key feature is the dye sensitizers attached to their surface. Researchers at the University of Basel continue to improve the performance with sensitizers using iron - a commonly available and environmentally friendly metal.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 16.11.2021
Research casts new light on processes behind solar eruptions
New research into the powerful magnetic fields which form inside the sun and cause violent eruptions could help predict solar flares. Mathematicians and astrophysicists from the UK and Italy have comprehensively modelled the emergence of twisted magnetic fields into the solar atmosphere, and verified their models through observations - a breakthrough in scientific understanding of the process by which solar flares occur.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.11.2021
Studying the placenta to better understand a child illness
UdeMNouvelles Certain regulatory genes in the placenta may be linked to the varying severity of febrile seizures during fever episodes in babies and toddlers, a new study co-led by UdeM's Sarah Lippé suggests. For the first time, a Quebec research team is studying the expression of three families of genes in the placenta and the incidence of febrile seizures in children.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.11.2021
Global study offers new insight on heart valve surgery
By Celine Zadorsky, Special to Western News Researchers at Western and Lawson Health Research Institute played a leading role in a new global study that will change the way surgeons repair leaky valves in the heart. Leaky valve is one of the most common heart conditions, and it often does not present any symptoms. Many patients don't even realize they have a leaky valve, often presenting to doctors only when they are in the late stage of the disease.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.11.2021
Basel's valuable virus collection for worldwide research
Basel’s valuable virus collection for worldwide research
Phages are viruses that infect bacteria. They are an important part of many of the Earth's ecosystems and can also play a role in the fight against antibiotic resistant pathogens. A research team from the University of Basel's Biozentrum has now compiled a significant phage collection. It is available to scientists around the world for research purposes, as a biotech tool or to explore which phages are most suitable for therapy.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 15.11.2021
New stroke clot-buster drug shows ’exciting potential’ in mice
A novel clot-busting drug formulated and tested by University of Manchester scientists is able to effectively restore blood flow in the brains of mice, opening the door for a safer and more effective stroke treatment. The compound - an enzyme called caADAMTS13 -could dissolve clots in patients that are resistant to current treatment, according to the study published in the journal Blood today (15/11/21).