news 2013



Results 21 - 40 of 61.

Social Sciences - Business / Economics - 30.07.2013
Indian microloan program more popular when well-connected spread word, Stanford study finds
When it comes to spreading information through a social network, researchers studying participation in a microfinance project in India find it really is about who you know. When the representatives from Bharatha Swamukti Samsthe, a microfinance institution in India, want to get the word out about a new loan program, they a handful of people – teachers, shopkeepers and heads of local savings groups – and ask them to spread the news.

Health - Business / Economics - 25.07.2013
Almost 4 million Canadians struggle to find food
A new report by researchers at the University of Toronto shows that almost four million Canadians are struggling to put the food they need on the table because of food insecurity. “The impact of this situation on children, families, communities, the health care system and our economy cannot be overstated,” said Dr. Valerie Tarasuk , a nutritional sciences professor at U of T's Faculty of Medicine and principal investigator for PROOF, an international team of researchers committed to the reduction of household food insecurity.

Psychology - Business / Economics - 23.07.2013
To savor the flavor, perform a short ritual first
Research discovers ritualistic behaviors might influence perception and consumption of various foods MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (07/23/2013) —Birthday celebrations often follow a formula, including off-key singing, making a birthday wish while blowing out candles, and the ceremonial cutting of the birthday cake.

Health - Business / Economics - 09.07.2013
Jobs that pay for pounds lost can work
With obesity costing the nation $190 billion each year in health care expenditures, employers are increasingly offering cash and other incentives to motivate workers to lose weight. Do such programs work? Do they slim employees' waists and fatten their wallets, while trimming the corporate bottom line? Their success depends largely on the type and frequency of rewards offered to employees, according to a study led by Cornell health economist John Cawley and co-authored by Joshua Price, Ph.D.

Business / Economics - 08.07.2013
A new perspective on economic bubbles and crashes and how to avoid them
8 July 2013 By using methods developed to study the interactions of particles and applying them to economics, researchers at the University of Sydney have shown that small changes can create a tipping point and lead to catastrophic changes for the whole economy. "We have shown that when many economic agents are interacting, all while trying to get the most out of their dealings with each other, a point can emerge which tips the whole economy into a sudden downturn," said Dr Michael Harré , from the University's Faculty of Engineering and Information Technologies.

Business / Economics - Environment - 03.07.2013
New research suggests economic stagnation is no excuse for climate inaction
Policymakers should be paying more, rather than less, attention to tackling climate change in economically tough times, a new study suggests. As economies have stagnated major emitters of CO2 seem unwilling to accept binding emissions reduction targets. But findings, published this week in Nature Climate Change , show the social cost of carbon dioxide is higher in a low economic growth world.

Psychology - Business / Economics - 01.07.2013
Psychology Influences Markets
Psychology Influences Markets
When it comes to economics versus psychology, score one for psychology. Economists argue that markets usually reflect rational behavior-that is, the dominant players in a market, such as the hedge-fund managers who make billions of dollars' worth of trades, almost always make well-informed and objective decisions.

Business / Economics - 26.06.2013
Carnegie Mellon Research Explores Nostalgic Preferences: Why the Past Seems Better
Press Release: Carnegie Mellon Research Explores Nostalgic Preferences: Why the Past Seems Better-Carnegie Mellon News - Carnegie Mellon University : Mark D. Burd / 412-268-3486 / mdburd [a] andrew.cmu (p) edu PITTSBURGH—The present often compares poorly to the past. When looking back on the movies, television shows, road trips and life more generally, we often perceive our past experiences as better than the same kinds of experiences we have today.

Social Sciences - Business / Economics - 24.06.2013
Finding Murray’s magic
Research suggests that it is Andy Murray's ability to manage goals, as well as his skill, drive and motivation that makes him such a successful athlete. Murray dropped out of the French Open after a back injury this year, missing out on his goal of playing in four grand slam finals in a row. But this decision has allowed him to recuperate in time for Wimbledon this month.

Business / Economics - 14.06.2013
Mixed ability classes raise average achievement and reduce inequality
U of M research discovers new evidence of ‘peer effects' in early education Media Note: ‘Identification of Peer Effects with Missing Peer Data: Evidence from Project Star' by Aaron Sojourner is published in the June 2013 issue of the Economic Journal . MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (06/14/2013) —School children aged 6 and 7 who are randomly assigned to classmates with higher levels of prior achievement learn substantially more by the end of the year than those who are randomly assigned to peers with lower levels of prior achievement.

