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Results 21 - 40 of 1792.


Astronomy - Environment / Sustainable Development - 14.06.2018
Study may help humans colonise Mars and hunt for alien life
This might sound like science fiction, but space agencies and private companies around the world are actively trying to turn this aspiration into reality in the not-too-distant future. Scientists at ANU have contributed to an international study that will potentially help humans to colonise Mars and find life on other planets.

Life Sciences - Physics / Materials Science - 14.06.2018
Biological light sensor filmed in action
Biological light sensor filmed in action
Film shows one of the fastest processes in biology Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. In doing so, they produced a molecular movie that reveals how the light sensor retinal is activated in a protein molecule.

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 14.06.2018
Scientists spot erupting jets of material as black hole tears a star apart
Astronomers have for the first time directly imaged a fast-moving jet of material ejected as a supermassive black hole consumed a star. Scientists have previously detected a few cases of black holes destroying stars, but this is the first time they have imaged a bright jet of material from the event.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 14.06.2018
Gene therapy restores hand function after spinal cord injury in rats
Researchers at King's College London have shown that rats with spinal cord injuries can re-learn skilled hand movements after being treated with a gene therapy. People with spinal cord injury often lose the ability to perform everyday actions that require coordinated hand movements, such as writing, holding a toothbrush or picking up a drink.

Medicine / Pharmacology - 14.06.2018
Study identifies key challenges when communicating potential policies
Study identifies key challenges when communicating potential policies
A team of Cambridge researchers sets out to define a new science for policy communications, with ambitions of finding the "Goldilocks zone" between too much and not enough information when informing both legislators and the public on complex issues. Too much complexity risks a lack of understanding or simply being ignored.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 14.06.2018
Type 2 diabetes linked to higher rate of Parkinson's
Type 2 diabetes linked to higher rate of Parkinson’s
People with type 2 diabetes are 32% more likely to develop Parkinson's disease than those without diabetes, finds a new study by UCL, University of Oxford and Queen Mary University of London researchers. The research, published today in Neurology , the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, is the largest study to date on the link between the two conditions.

Life Sciences - Pedagogy / Education Science - 14.06.2018
'Teachers are brain engineers': UW study shows how intensive instruction changes brain circuitry in struggling readers
’Teachers are brain engineers’: UW study shows how intensive instruction changes brain circuitry in struggling readers
The early years are when the brain develops the most, forming neural connections that pave the way for how a child - and the eventual adult - will express feelings, embark on a task, and learn new skills and concepts. Scientists have even theorized that the anatomical structure of neural connections forms the basis for how children identify letters and recognize words.

Life Sciences - 14.06.2018
Mapping memory
Researchers at Cardiff University have mapped out how we store long-term spatial memory, shedding light on how our brains remember where things are within our surroundings. Professor Frank Sengpiel, from Cardiff University's School of Biosciences, said: “Until now, how the brain stores information about our environment over long periods of time has been a mystery.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 14.06.2018
There's Waldo!
There’s Waldo!
From looking for Waldo to finding your cellphone on a cluttered kitchen table, we are continuously engaged in visual searches. How does the brain do this' How do we know where to look? How do we know when we've found what we are looking for? For the first time, neuroscientists from Caltech have found neurons in the human brain that respond when our targets are spotted.

Physics / Materials Science - Innovation / Technology - 14.06.2018
Realization of high-performance magnetic sensors due to magnetic vortex structures
Realization of high-performance magnetic sensors due to magnetic vortex structures
Magnetic sensors play a key role in a variety of applications, such as speed and position sensing in the automotive industry or in biomedical applications. Within the framework of the Christian Doppler Laboratory "Advanced Magnetic Sensing and Materials" headed by Dieter Süss novel magnetic sensors have been realized that surpass conventional technologies in performance and accuracy in a cooperation between the University of Vienna, the Danube University Krems and Infineon AG.

Physics / Materials Science - Innovation / Technology - 14.06.2018
Tracking down the mystery of entangled particles of light
Tracking down the mystery of entangled particles of light
Bernese researchers have taken an important step towards new measurement methods such as quantum spectroscopy. In an experiment, they succeeded in uncovering part of the mystery surrounding the so-called "entangled photons" and gaining fine control on the measured correlations. Quantum technologies hold the promise to go beyond the capabilities of classical present technologies by making use of pure quantum phenomenon, such as "entangled particles".

