news 2013



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Environment - Administration - 18.12.2013
Studies suggest boreal forests can handle oilsands development
Researcher finds trees and soil are adapting to mining emissions so far, but says careful monitoring needed over long term. Scott Chang studied tree rings from 60-year-old aspen and pine stands to find out how oilsands development is affecting tree growth. (Photo: Richard Siemens) Ongoing work by University of Alberta researcher Scott Chang is providing cautious optimism about how forest soil and trees are coping with oilsands development in Northern Alberta.

Computer Science - Administration - 18.12.2013
Telecommunications data show civic dividing lines in major countries
New study uses network data to show communication patterns and divisions in many major nations. Many residents of Britain, Italy, and Belgium imagine there to be a kind of north-south divide in their countries, marking a barrier between different social groups and regional characteristics. Now a new study by MIT researchers reveals that such divides can be seen in the patterns of communication in those countries and others.

Administration - Social Sciences - 12.12.2013
’Invisible’ homeless women are not accessing the services they need
Homeless women are not accessing the support of social services that they need to progress due to a lack of service coordination and the complex needs of the service users, a recent project has found. Researchers at the University of Bristol found that homeless women 'are used to making themselves invisible in order to survive' and are therefore a hard-to-reach group for social services to work with.

Health - Administration - 10.12.2013
Healthy habits reduce dementia risk
A study which monitored the health habits of 2,235 men over a 35-year period has found that exercise significantly reduces the risk of dementia. Published today in the  PLOS One journal by researchers from Cardiff University, the study is the longest of its kind to probe the influence of environmental factors in chronic disease.

Life Sciences - Administration - 27.11.2013
Scientists identify protein responsible for controlling communication between brain cells
Scientists are a step closer to understanding how some of the brain's 100 billion nerve cells co-ordinate their communication. The study is published in the journal Cell Reports. The University of Bristol research team investigated some of the chemical processes that underpin how brain cells co-ordinate their communication.

Social Sciences - Administration - 20.11.2013
Study shines light on what makes digital activism effective
University of Washington Posted under: News Releases , Politics and Government , Research , Social Science Digital activism is usually nonviolent and tends to work best when social media tools are combined with street-level organization, according to new research from the University of Washington. The findings come from a report released today (Nov.

Health - Administration - 15.11.2013
New help to make sense of drug side-effects
Researchers are working on solutions that involve better understanding of how drugs react with an individual's genetic make-up The Medical Research Council (MRC) Centre for Drug Safety Science at the University of Liverpool has launched a public guide book, to explain how greater understanding of drug side-effects could help tailor treatments to patients.

Administration - Social Sciences - 01.11.2013
Racism link with gun ownership and opposition to gun control in white Americans
01 Nov 2013 A new study has found that higher levels of racism in white Americans is associated with having a gun in the home and greater opposition to gun control policies. The research, published in PLoS One, was led by Dr Kerry O'Brien from The University of Manchester and Monash University and used data from a large representative sample of white US voters.

Social Sciences - Administration - 31.10.2013
Language difficulties can last a lifetime
31 Oct 2013 People who suffer from language difficulties as children may continue to suffer from various emotional and behavioural problems as adults, according to new research by The University of Manchester. Childhood language impairment used to be seen as an early years difficulty, with children catching up gradually as they got older.

Health - Administration - 21.10.2013
The role of uncertainty in infectious disease modelling
The study found that many models provided only cursory reference to the uncertainties of the information and data, or the parameters used Research by scientists at the University of Liverpool has found that greater consideration of the limitations and uncertainties in infectious disease modelling would improve its usefulness and value.

Health - Administration - 18.10.2013
Cognitive behaviour therapy is effective for reducing health anxiety
Cognitive behaviour therapy is effective for reducing health anxiety
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is substantially more effective than standard care at reducing symptoms of health anxiety, a study has found. The findings are good news for the 10 to 20 per cent of hospital patients who excessively worry that they have a serious, undiagnosed illness. Published in The Lancet , this is the first large-scale trial to test the effectiveness of CBT for health anxiety.

