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Results 21 - 40 of 2157.

Physics - 12.08.2020
Yale quantum researchers create an error-correcting cat
Yale quantum researchers create an error-correcting cat
Yale physicists have developed an error-correcting cat - a new device that combines the Schrödinger's cat concept of superposition (a physical system existing in two states at once) with the ability to fix some of the trickiest errors in a quantum computation. It is Yale's latest breakthrough in the effort to master and manipulate the physics necessary for a useful quantum computer: correcting the stream of errors that crop up among fragile bits of quantum information, called qubits, while performing a task.

Health - 12.08.2020
Over 25% of CT nursing home residents surveyed test positive for COVID-19
The first case of COVID-19 in Connecticut was reported in a nursing home on March 15; from there the number of infections skyrocketed. A point prevalence survey (which involves testing groups of individuals at a single time) led by the Yale School of Public Health found that 601 people (28.3% of the 2,117 people tested in 33 nursing homes) were infected with the virus.

Life Sciences - 12.08.2020
TV-watching snackers beware: you won't notice you're full if your attention is elsewhere
TV-watching snackers beware: you won’t notice you’re full if your attention is elsewhere
Eating while doing something perceptually-demanding makes it more difficult to notice when you feel full, shows new research from the University of Sussex. Professor Martin Yeomans , Dr Sophie Forster and colleagues found that when your senses are taken up by an engaging task, you are less likely to be able to adjust how much extra food or drink you consume.

Health - Transport - 12.08.2020
Car passengers can reduce pollution risk by closing windows and changing route
Drivers and passengers can inhale significantly lower levels of air pollution by setting their vehicle's ventilation systems more effectively and taking a ‘cleaner' route to their destination, a new study reveals. Road transport emissions are major source of urban air pollution - nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) coming from vehicle exhausts, plus non-exhaust emissions such as brake dust, tyre wear and road dust in the case of PM.

Psychology - Health - 12.08.2020
Trustful Collaboration Critical for Outcome of Therapy
Trustful Collaboration Critical for Outcome of Therapy
A trusting therapeutic relationship and outcome-oriented collaboration between therapist and patient are critical for the successful treatment of mental illness. And it pays to start early in therapy, a series of meta-studies by a task force of the American Psychological Association (APA) led by UZH psychology professor Christoph Flückiger shows.

Health - Social Sciences - 12.08.2020
COVID-19, and the pressure to emulate
A surprising finding emerges from observing how different countries, confronted with different conditions and different epidemiological circumstances, have acted against the spread of COVID-19: the same restrictive policies, instead of spreading gradually across the various countries, have been adopted more or less at the same time.

Physics - Life Sciences - 12.08.2020
The quantum brain: What a laser can tell us about the relationship between entangled photons and neurons
The quantum brain: What a laser can tell us about the relationship between entangled photons and neurons
Anesthetics have been used for patients undergoing medical procedures for about 175 years, but doctors and scientists have never known exactly how these drugs disrupt consciousness in the brain. University of Michigan professors Theodore Goodson III and George Mashour are investigating new approaches toward understanding this process.

Innovation - Life Sciences - 12.08.2020
New device delivers single cells in just one click
EPFL spin-off SEED Biosciences has developed a pipetting robot that can dispense individual cells one by one. Their innovation allows for enhanced reliability and traceability, and can save life-science researchers time and money. The engineers at SEED Biosciences, an EPFL spin-off, have come up with a unique pipetting robot that can isolate single cells with the push of a button - without damaging the cells.

