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Results 21 - 40 of 2249.

Materials Science - Physics - 18.07.2024
Machine learning unlocks secrets to advanced alloys
An MIT team uses computer models to measure atomic patterns in metals, essential for designing custom materials for use in aerospace, biomedicine, electronics, and more. The concept of short-range order (SRO) - the arrangement of atoms over small distances - in metallic alloys has been underexplored in materials science and engineering.

Materials Science - 18.07.2024
OptoGPT for improving solar cells, smart windows, telescopes and more
Taking advantage of the transformer neural networks that power large language models, engineers can get recipes for materials with the optical properties they need Study: OptoGPT: A foundation model for inverse design in optical multilayer thin film structures (DOI: 10.29026/oea. Solar cell, telescope and other optical component manufacturers may be able to design better devices more quickly with AI.

Environment - Campus - 18.07.2024
Negative sentiment in environmental advocacy emails boosts engagement
Study: Go Negative for Clicks: Negative Sentiment in Environmental Advocacy Emails Is Associated with Increased Public Engagement People find it hard to resist negative messages. A recent University of Michigan study reveals that recipients are more likely to engage with emails containing negative sentiment sent by the Environmental Defense Fund, a U.S. based nonprofit organization.

Astronomy / Space - Earth Sciences - 18.07.2024
A new explanation for Jupiter's great, shrinking 'Spot'
A new explanation for Jupiter’s great, shrinking ’Spot’
A steady diet of smaller storms may be what fuels Jupiter's Great Red Spot - and a decline in small storms may be causing it to shrink. Jupiter's Great Red Spot - the biggest windstorm in the solar system - is shrinking, and a new study may help explain why. Located in Jupiter's southern hemisphere, the Great Red Spot is a swirling, red-orange oval of high pressure more than 10,000 miles wide.

Psychology - 17.07.2024
Mindfulness training may lead to altered states of consciousness
Mindfulness training may lead to altered states of consciousness
Mindfulness training may lead participants to experience disembodiment and unity - so-called altered states of consciousness - according to a new study from researchers at the University of Cambridge. I've benefited a lot personally from meditation and mindfulness and I've also had many of these experiences.

Chemistry - Health - 17.07.2024
Soft, stretchy 'jelly batteries' inspired by electric eels
Soft, stretchy ’jelly batteries’ inspired by electric eels
Researchers have developed soft, stretchable 'jelly batteries' that could be used for wearable devices or soft robotics, or even implanted in the brain to deliver drugs or treat conditions such as epilepsy. The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, took their inspiration from electric eels, which stun their prey with modified muscle cells called electrocytes.

Life Sciences - 17.07.2024
How star-shaped cells increase flexible learning
How star-shaped cells increase flexible learning
Bonn researchers solve the hidden mystery of the role of astrocytes for learning processes and memory in the brain Star-shaped glial cells, so-called astrocytes, are more than just a supporting cell of the brain. They are actively involved in learning processes and interact with the nerve cells. But what exactly is it that astrocytes do? Researchers at the University Hospital Bonn (UKB) and the University of Bonn are using a biophysical model to clarify how astrocytes interact with nerve cells to regulate rapid adaptation to new information.

Environment - 17.07.2024
Restoring eroded peatlands reduces flood risk for communities downstream
Scientists from The University of Manchester, The University of Aberdeen and Newcastle University have found that the restoration of upland peatlands is a highly effective strategy for reducing downstream flooding.

Earth Sciences - 17.07.2024
Revealing coastal sediment pathways
Stuart Pearson, coastal engineer at TU Delft, receives a NWO Veni grant to investigate sediment pathways. He will specifically focus on tracking individual sand grains. Revealing the interconnected network of sediment pathways that shape our coast will help us to better manage the sediment that builds ecosystems and protects us against flooding.

