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Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.04.2009
Social deprivation increases risks of death after heart surgery
A major study of more than 40,000 patients has shown that social deprivation significantly reduces patients' chances of survival after heart surgery. Research from the University of Birmingham and University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust has shown that patients from more socially deprived backgrounds had poorer survival rates after cardiac surgery both immediately after the operation (in hospital) and over five years of follow up.

Health - 03.04.2009
Heart cells replaced throughout life
Heart cells replaced throughout life
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have now shown, by measuring the radioactive isotope carbon-14 stored in cells, that heart cells are replaced throughout a persons life. The results, which are presented , make the replacement of cells lost during myocardial infarction a real possibility. There is an urban myth of sorts that says that all cells in our body are replaced every seventh year.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.04.2009
Researcher Discovers That Brain Cells Have "Memory"
Office of News and Information Johns Hopkins University 901 South Bond Street, Suite 540 Baltimore, Maryland 21231 Phone: 443-287-9960 | Fax: 443-287-9920 As we look at the world around us, images flicker into our brains like so many disparate pixels on a computer screen that change every time our eyes move, which is several times a second.

Health - 02.04.2009
Swedish study reveals sharp increase in HPV-positive tonsil cancer
Swedish study reveals sharp increase in HPV-positive tonsil cancer
The number of cases of tonsil cancer continues to increase, according to a new Swedish study from Karolinska Institutet, with diagnoses tripling since 1970. The results of the study, which mainly cover the Swedish capital of Stockholm, show that this increase is directly linked to the human papillomavirus (HPV).

Social Sciences - 01.04.2009
Positive Effekte von Wein in Muttermilch
Positive Effekte von Wein in Muttermilch
Stillenden Müttern wird nahegelegt, auf alkoholhaltige Getränke zu verzichten. Nun zeigen aber neuste Forschungsergebnisse, dass Wein, der über die Muttermilch zu Säuglingen gelangt, positive Effekte auf die Säuglinge hat.

Psychology - 01.04.2009
Coming face to face with autism
Coming face to face with autism
PA 93/09 Volunteers are needed to help increase our understanding of the social and communication difficulties experienced by people with autism. In the first study of its kind researchers will use video clips of spontaneously produced facial expressions in a real life social context to explore emotion recognition in autism.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 01.04.2009
Sea mollusks taste their memories to build shells
Sea mollusks taste their memories to build shells
By adjusting nine parameters in a single equation, a computer model can generate patterned shells (right example in each pair above) that closely resemble real mollusk shells. (Alistair Boettiger/UC Berkeley) BERKELEY — University of California, Berkeley, graduate student Alistair Boettiger has amassed a beautiful collection of seashells, but not by combing the beach.

Health - Psychology - 31.03.2009
Lessons change teenage attitudes to mental illness
Teaching school children about common mental health problems can reduce prejudice and negative attitudes towards mental illness, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Sheffield. The research found that teenagers who received just six lessons on mental health showed significantly more sensitivity and empathy towards people with mental health problems.

Health - 31.03.2009
Lower cancer risk for patients with MS
A new study from Karolinska Institutet shows that people with multiple sclerosis (MS) may be at a lower risk for cancer overall, but at a higher risk of developing certain types of cancer, such as brain tumors and bladder cancer. The study is published in the latest print issue of Neurology , the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Mathematics - Life Sciences - 31.03.2009
Computer simulations explain the limitations of working memory
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet (KI) have constructed a mathematical activity model of the brain´s frontal and parietal parts, to increase the understanding of the capacity of the working memory and of how the billions of neurons in the brain interact. One of the findings they have made with this "model brain" is a mechanism in the brain´s neuronal network that restricts the number of items we can normally store in our working memories at any one time to around two to seven.

Life Sciences - Health - 31.03.2009
A Mother’s Criticism Causes Distinctive Neural Activity Among Formerly Depressed
Cambridge, Mass. March 31, 2009 - Formerly depressed women show patterns of brain activity when they are criticized by their mothers that are distinctly different from the patterns shown by never depressed controls, according to a new study from Harvard University. The participants reported being completely well and fully recovered, yet their neural activity resembled that which has been observed in depressed individuals in other studies.

Environment - Economics / Business - 30.03.2009
Marine science for a changing world
How can the marine environment benefit our physical and mental health‘ Could understanding rip currents help save lives' What impact will the Wave Hub have on our coast line' These are just a few of the topics that will be discussed as the Plymouth Marine Sciences Partnership (PMSP) showcases pioneering research at its first-ever research symposium, 'Marine Science for a Changing World'.

Health - Psychology - 25.03.2009
Therapists still offer treatment for homosexuality
Report: ‘The response of mental health professionals to clients seeking help to change or redirect same-sex sexual orientation' Researchers from UCL and St George's, University of London have published a report which indicates that a significant minority of psychiatrists and therapists still attempt to help lesbian, gay and bisexual clients become heterosexual, despite a lack of evidence that such treatment is effective or even safe.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 25.03.2009
Brain activity predicts our choices
A study led by UCL's Tali Sharot published today in the Journal of Neuroscience has found that your brain may know what you prefer before you do. Sharot, a British Academy postdoctoral fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at UCL, has showed that when people rate options similarly, they will choose the one that causes more activation in the caudate nucleus, a brain region involved in anticipating reward.The study also demonstrated that after a decision is made, caudate nucleus activity increases for the selected option and decreases for the rejected one.

Health - Life Sciences - 24.03.2009
Westminster showcase for animal replacement research
Westminster showcase for animal replacement research
PA 81/09 Researchers from The University of Nottingham will be in Westminster today to talk to MPs about how innovative scientific advances could reduce the need for animal experimentation in the quest to find new treatments for the painful degenerative joint condition osteoarthritis.

Health - Chemistry - 24.03.2009
Anti-microbial catheter to cut infection risk for dialysis patients
Anti-microbial catheter to cut infection risk for dialysis patients
PA84/09 Medical experts at The University of Nottingham have shown that an innovative anti-microbial catheter could vastly improve treatment and the quality of life for many community-based dialysis patients. Results of a study published in the leading journal Biomaterials, have shown that the catheter has the potential to ward off attack from a wider variety of pathogens and protect Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) patients from infections for up to 100 days — around 20 times longer than current catheters.

Law - 23.03.2009
Individual landlords dominate rental market in Scotland
Research from the University of Sheffield has shown that the large majority of private rented housing in Scotland is owned by individual landlords rather than large-scale companies, despite deregulation in 1989. The findings have been published by the Scottish Government today (Tuesday 24 March) as part of its review of the role of the private rented sector in Scotland´s housing market.

Health - Life Sciences - 20.03.2009
New Weapon to Fight Tuberculosis
BTZ043 is a new therapeutic agent to fight tuberculosis. Its target is an enzyme which produces the cell wall of the pathogenic bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Physics - 19.03.2009
Scientists find solution to solar puzzle
Scientists from the University of Sheffield and Queen´s University Belfast have made a unique discovery which will help us understand one of the most puzzling features of the Sun. The research has helped explain why the outside atmosphere of the Sun is actually hotter than the inner photosphere.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.03.2009
Mice with disabled gene that helps turn carbs into fat stay lean despite feasting on high-carb diet
BERKELEY — Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have identified a gene that plays a critical regulatory role in the process of converting dietary carbohydrates to fat. In a new study, they disabled this gene in mice, which consequently had lower levels of body fat than their normal counterparts, despite being fed the equivalent of an all-you-can-eat pasta buffet.
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