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Life Sciences - Health - 18.03.2009
Clever bacteria evolves to survive
Researchers at the University of Sheffield have discovered vital information about how bacteria manage to survive in an enormous range of habitats, including human beings. The team of scientists, led by Professor Jeff Green from the University of Sheffield´s Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, has shown that a protein found in the bacterium E. coli, can sense the presence of oxygen.

Chemistry - Mechanical Engineering - 18.03.2009
Engineers Invent New Process to Make Foundries Greener
Engineers at the University of Birmingham, with local company, Ntec, have invented a new casting process that could reduce the energy costs of light-metal foundries. The technology, called CRIMSON, means that foundries need only heat the quantity of metal required to fill a single mould rather than whole batches that use unnecessary energy and create waste.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.03.2009
Biological clue in brain tumour development
Biological clue in brain tumour development
PA 73/09 Scientists at The University of Nottingham have uncovered a vital new biological clue that could lead to more effective treatments for a children's brain tumour that currently kills more than 60 per cent of young sufferers.

Health - Chemistry - 18.03.2009
Lab-on-a-Chip Homes in on How Cancer Cells Break Free
Office of News and Information Johns Hopkins University 901 South Bond Street, Suite 540 Baltimore, Maryland 21231 Phone: 443-287-9960 | Fax: 443-287-9920 Johns Hopkins engineers have invented a method that could be used to help figure out how cancer cells break free from neighboring tissue, an "escape" that can spread the disease to other parts of the body.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 17.03.2009
Moderate obesity takes years off life expectancy
A new analysis of almost one million people from around the world has shown that obesity can trim years off life expectancy. The Oxford University research found that moderate obesity, which is now common, reduces life expectancy by about 3 years, and that severe obesity, which is still uncommon, can shorten a person's life by 10 years.

Economics / Business - 16.03.2009
New Study Elaborates Relationship between Marketing Research and Technology
As technological advances continue to have an impact on marketing research practices, an academic at the University of Birmingham has proposed ways that researchers can make appropriate choices at different stages of the research process. Doctor Eric Shiu, in a new book - Marketing Research, analyses the use of technology-enabled market intelligence, geographic information system, Facebook, Second Life and a new electronic form of consumer data - consumer-generated media (CGM).

Health - Life Sciences - 13.03.2009
Dormant Virus Causes Cancer
University of Birmingham scientists have revealed how a dormant virus triggers a type of cancer found in young people, according to research published in PLoS Pathogens* today (Friday). Burkitt's lymphoma** - a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma - affects around 200 young adults aged between 13 and 24 each year in the UK and is more common in children living in equatorial Africa.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.03.2009
Research uncovers target for safe and effective drugs to prevent heart attack-causing blood clots
Researchers at the University of Birmingham have hit on a promising new molecule as a target for the development of better medicines to prevent blood clots, which could reduce lives lost from heart attacks and strokes. Yotis Senis - British Heart Foundation (BHF) Intermediate Research Fellow - and colleagues have discovered a vital new component of the trigger for blood clot formation, involving a protein called CD148.

Physics - 12.03.2009
Hubble provides new evidence for dark matter around small galaxies
Hubble provides new evidence for dark matter around small galaxies
A team led by astronomers at The University of Nottingham has used NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to uncover a strong new line of evidence that galaxies are embedded in halos of dark matter. Peering into the tumultuous heart of the nearby Perseus galaxy cluster, the researchers discovered a large population of small galaxies that have remained intact while larger galaxies around them are being ripped apart by the gravitational tug of other galaxies.

Health - Environment - 11.03.2009
Long-term ozone exposure linked to higher risk of death, finds nationwide study
BERKELEY — Long-term exposure to ground-level ozone, a major component of smog, is associated with an increased risk of death from respiratory ailments, according to a new nationwide study led by a researcher at the University of California, Berkeley. The study, to be published in the March 12 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, analyzed the risk of death for both ozone and fine particulate matter, two of the most prevalent components of air pollution.

