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Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.12.2012
Could normal water prevent diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease?
Researchers at Lund University, Sweden, are studying whether it is possible to prevent obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease by reducing levels of the hormone vasopressin in the blood. “If you dilute the blood by drinking water, the body releases less of the hormone vasopressin, which can potentially lead to diabetes”, says Sofia Enhörning, a doctor who has recently completed her PhD at Lund University.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 19.12.2012
Public obsession with obesity may be more dangerous than obesity itself, UCLA author says
Public obsession with obesity may be more dangerous than obesity itself, UCLA author says
Much has been made about who or what is to blame for the "obesity epidemic" and what can or should be done to stem the tide of rising body mass among the U.S. population. A new book by a UCLA sociologist turns these concerns on their head by asking two questions. First, how and why has fatness been medicalized as "obesity" in the first place? Second, what are the social costs of this particular way of discussing body size? In " What's Wrong With Fat? ", to be published Jan.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 07.12.2012
Research proves low fat diet is key to a slimmer figure
Research proves low fat diet is key to a slimmer figure
Cutting down on fat, without dieting, will result in a slimmer figure - according to new research co-authored by Durham University Findings published today in the British Medical Journal show that exchanging fatty foods for lower fat alternatives will help people shift around three-and-a-half pounds - without dieting.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 28.11.2012
Research indicates risks of consuming high fructose corn syrup
Research indicates risks of consuming high fructose corn syrup
A new study indicates that large amounts of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), a sweetener found in national food supplies across the world, may be a contributory factor to the rising global epidemic of type 2 diabetes. The study by researchers from the University of Oxford and the University of Southern California reports that countries that use HFCS in their food supply had a 20 per cent higher prevalence of diabetes than countries that did not use HFCS.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 28.11.2012
Risk of childhood obesity can be predicted at birth
Risk of childhood obesity can be predicted at birth
A simple formula can predict at birth a baby's likelihood of becoming obese in childhood, according to a study published today in the open access journal PLOS ONE . The formula, which is available as an online calculator , estimates the child's obesity risk based on its birth weight, the body mass index of the parents, the number of people in the household, the mother's professional status and whether she smoked during pregnancy.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.11.2012
Physical activity key to healthy kids
Physical activity key to healthy kids
Physical activity rather than food has the biggest impact on children's weight according to new data from the Lifestyle of our Kids (LOOK) longitudinal study. Lead researcher Richard Telford from the ANU College of Medicine, Biology and Environment and the Clinical Trials Unit at The Canberra Hospital said the new aspect of the LOOK study provides some of the strongest evidence to date in the important debate around how best to tackle childhood obesity.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 16.11.2012
Breastfeeding and childhood obesity
Breastfeeding can help reduce a child's risk for obesity, says a new international study led by researchers at the University of Toronto. “The benefits of breast milk are well known. However, what is new is to find that breastfeeding can have a significant impact on children who have a genetic predisposition to obesity,” said Laurent Briollais , assistant professor with the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto and senior investigator with Mount Sinai's Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 12.11.2012
It's Not Just What You Eat, But When You Eat It: Penn Study Shows Link Between Fat Cell and Brain Molecules
It's Not Just What You Eat, But When You Eat It: Penn Study Shows Link Between Fat Cell and Brain Molecules
Fat cells store excess energy and signal these levels to the brain. In a new study this week , Georgios Paschos PhD , a research associate in the lab of Garret FitzGerald, MD , FRS director of the Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics , Perelman School of Medicine , University of Pennsylvania , shows that deletion of the clock gene Arntl, also known as Bmal1 , in fat cells, causes mice to become obese, with a shift in the timing of when this nocturnal species normally eats.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 09.11.2012
Study supports ’obesity paradox’
Medical researchers at the University of Alberta studied the records of nearly 1,000 patients admitted to hospital with pneumonia and found that those who were obese had a higher likelihood of surviving than who were of normal weight. For their study, the team examined the records of 907 patients with pneumonia who were admitted to six Edmonton hospitals and also had their body mass index recorded.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 31.10.2012
Obese dogs at risk of same health condition experienced by humans
Obese dogs at risk of same health condition experienced by humans
University Home Obese dogs at risk of same health condition experienced by humans Veterinary scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that, like humans, obese dogs can experience metabolic syndrome, a condition that describes multiple health issues that occur in the body at the same time.

