news 2009



Results 61 - 80 of 149.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.09.2009
UCLA researchers develop biomarker for rapid relief of major depression
It is a long, slow slog to treat major depression. Many antidepressant medications are available, but no single biomarker or diagnostic test exists to predict which one is right for an individual. As a result, for more than half of all patients, the first drug prescribed doesn't work, and it can take months to figure out what does.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.09.2009
Vital role in new Alzheimer's discovery
Vital role in new Alzheimer’s discovery
PA 230/09 The University of Nottingham has played a crucial role in the discovery of two new genes associated with Alzheimer's disease. The results from the largest ever Alzheimer's genome-wide association study (GWAS) have been described by the Alzheimer's Research Trust as a leap forward for dementia research and could provide valuable new leads in the race to find treatments and possible cures for the disease.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.09.2009
The molecular 'grip' of thrombosis
The molecular ’grip’ of thrombosis
PA 226/09 New research at The University of Nottingham could help prevent the harmful blood clots associated with heart disease and stroke, the single greatest cause of disease-related death worldwide. Scientists have gained new insights into the coagulation of blood in a study which could pave the way for new treatments aimed at preventing thrombosis — clots in the blood that obstruct the flow of blood through the circulatory system — as well as treatment of the inherited bleeding disorder thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.09.2009
Improving vaccines to trigger T cell as well as antibody response
Intracellular pathogens exhibit a wide variety of behaviors that the immune system has learned to recognize, such as lurking in the endosome (salmonella), the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi bodies (Legionella), the lysozyme (Q fever) and the cytosol (Listeria). Effective vaccines must mimic this behavior in order to stimulate a complete immune response.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.09.2009
A new molecule to combat diabetes and obesity
A new molecule to combat diabetes and obesity
Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes, is increasing at an alarming state with more than 180 million people affected worldwide.

Health - Chemistry - 02.09.2009
Changes to DNA linked to diabetes
Genes that regulate the energy consumption of cells have a different structure and expression in type II diabetics than they do in healthy people, according to a new study from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet published in Cell Metabolism. The researchers believe that these epigenetic modifications might have a key part to play in the development of the disease.

Health - 01.09.2009
Study confirms link between MS and smoking cigarettes
While smoking cigarettes appears to significantly increase a person's risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS), using Swedish snuff does not, according to a study published in the September print issue of the American journal Neurology. This could mean that that nicotine is not the substance responsible for the increased risk of MS among smokers.

Health - 01.09.2009
Breast cancer during pregnancy more common
A breast cancer diagnosis coinciding with pregnancy represents a clinical dilemma by posing extremely difficult questions to the caregiver, the patient and her family. A new study from Karolinska Institutet published in the latest issue of journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, now show that the incidence of pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) has increased in Sweden in the last decades.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.08.2009
Omega-3 research sheds light on inflammation trigger
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have discovered a previously unknown step in early inflammation which is controlled by omega -3 and omega -6 fatty acids, potentially leading to clarification around conflicting health and diet advice on these two essential nutrients. Ed Rainger, from the Centre for Cardiovascular Sciences at the University, has revealed how omega 3 fatty acids from dietary fish oil can block a previously unknown step in blood vessel inflammation.

Physics - Health - 25.08.2009
High-Efficiency solid-state lighting and superconductor research receives funding
Energy sciences flourish under DOE grant award Los Alamos, New Mexico, August 26, 2009—Lower-cost, higher-efficiency lighting and better superconducting materials could result from a pair of grants awarded to Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers. The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, recently announced its commitment to fund two Single Investigator and Small Group Research projects at Los Alamos.

Health - 25.08.2009
Patients with renal disease under-treated after myocardial infarction
People with kidney disease undergo balloon dilation treatment after myocardial infarction less frequently, and therefore have a poorer prognosis. This according to new clinical research published in the journal Circulation. One third of all patients treated for myocardial infarction have moderately impaired renal function.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.08.2009
Major new lead for Parkinson´s treatment
A major lead for potential new treatments for Parkinson´s has been discovered by researchers at the University of Sheffield´s Department of Biomedical Science. The study, primarily funded by the Parkinson´s Disease Society and published online by the journal Nature Neuroscience this week, identified a pathway inside nerve cells that could be stimulated to protect the dying cells affected by Parkinson´s.

Social Sciences - Health - 11.08.2009
Drugs increase risk of violence more than schizophrenia
Schizophrenia and other psychotic illnesses are not responsible for any additional risk of violence above the increased risk associated with substance abuse, according to a novel meta-analysis published in the open access journal PLoS Medicine. The findings may have implications for attempts to reduce violence in society, suggesting that strategies aimed at reducing drug and alcohol abuse would be more successful than focusing on mental illness.

Health - 09.08.2009
Antivirals ’little or no effect’ on flu complications in children
The antivirals oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza) are unlikely to prevent complications in children who have swine flu, according to research published by the BMJ today. While the study shows that antivirals shorten the duration of flu in children by up to a day and a half, it also shows that they have little or no effect on asthma flare-ups, increased ear infections or the likelihood of children needing antibiotics.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.08.2009
’Trojan Horse Trick’ as the cause of a fatal fungal outbreak in humans
New research from the University of Birmingham has uncovered the reason why a strain of fungus has evolved to cause fatal infections in the Pacific Northwest of America. The fungus Cryptoccocus gattii is normally a very rare cause of human disease in the tropics. However, in recent years an aggressive strain of this fungus has spread across the Pacific Northwest of America, causing at least eight deaths and more than 200 infections in a single outbreak on Vancouver Island (VIO).

Health - Administration - 05.08.2009
Cash Counts for Nothing in PCT Performance
The amount of money spent in delivering maternity care in Primary Care Trusts (PCTs) does not have a significant impact on rates of infant or perinatal mortality, researchers at the University of Birmingham have found. Nick Freemantle, Professor of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, found that between 70% and 80% of variations between PCT infant and perinatal mortality can be explained by a combination of social deprivation, ethnicity and maternal age.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.08.2009
Unstable proteins can cause premature ageing
The normal ageing process has long been linked to problems with cell respiration, the process through which the cells extract energy from nutrients. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have now shown how certain proteins that are synthesised in the cellular mitochondria - popularly known as the cells' power plants - become unstable and disintegrate, which in turn can impair cell respiration and cause premature ageing.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.07.2009
Grant for research into new epilepsy treatments
Professor Matthew Walker (UCL Institute of Neurology) and Robin Williams (Department of Biological Sciences at Royal Holloway, University of London) have been awarded 415,234 by the National Centre for Replacement, Refinement and Reduction to fund research into identifying new epilepsy treatments. Epilepsy affects at least 40 million people worldwide, making it the most common serious neurological condition in humans.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.07.2009
Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists will codirect $14.5 million National Center for Systems Biology
Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists will codirect $14.5 million National Center for Systems Biology Lab contributes computer modeling, antibody engineering capabilities Los Alamos, New Mexico, July 28, 2009— Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists will codirect a new National Center for Systems Biology located at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque.

Health - 22.07.2009
What we see out of the corner of our eye
Researchers at UCL have found that when it comes to our vision, objects are hard to identify when we look at them using the corner of our eye because our brain tends to assume the world is regular and cannot deliver more than a simplified sketch. Known as 'crowding', this is a problem for millions of people who have lost their central vision through eye disease such as glaucoma and are forced to use the edges of their visual field to perform everyday tasks such as reading or recognising their friends.

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