Cosmic roulette

Astronomy & Space

Almost four billion light years away from Earth in the centre of the galaxy OJ287, two giant black holes orbit each other, which are approximately 18 billion and 150 million times more massive than our sun. The larger of the two black holes is surrounded by a vast accretion disk, a rotating disk of matter that flows towards the black hole at its centre.

NASA’s Roman Mission Gets Cosmic ’Sneak Peek’ From Supercomputers

Astronomy & Space

This image is a slice of a much larger simulation depicting the cosmos as NASA's Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope will see it when it launches.

Health - Jun 12

New research centre aims to improve heart disease treatment

A new research collaboration is setting out to develop computational tools to improve treatments for one of the world's most common causes of death.

Environment - Jun 12

Electrifying industry with flexible heat pumps

Environment

Researchers from ETH Zurich and the Eastern Switzerland University of Applied Sciences have developed a novel solution for heat pumps. Using this new approach, companies can generate carbon-free process heat at temperatures of up to 200 degrees Celsius while also drastically reducing the number of different heat pumps required.

Health - Jun 11

Plant-based UPFs linked with higher risk of cardiovascular disease

Heavily processed plant-based foods may be worse for heart health than non-processed foods.

Life Sciences - Jun 11

What’s going on in our brains when we plan?

Study uncovers how the brain simulates possible future actions by drawing from our stored memories. In pausing to think before making an important decision, we may imagine the potential outcomes of different choices we could make.

Life Sciences - Jun 12

Human Brains Can Tell Deepfake Voices from Real Ones

Life Sciences

Do our brains process natural voices and deepfake voices differently? Research conducted at the University of Zurich indicates that this is the case. In a new study, researchers have identified two brain regions that respond differently to natural and deepfake voices.

Health - Jun 12

New anaesthetic technique proves safe in children

Health

A new high-flow oxygen technique is as safe as standard anaesthetic methods during tubeless upper airway surgery in children, according to University of Queensland research.

Life Sciences - Jun 12

Fruit fly brain shows how simple commands turn into complex behaviors

Life Sciences

Researchers at EPFL have discovered how networks of neurons in fruit flies transform simple brain signals into coordinated actions. This sheds light on the neural mechanisms underlying complex behaviors for potential application in robotics.

Physics - Jun 11

Switching Nanomagnets Using Infrared Lasers

Physics

Physicists at TU Graz have calculated how suitable molecules can be stimulated by infrared light pulses to form tiny magnetic fields. If this is also successful in experiments, the principle could be used in quantum computer circuits.

Health - Jun 11

AI system learns to speak the language of cancer to enable improved diagnosis

A computer system which harnesses the power of AI to learn the language of cancer is capable of spotting the signs of the disease in biological samples with remarkable accuracy, its developers say.

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Astronomy / Space - 12.06.2024
Cosmic roulette
Cosmic roulette
Almost four billion light years away from Earth in the centre of the galaxy OJ287, two giant black holes orbit each other, which are approximately 18 billion and 150 million times more massive than our sun. The larger of the two black holes is surrounded by a vast accretion disk, a rotating disk of matter that flows towards the black hole at its centre.

Astronomy / Space - 12.06.2024
NASA's Roman Mission Gets Cosmic 'Sneak Peek' From Supercomputers
NASA’s Roman Mission Gets Cosmic ’Sneak Peek’ From Supercomputers
This image is a slice of a much larger simulation depicting the cosmos as NASA's Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope will see it when it launches. Every blob and speck of light represents a distant galaxy, except for the urchinlike spiky dots, which rep. Credit: C. Hirata and K. Cao (OSU) and NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center" Scientists at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory contributed to a project that sets the stage for two telescopes investigating one of astrophysics' biggest mysteries.

Life Sciences - 12.06.2024
Human Brains Can Tell Deepfake Voices from Real Ones
Human Brains Can Tell Deepfake Voices from Real Ones
Do our brains process natural voices and deepfake voices differently? Research conducted at the University of Zurich indicates that this is the case. In a new study, researchers have identified two brain regions that respond differently to natural and deepfake voices. Much like fingerprints, our voices are unique and can help us identify people.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.06.2024
New research centre aims to improve heart disease treatment
A new research collaboration is setting out to develop computational tools to improve treatments for one of the world's most common causes of death. The University of Glasgow will lead the newly-established EPSRC Centre for Future PCI Planning, which aims to improve outcomes from a frequently-performed treatment for heart artery disease.

Health - 12.06.2024
New anaesthetic technique proves safe in children
New anaesthetic technique proves safe in children
A new high-flow oxygen technique is as safe as standard anaesthetic methods during tubeless upper airway surgery in children, according to University of Queensland research. Associate Professor Susan Humphreys from UQ's Child Health Research Centre led a randomised controlled trial which compared the standard delivery of oxygen during anaesthesia with a technique which delivers oxygen at much higher rates via small nasal prongs.

Environment - Civil Engineering - 12.06.2024
Electrifying industry with flexible heat pumps
Electrifying industry with flexible heat pumps
Researchers from ETH Zurich and the Eastern Switzerland University of Applied Sciences have developed a novel solution for heat pumps. Using this new approach, companies can generate carbon-free process heat at temperatures of up to 200 degrees Celsius while also drastically reducing the number of different heat pumps required.

