news 2013


Agronomy/Food Science

Results 21 - 40 of 73.

Agronomy / Food Science - Religions - 02.08.2013
Link between food in early life and famine survival in adulthood
Link between food in early life and famine survival in adulthood
Study makes link between poor access to nutrition in infancy and increased risk of mortality in later life Conversely, being born with a silver spoon in your mouth may give life-long advantages Scientists at the University of Sheffield have found a link between poor nutrition during early life and reduced resilience to later-life famine.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.08.2013
Obese black Americans half as likely as whites to have bariatric surgery
Obese black Americans half as likely as whites to have bariatric surgery
White Americans who are obese are twice as likely as black Americans to have surgery to tackle the problem, a study has found. Bariatric surgery is now recognised as a successful treatment for preventing serious complications of obesity such as diabetes and high blood pressure. The new study is one of the first to look at whether people who need surgery most are actually receiving it.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.08.2013
Secondhand Smoke in Bars and Restaurants Means Higher Risk of Asthma and Cancer
In the first study to evaluate the health risks of exposure to secondhand smoke for patrons of restaurants and bars, researchers have found that the risks are well above the acceptable level. The study assessed the risk for lung cancer and heart disease deaths among both patrons and servers and also for asthma initiation-the first study to do so-among servers.

Agronomy / Food Science - 01.08.2013
Researchers seeking participants to measure food, mood and mind aspects
1 August 2013 Recent international and Australian studies have shown that nutrition, physical activity and also body weight can influence mood, cognition and mental health. Researchers at the University of Sydney are conducting a research trial, known as the Food, Mood and Mind Study , which will examine the issue in detail.

Agronomy / Food Science - 24.07.2013
Dark chocolate lovers show tolerance for bitterness in ice cream
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. In light of the global obesity epidemic, many consumers and health professionals are concerned about the levels of added sugars in foods. Now, a study by Penn State researchers has shown that some consumers may not need all the added sugars in order to enjoy one of America's favorite comfort foods: chocolate ice cream.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 15.07.2013
Manure used by Europe's first farmers 8,000 years ago
Manure used by Europe's first farmers 8,000 years ago
A new study says Europe's first farmers used far more sophisticated practices than was previously thought. A research team led by the University of Oxford has found that Neolithic farmers manured and watered their crops as early as 6,000 BC. It had always been assumed that manure wasn't used as a fertiliser until Iron Age and Roman times.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 15.07.2013
How 'obesity gene' triggers weight gain
How ’obesity gene’ triggers weight gain
An international team of researchers has discovered why people with a variation of the FTO gene that affects one in six of the population are 70 per cent more likely to become obese. A new study led by scientists at UCL, the Medical Research Council (MRC) and King's College London Institute of Psychiatry shows that people with the obesity-risk FTO variant have higher circulating levels of the 'hunger hormone', ghrelin, in their blood.

Agronomy / Food Science - 15.07.2013
Ancient crop could help safeguard world’s wheat
15 July 2013 Using a crop popular in the Bronze Age but almost unknown today, University of Sydney scientists have helped pave the way to creating wheat resistant to the fungal disease stem rust. "Wheat crops worldwide are vulnerable to this fungal disease and it has ruined entire harvests in Africa and the Middle East.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.07.2013
More support needed for breastfeeding moms: study
More support needed for breastfeeding moms: study
UAlberta research shows most new moms are weaning babies early instead of feeding them only breast milk for first six months. More support is needed to help women overcome doubts in the hope that they will breastfeed their babies for longer, says a University of Alberta nutrition researcher.

Agronomy / Food Science - 03.07.2013
Kids eat more vegetables after nutrition lessons, Stanford study finds
Stanford scholars created food-themed storybooks that taught preschoolers about nutrients, the importance of eating different foods and how food fuels the body. Stanford researchers have come up with a new way to get picky preschoolers to eat more vegetables. Psychologists Sarah Gripshover and Ellen Markman found that teaching children the importance of healthy foods and why their bodies need a variety of foods drives kids to voluntarily eat more vegetables.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 17.06.2013
After-school exercise and nutrition programs can help reduce childhood obesity
After-school exercise and nutrition programs can help reduce childhood obesity
Research has shown that children from low-income neighborhoods are at higher risk of being obese and overweight than children from affluent neighborhoods; in fact, one-third of low-income children enter kindergarten either overweight or obese.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.06.2013
Bariatric surgery restores nerve cell properties altered by diet
HERSHEY, Pa. Understanding how gastric bypass surgery changes the properties of nerve cells that help regulate the digestive system could lead to new treatments that produce the same results without surgery, according to Penn State College of Medicine scientists, who have shown how surgery restores some properties of nerve cells that tell people their stomachs are full.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 12.06.2013
Cultural differences in children’s fight against fat
12 June 2013 NSW primary school children from Middle-Eastern and Asian backgrounds are significantly more overweight than children from English-speaking backgrounds and have lower levels of physical activity and cardiovascular fitness, University of Sydney research has shown. The findings are published in the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health .

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 11.06.2013
Obesity increases chance of preterm birth
ANN ARBOR-Being overweight or obese during pregnancy increases the chance of an early delivery-and the more extra weight mom is carrying, the greater the chance for an extremely preterm delivery, according to a study co-authored by a University of Michigan School of Public Health researcher. The research, published in the June 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, looked at data from 1.6 million deliveries in Sweden from 1992 to 2010.

Agronomy / Food Science - 07.06.2013
Measuring carbon in soil takes a leap forward
7 June 2013 A breakthrough in the agricultural sector's ability to measure soil carbon storage could provide a major boost to their participation in a carbon economy. Researchers at the Soil Security Laboratory at the University of Sydney have developed an instrument, the soil carbon bench, which can determine carbon levels from much larger samples, with greater accuracy and lower cost, than any existing technology.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 29.05.2013
Nordic diet lowers cholesterol, study finds
A healthy Nordic diet lowers cholesterol levels, and therefore the risk of cardiovascular disease, a pan-Nordic study where Lund University participated has found. There was also decreased inflammation associated with pre-diabetes. -The subjects who ate a Nordic diet had lower levels of harmful LDL cholesterol and higher levels of "good" HDL cholesterol.

Agronomy / Food Science - 29.05.2013
Researchers measure learning gap experienced by malnourished children
Oxford University researchers have measured the learning gap experienced by five-year old children who are stunted through malnourishment. They are tracking the long-term effects on their schooling and later prospects in the jobs market. The new analysis, which examines children in four countries across three continents, has been conducted by the research group Young Lives, based in Oxford's Department of International Development.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.05.2013
New DNA cattle test beefs up dairy and meat quality
A genomics technique developed at Cornell to improve corn can now be used to improve the quality of milk and meat, according to research published online May 17 in the journal PLOS ONE. A team led by Ikhide Imumorin, Cornell assistant professor of animal science, is the first to apply a new, inexpensive yet powerful genomics technique to cattle called genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS).

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 21.05.2013
More gym class time cuts risk of obesity
Increasing the amount of time schoolchildren spend in gym class reduces the probability of obesity, particularly among boys, reports a new Cornell study. The study represents some of the first evidence of a causal effect of physical education (PE) on youth obesity and is forthcoming in the Journal of Health Economics.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.05.2013
Rise in type 2 diabetes amongst young
The number of young people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes has seen the sharpest rise over the last twenty years compared to a background of a general increase across the board, new University research has found. The research by Professor Craig Currie, School of Medicine, published in the journal Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism , examined the published data describing the incidence of newly diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes between 1991 and 2010.