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Life Sciences - Health - 21.11.2013
Follow the genes: Yale team finds clues to origin of autism
Finding major new clues to the origins of autism, a Yale-led team of researchers has pinpointed which cell types and regions of the developing human brain are affected by gene mutations linked to autism. They report their findings in the Nov. 21 issue of the journal Cell. Analyzing massive amounts of gene expression data generated by the BrainSpan project, the team identified common neural circuits affected by autism-risk genes and when, where, and in what cell types those genes exert their effects on the developing human brain and lead to autism spectrum disorders.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.11.2013
High-tech study of mastitis now underway
Mastitis, a highly prevalent dairy cow disease, strikes fear in the hearts of many farmers. The udder infections it entails can ruin cows' health and productivity, wreak economic havoc on farms worldwide and cost the dairy industry billions of dollars per year. Now with nearly $500,000 over three years from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Cornell National Institute of Food and Agriculture, faculty at Cornell's College of Veterinary Medicine will employ a new technology that is revolutionizing bacteriology to examine mastitis in ways it has never been studied before.

Economics / Business - 21.11.2013
Twenty top tips for interpreting scientific claims
Aiming to improve policy-makers' understanding of the imperfect nature of science, academics from the Universities of Cambridge and Melbourne have created a list of concepts that they believe should be part of the education of civil servants, politicians, policy advisers and journalists Science is not just a body of facts - it's important to have a grasp of the process by which conclusions are drawn, and the possible pitfalls on that path Profess

Life Sciences - 21.11.2013
Company you keep shapes what you learn
Company you keep shapes what you learn
Locust research shows how the company you keep shapes what you learn A team of scientists has shown how the environment shapes learning and memory by training locusts like Pavlov's dog to associate different smells with reward or punishment. Desert locusts are notorious for their devastating swarms.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.11.2013
Research leads to greater understanding of DNA repair processes
Sussex research leads to greater understanding of DNA repair processes A five-year programme of research led by a team of scientists at the University of Sussex has resulted in significant breakthroughs in our understanding of how enzymes that make DNA help to replicate damaged genomes. In three related studies, the researchers looked at whether a particular group of enzymes that make DNA called primases, found in both lower organisms, such as bacteria, as well as in humans, play significant roles in DNA repair processes in cells.

Health - 21.11.2013
New treatment for osteoporosis
21 November 2013 University of Sydney researchers have discovered a promising treatment for osteoporosis, which is easily delivered in water soluble form. After more than four years of investigation, researchers from the Ageing Bone Research Program ( Sydney Medical School's Nepean campus), have found the treatment has shown very promising results in animal experiments.

Health - Life Sciences - 20.11.2013
Long-term unemployment may accelerate ageing in men
Long-term unemployment may accelerate ageing in men
Men who are unemployed for more than two years show signs of faster ageing in their DNA, a new study has found. Researchers at Imperial College London and the University of Oulu , Finland studied DNA samples from 5,620 men and women born in Finland in 1966. They measured structures called telomeres, which lie at the ends of chromosomes and protect the genetic code from being degraded.

Social Sciences - Administration - 20.11.2013
Study shines light on what makes digital activism effective
University of Washington Posted under: News Releases , Politics and Government , Research , Social Science Digital activism is usually nonviolent and tends to work best when social media tools are combined with street-level organization, according to new research from the University of Washington. The findings come from a report released today (Nov.

Mechanical Engineering - Environment - 20.11.2013
Droplets break a theoretical time barrier on bouncing
MIT research could aid ice prevention, wing efficiency, and more. Those who study hydrophobic materials - water-shedding surfaces such as those found in nature and created in the laboratory - are familiar with a theoretical limit on the time it takes for a water droplet to bounce away from such a surface.

Chemistry - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.11.2013
Additive may make wine fine for a longer time
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. An additive may help curb a chemical reaction that causes wine to look, smell and taste funky, according to food scientists. The researchers added chelation compounds that bind with metals to inhibit oxidation, or oxygen's ability to react with some of the trace metals that are found in the wine, according to Gal Kreitman , a doctoral candidate in food science , Penn State.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.11.2013
Focusing on Faces
Focusing on Faces
Difficulties in social interaction are considered to be one of the behavioral hallmarks of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Previous studies have shown these difficulties to be related to differences in how the brains of autistic individuals process sensory information about faces.

