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Environment - Life Sciences - 15.01.2013
Multicellularity, a key event in the evolution of life
Multicellularity, a key event in the evolution of life
Multicellularity in cyanobacteria originated before 2.4 billion years ago and is associated with the accumulation of atmospheric oxygen, subsequently enabling the evolution of aerobic life, as we know it today, according to a new study from the University of Zurich involving researchers now at the University of Bristol , and Gothenburg.

Environment - 14.01.2013
Tough limits on global greenhouse gas emissions could reduce some climate change damage by two-thirds
Tough limits on global greenhouse gas emissions could reduce some climate change damage by two-thirds Tough limits on global emissions of greenhouse gases could avoid 20 to 65% of the damaging effects of climate change by 2100 according to new research involving experts from The University of Nottingham and led by the University of Reading's Walker Institute.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 14.01.2013
Growing evidence of global warming threat to future food supplies
Increasingly hot summer weather could cause a fall in crop yields over the next two decades unless farming techniques are improved more quickly, scientists at the University have found. High temperatures are having an increasingly damaging effect on maize (sweetcorn) in France – the largest supplier of the crop to the UK – which may explain a recent slowdown in the trend towards higher yields, according to researchers at the Universities of Leeds, Reading and Exeter.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 07.01.2013
Mountains Are Only Minor Contributors to Sediment Erosion and Climate Regulation
Mountains Are Only Minor Contributors to Sediment Erosion and Climate Regulation
Though churning smokestacks, cud-chewing cows and gasoline-burning vehicles are contributing constantly to greenhouse gas emissions, there are also many processes that do the reverse, pulling molecules like carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. One of these is chemical weathering, which occurs when rock turns into soil.

Environment - Mathematics - 06.01.2013
A new approach to assessing future sea level rise from ice sheets
A new approach to assessing future sea level rise from ice sheets
Future sea level rise due to the melting of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets could be substantially larger than estimated in Climate Change 2007, the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC, according to new research from the University of Bristol.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 03.01.2013
A New Way to Study Permafrost Soil, Above and Below Ground
A New Way to Study Permafrost Soil, Above and Below Ground
What does pulling a radar-equipped sled across the Arctic tundra have to do with improving our understanding of climate change? It's part of a new way to explore the little-known world of permafrost soils, which store almost as much carbon as the rest of the world's soils and about twice as much as is in the atmosphere.
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