Architecture - Business / Economics - 11.06.2013
Positive Peer Pressure More Effective Than Cash Incentives, Study Finds
Researchers show reputation concerns can encourage people to act for the public good Appealing to people's desire for a good reputation is more effective than cold, hard cash, researchers at Harvard, Yale, the Federal Trade Commission and the University of California, San Diego, found in a study published June 18 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Business / Economics - 07.06.2013
Face shape indicates success in men
Face shape indicates success in men
Face shape indicates success in men A factor behind the success of top UK male business leaders is the shape of their faces, according to University of Sussex research published today (Friday 7 June). Psychologists Professor Jamie Ward and Shuaa Alrajih asked people to rate a selection of photographs on ‘gut instinct'.

Business / Economics - 06.06.2013
Europe winning war on undeclared work
Europe winning war on undeclared work
Research from the University of Sheffield has found that the wider range of policy approaches and measures which have been introduced in all EU Member States over the past five years have had a significant impact on preventing businesses and people from engaging in undeclared work.

Business / Economics - Health - 05.06.2013
Pioneering study to investigate factors affecting how much peanut is safe to eat
Pioneering study to investigate factors affecting how much peanut is safe to eat
05 Jun 2013 A new study has begun which will, for the first time, identify how factors like exercise and stress may change how much peanut can cause an allergic reaction in the UK population. The research, being carried out by Cambridge University Hospitals, Imperial College London and The University of Manchester, will also look at whether exercise or stress make people more likely to react to peanut.

Environment - Business / Economics - 29.05.2013
Improving 'crop per drop' could boost global food security and water sustainability
New study shows increasing crop water productivity could feed an additional 110 million people while meeting the domestic water demands of nearly 1.4 billion Media Note: Full Environmental Research Letters paper available May 29, 2013. High-resolution maps showing crops produced per liter of water consumed around the world are available by contacting Todd Reubold.

Environment - Business / Economics - 27.05.2013
Scientists narrow global warming range
Rebecca Scott University of Melbourne +61 3 8344 0181; +61 417 164 791 rebeccas [a] (p) au    Michael Quin Victoria University +61 3 9919 9491; +61 431 815 409; michael.quin [a] (p) au Scientists from the University of Melbourne and Victoria University have generated what they say are more reliable projections of global warming estimates at 2100.

Business / Economics - 21.05.2013
U-M study challenges notion that umpires call more strikes for pitchers of same race
ANN ARBOR-A University of Michigan study challenges previous research that suggests umpire discrimination exists in Major League Baseball. The study, a collaboration between researchers at U-M and the universities of Illinois and Florida, looks deeper into the controversial argument over whether MLB umpires discriminate by calling more strikes for pitchers of the same race.

Health - Business / Economics - 01.05.2013
How Medicaid affects adult health
Study: Health insurance helps lower-income Americans avoid depression, diabetes, major financial shocks. Enrollment in Medicaid helps lower-income Americans overcome depression, get proper treatment for diabetes, and avoid catastrophic medical bills, but does not appear to reduce the prevalence of diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, according to a new study with a unique approach to analyzing one of America's major health-insurance programs.

Life Sciences - Business / Economics - 29.04.2013
Research questions role of neuroscience in leadership studies
Research questions role of neuroscience in leadership studies
Research at the University of Liverpool questions the extent to which studies of the human brain are able to offer insights into what constitutes 'good leadership'. Organisational neuroscience is an emerging area of study that explores the implications of brain science for workplace behaviour. Increasingly, organisational neuroscientists claim that studying the anatomy and physiology of the brain can reveal new insights into what makes a successful and effective leader.

Health - Business / Economics - 15.04.2013
An effective, economic approach to South Africa's HIV epidemic
An effective, economic approach to South Africa’s HIV epidemic
A portfolio of interventions used together could dramatically reduce HIV incidence in South Africa, home to the largest epidemic in the world, a new study by Yale researchers has found. The study appears in this month's issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine. The analysis used mathematical modeling to evaluate the potential impact and cost-effectiveness of a range of interventions to combat HIV in South Africa, where an estimated 5.6 million people are currently infected with the virus.

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