Health - 20.11.2013
Top hospitals reduce readmissions by preventing complications across all diagnoses
Checking back into the hospital within 30 days of discharge is not only bad news for patients, but also for hospitals, which now face financial penalties for high readmissions. The key to reducing readmissions may be focusing on the whole patient, rather than the specific conditions that caused their hospitalizations, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers.

Health - Psychology - 20.11.2013
New partnership to focus on breakthroughs for mental health disorders
Institute of Health and Wellbeing Prof Andrew Gumley Dr Peter Uhlhaas A collaborative research network being launched today (20 November) is aiming to establish the city of Glasgow as a leading centre for research into the causes and treatment of psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Life Sciences - 20.11.2013
Changing children’s understanding of the brain
The impact attending a neuroscience lecture can have on children's understanding of the brain has been analysed by researchers from the University of Bristol in a paper published this week in PLoS ONE. Professor Bruce Hood and Dr Nathalie Gjersoe of the School of Experimental Psychology analysed the impact of a science lecture based on the 2011 Royal Institution (Ri) Christmas Lectures  'Meet Your Brain' on Bristol children from low performing schools.

Life Sciences - 20.11.2013
Synaesthesia is more common in autism
People with autism are more likely to also have synaesthesia, suggests new research in the journal Molecular Autism . Genes play a substantial role in autism and scientists have begun to pinpoint some of the individual genes involved Professor Simon Fisher Synaesthesia involves people experiencing a 'mixing of the senses', for example, seeing colours when they hear sounds, or reporting that musical notes evoke different tastes.

Mechanical Engineering - Electroengineering - 20.11.2013
New modelling technique could bypass the need for engineering prototypes
A new modelling technique has been developed that could eliminate the need to build costly prototypes, which are used to test engineering structures such as aeroplanes. The study, by Dr Róbert Szalai at the University of Bristol, is published in the latest issue of the Proceedings of the Royal Society A .

Chemistry - Physics - 19.11.2013
Study could lead to paradigm shift in organic solar cell research
Study could lead to paradigm shift in organic solar cell research
A new study by Stanford scientists overturns a widely held explanation for how organic photovoltaics turn sunlight into electricity. Organic solar cells have long been touted as lightweight, low-cost alternatives to rigid solar panels made of silicon. Dramatic improvements in the efficiency of organic photovoltaics have been made in recent years, yet the fundamental question of how these devices convert sunlight into electricity is still hotly debated.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.11.2013
Fruit bat population covering central Africa is carrier of two deadly viruses
A population of fruit bats which is found across much of continental Africa is widely infected with two deadly viruses that could spread to humans, new research reveals. This new information indicates that the unique population of freely mixing bats across the entire continent facilitates the spread of the viruses Professor James Wood The study, conducted jointly by the University of Cambridge and the Zoological Society of London's Institute of Zoology and published today , found that the "gregarious" bats span over 4,500 km of central Africa (around the distance from California to New York).

Health - Life Sciences - 19.11.2013
Promising target found for better brain cancer drugs
Promising target found for better brain cancer drugs
The deadliest brain cancer requires grueling treatment with bleak prospects for survival. Cornell researchers have discovered a key component to how these aggressive tumors grow that could lead to better solutions. Published in the June issue of Cell Reports, their study opens a path for new drugs to block brain tumor growth with fewer side effects and lower resistance rates than most conventional cancer drugs.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.11.2013
Neighbourhood deprivation linked to structural changes in the brain
Researchers from the University of Glasgow have published findings demonstrating a link between neighbourhood deprivation and brain structure. The tests demonstrated that the cortical morphology (thickness and surface area) of the regions of the brain responsible for controlling a range of core functions such as language and problem solving were significantly smaller in people living in the most socio-economically deprived populations.
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