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Life Sciences - Aug 12
Life Sciences
Eating while doing something perceptually-demanding makes it more difficult to notice when you feel full, shows new research from the University of Sussex. Professor Martin Yeomans , Dr Sophie Forster and colleagues found that when your senses are taken up by an engaging task, you are less likely to be able to adjust how much extra food or drink you consume.
Health - Aug 12

Drivers and passengers can inhale significantly lower levels of air pollution by setting their vehicle's ventilation systems more effectively and taking a ‘cleaner' route to their destination, a new study reveals.

Health - Aug 12

A surprising finding emerges from observing how different countries, confronted with different conditions and different epidemiological circumstances, have acted against the spread of COVID-19: the same restrictive policies, instead of spreading gradually across the various countries, have been adopted more or less at the same time.

Psychology - Aug 12
Psychology

A trusting therapeutic relationship and outcome-oriented collaboration between therapist and patient are critical for the successful treatment of mental illness. And it pays to start early in therapy, a series of meta-studies by a task force of the American Psychological Association (APA) led by UZH psychology professor Christoph Flückiger shows.

Physics - Aug 12
Physics

Anesthetics have been used for patients undergoing medical procedures for about 175 years, but doctors and scientists have never known exactly how these drugs disrupt consciousness in the brain.


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Life Sciences - 11:36
TV-watching snackers beware: you won't notice you're full if your attention is elsewhere
TV-watching snackers beware: you won’t notice you’re full if your attention is elsewhere
Eating while doing something perceptually-demanding makes it more difficult to notice when you feel full, shows new research from the University of Sussex. Professor Martin Yeomans , Dr Sophie Forster and colleagues found that when your senses are taken up by an engaging task, you are less likely to be able to adjust how much extra food or drink you consume.

Health - Transport - 10:35
Car passengers can reduce pollution risk by closing windows and changing route
Drivers and passengers can inhale significantly lower levels of air pollution by setting their vehicle's ventilation systems more effectively and taking a ‘cleaner' route to their destination, a new study reveals. Road transport emissions are major source of urban air pollution - nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) coming from vehicle exhausts, plus non-exhaust emissions such as brake dust, tyre wear and road dust in the case of PM.

Psychology - Health - 09:31
Trustful Collaboration Critical for Outcome of Therapy
Trustful Collaboration Critical for Outcome of Therapy
A trusting therapeutic relationship and outcome-oriented collaboration between therapist and patient are critical for the successful treatment of mental illness. And it pays to start early in therapy, a series of meta-studies by a task force of the American Psychological Association (APA) led by UZH psychology professor Christoph Flückiger shows.

Health - Social Sciences - 09:31
COVID-19, and the pressure to emulate
A surprising finding emerges from observing how different countries, confronted with different conditions and different epidemiological circumstances, have acted against the spread of COVID-19: the same restrictive policies, instead of spreading gradually across the various countries, have been adopted more or less at the same time.

Physics - Life Sciences - 09:08
The quantum brain: What a laser can tell us about the relationship between entangled photons and neurons
The quantum brain: What a laser can tell us about the relationship between entangled photons and neurons
Anesthetics have been used for patients undergoing medical procedures for about 175 years, but doctors and scientists have never known exactly how these drugs disrupt consciousness in the brain. University of Michigan professors Theodore Goodson III and George Mashour are investigating new approaches toward understanding this process.

Innovation - Life Sciences - 08:00
New device delivers single cells in just one click
EPFL spin-off SEED Biosciences has developed a pipetting robot that can dispense individual cells one by one. Their innovation allows for enhanced reliability and traceability, and can save life-science researchers time and money. The engineers at SEED Biosciences, an EPFL spin-off, have come up with a unique pipetting robot that can isolate single cells with the push of a button - without damaging the cells.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.08.2020
Meditation-relaxation therapy may offer escape from the terror of sleep paralysis
Meditation-relaxation therapy may offer escape from the terror of sleep paralysis
Sleep paralysis - a condition thought to explain a number of mysterious experiences including alleged cases of alien abduction and demonic night-time visits - could be treated using a technique of meditation-relaxation, suggests a pilot study published today. I know first-hand how terrifying sleep paralysis can be, having experienced it many times myself.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 12.08.2020
Indigenous banana cultivation dates back over 2,000 years
Indigenous banana cultivation dates back over 2,000 years
ANU Archaeologists have found the earliest evidence of Indigenous communities cultivating bananas in Australia. The evidence of cultivation and plant management dates back 2,145 years and was found at Wagadagam on the tiny island of Mabuyag in the western Torres Strait. The site comprised a series of retaining walls associated with gardening activities along with a network of stone arrangements, shell arrangements, rock art and a mound of dugong bones.

