Health - Dec 7
Health

Researchers from The University of Queensland have used an advanced imaging technique to predict the recovery of children from a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) with an 87 per cent success rate. PhD candidate Athena Stein from UQ's Child Health Research Centre used Neurite Orientation Dispersion and Density Imaging (NODDI) which provides more detailed information on structural damage in the brain than traditional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements.

Physics - Dec 7
Physics

Researchers have shown for the first time that microvehicles can be steered through blood vessels in the brains of mice using ultrasound. They hope that this will eventually lead to treatments capable of delivering drugs with pinpoint precision.

Earth Sciences

The thick layer of sediment accumulated at the bottom of this lake could be used to study climate change, environmental changes and earthquakes that have occurred over hundreds of thousands of years.

Environment - Dec 6
Environment

Research team led by Göttingen University investigates importance of season and environment in tropical megacity Increasing urbanization worldwide is a growing threat to biodiversity.

Pharmacology - Dec 6

People with chronic pain are often dependent on drugs from the class of opioids with sometimes considerable side effects. Accordingly, in recent years the search for safer alternatives has been the focus in drug discovery. As part of an international study led by MedUni Vienna, an opioid-like molecule has now been developed which, as shown in animal models, can effectively alleviate pain but with fewer undesirable side effects. The researchers developed a computer-assisted workflow that holds enormous potential for improving the search for drug-like substances and thus drug therapies, also for other diseases. The study was recently published in the renowned journal Nature Communications.

Life Sciences

Jackdaws improve their memory performance by classifying continuous stimuli into categories. The so-called attractor dynamics provide new insights into the functioning of the brain.

Environment - Dec 6
Environment

A new study has revealed a natural solution to mitigate the effects of climate change, such as extreme weather events. Researchers from Leipzig University, the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig (iDiv) and other research institutions have discovered that high plant diversity acts as a buffer against fluctuations in soil temperature. This buffer can then be of vital importance to ecosystem processes. They have just published their new findings in the journal Nature Geoscience.

Health - Dec 6

Researchers have discovered that misreading of therapeutic mRNAs by the cell's decoding machinery can cause an unintended immune response in the body. They have identified the sequence within the mRNA that causes this to occur and found a way to prevent 'off-target' immune responses to enable the safer design of future mRNA therapeutics.

Physics - Dec 6
Physics

Advanced infrared mirrors enhance climate and biofuel research via precision trace gas sensing.

Environment - Dec 6

The emissions pathways of most companies in high-emitting sectors are not aligned with the climate targets of the Paris Agreement.

Environment - Dec 6
Environment

Press release: Urbanization amplifies seasonal differences in plant-pollinator networks Research team investigates importance of season and environment in tropical megacity.

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Health - 07.12.2023 - Today
Advanced imaging predicts the recovery of children with brain injury
Advanced imaging predicts the recovery of children with brain injury
Researchers from The University of Queensland have used an advanced imaging technique to predict the recovery of children from a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) with an 87 per cent success rate. PhD candidate Athena Stein from UQ's Child Health Research Centre used Neurite Orientation Dispersion and Density Imaging (NODDI) which provides more detailed information on structural damage in the brain than traditional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements.

Physics - Life Sciences - 07.12.2023 - Today
Riding sound waves in the brain
Riding sound waves in the brain
Researchers have shown for the first time that microvehicles can be steered through blood vessels in the brains of mice using ultrasound. They hope that this will eventually lead to treatments capable of delivering drugs with pinpoint precision. Brain tumours, brain haemorrhages and neurological and psychological conditions are often hard to treat with medication.

Environment - 06.12.2023
Deciphering nature's climate shield: Plant diversity stabilises soil temperature
Deciphering nature’s climate shield: Plant diversity stabilises soil temperature
A new study has revealed a natural solution to mitigate the effects of climate change, such as extreme weather events. Researchers from Leipzig University, the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig (iDiv) and other research institutions have discovered that high plant diversity acts as a buffer against fluctuations in soil temperature.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 06.12.2023
Researchers discover Quebec's deepest lake
Researchers discover Quebec’s deepest lake
The thick layer of sediment accumulated at the bottom of this lake could be used to study climate change, environmental changes and earthquakes that have occurred over hundreds of thousands of years .

Health - Pharmacology - 06.12.2023
Researchers redesign future mRNA therapeutics to prevent potentially harmful immune responses
Researchers have discovered that misreading of therapeutic mRNAs by the cell's decoding machinery can cause an unintended immune response in the body. They have identified the sequence within the mRNA that causes this to occur and found a way to prevent 'off-target' immune responses to enable the safer design of future mRNA therapeutics.

Environment - 06.12.2023
Urbanization increases seasonal differences in plant-pollinator networks
Urbanization increases seasonal differences in plant-pollinator networks
Research team led by Göttingen University investigates importance of season and environment in tropical megacity Increasing urbanization worldwide is a growing threat to biodiversity. At the same time, flowering plants are often more diverse in cities than in the countryside. This is due to flowering plants and agricultural crops, which are increasingly being grown in cities.

Physics - Materials Science - 06.12.2023
In Search of the Perfect Mirror at Mid-Infrared Wavelengths
In Search of the Perfect Mirror at Mid-Infrared Wavelengths
Advanced infrared mirrors enhance climate and biofuel research via precision trace gas sensing. An international team of researchers from the United States, Austria, and Switzerland has demonstrated the first true supermirrors in the mid-infrared spectral region. These mirrors are key for many applications, such as optical spectroscopy for environmental sensing, as well as laser cutting and welding for manufacturing.