Health - 10.03.2009
Ovarian cancer: UCL screening tests show promising results for early detection
Preliminary results of a UCL-led investigation suggest that testing women for ovarian cancers may become a reality. Following the largest randomised trial of ovarian cancer screening to date, Professor Ian Jacobs (Dean of UCL Health Sciences Research and Director of the UCL Institute for Women's Health), and Usha Menon (Head of the UCL Gynaecological Cancer Research Centre), have published their findings online in The Lancet Oncology today.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.03.2009
Stem cells replace stroke damaged tissue in rats
Stem cells replace stroke damaged tissue in rats
PA 59/09 Effective stem cell treatment for strokes has taken a significant step forward as scientists reveal how they have replaced stroke-damaged brain tissue in rats. Researchers at The University of Nottingham are among a team of scientists who have shown that by inserting tiny scaffolding with stem cells attached, it is possible to fill a hole left by stroke damage with brand new brain tissue within seven days.

Chemistry - Computer Science - 04.03.2009
UCL’s Sophia magazine publishes second issue
‘Sophia' has just published its second issue, featuring articles on subjects as diverse as deep-space chemistry, fibromyalgia in 'The Princess and the Pea' and the measurement of global happiness, as well as images produced in the course of research. The new issue also includes an article by Professor Donald Gillies (UCL Science & Technology Studies) on how peer-review based assessment exercises such as the RAE ‘risk ending the careers of truly talented researchers yet to be recognised by the academic community at large'.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 03.03.2009
With Mar. 6 Kepler launch, work begins for Berkeley astronomers
With Mar. 6 Kepler launch, work begins for Berkeley astronomers
BERKELEY — When NASA's Kepler telescope rockets into the night sky on Friday, March 6, from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, two University of California, Berkeley, astronomers - key members of the Kepler team - will be watching its fading contrail, hoping that the telescope will reveal Earth's and humanity's place in the universe.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.03.2009
Asthma breakthrough for scientists
Asthma breakthrough for scientists
PA 52/09 Scientists at The University of Nottingham have made a breakthrough in identifying gene variations that appear to increase a person's risk of asthma. The findings of the research could lead to better diagnosis and treatment of asthma which affects more than five million people in the UK. The scientists, led by Professor Ian Hall at University Hospital Nottingham, have discovered three specific gene variations that are indicators for an increased susceptibility to asthma.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.03.2009
Genetic finding provides new insight into female infertility
A research collaboration co-funded by the Wellcome Trust has identified a new genetic cause for primary ovarian insufficiency, a condition which can lead to infertility in women - a finding which could lead to the development of a possible diagnostic test. Primary ovarian insufficiency, also known as premature ovarian failure, is characterised by the loss of normal function of the ovaries before the age of 40 years.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.02.2009
Newly discovered gene plays vital role in cancer
Gene p53 protects against cancer and is usually described as the most important gene in cancer research. However, scientists at Karolinska Institutet have now shown that a previously unknown gene, Wrap53, controls the activity of p53. As the regulation mechanism is relatively unexplored, the study opens up new routes to solving the mystery of cancer.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 25.02.2009
Teenage obesity just as risky as being a smoker
Obese adolescents have the same risk of premature death in adulthood as people who smoke more than 10 cigarettes a day, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet. What most interests the researchers is that the combination of overweight and smoking did not act synergistically as mortality risk factors.

Physics - 24.02.2009
Dust factory in a dead star
Dust factory in a dead star
Interstellar space dust from a dead star identified by a research team led by The University of Nottingham could unlock some of the mysteries of the early universe. Dr Loretta Dunne and her team have found new evidence of huge dust production in the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant, the remains of a star that exploded about 300 years ago.

Health - 23.02.2009
Steroids ineffective in young children with wheeze
Steroids ineffective in young children with wheeze
PA49/09 New research involving medical experts at The University of Nottingham has found that steroid tablets do not reduce the symptoms of virus-induced wheezing in pre-school children. Researchers from the universities of Nottingham, Leicester and Bart's in London have been at the centre of a leading study to find out whether steroid medicine will relieve wheezing symptoms in children under five years of age.
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