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Results 21 - 40 of 2073.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.12.2018
Silicosis is on the rise, but is there a therapeutic target ?
Silicosis is on the rise, but is there a therapeutic target ?
Paris, 6 December 2018 Researchers from the CNRS, the University of Orléans, and the company Artimmune, in collaboration with Turkish clinicians from Atatürk University, have identified a key mechanism of lung inflammation induced by silica exposure, which leads to silicosis, an incurable disease. Their study in mice and patients, published (December 6th, 2018), shows that this inflammation can be prevented by extracellular DNA degradation, suggesting a new therapeutic target.

Environment - Life Sciences - 06.12.2018
Under the Trafalgar Square Christmas tree
Under the Trafalgar Square Christmas tree
Tonight the crowds will gather in Trafalgar Square to see the lights on the world's most famous Christmas tree switched on. But it's the bits we can't see that make the Norway Spruce ( Picea abies ) so magnificent. CT scanning - X-Ray Computed Tomography (X-Ray CT) - is an imaging technique originally developed by Sir Godfrey Hounsfield for medical application.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.12.2018
Another Medical Cold Case Cracked by the MUHC’s ’Dr. House’
Team of RI-MUHC researchers discover new disease and its genetic cause in Quebec patient as "Bubble Boy" symptoms discovered in adults for first time A team from the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) led by Dr. Donald Vinh, the RI's so-called "Dr. House" because of his research into rare diseases, has discovered a new human disease and the gene responsible for it, paving the way for the proper diagnosis of patients globally and the development of new therapies.

Veterinary Science - 06.12.2018
Shelter dogs get second leash on life
Shelter dogs get second leash on life
Better behaviour assessment could be the key to more successful adoptions and reducing risk of euthanasia for shelter dogs, according to new University of Queensland research. School of Veterinary Science PhD candidate Liam Clay is collaborating with RSPCA Queensland to make behavioural assessments better at reflecting shelter dogs' true behaviours, and their adoption suitability.

Materials Science - 06.12.2018
Technique inspired by dolphin chirps could improve tests of soft materials
Technique inspired by dolphin chirps could improve tests of soft materials
Method can be used to quickly characterize any soft, rapidly changing substance, such as clotting blood or drying cement. If you leave the putty in a small glass, it will eventually spread out like a liquid. If you pull it slowly, it will thin and droop like viscous taffy. And if you quickly yank on it, the Silly Putty will snap like a brittle, solid bar.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.12.2018
New genetic insight could help treat rare debilitating heart and lung condition
New genetic insight could help treat rare debilitating heart and lung condition
The largest study of genetic variation in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension has associated two important genes with the disease. In collaboration with institutes from Europe and Northern America, researchers from Imperial College London have conducted the largest genetic analysis to date of 2,000 patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and identified associations with two genes.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.12.2018
Belgian team secures million-dollar funding from Chan Zuckerberg Initiative
The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative (CZI), the philanthropic endeavour led by Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg and his partner Priscilla Chan, has announced the launch of its Neurodegeneration Challenge Network.   This new network brings together experimental scientists from various biomedical research fields, computational biologists, and physicians to understand the underlying causes of neurodegenerative disorders.

Astronomy / Space Science - Life Sciences - 05.12.2018
Pollution : New ammonia emission sources detected from space
Pollution : New ammonia emission sources detected from space
Paris, December 5, 2018 Researchers from the CNRS 1 and the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) have prepared the first global map of the distribution of atmospheric ammonia (NH3) by analyzing measurements taken by satellites between 2008 and 2016. The IASI interferometer developed by the CNES allowed them to catalog more than 200 ammonia sources, two-thirds of which had never been identified before.

Health - Pharmacology - 05.12.2018
Opioid prescriptions from dentists linked to youth addiction risk
In teenagers and young adults, receiving opioids from dental providers is linked with elevated risk for continued opioid use and abuse, a Stanford study has found. Teens and young adults who receive their initial opioid prescriptions from their dentists or oral surgeons are at increased risk for opioid addiction in the following year, a study from the Stanford University School of Medicine has found.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.12.2018
Whole-brain imaging of mice during behavior
In a study published in Neuron, researchers have demonstrated how functional ultrasound imaging can yield high-resolution, unbiased, brain-wide activity maps of behaving mice. These can lead to a brain-wide understanding of how brain activity relates to specific behavior - in healthy mice and in mouse models of neurologic or psychiatric diseases.