Pharmacology - Health - 06.12.2023
New approach to drug discovery: pain medication with fewer side effects developed
People with chronic pain are often dependent on drugs from the class of opioids with sometimes considerable side effects. Accordingly, in recent years the search for safer alternatives has been the focus in drug discovery. As part of an international study led by MedUni Vienna, an opioid-like molecule has now been developed which, as shown in animal models, can effectively alleviate pain but with fewer undesirable side effects.

Environment - Economics - 06.12.2023
Companies are missing their climate goals with misaligned behaviour
The emissions pathways of most companies in high-emitting sectors are not aligned with the climate targets of the Paris Agreement. To better contribute to national and global sustainability efforts, corporate behaviour must change. This is the main message of a new study by Imperial College Business School published in Nature Communications.

Life Sciences - 06.12.2023
Comparable memory strategies in birds and humans
Comparable memory strategies in birds and humans
Jackdaws improve their memory performance by classifying continuous stimuli into categories. The so-called attractor dynamics provide new insights into the functioning of the brain. Working memory is a crucial element of higher cognition in both primates - which include humans - and corvids. In their studies with the help of two jackdaws, researchers at Ruhr University Bochum have now discovered remarkable parallels in the memory optimization of primates and corvids.

Environment - 06.12.2023
Urbanization increases seasonal differences in plant-pollinator networks
Urbanization increases seasonal differences in plant-pollinator networks
Press release: Urbanization amplifies seasonal differences in plant-pollinator networks Research team investigates importance of season and environment in tropical megacity . Increasing urbanization worldwide is a growing threat to biodiversity. At the same time, flowering plants are often more diverse in cities than in the countryside.

Chemistry - Environment - 06.12.2023
Less waste thanks to mechanochemistry
"Chemistry is when it smokes and stinks" is an old saying. But green chemistry shows that things can be done differently . Green chemistry has been firmly established in research at TU Wien for more than a decade. With the inter-university Master's in Green Chemistry, it is now also gaining visibility in teaching.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 06.12.2023
Stellar winds regulate growth of galaxies
Stellar winds regulate growth of galaxies
Galactic winds enable the exchange of matter between galaxies and their surroundings. In this way, they limit the growth of galaxies, that is, their star formation rate. Although this had already been observed in the local universe, an international research team led by a CNRS scientist 1   has just revealed-using MUSE, 2  an instrument integrated into the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) Very Large Telescope-the existence of the phenomenon in galaxies which are more than 7 billion years old and actively forming stars, the category to which most galaxies belong.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 06.12.2023
The ocean may be storing more carbon than estimated in earlier studies
The ocean may be storing more carbon than estimated in earlier studies
The ocean's capacity to store atmospheric carbon dioxide is some 20% greater than the estimates contained in the latest IPCC report 1 . These are the findings of a study to be published in the journal Nature on December 6, 2023, led by an international team including a biologist from the CNRS 2 . The scientists looked at the role played by plankton in the natural transport of carbon from surface waters down to the seabed.

History / Archeology - Environment - 06.12.2023
Oldest Fortresses in the World Discovered
Oldest Fortresses in the World Discovered
Archaeologists from Freie Universität Berlin together with an international team confirm ancient prehistoric fortifications in Siberia. Research results published in the scientific journal "Antiquity." In a groundbreaking archaeological discovery, an international team led by archaeologists from Freie Universität Berlin has uncovered fortified prehistoric settlements in a remote region of Siberia.

Life Sciences - 06.12.2023
Enhanced AI tracks neurons in moving animals
EPFL and Harvard scientists have developed a pioneering new method that uses deep learning and a new technique called 'targeted augmentation' to track neurons in moving and deforming animals. Recent advances allow imaging of neurons inside freely moving animals. However, to decode circuit activity, these imaged neurons must be computationally identified and tracked.

Environment - 06.12.2023
Seabird droppings help tropical coral reefs facing climate change threat
Seabird droppings help tropical coral reefs facing climate change threat
A new study, by an international team of scientists, has found the presence of seabirds on islands near to tropical reefs helps corals to 'bounce back' much quicker from bleaching events. Bleaching can cause mass die off of corals when seas are too hot. The research, led by Lancaster University, with support from the University of Southampton, shows that this accelerated recovery is a result of faster coral growth near seabird colonies.

Health - Social Sciences - 06.12.2023
Public health resources: Striving for equality among vulnerable communities
U-M study examines measures used to inform how researchers, policymakers identify areas in need of health resources Study: Comparison of two area-level socioeconomic deprivation indices: Implications for public health research, practice and policy EXPERT Q&A Over the course of the pandemic, COVID-19 hit Black communities and communities of color particularly hard.

Life Sciences - Mathematics - 05.12.2023
New math approach provides insight into memory formation
New math approach provides insight into memory formation
The simple activity of walking through a room jumpstarts the neurons in the human brain. An explosion of electrochemical events or "neuronal spikes" appear at various times during the action. These spikes in activity, otherwise known as action potentials, are electrical impulses that occur when neurons communicate with one another.

Health - Pharmacology - 05.12.2023
Tight bonds helped British variant of coronavirus
Tight bonds helped British variant of coronavirus
A key factor in the rapid spread of the so-called British coronavirus variant appears to be stronger attachments between the virus and human cells. In a study led by Utrecht University professor Jan Lipfert, scientists show that the variant has a significantly stronger attachment to human cells compared to the original strain.
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