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Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
24.11.2017
Immune deficiency explains rampant caries in some children
Researchers at Umeň University have made a novel discovery connecting genetic innate immunity deficiencies to rampant caries and increased risk of dental caries affecting about one in five children. The results could lead to a better way of identifying high-risk patients and treat their caries. The study has been published in the journal EBioMedicine .
Medicine/Pharmacology
24.11.2017
Nearly 300,000 more could die from malaria after proposed cuts to US funding
Nearly 300,000 more could die from malaria after proposed cuts to US funding
Imperial researchers have modelled the number of additional malaria cases and deaths that will occur by 2020 following proposed cuts to US funding. Imperial researchers have modelled the number of additional malaria cases and deaths that will occur by 2020 following proposed cuts to US funding. The President's Malaria Initiative (PMI) has been providing support to malaria control programmes in 19 African countries since 2005.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Astronomy
24.11.2017
Can citizen scientists locate the world’s seagrass?
Citizen scientists have the potential to secure a future for seagrass meadows by collecting new data about the meadows globally, according to the lead author of a new study and a scientific adviser for BBC's Blue Planet II . Led by Cardiff University's Sustainable Places Research Institute along with Swansea University and James Cook University in Australia, the study suggests that citizen scientists may be key to helping answer global questions about seagrass meadows, their location, health, reproductive status and associated fauna.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
24.11.2017
Avatar therapy to reduce auditory hallucinations for people with schizophrenia
Avatar therapy to reduce auditory hallucinations for people with schizophrenia
An experimental therapy which involves a face-to-face discussion between a person with schizophrenia and an avatar representing their auditory hallucination may help reduce symptoms, when provided alongside usual treatment, according to a study published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal. The randomised controlled trial compared the avatar therapy to a form of supportive counselling (adapted specifically for the study).
Earth Sciences - Chemistry
24.11.2017
Are our lakes on the brink of suffocation?
Are our lakes on the brink of suffocation?
In order to gain insight into how lakes breathe, EPFL scientists have studied oxygen depletion in the depths of Lake Geneva - the first time such research has been carried out. By collecting key data, they were able to enhance their understanding of the lake's ecosystem and how it is likely to evolve over time.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
24.11.2017
Avatar therapy may help to reduce auditory hallucinations for people with schizophrenia
An experimental therapy which involves a face-to-face discussion between a person with schizophrenia and an avatar representing their auditory hallucination may help reduce symptoms, when provided alongside usual treatment, according to a study led by King's College London and published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Computer Science/Telecom
24.11.2017
Research collaboration aims to improve breast cancer diagnosis using AI
Research collaboration aims to improve breast cancer diagnosis using AI
A new project to explore how artificial intelligence (AI) could improve breast screening could potentially lead to more accurate detection of cancers. The project will see a consortium of leading breast cancer experts, clinicians and academics partner with leaders in artificial intelligence (AI) research to explore whether AI could help detect and diagnose breast cancers more effectively.
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
24.11.2017
Going underground: Cambridge digs into the history of geology with landmark exhibition
Going underground: Cambridge digs into the history of geology with landmark exhibition
A box full of diamonds, volcanic rock from Mount Vesuvius, and the geology guide that Darwin packed for his epic voyage on the Beagle will go on display in Cambridge this week as part of the first major exhibition to celebrate geological map-making. We show how for the first time people were encouraged to think about the secretive world beneath their feet.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
24.11.2017
Disrupting sensitive soils could worsen climate change
Global warming and land use practices, such as farming, could change the environment for microbes living in the soil and alter the amount of greenhouse gases they release into the atmosphere. Nearly a third of the carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere annually can be traced back to bacteria living in the soil, where they break down plant and animal matter for energy.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
24.11.2017
Air pollution can increase asthma risk in adults, even at low levels
Living close to a busy road can be bad for your respiratory health if you are middle aged, new Australian research has found. A study published in the European Respiratory Journal found Australians aged 45-50 who lived less than 200 metres from a major road had a 50 per cent higher risk of asthma, wheeze and lower lung function over a five-year period than those who lived more than 200 metres from a major road.
