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Philosophy - 03.06.2009
Easily grossed out? You’re more likely a conservative, says Cornell psychologist
Are you someone who squirms when confronted with slime, shudders at stickiness or gets grossed out by gore? Do crawly insects make you cringe or dead bodies make you blanch? If so, chances are you're more conservative - politically, and especially in your attitudes toward gays and lesbians - than your less-squeamish counterparts, according to two Cornell studies.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 01.06.2009
Scientists Solve Poppy Puzzle with New Gene Discovery
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have identified an elusive male gene in the field poppy that stops self-fertilization, a mechanism that prevents inbreeding, and promotes greater genetic diversity. Plant biologists had already uncovered that poppies prevent self-fertilization when a female gene on the stigma tells it which pollen to accept or reject, triggering several chemical signals to stop pollen tube growth.

Health - 28.05.2009
Molecular Discovery Could Point the Way to New Treatment for Androgen Excess
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have uncovered a novel cause of androgen excess that may help to improve diagnosis and lead to the development of more effective treatment options for the condition polycystic ovary syndrome that affects between 5-15% of women. Researchers have discovered that a mutation in an enzyme responsible for deactivating the steroid dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is sufficient to cause the over production of androgens in females.

Health - 27.05.2009
The effectiveness of relaxation classes for childbirth questioned
New research reveals how specialist pre-pregnancy preparation for women and their partners is no different from the standard classes offered at antenatal clinics. In the study by the Department for Woman and Child Health at Karolinska Institutet, 1,087 first-time mothers and 1,064 of their partners took part.

Physics - 27.05.2009
Rare radio supernova is nearest supernova in five years
Rare radio supernova is nearest supernova in five years
A Hubble Space Telescope image (left) of the galaxy M82 shows hydrogen gas (red) breaking out from the central starburst (box), a region of intense star formation. A May 2008 VLA image of the starburst region (top left) clearly shows the supernova (SN 2008iz), which probably exploded in January 2008.

Physics - 27.05.2009
Allen Telescope Array begins all-sky surveys
BERKELEY — With commissioning of the 42 radio dishes of the Allen Telescope Array (ATA) nearly complete, UC Berkeley astronomers are now embarking on several major radio astronomy projects, including daily surveys of the sky. "The ATA is fast by design, covering a wide field of view, which is ideal for dedicated surveys of the sky," said Don Backer, UC Berkeley professor of astronomy and director of the Radio Astronomy Laboratory that oversees the ATA.

Physics - History / Archeology - 26.05.2009
Peering Deep into Space
May 27, 2009 — News story — A telescope designed by a University of Miami physicist and an international team of collaborators has produced the clearest images of starburst galaxies, revealing a new picture of the universe in its early stages People have always wondered where we, our Earth, our galaxy, come from.

Health - 26.05.2009
Computer-based smoking cessation programs work, finds metanalysis
BERKELEY — Trying to quit cigarettes but don't know how? A new analysis led by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health, suggests that Web- and computer-based smoking cessation programs are worth a try, and fortunately during these tough economic times, many of them are free.

Environment - 26.05.2009
Insect in hemlock forests causes loss of canopy, gain of invasive plants
Insect in hemlock forests causes loss of canopy, gain of invasive plants
BERKELEY — Deep in the hemlock forests of the Eastern United States, a tiny, aphid-like insect may be playing a giant role in transforming an ecosystem, according to new research by ecologists at the University of California, Berkeley. The understory environment of hemlock forests, characterized by uniformly low light levels and little plant cover, has been significantly altered by the decline of the hemlock canopy caused by an exotic pest, the hemlock woolly adelgid.

Earth Sciences - 21.05.2009
University researcher swaps Sheffield for storm chasing
A researcher from the University of Sheffield is contributing to the world´s largest project to explore the origins and impact of one of the most deadly forms of extreme weather - the tornado. Jacqui Wilmshurst, a PhD student from the University of Sheffield´s Department of Psychology, is part of a team of researchers working on the Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornados Experiment 2 (VORTEX2) which is tracking tornados in the USA to understand more about their origins and the effects they have on the communities which are at risk of being devastated by them.