Environment - 12.08.2020
Britons hope to keep sustainable habits beyond Covid-19 lockdown
Britons are keen to continue with low-carbon lifestyle choices adopted during lockdown, according to research by Cardiff University and The University of Manchester. Two wide-ranging surveys conducted by the UK Centre for Climate and Social Transformation (CAST), which is coordinated by Cardiff University, suggested lockdown had upended people's habits, from buying and travelling less, to reduced energy use and cutting down on food waste.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.08.2020
Meditation-relaxation therapy may offer escape from the terror of sleep paralysis
Meditation-relaxation therapy may offer escape from the terror of sleep paralysis
Sleep paralysis - a condition thought to explain a number of mysterious experiences including alleged cases of alien abduction and demonic night-time visits - could be treated using a technique of meditation-relaxation, suggests a pilot study published today. I know first-hand how terrifying sleep paralysis can be, having experienced it many times myself.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 12.08.2020
Indigenous banana cultivation dates back over 2,000 years
Indigenous banana cultivation dates back over 2,000 years
ANU Archaeologists have found the earliest evidence of Indigenous communities cultivating bananas in Australia. The evidence of cultivation and plant management dates back 2,145 years and was found at Wagadagam on the tiny island of Mabuyag in the western Torres Strait. The site comprised a series of retaining walls associated with gardening activities along with a network of stone arrangements, shell arrangements, rock art and a mound of dugong bones.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.08.2020
Unlocking how cellular proteins control cancer spread
A new insight into cell signals that control cancer growth and migration could help in the search for effective anti-cancer drugs. A McGill-led study reveals key biochemical processes that advance our understanding of colorectal cancer, the third most common cancer among Canadians. Using the CMCF beamline at the Canadian Light Source (CLS) at the University of Saskatchewan, scientists from McGill University and Osaka University in Japan were able to unlock the behavior of an enzyme involved in the spread of cancer cells.

Social Sciences - 12.08.2020
Collaboration is key to rebuilding coral reefs
Collaboration is key to rebuilding coral reefs
The most successful and cost-effective ways to restore coral reefs have been identified by an international group of scientists, after analysing restoration projects in Latin America. The University of Queensland's Dr Elisa Bayraktarov led the team that investigated 12 coral reef restoration case studies in five countries.

Environment - 11.08.2020
Researchers help endangered birds beat deadly parasite
Researchers help endangered birds beat deadly parasite
Researchers have found a way to help one of Australia's rarest birds 'self-fumigate' or safeguard their nests, to protect their young from deadly parasites. The endangered forty-spotted pardalotes nest in the hollows of old trees. They build small nests using grass, tree bark and soft feathers found on the forest floor.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.08.2020
Should we sequence newborns’ DNA? The answer is complicated
Newborn babies are regularly screened for serious medical conditions that could cause long-term damage if left untreated. A new study from UC Berkeley examines whether genetic sequencing should be included among these tests. (Public domain photo) Many adults seek genetic counseling, or opt to send samples of their saliva to companies like 23andMe, to find out if the specific patterns in their DNA may put them at higher risk for developing disease.

Health - 11.08.2020
Stress and anger may exacerbate heart failure
Mental stress and anger may have clinical implications for patients with heart failure according to a new report published in the  Journal of Cardiac Failure. Heart failure is a life-threatening cardiovascular disease in which the heart is damaged or weakened. This can lead to a reduced ejection fraction, in which the heart muscle pumps out a lower amount of blood than is typical with each contraction.

Politics - 11.08.2020
Americans prize party loyalty over democratic principles
Americans prize party loyalty over democratic principles
It is conventional wisdom that Americans cherish democracy - but a new study by Yale political scientists reports that only a small fraction of U.S. voters are willing to sacrifice their partisan and policy interests to defend democratic principles.    The study, published in the American Political Science Review, found that only 3.5% of U.S. voters would cast ballots against their preferred candidates as punishment for undemocratic behavior, such as supporting gerrymandering, disenfranchisement, or press restrictions.

Pharmacology - 11.08.2020
What patients want most from their GP is trust and respect, finds study
Relationships between GPs and patients are changing. It is becoming more difficult for patients to see their preferred GP. In a study by researchers from the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care, patients reported that, regardless of whether they were able to see the same GP or not, what they most wanted is to be trusted and respected by their GP.

Linguistics / Literature - 11.08.2020
Get smart about your summer revision
Discover some of the best strategies for successful revision in this article by English Literature student Evie Robinson, who shares her top tips for acing late summer exam season. Exam seasons can be super stressful, and it's very easy to feel overwhelmed - but there are plenty of things you can do to make this mountain far easier to climb.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.08.2020
Plant based meat versus animal meat
A diet that includes an average of two servings of plant-based meat alternatives lowers some cardiovascular risk factors compared with a diet that instead includes the same amount of animal meat, Stanford Medicine scientists found. Swapping out red meat for plant-based meat alternatives can lower some cardiovascular risk factors, according to a new study by researchers at Stanford Medicine.

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