news 2013


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Results 101 - 120 of 2487.


Life Sciences - Health - 10.12.2013
Imperial responds to animal research investigation report
Imperial responds to animal research investigation report
Imperial has announced the immediate actions it is taking following the release of an independent report into animal care and welfare at the College. The College asked Professor Steve Brown in April 2013 to convene an independent committee to investigate how Imperial can improve to meet the highest standards in animal research and care internationally.

Health - Social Sciences - 10.12.2013
The disastrous health profile of young offenders
Young people serving time in youth detention or serving community-based orders have extremely high rates of substance dependence, poor mental health and engage in risky sexual behaviour, a new study has found. Researchers from Murdoch Childrens Research Institute and the University of Melbourne ed over 500 young people in custody or serving community based orders in Victoria between 2002 and 2003.

Physics - 10.12.2013
Nontoxic quantum dot research improves solar cells
Nontoxic quantum dot research improves solar cells
Solar cells made with low-cost, nontoxic copper-based quantum dots can achieve unprecedented longevity and efficiency, according to a study by LANL and Sharp Corporation. "For the first time, we have certified the performance of a quantum dot sensitized solar cell at greater than 5 percent, which is among the highest reported for any quantum dot solar cell," said Hunter McDaniel.

Astronomy / Space Science - 09.12.2013
CryoSat measures European storm surge
9 December 2013 ESA's CryoSat satellite measured the storm surge from the recent North Sea storms, as high waters passed through the Kattegat sea between Denmark and Sweden. During 5-6 December, a major storm passed through northern Europe causing flooding, blackouts, grounding flights and bringing road, rail and sea travel to a halt.

Social Sciences - Health - 09.12.2013
Communities across U.S. reduce teen smoking, drinking, violence and crime
University of Washington Fewer high school students across the U.S. started drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, committing crimes and engaging in violence before graduation when their towns used the Communities That Care prevention system during the teens' middle school years. A University of Washington study found that the positive influence of this community-led system was sustained through high school.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.12.2013
Penn Med Team Reports on Study of First 59 Leukemia Patients Who Received Personalized Cellular Therapy
Penn Med Team Reports on Study of First 59 Leukemia Patients Who Received Personalized Cellular Therapy
Three and a half years after beginning a clinical trial which demonstrated the first successful and sustained use of genetically engineered'T cells to fight leukemia, a research team from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia will today announce the latest results of studies involving both adults and children with advanced blood cancers that have failed to respond to standard therapies.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 09.12.2013
Ancient fresh water lake on Mars could have sustained life
Ancient fresh water lake on Mars could have sustained life
Scientists have found evidence that there was once an ancient lake on Mars that may have been able to support life. It is exciting to think that billions of years ago, ancient microbial life may have existed in the lake's calm waters, converting a rich array of elements into energy.

Health - 09.12.2013
Better preparedness against Tamiflu-resistant influenza viruses
Researchers in Umeå and Uppsala have found that residues of the influenza drug Tamiflu in our environment can make the influenza virus in birds resistant. This can have serious consequences in the event of an influenza pandemic. With more than 14 million SEK from the Swedish Research Councils Formas and VR, the research team will now continue their studies with a focus on alternative antiviral drugs.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 09.12.2013
Recipe for a Universe
When soup is heated, it starts to boil. When time and space are heated, an expanding universe can emerge, without requiring anything like a "Big Bang". This phase transition between a boring empty space and an expanding universe containing mass has now been mathematically described by a research team at the Vienna University of Technology, together with colleagues from Harvard, the MIT and Edinburgh.

Health - 06.12.2013
Promising results for Swedish cancer drug candidate
A new study conducted by scientists from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute at Harvard Medical School and Karolinska Institutet presents very promising results for the treatment of the cancer form multiple myeloma. The drug candidate used in the research has been developed by scientists from Karolinska Institutet and a Swedish company following its initial identification at the same university.