Environment - Life Sciences - 17.07.2024
Logged forests can still have ecological value - if not pushed too far
Logged forests can still have ecological value - if not pushed too far
Researchers have analysed data from 127 studies to reveal 'thresholds' for when logged rainforests lose the ability to sustain themselves. The results could widen the scope of which forests are considered 'worth' conserving, but also show how much logging degrades forests beyond the point of no return.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.07.2024
Scientists make breakthrough in development of fridge-free storage for vital medicines
Scientists make breakthrough in development of fridge-free storage for vital medicines
Scientists have developed a new approach to store and distribute crucial protein therapeutics without the need for fridges or freezers. The breakthrough, published in the journal Nature , could significantly improve accessibility of essential protein-based drugs in developing countries where cold storage infrastructure may be lacking, helping efforts to diagnose and treat more people with serious health conditions.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.07.2024
Researchers predict fewer, pricier strawberries as temperatures warm
Researchers predict fewer, pricier strawberries as temperatures warm
Study examined effect of rising temperatures on California's crop  Strawberries could be fewer and more expensive because of higher temperatures caused by climate change, according to research from the University of Waterloo. Using a new method of analysis, the researchers found that a rise in temperature of 3 degrees Fahrenheit could reduce strawberry yields by up to 40 per cent.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.07.2024
Addition to the CRISPR Toolbox: Teaching Gene Scissors to Detect RNA
Addition to the CRISPR Toolbox: Teaching Gene Scissors to Detect RNA
A team at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research in Würzburg, Germany, led by RNA expert Chase Beisel, has developed a new technology for the precise detection of RNA using DNA-cutting Cas12 nucleases. CRISPR-Cas systems, defense systems in bacteria, have become a plentiful source of technologies for molecular diagnostics.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 17.07.2024
Factors enabling a human RNA virus to mutate and facilitate its transmission identified
The Institute for Integrative Systems Biology (UV-CSIC) has conducted the first comprehensive analysis of all mutations in the protein set of coxsackievirus B3, which causes severe heart inflammation. The findings, published in Plos Biology, will help to identify regions of the virus genome with low tolerance to mutations, facilitating the development of drugs targeting these areas.

Health - Psychology - 17.07.2024
’Diabetes distress’ increases risk of mental health problems among young people living with type 1 diabetes
Children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes are at significantly higher risk of a number of mental health issues, including mood and anxiety disorders, a study from a team in the UK and the Czech Republic has found. We know that people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes can experience 'diabetes distress'. It's little wonder, then, that they are at risk of compounding mental health problems, spanning into their adult lives Benjamin Perry The findings highlight the urgent need for monitoring and support for the mental health of young people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.

Physics - 17.07.2024
Powerful new particle accelerator a step closer with muon-marshalling technology
Powerful new particle accelerator a step closer with muon-marshalling technology
New experimental results show particles called muons can be corralled into beams suitable for high-energy collisions, paving the way for new physics. Particle accelerators are best known for colliding matter to probe its make-up, but they are also used for measuring the chemical structure of drugs, treating cancers, and manufacturing silicon microchips.

Pharmacology - Health - 17.07.2024
Scottish Brain Tumour Research Centre of Excellence to be established
University of Glasgow cancer scientists will play a leading role in a new research centre to help find a cure for the most aggressive form of brain cancer. The Scottish Brain Tumour Research Centre of Excellence is jointly funded by the charities Brain Tumour Research and Beatson Cancer Charity, and will be a unique collaboration based at laboratories at the University of Glasgow and the University of Edinburgh.

Agronomy / Food Science - 17.07.2024
More vegetarian dishes on the menu: a successful experiment in university catering
Since January 1, 2023, the Egalim law has required public establishments to offer a vegetarian option every day. In line with this, the Crous are aiming for 30% vegetarian meals by 2025. One of the main obstacles to be overcome to reach this objective is the acceptability of such a measure by students.

Physics - Innovation - 17.07.2024
The magnet trick: New invention makes vibrations disappear
The magnet trick: New invention makes vibrations disappear
TU Wien (Vienna) has patented a completely new method of dampening vibrations. This is an important step for precision devices such as high-performance astronomical telescopes. When everything shakes, precision is usually impossible - everybody who has ever tried to take a photo with shaky hands or make handwritten notes on a bumpy bus journey knows that.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.07.2024
Multiple concussions in rugby players change proteins in their blood
A new study shows that retired rugby players who have suffered multiple concussions have abnormal levels of certain proteins in their blood. This may make them more prone to developing diseases such as motor neurone disease (MND). This is what new research led by our bioscientists has found as part of the UK Rugby Health project.