According to researcher Nobuhle Judy Dlamini, GBV is described as violence "directed against a person on the basis of their sex or gender, including acts that inflict emotional, mental, sexual, or physical harm, threats of such acts, coercion, and other deprivations of liberty." It includes sexual violence (including sexual harassment), intimate partner violence, emotional violence, psychological violence, reproductive violence, financial violence and technology-facilitated violence, among others.
GBV occurs across all societies, cross-cutting social, cultural, economic and geopolitical lines - making it a salient local, national and global occurrence. Women disproportionately experience GBV, and Indigenous, racialized, 2SLQBTQ+, poor, non-status women, women with disabilities, and gender-diverse individuals and communities are particularly at risk.
Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) on campus, remains an ongoing and urgent issue, both at the University of Waterloo, and across post-secondary institutions in Canada. On June 28, 2023, a horrific act was committed in a classroom against a faculty member and two students. This was a targeted act by the perpetrator, who caused harm because of the course’s focus on gender. This incident demonstrates the everyday realities of GBV on campus and reflects how systemic gendered ideologies can ultimately manifest as violence.
While response-oriented interventions, such as direct service support and policy are necessary, they must be coupled with prevention-oriented interventions to address the root causes, including awareness-raising and education - which requires community commitment, collaboration and engagement.
The Sexual Violence Prevention and Response Office (SVPRO) seeks to embed a public health approach to SGBV prevention. Public health approaches recognize the disparate health outcomes that SGBV has for women, gender-diverse, and 2SLGBTQIA+ individuals, whose well-being and health are disproportionately negatively impacted. Advancing a public health approach frames the issue as an "epidemic," which can then be detected and treated before it occurs through community and collaborative efforts. We encourage campus community members to reflect on their role in preventing violence, through awareness-raising and knowledge mobilization.
The SVPRO offers active bystander intervention training, male allyship workshops and events mobilizing consent literacy including our bi-annual Consent Weeks, What Were You Wearing? art installation, Dogs Against Cat-Calling, and interactive awareness-raising booths. We encourage, most importantly, normalizing ongoing conversation about SGBV, which is something we can all take part in at individual, relationship, community, institutional and government levels.
Drawing from the United Nation’s Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women, here are some starting points to consider as 16 Days begins:
- Affirm that GBV, in all its forms constitutes a violation of fundamental human rights and freedoms of women and gender-diverse people, and that women and gender-diverse people’s rights are human rights.
- Recognize that GBV is a manifestation of historical unequal power relations along gender lines, creating structural barriers limiting the full advancement of women and gender-diverse people. Understand that some groups of women, such as women belonging to minority groups, Indigenous women, racialized women, women part of the 2SLGBTQIA+ community, refugee women, migrant women, women living in rural or remote communities, destitute women, women in institutions or in detention, female children, women with disabilities, elderly women and women in situations of armed conflict, are especially vulnerable to violence.
- Understand that SGBV intersects and is informed by other forms of structural oppression, including colonialism, racism, transphobia, ableism and others.
- Understand that GBV remains a systemic and everyday struggle for women, girls and gender-diverse people
- Consider getting involved in on-campus student groups, staff or faculty groups or communities of practices, or non-governmental organizations. Have conversations about the realities of GBV in your everyday life - consider those in your life who may have experienced GBV, whether they have shared or not - based on its prevalence.
- Engage in online activism to show your solidarity and engage in conversation using the #16Days and #ConsentMatters hashtag.
- While the 16 Days campaign ends on December 10, addressing GBV remains on ongoing social justice and public health endeavour. We encourage you to stand alongside SVPRO and other campus partners seeking to address structural violence at the University of Waterloo - the work continues.
The SVPRO, alongside its incredible campus partners, is happy to bring initiatives to campus to celebrate 16 Days. Visit for a full listing of events.
November 2816 Days Booth - 12-4PM in SLC
November 29Wen-Do Women’s Self-Defence Workshop for Staff & Faculty - 12-2PM
Wen-Do Women’s Self-Defence Workshop for Students - 2:30-4:30PM