Life Sciences - 12.06.2024
Fruit fly brain shows how simple commands turn into complex behaviors
Fruit fly brain shows how simple commands turn into complex behaviors
Researchers at EPFL have discovered how networks of neurons in fruit flies transform simple brain signals into coordinated actions. This sheds light on the neural mechanisms underlying complex behaviors for potential application in robotics. Understanding how animals, including humans, transform brain signals into coordinated movements is a fundamental question in neuroscience.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.06.2024
Plant-based UPFs linked with higher risk of cardiovascular disease
Heavily processed plant-based foods may be worse for heart health than non-processed foods. New analysis of the health impacts of plant-based ultra-processed foods (UPFs) has found they may pose a higher risk for cardiovascular diseases compared to less-processed plant-based foods. The research , led by the University of SŃo Paulo and involving Imperial College London, used data from more than 118,000 people.

Physics - Chemistry - 11.06.2024
Switching Nanomagnets Using Infrared Lasers
Switching Nanomagnets Using Infrared Lasers
Physicists at TU Graz have calculated how suitable molecules can be stimulated by infrared light pulses to form tiny magnetic fields. If this is also successful in experiments, the principle could be used in quantum computer circuits. When molecules are irradiated with infrared light, they begin to vibrate due to the energy supply.

Life Sciences - 11.06.2024
What’s going on in our brains when we plan?
Study uncovers how the brain simulates possible future actions by drawing from our stored memories. In pausing to think before making an important decision, we may imagine the potential outcomes of different choices we could make. While this 'mental simulation' is central to how we plan and make decisions in everyday life, how the brain works to accomplish this is not well understood.

Health - Computer Science - 11.06.2024
AI system learns to speak the language of cancer to enable improved diagnosis
A computer system which harnesses the power of AI to learn the language of cancer is capable of spotting the signs of the disease in biological samples with remarkable accuracy, its developers say. An international team of AI specialists and cancer scientists are behind the breakthrough development, which can also provide reliable predictions of patient outcomes.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.06.2024
New insights on polymicrobial infections in chronic lung diseases
Chronic lung diseases are often accelerated and exacerbated by polymicrobial infections. An international study team led by MedUni Vienna has identified two types of these so-called dysbioses in cystic fibrosis. They display distinct ecology and are also likely to respond differently to treatment. The study was published in the renowned journal Nature Communications.

Health - Chemistry - 11.06.2024
Surprisingly high levels of toxic gas found in Louisiana
Surprisingly high levels of toxic gas found in Louisiana
Soaring ethylene oxide level detected, threatening children's health, according to research led by Johns Hopkins environmental engineers The toxic gas ethylene oxide, at levels a thousand times higher than what is considered safe, was detected across parts of Louisiana with a cutting-edge mobile air-testing lab.

Environment - Economics - 11.06.2024
EU climate policy: French manufacturers cut emissions by 43 million tonnes
The carbon emissions of French manufacturers fell by an estimated 15% during the first eight years of the EU Emissions Trading System policy. This is the key finding of a new study by experts at Imperial College Business School, in collaboration with the University of Virginia and University of Mannheim.

Physics - Computer Science - 11.06.2024
New Technique Could Help Build Quantum Computers of the Future
Key Takeaways Berkeley Lab researchers have reported a major advancement that could bring us closer to a scalable quantum computer. Using a femtosecond laser during experiments which explore the role of hydrogen in qubit formation, the researchers developed a method that programs the formation of telecom-band optical qubits in silicon for large-scale manufacturing.

Health - 11.06.2024
Are waterbirths safe?
New research confirms that for women with an uncomplicated pregnancy, having a waterbirth is as safe as leaving the water before birth. Researchers looked at the birth experiences of over 87,000 women with an uncomplicated pregnancy who used water immersion during labour for comfort and pain relief.

Astronomy / Space - Health - 11.06.2024
Would astronauts' kidneys survive a roundtrip to Mars?
Would astronauts’ kidneys survive a roundtrip to Mars?
The structure and function of the kidneys is altered by space flight, with galactic radiation causing permanent damage that would jeopardise any mission to Mars, according to a new study led by researchers from UCL. The study, published in Nature Communications , is the largest analysis of kidney health in space flight to date and includes the first health dataset for commercial astronauts.

Computer Science - Materials Science - 11.06.2024
New computer vision method helps speed up screening of electronic materials
New computer vision method helps speed up screening of electronic materials
The technique characterizes a material's electronic properties 85 times faster than conventional methods. Boosting the performance of solar cells, transistors, LEDs, and batteries will require better electronic materials, made from novel compositions that have yet to be discovered. To speed up the search for advanced functional materials, scientists are using AI tools to identify promising materials from hundreds of millions of chemical formulations.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 11.06.2024
Making climate models relevant for local decision-makers
A new downscaling method leverages machine learning to speed up climate model simulations at finer resolutions, making them usable on local levels. Climate models are a key technology in predicting the impacts of climate change. By running simulations of the Earth's climate, scientists and policymakers can estimate conditions like sea level rise, flooding, and rising temperatures, and make decisions about how to appropriately respond.

Paleontology - Life Sciences - 11.06.2024
Rare organ preservation in Brazilian fossil fishes
Fossils in Brazil indicate a more complex evolutionary history for ray-finned fish brains than previously anticipated, according to new research. Rodrigo Tinoco Figueroa , a Brazilian doctoral candidate at the University of Michigan, and colleagues not only found well-preserved brains in late Paleozoic ray-finned fishes, they also discovered other soft tissues-such as fragments of the heart and eyes, meninges and gill filaments-a rarity in paleontology due to the scarcity of the fossil record.
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