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Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 16.01.2009
Common causes of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder have the same genetic causes, according to a study from Karolinska Institutet published today in the highly respected journal The Lancet. The results throw the current separate classification of the diseases into question. Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (also known as manic-depressive illness) are the two most common psychotic disorders.

Medicine / Pharmacology - 15.01.2009
Midlife Coffee Drinking and the Risk of Late-Life Dementia
Midlife coffee and tea drinking can decrease the risk of dementia/Alzheimer's disease (AD) later in life. This conclusion is made in a Finnish Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia (CAIDE) Study published in the January 2009 issue of the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease (Volume 16:1). This study has been conducted at the University of Kuopio, Finland in collaboration with Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, and the National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.

Environment - Medicine / Pharmacology - 14.01.2009
Researchers to Discover how Nanoparticles Affect Health and the Environment
The University of Birmingham's School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences has secured funding of 500,000 for a new Facility for Environmental Nanoparticle Analysis and Characterisation (FENAC). Researchers at the facility will analyse the physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles and will look at whether they have significant adverse effects on human and environmental health.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 12.01.2009
Mice without key enzyme eat without becoming obese, new study finds
BERKELEY — Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have identified a new enzyme that plays a far more important role than expected in controlling the breakdown of fat. In a new study to be published Jan. 11 in the journal Nature Medicine, researchers report that mice that have had this enzyme disabled remained lean despite eating a high-fat diet and losing a hormone that suppresses appetite.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.01.2009
Scientists unlock secret to overeating
A collaboration of scientists led by Professor Jane Wardle (Director of Cancer Research UK's Health Behaviour Research Centre in UCL Epidemiology & Public Health) have published today in the ‘International Journal of Obesity' new evidence that the tendency to overeat could be genetic. UCL researchers, who were funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, created a new experiment to see if eating when full was linked to a gene called FTO**.

Agronomy / Food Science - 07.01.2009
Control of blood vessels a possible weapon against obesity
Mice exposed to low temperatures develop more blood vessels in their adipose tissue and metabolise body fat more quickly, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet. Scientists now hope to learn how to control blood vessel development in humans in order to combat obesity and diabetes. The growth of fat cells and their metabolism depend on oxygen and blood-borne nutrients.
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