Health - 20.05.2009
Fit to Fight Flu: Birmingham Women Needed for Exercise and Immunity Study
University of Birmingham researchers are looking for physically inactive women to help discover if exercising regularly can boost the immune system and lower the risk of catching colds and flu. The team - from the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences - are looking to recruit women from the Birmingham area, aged 35-65, who wish to increase their physical activity levels.

Social Sciences - Health - 20.05.2009
Schizophrenia does not increase risk of violent crime
A new study from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet and the University of Oxford finds that the severe mental disorder schizophrenia only marginally increases the risk of committing violent crime. Rather, the overrepresentation of individuals with schizophrenia in violent crime is almost entirely attributable to concurrent substance abuse.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 19.05.2009
Sheffield researchers unravel causes of Alzheimer´s
Researchers at the University of Sheffield, funded by the UK´s leading dementia research charity, the Alzheimer´s Research Trust, have uncovered how a type of brain cell is affected in Alzheimer´s. The team´s exciting findings are to be published later this month (May 2009)in two journals.

Health - Social Sciences - 19.05.2009
Small risk of violence in schizophrenia unless drugs and alcohol are involved
There is an association between schizophrenia and violent crime, but it is minimal unless there are also drug or alcohol problems, a large-scale study led by Oxford University has shown. The findings, reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association, highlight the importance of treating drug or alcohol problems in people with severe mental illness.

Psychology - 19.05.2009
Super-Recognizers, With Extraordinary Face Recognition Ability, Never Forget A Face
Cambridge, Mass. May 19, 2009 - Some people say they never forget a face, a claim now bolstered by psychologists at Harvard University who've discovered a group they call "super-recognizers": those who can easily recognize someone they met in passing, even many years later. The new study suggests that skill in facial recognition might vary widely among humans.

Economics / Business - 18.05.2009
Consumers remain upbeat
Consumers remain upbeat
PA 136/09 Despite the global recession and the crisis in the banking sector, consumer confidence in financial services remains intact, according to a report compiled for the Nottingham University Business School. The Financial Services Trust Index 2009, by Professor Christine Ennew is based on 1400 consumer interviews and is the first of its kind to look at simple yes and no answers.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.05.2009
Summer haze has a cooling effect in southeastern United States, says new study
Summer haze has a cooling effect in southeastern United States, says new study
BERKELEY — Global warming may include some periods of local cooling, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley. Results from satellite and ground-based sensor data show that sweltering summers can, paradoxically, lead to the temporary formation of a cooling haze in the southeastern United States.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.05.2009
Breakthrough in the treatment of bacterial meningitis
Breakthrough in the treatment of bacterial meningitis
PA 130/09 It can take just hours after the symptoms appear for someone to die from bacterial meningitis. Now, after years of research, experts at The University of Nottingham have finally discovered how the deadly meningococcal bacteria is able to break through the body's natural defence mechanism and attack the brain.

Economics / Business - Health - 12.05.2009
Learning a second language is good childhood mind medicine, studies find
Learning a second language is good childhood mind medicine, studies find
Teaching young children how to speak a second language is good for their minds, report two Cornell linguistic researchers. Learning a second language does not cause language confusion, language delay or cognitive deficit, which have been concerns in the past. In fact, according to studies at the Cornell Language Acquisition Lab (CLAL), children who learn a second language can maintain attention despite outside stimuli better than children who know only one language.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.05.2009
New research on the "guardian of the genome"
] Protein p53 protects the body against cancer and is knocked out in many cancer tumours. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have identified two molecules that can restore p53's cancer-killing properties. New results are now presented on the two substances, one of which will undergo clinical tests later this year.
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