Environment / Sustainable Development - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.06.2018
Reduction of Environmental Impacts of Plant Protection Products Is Possible
Reduction of Environmental Impacts of Plant Protection Products Is Possible
Zurich-Reckenholz, 14.06.2018 - Agroscope researchers investigated the risks and environmental impacts of plant-protection products (PPPs) in Switzerland's main agricultural crops. They found that a targeted selection of active substances and systematic adherence to the principles of integrated plant protection can significantly reduce the risks and undesirable environmental impacts of PPPs.

Medicine / Pharmacology - 14.06.2018
Media Release - World first test could predict risk of heart attack in coronary artery disease patients
Researchers have developed a world-first blood test which improves the prediction of the long-term risk of heart attack or death in those with severe coronary artery disease. The Austin Health and University of Melbourne study published in PLOS ONE today, found patients with coronary artery disease who had a high level of an enzyme called ACE2 were more likely to die or suffer from a heart attack over the next 10 years.

Medicine / Pharmacology - 13.06.2018
Frailty in middle aged linked to higher mortality
Frailty is a condition commonly associated with old age, however new research has highlighted the significance of frailty in middle age, especially in those living with chronic illness, and the importance of diagnosing it at an early stage. The study, led by the University of Glasgow's Institute of Health and Wellbeing and published today in The Lancet Public Health , found that frailty could be identified in both men and women of all ages between 37 and 73 years-old, and was more common in people with multiple long-term health conditions.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 13.06.2018
What does it mean to be moved by love?
What does it mean to be moved by love?
UCLA and University of Oslo researchers define the sensations associated with the emotion of 'kama muta' Jessica Wolf Researchers from UCLA and the University of Oslo have documented a complex but universally felt emotion they call kama muta — a Sanskrit term that means “moved by love.” For the past five years they have documented the physical sensations people report when they feel kama muta, and what kind of events, images and experiences bring it about.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 13.06.2018
Big data identifies lipids as signatures of health and disease
Big data identifies lipids as signatures of health and disease
Scientists from EPFL and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have carried out one of the most extensive lipidomics studies to date, connecting almost 150 different lipid species to their respective genetic regulators, revealing signatures of metabolic health and disease. Published in two papers in Cell Systems, the study is a landmark for metabolic health science.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 13.06.2018
UC San Diego Launches New Center for Anti-Parasitic Drug Discovery and Development
Neglected tropical diseases are a group of chronic and disabling parasitic infections that primarily affect poor and underserved communities. These diseases affect more than 1 billion people globally, yet are rarely the target of new drug discovery efforts. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), global climate change will most likely alter the communities at greatest risk for these diseases, as changes in temperature and rainfall influence the distribution and life cycles of the insects that transmit these parasites.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 13.06.2018
Engineers recruit microbes to help fight cholera
MIT engineers have developed a probiotic mix of natural and engineered bacteria to diagnose and treat cholera, an intestinal infection that causes severe dehydration. Cholera outbreaks are usually caused by contaminated drinking water, and infections can turn fatal if not treated. The most common treatment is rehydration, which must be done intravenously if the patient is extremely dehydrated.

Microtechnics / Electroengineering - Physics / Materials Science - 13.06.2018
Magnetic 3-D-printed structures crawl, roll, jump, and play catch
Magnetic 3-D-printed structures crawl, roll, jump, and play catch
MIT engineers have created soft, 3-D-printed structures whose movements can be controlled with a wave of a magnet, much like marionettes without the strings. The menagerie of structures that can be magnetically manipulated includes a smooth ring that wrinkles up, a long tube that squeezes shut, a sheet that folds itself, and a spider-like "grabber" that can crawl, roll, jump, and snap together fast enough to catch a passing ball.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 13.06.2018
Healthcare professionals get new guidance on how to talk to people living with dementia
Experts at the University of Nottingham have developed a new training course for healthcare professionals to help them communicate more effectively with patients living with dementia. Around one-quarter of hospital beds are occupied by people with dementia, many of whom have problems communicating and often don't understand the requests being asked of them.