news 2009



Results 101 - 120 of 149.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.05.2009
Breakthrough in the treatment of bacterial meningitis
Breakthrough in the treatment of bacterial meningitis
PA 130/09 It can take just hours after the symptoms appear for someone to die from bacterial meningitis. Now, after years of research, experts at The University of Nottingham have finally discovered how the deadly meningococcal bacteria is able to break through the body's natural defence mechanism and attack the brain.

Business / Economics - Health - 12.05.2009
Learning a second language is good childhood mind medicine, studies find
Learning a second language is good childhood mind medicine, studies find
Teaching young children how to speak a second language is good for their minds, report two Cornell linguistic researchers. Learning a second language does not cause language confusion, language delay or cognitive deficit, which have been concerns in the past. In fact, according to studies at the Cornell Language Acquisition Lab (CLAL), children who learn a second language can maintain attention despite outside stimuli better than children who know only one language.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.05.2009
New research on the "guardian of the genome"
] Protein p53 protects the body against cancer and is knocked out in many cancer tumours. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have identified two molecules that can restore p53's cancer-killing properties. New results are now presented on the two substances, one of which will undergo clinical tests later this year.

Health - Administration - 07.05.2009
New research at the University of Sheffield may hold clue to early-onset Parkinson´s
The Parkinson ´s Disease Society (PDS) has announced funding of nearly 240,000 towards research at the University of Sheffield which will look into the possibility of slowing down the onset of Parkinson's disease. Dr Oliver Bandmann and his team at the University will focus on the gene PARK 2, as this is associated with an inherited form of Parkinson´s disease that strikes at an early age, but can also result in Parkinson´s disease presenting later in life.

Health - 28.04.2009
Simple blood test proves powerful ally in the fight against malaria
Scientists at Karolinska Institutet have shown that rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) for malaria infection can provide valuable support for healthcare in low and mid-income countries in the fight against the disease. The RDT procedure is based on a simple blood test and, according to the results, helps to ensure that a greater number of patients receive the right treatment at no extra cost for the healthcare services.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 16.04.2009
Relatively low dietary intake of vitamins A and C boosts asthma risk
Relatively low dietary intake of vitamins A and C boosts asthma risk
PA 106/09 A relatively low dietary intake of vitamins A and C boosts the risk of asthma, suggests a systematic analysis of the available evidence published ahead of print in the journal Thorax. These findings clash with a large review of the evidence, which was published last year. Observational studies in recent years have pointed to a link between dietary antioxidant vitamins — A,C, and E — and asthma.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.04.2009
Potential therapeutic target for Alzheimer s
Research led by Professor Mark Pepys FRS (Director of the UCL Centre for Amyloidosis and Acute Phase Proteins) has identified a protein known as serum amyloid P component (SAP) as a possible therapeutic target in Alzheimer's disease. In collaboration with pharmaceutical group Roche, Professor Pepys developed a new small molecule drug, CPHPC, which specifically targets SAP and removes it from the blood.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.04.2009
Key protein in cellular respiration discovered
Key protein in cellular respiration discovered
Many diseases derive from problems with cellular respiration, the process through which cells extract energy from nutrients. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have now discovered a new function for a protein in the mitochondrion - popularly called the cell's power station - that plays a key part in cell respiration.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.04.2009
Young adults at future risk of Alzheimer’s show different brain activity
Young adults with a genetic variant that raises their risk of developing Alzheimer's disease show changes in their brain activity decades before any symptoms might arise, according to a new brain imaging study by scientists from the University of Oxford and Imperial College London. The results may support the idea that the brain's memory function may gradually wear itself out in those who go on to develop Alzheimer's.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.04.2009
Social deprivation increases risks of death after heart surgery
A major study of more than 40,000 patients has shown that social deprivation significantly reduces patients' chances of survival after heart surgery. Research from the University of Birmingham and University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust has shown that patients from more socially deprived backgrounds had poorer survival rates after cardiac surgery both immediately after the operation (in hospital) and over five years of follow up.