Business / Economics - Agronomy / Food Science - 31.10.2012
An app to re-empower farmers
An app to re-empower farmers
A cell phone application enables Indian farmers to better negotiate the sale of their harvests. Farmbook is designed for use by this population segment, where illiteracy is very common.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 30.10.2012
Children with obesity must be treated in time
Children with obesity must be treated in time
A new study from Karolinska Institutet shows that behavioural treatment for inducing weight-loss can be very effective for severely obese children. However, the treatment to change dietary and exercise habits must be given in time, as it showed to have little effect on adolescents with the same problem.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 29.10.2012
Risk factors predict childhood obesity, researchers find
PA 298/12 High birth weight, rapid weight gain and having an overweight mother who smokes can all increase the risk of a baby becoming obese later in childhood, research by experts at The University of Nottingham has found. The study, published in the latest edition of the journal Archives of Disease in Childhood , also discovered that children who were breastfed and were introduced to solid food later had a slightly reduced chance of becoming overweight.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 29.10.2012
Interaction of genes and environment influences obesity in children
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Neither genes nor the environment alone can predict obesity in children, but when considered together a strong relationship emerges, according to researchers at Penn State, St. Luke's Roosevelt Hospital and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. The researchers found that children who have a genetic variant that makes them less sensitive to the taste of certain bitter compounds, also called "non-tasters," were significantly more likely to be obese than children who were "tasters" of these compounds - but only when they lived in an unhealthy food environment.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.09.2012
Research breakthrough for type 2 Diabetes?
A new drug candidate developed by scientists at CSL has been shown to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes and reverse its progression in animal models of the disease as part of a collaboration with scientists at the University of Melbourne. Professor Joe Proietto the coordinator for the Diabetes, Obesity and Endocrinology Research Domain at the University of Melbourne and a clinician at Austin Health says that this discovery represents an entirely new approach to the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.09.2012
Obese children already seeing effect on their health
Obesity in school-age children may be having a significant effect on the health of their hearts, an Oxford University study suggests. The researchers show that obese children and adolescents have several risk factors for heart disease - including raised blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and a thickening of the heart muscle - compared with normal weight children.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.09.2012
In obesity, a micro-RNA causes metabolic problems
In obesity, a micro-RNA causes metabolic problems
CHAMPAIGN, lll. Scientists have identified a key molecular player in a chain of events in the body that can lead to fatty liver disease, Type II diabetes and other metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity. By blocking this molecule, the researchers were able to reverse some of the pathology it caused in obese mice.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 07.09.2012
Malnourishment likely for Ugandan pregnant women despite HIV treatment
Malnourishment likely for Ugandan pregnant women despite HIV treatment
Malnutrition is common among HIV-infected pregnant women even when they receive antiretroviral therapy, leading to low birth weight and other health problems in their infants, according to a recent study conducted by a Cornell University faculty member working with the Makerere University-UCSF Research Collaboration.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 05.09.2012
Adolescents' weight linked to severe knee pain
Adolescents’ weight linked to severe knee pain
Adolescents with a body mass index (BMI) rating of obese experience knee pain more often and to a greater severity than adolescents with a healthy weight, a new study shows. The Arthritis Research UK funded study explored the relationship between obesity and pain around the body in young adults.

Agronomy / Food Science - 30.08.2012
Bitter tastes quickly turn milk chocolate fans sour
Bitter tastes quickly turn milk chocolate fans sour
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Dark chocolate lovers can handle a wider range of bitter tastes before rejection compared to milk chocolate fans, according to Penn State food scientists. In a test of bitterness rejection levels in chocolate, people who prefer milk chocolate quickly detected - and disliked - milk chocolate with a bitter substance added to the candy, according to Meriel Harwood, a graduate student in food science.
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