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Health - Life Sciences - 16.08.2009
Major new lead for Parkinson´s treatment
A major lead for potential new treatments for Parkinson´s has been discovered by researchers at the University of Sheffield´s Department of Biomedical Science. The study, primarily funded by the Parkinson´s Disease Society and published online by the journal Nature Neuroscience this week, identified a pathway inside nerve cells that could be stimulated to protect the dying cells affected by Parkinson´s.

Social Sciences - Health - 11.08.2009
Drugs increase risk of violence more than schizophrenia
Schizophrenia and other psychotic illnesses are not responsible for any additional risk of violence above the increased risk associated with substance abuse, according to a novel meta-analysis published in the open access journal PLoS Medicine. The findings may have implications for attempts to reduce violence in society, suggesting that strategies aimed at reducing drug and alcohol abuse would be more successful than focusing on mental illness.

Health - 09.08.2009
Antivirals ’little or no effect’ on flu complications in children
The antivirals oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza) are unlikely to prevent complications in children who have swine flu, according to research published by the BMJ today. While the study shows that antivirals shorten the duration of flu in children by up to a day and a half, it also shows that they have little or no effect on asthma flare-ups, increased ear infections or the likelihood of children needing antibiotics.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.08.2009
’Trojan Horse Trick’ as the cause of a fatal fungal outbreak in humans
New research from the University of Birmingham has uncovered the reason why a strain of fungus has evolved to cause fatal infections in the Pacific Northwest of America. The fungus Cryptoccocus gattii is normally a very rare cause of human disease in the tropics. However, in recent years an aggressive strain of this fungus has spread across the Pacific Northwest of America, causing at least eight deaths and more than 200 infections in a single outbreak on Vancouver Island (VIO).

Health - Administration - 05.08.2009
Cash Counts for Nothing in PCT Performance
The amount of money spent in delivering maternity care in Primary Care Trusts (PCTs) does not have a significant impact on rates of infant or perinatal mortality, researchers at the University of Birmingham have found. Nick Freemantle, Professor of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, found that between 70% and 80% of variations between PCT infant and perinatal mortality can be explained by a combination of social deprivation, ethnicity and maternal age.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.08.2009
Unstable proteins can cause premature ageing
The normal ageing process has long been linked to problems with cell respiration, the process through which the cells extract energy from nutrients. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have now shown how certain proteins that are synthesised in the cellular mitochondria - popularly known as the cells' power plants - become unstable and disintegrate, which in turn can impair cell respiration and cause premature ageing.

Life Sciences - 02.08.2009
UCL podcast: New study provides answer to Asperger’s Syndrome conundrum
‘Mindblind Eyes: An Absence of Spontaneous Theory of Mind in Asperger Syndrome?: Science paper A new study co-led by Professor Uta Frith (UCL Institute of Neuroscience) sheds light on how adults with Asperger's Syndrome successfully negotiate social interaction. Highly intelligent adults with Asperger's Syndrome have difficulties with day-to-day social interaction.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.07.2009
Grant for research into new epilepsy treatments
Professor Matthew Walker (UCL Institute of Neurology) and Robin Williams (Department of Biological Sciences at Royal Holloway, University of London) have been awarded 415,234 by the National Centre for Replacement, Refinement and Reduction to fund research into identifying new epilepsy treatments. Epilepsy affects at least 40 million people worldwide, making it the most common serious neurological condition in humans.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.07.2009
Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists will codirect $14.5 million National Center for Systems Biology
Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists will codirect $14.5 million National Center for Systems Biology Lab contributes computer modeling, antibody engineering capabilities Los Alamos, New Mexico, July 28, 2009— Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists will codirect a new National Center for Systems Biology located at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque.

Health - 22.07.2009
What we see out of the corner of our eye
Researchers at UCL have found that when it comes to our vision, objects are hard to identify when we look at them using the corner of our eye because our brain tends to assume the world is regular and cannot deliver more than a simplified sketch. Known as 'crowding', this is a problem for millions of people who have lost their central vision through eye disease such as glaucoma and are forced to use the edges of their visual field to perform everyday tasks such as reading or recognising their friends.