Astronomy / Space Science - 05.12.2018
Bringing balance to the Universe
A new toy model proposes a way to unify dark energy and dark matter in our Universe. Normal matter is the basic building block of humans, plants, and the solar system, but yet only comprises 5% of all the matter in the Universe. The other 95% is typically invisible, other than when its presence is inferred via gravitational effects.

Environment - 05.12.2018
Copernicus Sentinel-5P ozone boosts daily forecasts
Copernicus Sentinel-5P ozone boosts daily forecasts
ESA Observing the Earth Copernicus Sentinel-5P ESA > Our Activities > Observing the Earth > Copernicus > Sentinel-5P 5 December 2018 Measurements of atmospheric ozone from the Copernicus Sentinel-5P satellite are now being used in daily forecasts of air quality. Launched in October 2017, Copernicus Sentinel-5P - short for Sentinel-5 Precursor - is the first Copernicus satellite dedicated to monitoring our atmosphere.

Environment - Life Sciences - 05.12.2018
Study solves mystery of how geckos walk on water
It's official, the humble gecko is the Maserati of reptiles.  Despite being just a few centimetres long, the gecko is known for its superior acrobatic skills and ability to power through the most challenging terrain, such as, climbing the tallest trees and running across cold, slippery ice. Scientists have now cracked perhaps its most head-scratching talent of all: how it walks on water.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.12.2018
UC San Diego Researchers Develop Sensors to Detect and Measure Cancer’s Ability to Spread
The spread of invasive cancer cells from a tumor's original site to distant parts of the body is known as metastasis. It is the leading cause of death in people with cancer. In a paper published online in iScience , University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers reported engineering sensors that can detect and measure the metastatic potential of single cancer cells.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.12.2018
Newly identified'T cells could play a role in cancer and other diseases
Newly identified’T cells could play a role in cancer and other diseases
Health + Behavior UCLA RESEARCH ALERT Duane Bates FINDINGS Researchers from the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center and the La Jolla Institute of Immunology have identified a new type of T cell called a phospholipid-reactive T cell that is able to recognize phospholipids, the molecules that help form cells' outer membranes.

Earth Sciences - 05.12.2018
Volcanoes fed by ‘mush’ reservoirs rather than molten magma chambers
Volcanoes are not fed by molten magma formed in large chambers finds a new study, overturning classic ideas about volcanic eruptions. Instead, the study suggests that volcanoes are fed by so-called ‘mush reservoirs' - areas of mostly solid crystals with magma in the small spaces between the crystals.

Health - 05.12.2018
Patient-carer relationships disrupted by hospital reorganisation
Research from King's College London suggests that reorganisation of mental health services can have a negative effect on the health of people with severe mental illness, due to the disruption of relationships between patients and carers. Lasting relationships between people with severe mental illness and healthcare professionals are prized by patients, doctors and policymakers.

Health - Physics - 05.12.2018
Nano-signature discovery could revolutionise cancer diagnosis
Nano-signature discovery could revolutionise cancer diagnosis
A quick and easy test to detect cancer from blood or biopsy tissue could eventually result in a new approach to patient diagnosis. The test has been developed by University of Queensland researchers Dr Abu Sina , Dr Laura Carrascosa and Professor Matt Trau , who have discovered a unique DNA nanostructure that appears to be common to all cancers.

Life Sciences - Environment - 05.12.2018
A microbe’s membrane helps it survive extreme environments
Scientists discovered a protein that modifies a microbe's membrane and helps it survive in hot, acidic environments, proving a long-standing hypothesis that these structures have a protective effect. Facebook Twitter Email The microorganism Sulfolobus acidocaldarius lives in extreme environments, such as Emerald Hot Spring in Yellowstone National Park.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.12.2018
Chopping unlocks new function in protein linked to dementia
Scientists have uncovered an unexpected new role for a protein that may underlie rare diseases. A protein, called p62, is chopped by molecular scissors to help cells realise that they are ‘hungry', encouraging them to break down and consume old material in the cell. This helps them to stay healthy and fight off infection.