Life Sciences - Administration - 15.10.2013
Tuning into the melody of speech
In a groundbreaking new study, Cambridge researchers have mapped out the neurobiological basis of a key aspect of human communication: intonation. If you were to read out loud the words, "I'm absolutely delighted that Kate blamed Paul and Tessa Arnold" in a flat voice, with no rises or falls and placing equal weight on each syllable, you would quickly demonstrate the fundamental importance in human communication of intonation.

Environment - Administration - 10.10.2013
Innovation in renewable-energy technologies is booming
New study shows that research investments and growing markets have fueled a huge rise in new patents. The number of patents issued for renewable-energy technologies has risen sharply over the last decade, according to new research from MIT and the Santa Fe Institute (SFI). The study shows that investments in research and development, as well as in the growth of markets for these products, have helped to spur this dramatic growth in innovation.

Health - Administration - 08.10.2013
Aircraft noise linked to higher rates of heart disease and stroke near Heathrow
Aircraft noise linked to higher rates of heart disease and stroke near Heathrow
Risks of hospital admissions and deaths from stroke and heart disease are higher in areas with high levels of aircraft noise, a study has found. Researchers at Imperial College London and King's College London compared data on dayand night-time aircraft noise with hospital admissions and mortality rates among a population of 3.6 million people living near Heathrow airport.

Computer Science - Administration - 08.10.2013
Solving the Internet capacity crunch: first demonstration of a multicore fibre network
With optical fibre networks gradually approaching their theoretical capacity limits, new types of fibres such as multicore fibres have been at the focus of worldwide research to overcome critical capacity barriers, which threaten the evolution of the Internet. The University of Bristol in collaboration with the National Institute of Information and Technology (NICT) have demonstrated successfully for the first time a multicore fibre-based network, which will form the foundation for the future Internet infrastructure.

Social Sciences - Administration - 04.10.2013
Understanding Muslim Chaplaincy
Understanding Muslim Chaplaincy
Muslim chaplains in a range of British public institutions are performing vital roles as problem-solvers, mediators and role models, a new book reveals. Understanding Muslim Chaplaincy examines the work of Muslim chaplains in universities and colleges, prisons, the armed forces, hospitals, airports, shopping malls and in the community, throughout England and Wales.

Health - Administration - 01.10.2013
Test-and-treat package for HIV prevention trialled in South Africa and Zambia
Test-and-treat package for HIV prevention trialled in South Africa and Zambia
Researchers at Imperial College London are contributing to a major study testing a combination of measures to prevent HIV in South Africa and Zambia. The study will assess whether house-to-house voluntary HIV testing and prompt treatment of HIV infection, along with other proven HIV prevention measures, can substantially reduce the number of new HIV infections across communities.

Health - Administration - 01.10.2013
Critical gaps in breast cancer research are identified
Critical gaps in breast cancer research are identified
Scientists from the University of Sheffield have helped a leading charity to identify critical gaps in breast cancer research which need to be urgently addressed to prevent the loss of around 185,000 lives by 2030. Four world-leading researchers, from the University's Department of Oncology, assisted the Breast Cancer Campaign (BCC) in a landmark analysis, published today (1 October 2013) in Breast Cancer Research, which shows greater investment, collaboration and renewed focus is vital.

Health - Administration - 01.10.2013
Understanding lipids
Establishing a clearer understanding of the role lipids (or fats) play in the development of heart disease and dementia has received a major ¤3M funding boost through the University's first European Research Council Advanced Grant award for Life Sciences research. Awarded to Professor Valerie O'Donnell's Lipidomic Group based in the School of Medicine the funding will help the Group determine the total number and diversity of lipids in two types of blood cells that help us fight infection and prevent bleeding.

Administration - Health - 01.10.2013
UW–Madison researchers put grant review process under microscope
The National Institutes of Health 's system for selecting research projects may be considered the gold standard for equitably awarding funding, but that hasn't kept the agency from dispatching three University of Wisconsin-Madison professors to probe the system for bias. "The NIH peer review system is viewed by other countries and organizations as the ultimate review system for research," says Molly Carnes , a women's health researcher and UW-Madison professor of medicine.
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