Health - 06.12.2013
Researchers see the light over new treatment
Researchers see the light over new treatment
06 Dec 2013 Researchers from The University of Manchester and Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust have tested a new way to treat a disfiguring skin condition. Telangiectatases are knot-like clusters of blood vessels on the skin which can occur in 30 to 50 per cent of patients with systemic sclerosis, a potentially serious and incurable auto-immune condition that affects connective tissue.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.12.2013
Activating Pathway Could Restart Hair Growth in Dormant Hair Follicles, Penn Study Suggests
A pathway known for its role in regulating adult stem cells has been shown to be important for hair follicle proliferation, but contrary to previous studies, is not required within hair follicle stem cells for their survival, according to researchers with the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Economics / Business - 06.12.2013
Why shoppers bother to give feedback on eBay traders
Researchers have looked at why anonymous traders using eBay auction sites bother to give feedback on one another, given such transactions are usually one-offs. The study examined hundreds of thousands of online transactions and found that in over 60% of them, buyers and sellers provided feedback even though they had little to gain from it as individuals.

Environment - 06.12.2013
Scientists simulate the climate of Tolkien’s Middle Earth
Ever wondered what the weather and climate was like in Middle Earth, the land of hobbits, dwarves, elves and orcs, from J.R.R. Tolkien's The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings ? Climate scientists from the University of Bristol, UK have used a climate model, similar to those used in the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report, to simulate and investigate the climate of Middle Earth.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.12.2013
Probiotic Therapy Alleviates Autism-like Behaviors in Mice
Probiotic Therapy Alleviates Autism-like Behaviors in Mice
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diagnosed when individuals exhibit characteristic behaviors that include repetitive actions, decreased social interactions, and impaired communication. Curiously, many individuals with ASD also suffer from gastrointestinal (GI) issues, such as abdominal cramps and constipation.

Health - 05.12.2013
Vaginally administered ED medication may alleviate menstrual cramping
Sildenafil citrate, sold under the brand name Viagra, may help with pelvic pain because it can lead to dilation of the blood vessels. HERSHEY, Pa. -Women with moderate to severe menstrual cramps may find relief in a class of erectile dysfunction drugs, according to a team of researchers led by Penn State College of Medicines Richard Legro.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 05.12.2013
New Secrets of the Terracotta Warriors
New Secrets of the Terracotta Warriors
A new documentary to be broadcast on Channel 4 this weekend is largely based on research carried out by a team from the UCL Institute of Archaeology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Emperor Qin Shihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum in China. New Secrets of the Terracotta Warriors is the first public presentation of some of the work led by Dr Xiuzhen Janice Li, Dr Andrew Bevan, Professor Marcos Martinón-Torres and their team, which involves a number of innovative scientific methods and unexpected results.

Physics - Chemistry - 05.12.2013
$4M gift will propel quantum materials studies
$4M gift will propel quantum materials studies
A revolutionary instrument that will expedite the discovery of new, artificial forms of matter with unprecedented electronic and magnetic properties will be funded by a $4.13 million gift from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. The new instrument, to be called the Moore CONQUEST (Creation and Observation of Novel Quantum Electronic Structures) facility, will integrate three separate pieces of cutting-edge technology for synthesizing and studying such materials.

Computer Science - Physics - 05.12.2013
Ten Times More Throughput on Optic Fibers
Ten Times More Throughput on Optic Fibers
Two EPFL scientists have shown how to achieve a dramatic increase in the capacity of optical fibers.

Health - 05.12.2013
A simple eye test for multiple sclerosis
A simple eye test for multiple sclerosis
As you step outdoors into the bright sunshine, your pupils automatically contract. Scientists from the Australian Centre of Excellence in Vision Science (ACEVS) based at The Australian National University (ANU) are making use of how this 'pupil reflex' is connected to the brain as a potential new way of testing the severity of multiple sclerosis (MS).