news 2010



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History / Archeology - Linguistics / Literature - 28.12.2010
Ancient Bible fragments reveal a forgotten history
Ancient Bible fragments reveal a forgotten history
New research has uncovered a forgotten chapter in the history of the Bible, offering a rare glimpse of Byzantine Jewish life and culture. The study by Cambridge University researchers suggests that, contrary to long-accepted views, Jews continued to use a Greek version of the Bible in synagogues for centuries longer than previously thought.

Physics - History / Archeology - 20.12.2010
Cassini Marks Holidays With Dramatic Views of Rhea
PASADENA, Calif. Newly released for the holidays, images of Saturn's second largest moon Rhea obtained by NASA's Cassini spacecraft show dramatic views of fractures cutting through craters on the moon's surface, revealing a history of tectonic rumbling. The images are among the highest-resolution views ever obtained of Rhea.

History / Archeology - 20.12.2010
Lost civilization under Persian Gulf?
A once fertile landmass now submerged beneath the Persian Gulf may have been home to some of the earliest human populations outside Africa, according to an article in the December issue of Current Anthropology. Jeffrey Rose, an archaeologist and researcher with the University of Birmingham in the U.K., says that this 'Persian Gulf Oasis' may have been host to humans for over 100,000 years before it was swallowed up by the Indian Ocean around 8,000 years ago.

Psychology - History / Archeology - 01.12.2010
Looking inside the minds of humans and other animals
Looking inside the minds of humans and other animals
Plants don't think - but animals do. The difference between the thoughts of humans and the thoughts of other animals - and whether we will ever be able to find out exactly what they are - will be the topic of a public lecture given this evening by a Cambridge philosopher. While scientists spend their time in laboratories, philosophers spend their time thinking.

Earth Sciences - History / Archeology - 26.11.2010
Identifying Eadgyth
Identifying Eadgyth
When German archaeologists discovered bones in the tomb of Queen Eadgyth in Magdeburg Cathedral, they looked to Bristol to provide the crucial scientific evidence that the remains were indeed those of the English royal. Dr Alistair Pike in the Department of Archaeology and Anthropology tells Hannah Johnson how tiny samples of tooth enamel proved the identity of a Saxon queen.

History / Archeology - Event - 17.11.2010
Probing Question: Was Christopher Columbus Jewish?
Probing Question: Was Christopher Columbus Jewish?
By Solmaz Barazesh Research/Penn State Five centuries after his death, Christopher Columbus remains a mysterious and controversial figure. Italy, Spain, Portugal and Greece all claim the celebrated navigator and explorer as one of their own, yet there are few accurate records pertaining to Columbus' personal life and identity.

History / Archeology - 16.11.2010
How to See the Best Meteor Showers of the Year: Tools, Tips and 'Save the Dates'
How to See the Best Meteor Showers of the Year: Tools, Tips and ’Save the Dates’
How to See the Best Meteor Showers of the Year: Tools, Tips and 'Save the Dates' Originally posted April 21, 2010, most recent update Nov. There are several major meteor showers to enjoy every year at various times, with some more active than others. For example, April's Lyrids are expected to produce about 15 meteors an hour at their peak for observers viewing in good conditions.

Earth Sciences - History / Archeology - 16.11.2010
Study rewrites the evolutionary history of C4 grasses
Study rewrites the evolutionary history of C4 grasses
CHAMPAIGN, lll. According to a popular hypothesis, grasses such as maize, sugar cane, millet and sorghum got their evolutionary start as a result of a steep drop in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels during the Oligocene epoch, more than 23 million years ago. A new study overturns that hypothesis, presenting the first geological evidence that the ancestors of these and other C4 grasses emerged millions of years earlier than previously established.

Psychology - History / Archeology - 04.11.2010
Extremism is part of being human
Extremism is part of being human
Extremism is an aspect of humanity common to all of us, and is not necessarily a negative trait, a University of Cambridge researcher will argue at a presentation of his work tomorrow. Shahzad Shafqat (pictured) worked as a psychologist in his native Pakistan and spent five years with the Pakistan Air Force, before coming to Cambridge to study for an MPhil and PhD on the Psychology of Extremism at the Department of Social and Developmental Psychology.