Social Sciences - 12.08.2020
Collaboration is key to rebuilding coral reefs
Collaboration is key to rebuilding coral reefs
The most successful and cost-effective ways to restore coral reefs have been identified by an international group of scientists, after analysing restoration projects in Latin America. The University of Queensland's Dr Elisa Bayraktarov led the team that investigated 12 coral reef restoration case studies in five countries.

Environment - 11.08.2020
Researchers help endangered birds beat deadly parasite
Researchers help endangered birds beat deadly parasite
Researchers have found a way to help one of Australia's rarest birds 'self-fumigate' or safeguard their nests, to protect their young from deadly parasites. The endangered forty-spotted pardalotes nest in the hollows of old trees. They build small nests using grass, tree bark and soft feathers found on the forest floor.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.08.2020
Should we sequence newborns’ DNA? The answer is complicated
Newborn babies are regularly screened for serious medical conditions that could cause long-term damage if left untreated. A new study from UC Berkeley examines whether genetic sequencing should be included among these tests. (Public domain photo) Many adults seek genetic counseling, or opt to send samples of their saliva to companies like 23andMe, to find out if the specific patterns in their DNA may put them at higher risk for developing disease.

Health - 11.08.2020
Stress and anger may exacerbate heart failure
Mental stress and anger may have clinical implications for patients with heart failure according to a new report published in the  Journal of Cardiac Failure. Heart failure is a life-threatening cardiovascular disease in which the heart is damaged or weakened. This can lead to a reduced ejection fraction, in which the heart muscle pumps out a lower amount of blood than is typical with each contraction.

Politics - 11.08.2020
Americans prize party loyalty over democratic principles
Americans prize party loyalty over democratic principles
It is conventional wisdom that Americans cherish democracy - but a new study by Yale political scientists reports that only a small fraction of U.S. voters are willing to sacrifice their partisan and policy interests to defend democratic principles.    The study, published in the American Political Science Review, found that only 3.5% of U.S. voters would cast ballots against their preferred candidates as punishment for undemocratic behavior, such as supporting gerrymandering, disenfranchisement, or press restrictions.

Pharmacology - 11.08.2020
What patients want most from their GP is trust and respect, finds study
Relationships between GPs and patients are changing. It is becoming more difficult for patients to see their preferred GP. In a study by researchers from the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care, patients reported that, regardless of whether they were able to see the same GP or not, what they most wanted is to be trusted and respected by their GP.

Linguistics / Literature - 11.08.2020
Get smart about your summer revision
Discover some of the best strategies for successful revision in this article by English Literature student Evie Robinson, who shares her top tips for acing late summer exam season. Exam seasons can be super stressful, and it's very easy to feel overwhelmed - but there are plenty of things you can do to make this mountain far easier to climb.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.08.2020
Plant based meat versus animal meat
A diet that includes an average of two servings of plant-based meat alternatives lowers some cardiovascular risk factors compared with a diet that instead includes the same amount of animal meat, Stanford Medicine scientists found. Swapping out red meat for plant-based meat alternatives can lower some cardiovascular risk factors, according to a new study by researchers at Stanford Medicine.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.08.2020
Enzyme discovered in the gut could lead to new disease biomarker
Enzymes used by bacteria to break down mucus in the gut could provide a useful biomarker for intestinal diseases, according to new research published. Researchers at the University of Birmingham and Newcastle University have successfully identified and characterised one of the key enzymes involved in this process.

Physics - 11.08.2020
Using air to amplify light
In a promising breakthrough for the future of communications, EPFL researchers have developed a technology that can amplify light in the latest hollow-core optical fibers. "The idea had been going around my head for about 15 years, but I never had the time or the resources to do anything about it." But now Luc Thévenaz, the head of the Fiber Optics Group in EPFL's School of Engineering, has finally made it happen: his lab has developed a technology to amplify light inside the latest hollow-core optical fibers.

Health - Materials Science - 11.08.2020
A wound dressing that kills bacteria
A wound dressing that kills bacteria
In order to combat bacterial wound infections, Empa researchers have developed cellulose membranes equipped with antimicrobial peptides. Initial results show: The skin-friendly membranes made of plant-based materials kill bacteria very efficiently. If germs invade a wound, they can trigger a long-lasting infection that may fail to heal or even spread throughout the body, leading to life-threatening blood poisoning (sepsis).

Health - 11.08.2020
Impact of Covid-19 has created stark discrepancies in students’ experiences of taking A Levels says new study
Research from the University of Birmingham and University of Nottingham has indicated some stark discrepancies in students' experiences of taking A-levels this year. The researchers, Professor Kalwant Bhopal at the University of Birmingham and Dr Martin Myers at the University of Nottingham, conducted over 500 survey questionnaires (to date) over a four month period, between April and July with students whose A levels were cancelled due to the pandemic.
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