Medicine/Pharmacology
23.11.2017
Promising new treatment for rare pregnancy cancer leads to remission in patients
Promising new treatment for rare pregnancy cancer leads to remission in patients
An immunotherapy drug can be used to cure women of a rare type of cancer arising from pregnancy when existing treatments have failed. We have been able to show for the first time that immunotherapy may be used to cure patients of cancerous GTD...These are landmark findings that have implications on how we treat the disease in the UK and around the world.
History/Archeology
23.11.2017
New documents reveal intricate details of life at georgian court
Digitised papers publicly available for the first time reveal a wealth of intricate detail about day to day Court life in the Georgian period, and shine a light on the familial relationships of the Hanoverian Monarchs. In Phase II of the Georgian Papers Programme, a further 17,000 papers from the early Georgian period have been digitally scanned and published online, available free for anyone to access at www.royalcollection.org.uk/georgianpapers.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.11.2017
Radiographs of Dolly's skeleton show no signs of abnormal osteoarthritis
PA267/17 Original concerns that cloning caused early-onset osteoarthritis (OA) in Dolly the sheep are unfounded, say experts at the University of Nottingham and the University of Glasgow. The team, who published last year's Nottingham Dollies research which showed that the 8 year-old Nottingham ‘Dollies' had aged normally, have now published a radiographic assessment of the skeletons of Dolly herself, Bonnie (her naturally conceived daughter) and Megan and Morag (the first two animals to be cloned from differentiated cells).
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
23.11.2017
Antarctic telescope shows how the Earth stops high-energy particles
The IceCube Laboratory at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, in Antarctica, hosts the computers collecting raw data. Due to satellite bandwidth allocations, the first level of reconstruction and event filtering happens in near real-time in this lab. Only events selected as interesting for physics studies are sent to UW-Madison, where they are prepared for use by any member of the IceCube Collaboration.
Sport Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.11.2017
THE FA & THE PFA COMMISSION NEW STUDY INTO DEMENTIA IN FOOTBALL
The Football Association and the Professional Footballers' Association have appointed Dr William Stewart and colleagues at the University of Glasgow and the Hampden Sports Clinic to lead an independent research study into the incidence of degenerative neurocognitive disease in ex-professional footballers.
Physics/Materials Science
23.11.2017
A faster way to make Bose-Einstein condensates
A faster way to make Bose-Einstein condensates
The world of an atom is one of random chaos and heat. At room temperatures, a cloud of atoms is a frenzied mess, with atoms zipping past each other and colliding, áconstantly changing their direction and speed. Such random motions can be slowed, and even stopped entirely, by drastically cooling the atoms.
Psychology - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
23.11.2017
How badly do you want something? Babies can tell
How badly do you want something? Babies can tell
Babies as young as 10 months can assess how much someone values a particular goal by observing how hard they are willing to work to achieve it, according to a new study from MIT and Harvard University. This ability requires integrating information about both the costs of obtaining a goal and the benefit gained by the person seeking it, suggesting that babies acquire very early an intuition about how people make decisions.
Innovation/Technology
23.11.2017
Children show implicit racial attitudes from a young age, research confirms
Children show implicit racial attitudes from a young age, research confirms
White children show signs of implicit racism from the age of five by favouring people with the same skin colour, according to new research. Academics from the University of Bristol and York University in Toronto measured the automatic attitudes of 359 white children aged five to 12-years-old by testing their preferences of unknown white and black children in photographs.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Innovation/Technology
23.11.2017
’Lost’ 99% of ocean microplastics to be identified with dye?
Smallest microplastics in oceans - which go largely undetected - identified more effectively with innovative and cheap new method, developed by University of Warwick researchers New method can detect microplastics as small as the width of a human hair, using a fluorescent dye Previous scientific field work surveys report that only 1% of the plastic waste in the oceans has been found - this new research could lead to discovering the missing 99% T
Veterinary Science
23.11.2017
FEI extends global equine injuries research agreement with Glasgow University for further two years
The FEI has extended its highly successful global equine injuries research partnership with the University of Glasgow for another two years through to 2019, to further develop the Global Endurance Injuries Study (GEIS). The extension will maximise the impact of the GEIS across Endurance and also look at the potential development of similar methodology for other FEI disciplines.
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