Physics - History / Archeology - 04.11.2010
NASA EPOXI Flyby Reveals New Insights Into Comet Features
PASADENA, Calif. NASA's EPOXI mission spacecraft successfully flew past comet Hartley 2 at 7 a.m. PDT (10 a.m. EDT) Thursday, Nov. Scientists say initial images from the flyby provide new information about the comet's volume and material spewing from its surface. "Early observations of the comet show that, for the first time, we may be able to connect activity to individual features on the nucleus," said EPOXI Principal Investigator Michael A'Hearn of the University of Maryland, College Park.

History / Archeology - Health - 25.10.2010
Common anxiety disorders make it tougher to quit cigarettes
Researchers may have pinpointed a reason many smokers struggle to quit. According to new research published in the journal Addiction, smokers with a history of anxiety disorders are less likely to quit smoking. The study, conducted by the University of Wisconsin Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention (UW-CTRI), offered free coaching and medications to smokers in Madison and Milwaukee.

Linguistics / Literature - History / Archeology - 23.10.2010
Austen's famous style may not be hers after all
Austen's famous style may not be hers after all
Arts 23 Oct 10 Austen's 'The History of England', a spoof history written by a teenage Jane Austen. Image by kind permission of the British Library and Jane Austen's Fiction Manuscripts Digital Edition. The polished prose of Emma and Persuasion was the product of an interventionist editor, an Oxford University academic has found.

History / Archeology - Social Sciences - 22.10.2010
Population Report: More Jews Live in the U.S. than in Israel
October 22, 2010 — Researchers from the University of Miami (UM) and the University of Connecticut (UConn) have published a 2010 report on the American Jewish population, as part of a new North American Jewish Data Bank Report series. The new report called Jewish Population in the United States-2010 shows a greater number of Jews in the U.S. than in Israel.

History / Archeology - 07.10.2010
Moral of the story: Study finds we invoke ethical principles to justify our actions
Moral of the story: Study finds we invoke ethical principles to justify our actions
Is it morally appropriate to sacrifice the life of an innocent person to save the lives of several others? David Pizarro, Cornell assistant professor of psychology, put a fresh spin on this classic question from philosophy.

Physics - History / Archeology - 07.10.2010
Hubble Astronomers Uncover An Overheated Early Universe
WASHINGTON - During a period of universal warming 11 billion years ago, quasars - the brilliant core of active galaxies - produced fierce radiation blasts that stunted the growth of some dwarf galaxies for approximately 500 million years. This important conclusion comes from a team of astronomers that used the new capabilities of NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to probe the invisible, remote universe.

History / Archeology - 01.10.2010
Real partners are no match for ideal mate
01 October 2010 Study shows real partners are no match for ideal mate Our ideal image of the perfect partner differs greatly from our real-life partner, according to new research from the University of Sheffield and the University of Montpellier in France. The research found that our actual partners are of a different height, weight and body mass index than those we would ideally choose.

History / Archeology - 23.09.2010
Human malaria traced to gorillas
The parasite responsible for human malaria originated in gorillas, a study involving an Edinburgh scientist has shown. An international team of researchers studying infection in wild apes and chimpanzees across central Africa has identified the origin of the parasite Plasmodium falciparum, which causes most cases of human malaria.

History / Archeology - 22.09.2010
Schoolgirls unearth Roman village under Cambridge college garden
Schoolgirls unearth Roman village under Cambridge college garden
It may look peaceful today, but Newnham College, Cambridge was once the site of a sprawling Roman settlement. The discovery was made last week during an archaeological excavation of the college's gardens, which also unearthed evidence of a 16th or 17th century farmhouse that could date back to the reign of Henry VIII.

Health - History / Archeology - 22.09.2010
Losing your religion deemed unhealthy
University Park, Pa. People who leave strict religious groups are more likely to say their health is worse than members who remain in the group, according to a Penn State researcher. The percentage of people who left a strict religious group and reported they were in excellent health was about half that of people who stayed in the group, said Christopher Scheitle, senior research assistant in sociology.

Environment - History / Archeology - 22.09.2010
Sussex ecologist’s orchid study helps find new clues on climate change
University of Sussex ecologist Mike Hutching's study of rare orchids has provided a powerful source of data for studying climate change, according to new research. Professor Hutchings' collection from the Castle Hill National Nature Reserve was used in research published today (Wednesday 22 September 2010) in the British Ecological Society's Journal of Ecology.
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