Chemistry - 22.07.2009
Saturn’s moon shows evidence of ammonia
Saturn's moon shows evidence of ammonia 22 July 2009 Data collected during two close flybys of Saturn's moon Enceladus by Cassini add more fuel to the fire about the icy world containing sub-surface liquid water. The results, based on data collected by Cassini‘s Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer during Enceladus flybys in July and October 2008, will be published in tomorrow's issue of the journal Nature.

Health - Life Sciences - 20.07.2009
Scientists Uncover a Novel Gene for Infantile Parkinson Disease
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have discovered genetic mutations that cause a rare childhood neurological disorder that could also have important implications for our understanding of Parkinson's disease. Led by Professor Eamonn Maher and Manju Kurian, the Birmingham team conducted detailed genetic sequencing in two families who had children diagnosed with infantile parkinsonism-dystonia (IPD) - a rare, recently discovered, genetic condition that produces symptoms similar to Parkinson's disease in children.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 20.07.2009
Brain can develop motor memory for prosthetics, study finds
Brain can develop motor memory for prosthetics, study finds
BERKELEY — "Practice makes perfect" is the maxim drummed into students struggling to learn a new motor skill — be it riding a bike or developing a killer backhand in tennis. Stunning new research now reveals that the brain can also achieve this motor memory with a prosthetic device, providing hope that physically disabled people can one day master control of artificial limbs with greater ease.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.07.2009
Cell biologist Richard Strohman has died at 82
Cell biologist Richard Strohman has died at 82
BERKELEY — Richard Campbell Strohman, professor emeritus of molecular and cell biology at the University of California, Berkeley, and a frequent critic of the idea that genes determine destiny, died July 4 from complications of Alzheimer's disease. Born May 5, 1927, in Brooklyn, N.Y., Strohman trained in biology at the Biophysical Labs at Columbia University, from which he obtained a B.S. (1952) and Ph.D.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.07.2009
Salmonella Breakthrough Offers Hope for Vaccine
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have identified a protein present in non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) that could form the basis of a vaccine to protect against the infection that kills many tens of thousands in the developing world. In research published in PNAS, researchers reveal that a protein found on the surface of NTS called OmpD, may protect against these infections when purified from the bacteria and used in a vaccine.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.07.2009
Surprising new insights into the repair strategies of DNA
Surprising new insights into the repair strategies of DNA
PA 193/09 A microscopic single-celled organism, adapted to survive in some of the harshest environments on earth, could help scientists gain a better understanding of how cancer cells behave. Experts at The University of Nottingham were astonished to discover that the archaeon Haloferax volcanii was better at repairing DNA damage if enzymes, that are widely considered to be critically important in coordinating the repair of DNA, were mutated.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.07.2009
Researchers find early markers of Alzheimer's disease
Researchers find early markers of Alzheimer's disease
BERKELEY — A large study of patients with mild cognitive impairment revealed that results from cognitive tests and brain scans can work as an early warning system for the subsequent development of Alzheimer's disease. The research found that among 85 participants in the study with mild cognitive impairment, those with low scores on a memory recall test and low glucose metabolism in particular brain regions, as detected through positron emission tomography (PET), had a 15-fold greater risk of developing Alzheimer's disease within two years, compared with the others in the study.

Chemistry - Economics / Business - 13.07.2009
Research Shows Glass Can Make Concrete Sturdier
Research Shows Glass Can Make Concrete Sturdier
July 14, 2009 — Coral Gables — Why Reinforcing Concrete Columns with Internal Bars Made of Glass Fibers Can Make a Building More Sturdy The University of Miami, through its NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center RB2C performed the first-ever tests of full-scale concrete columns internally reinforced with glass fiber reinforced polymer bars.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 13.07.2009
Neuroimaging Suggests that Truthfulness Requires No Act of Will for Honest People
Cambridge, Mass. July 13, 2009 - A new study of the cognitive processes involved with honesty suggests that truthfulness depends more on absence of temptation than active resistance to temptation. Using neuroimaging, psychologists looked at the brain activity of people given the chance to gain money dishonestly by lying and found that honest people showed no additional neural activity when telling the truth, implying that extra cognitive processes were not necessary to choose honesty.

Physics - Health - 09.07.2009
White House Honors Los Alamos Physicist’s Early Career Work
Physicist Ivan Vitev received a prestigious Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers Los Alamos, New Mexico, July 10, 2009—The White House today announced that Los Alamos National Laboratory physicist Ivan Vitev has received a prestigious Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE).
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