Health - 03.04.2009
Heart cells replaced throughout life
Heart cells replaced throughout life
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have now shown, by measuring the radioactive isotope carbon-14 stored in cells, that heart cells are replaced throughout a persons life. The results, which are presented , make the replacement of cells lost during myocardial infarction a real possibility. There is an urban myth of sorts that says that all cells in our body are replaced every seventh year.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.04.2009
Researcher Discovers That Brain Cells Have "Memory"
Office of News and Information Johns Hopkins University 901 South Bond Street, Suite 540 Baltimore, Maryland 21231 Phone: 443-287-9960 | Fax: 443-287-9920 As we look at the world around us, images flicker into our brains like so many disparate pixels on a computer screen that change every time our eyes move, which is several times a second.

Health - 02.04.2009
Swedish study reveals sharp increase in HPV-positive tonsil cancer
Swedish study reveals sharp increase in HPV-positive tonsil cancer
The number of cases of tonsil cancer continues to increase, according to a new Swedish study from Karolinska Institutet, with diagnoses tripling since 1970. The results of the study, which mainly cover the Swedish capital of Stockholm, show that this increase is directly linked to the human papillomavirus (HPV).

Health - Psychology - 31.03.2009
Lessons change teenage attitudes to mental illness
Teaching school children about common mental health problems can reduce prejudice and negative attitudes towards mental illness, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Sheffield. The research found that teenagers who received just six lessons on mental health showed significantly more sensitivity and empathy towards people with mental health problems.

Health - 31.03.2009
Lower cancer risk for patients with MS
A new study from Karolinska Institutet shows that people with multiple sclerosis (MS) may be at a lower risk for cancer overall, but at a higher risk of developing certain types of cancer, such as brain tumors and bladder cancer. The study is published in the latest print issue of Neurology , the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Life Sciences - Health - 31.03.2009
A Mother’s Criticism Causes Distinctive Neural Activity Among Formerly Depressed
Cambridge, Mass. March 31, 2009 - Formerly depressed women show patterns of brain activity when they are criticized by their mothers that are distinctly different from the patterns shown by never depressed controls, according to a new study from Harvard University. The participants reported being completely well and fully recovered, yet their neural activity resembled that which has been observed in depressed individuals in other studies.

Health - Psychology - 25.03.2009
Therapists still offer treatment for homosexuality
Report: ‘The response of mental health professionals to clients seeking help to change or redirect same-sex sexual orientation' Researchers from UCL and St George's, University of London have published a report which indicates that a significant minority of psychiatrists and therapists still attempt to help lesbian, gay and bisexual clients become heterosexual, despite a lack of evidence that such treatment is effective or even safe.

Health - Life Sciences - 24.03.2009
Westminster showcase for animal replacement research
Westminster showcase for animal replacement research
PA 81/09 Researchers from The University of Nottingham will be in Westminster today to talk to MPs about how innovative scientific advances could reduce the need for animal experimentation in the quest to find new treatments for the painful degenerative joint condition osteoarthritis.

Health - Chemistry - 24.03.2009
Anti-microbial catheter to cut infection risk for dialysis patients
Anti-microbial catheter to cut infection risk for dialysis patients
PA84/09 Medical experts at The University of Nottingham have shown that an innovative anti-microbial catheter could vastly improve treatment and the quality of life for many community-based dialysis patients. Results of a study published in the leading journal Biomaterials, have shown that the catheter has the potential to ward off attack from a wider variety of pathogens and protect Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) patients from infections for up to 100 days — around 20 times longer than current catheters.

Health - Life Sciences - 20.03.2009
New Weapon to Fight Tuberculosis
BTZ043 is a new therapeutic agent to fight tuberculosis. Its target is an enzyme which produces the cell wall of the pathogenic bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

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