news 2013



Results 21 - 40 of 84.

Pedagogy - Psychology - 14.10.2013
Talking to toddlers boosts their language skills, Stanford study shows
New research from Stanford psychologists reveals that the amount parents speak directly to their toddler can make an incredible difference in the child's language proficiency and vocabulary. Just as young children need nourishing food to build physical strength, they also need linguistic nutrition for optimal development of language and cognitive abilities.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 01.10.2013
Genetic Influences on Cognition Increase with Age, Study Shows
AUSTIN, Texas — About 70 percent of a person's intelligence can be explained by their DNA - and those genetic influences only get stronger with age, according to new research from The University of Texas at Austin. The study, authored by psychology researchers Elliot Tucker-Drob, Daniel Briley and Paige Harden, shows how genes can be stimulated or suppressed depending on the child's environment and could help bridge the achievement gap between rich and poor students.

Health - Psychology - 24.09.2013
Researcher embeds with Canadian Forces to study stress and coping
Researcher embeds with Canadian Forces to study stress and coping
UAlberta military research chair working shoulder-to-shoulder with Canadian Armed Forces in Afghanistan to help improve quality of life for soldiers and veterans. A University of Alberta researcher will spend the next month working shoulder-to-shoulder with members of the Canadian Armed Forces in Afghanistan to study how soldiers cope with stress while under deployment.

Continuing Education - Psychology - 24.09.2013
School starting age: the evidence
Earlier this month the "Too Much, Too Soon" campaign made headlines with a letter calling for a change to the start age for formal learning in schools. Here, one of the signatories, Cambridge researcher David Whitebread, explains why children may need more time to develop before their formal education begins in earnest.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 18.09.2013
Stronger Sexual Impulses, Not Weaker Self-Control, May Explain Why Men Cheat More Than Women, Study Reveals
AUSTIN, Texas - A recently published study strongly suggests men succumb to sexual temptations more than women - for example, cheating on a partner - because they experience strong sexual impulses, not because they have weak self-control. Previous research has shown that men are more likely than women to pursue romantic partners that are "off limits." However, until now, the explanation for this sex difference was largely unexplored.

Art and Design - Psychology - 11.09.2013
Young adults are fond of their parents' music, too
Music has an uncanny way of bringing us back to a specific point in time, and each generation seems to have its own opinions about which tunes will live on as classics. New research suggests that today's young adults are fond of and have an emotional connection to the music that was popular when their parents were their age in the 1980s.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 04.09.2013
Children benefit from positive peer influence in afterschool programs
"Too often, we don't create a place where youth can grow, develop and have a hand in shaping their own environments," said Smith. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Children in afterschool programs who have a sense of connectedness with their peers are less likely to report emotional problems, according to Penn State researchers.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 30.08.2013
New illusion of consciousness
New illusion of consciousness
Heart in your Hand? Neuroscientists discover a new illusion of consciousness The sight of a virtual-reality hand pulsing in time with your heart beat is enough to convince your brain that it's part of your body, according to a new study published this week from the Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science at the University of Sussex.

Psychology - 27.08.2013
Willpower is in your mind, not in a sugar cube
The research challenges the popular view that willpower is a limited resource that depends on a consistent supply of glucose. That afternoon candy bar may not be the best way to power through the rest of the day's tasks. A new study by Stanford psychologists argues that you don't need sugar for a performance boost.

Psychology - 26.08.2013
Preschoolers who stutter do just fine emotionally and socially, study finds
Liz Banks-Anderson +61 3 8344 4362 Anna Curran (MCRI) 0400 505 090 Stuttering may be more common than previously thought, but preschool stutterers fair better than first thought, a study by The University of Melbourne, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute and The University of Sydney has found. A study of over 1600 children, which followed the children from infancy to four years old, found the cumulative incidence of stuttering by four years old was 11 per cent, more than twice what has previously been reported.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 22.08.2013
Participation in a cultural activity may reduce prejudice
Researchers find that social connections spark interest in another culture and engaging in behaviors associated with that culture may reduce implicit bias. Music really can bring people together. According to new research by Stanford psychologists, people's attitudes toward another racial or ethnic group improve when they participate in the other group's cultural activities, such as – in this case – making a music video together.

Psychology - 20.08.2013
Daydreamers are also distracted by the world around them, new study finds
Daydreamers are also distracted by the world around them, new study finds
Daydreamers are also distracted by the world around them, new study finds Look! A seagull. I once dropped an ice-cream in Eastbourne. Now, where was I? Oh yes. A new study published today (20 August 2013) has revealed that those prone to mind wandering are also more likely to be distracted by irrelevant external events.

Health - Psychology - 25.07.2013
U-M study of veterans finds links between outdoor activities, improved mental health
ANN ARBOR-Veterans participating in extended outdoor group recreation show signs of improved mental health, suggesting a link between the activities and long-term psychological well-being, according to results of a new University of Michigan study. Veterans were surveyed before and after a multi-day wilderness recreation experience, which involved camping and hiking in groups of between six and 12 participants.

Psychology - Economics / Business - 23.07.2013
To savor the flavor, perform a short ritual first
Research discovers ritualistic behaviors might influence perception and consumption of various foods MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (07/23/2013) —Birthday celebrations often follow a formula, including off-key singing, making a birthday wish while blowing out candles, and the ceremonial cutting of the birthday cake.

Psychology - 12.07.2013
Foraging for thought - new insights into our working memory
PA 237/13 We take it for granted that our thoughts are in constant turnover. Metaphors like "stream of consciousness" and "train of thought" imply steady, continuous motion. But is there a mechanism inside our heads that drives this? Is there something compelling our attention to move on to new ideas instead of dwelling in the same spot forever? A research team led by Dr Matthew Johnson in the School of Psychology at The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus (UNMC) may have discovered part of the answer.

Psychology - 11.07.2013
Buying behavior can be swayed by cultural mindset
ANN ARBOR-There are some combinations that just go well together: Milk and cookies, eggs and bacon, pancakes and syrup. But new research reveals that people with individualistic mindsets differ from their collectivist counterparts in ascribing value to those perfect combinations. The collection of new studies, published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, demonstrates that people with collectivist mindsets tend to value the relationships between items more than the particular items themselves.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 10.07.2013
Prisoners doing yoga may see psychological benefits
Yoga can improve mood and mental wellbeing among prisoners, an Oxford University study suggests, and may also have an effect on impulsive behaviour. The researchers found that prisoners after a 10-week yoga course reported improved mood, reduced stress and were better at a task related to behaviour control than those who continued in their normal prison routine.

Health - Psychology - 09.07.2013
Placebo effect largely ignored in psychological intervention studies
University of Illinois psychology professor Daniel Simons, left, and Florida State University professor Walter Boot report that many psychological intervention studies that claim to benefit cognition may instead be capturing differences in expectations between those who receive the intervention and those who don't.

Psychology - 08.07.2013
Sleepless nights can turn lovers into fighters
Sleepless nights can turn lovers into fighters
Relationship problems can keep us awake at night. But new research from UC Berkeley suggests that sleepless nights also can worsen lovers' fights. UC Berkeley psychologists Amie Gordon and Serena Chen have found that people are much more likely to lash out at their romantic partners over relationship conflicts after a bad night's sleep.

Psychology - Economics / Business - 01.07.2013
Psychology Influences Markets
Psychology Influences Markets
When it comes to economics versus psychology, score one for psychology. Economists argue that markets usually reflect rational behavior-that is, the dominant players in a market, such as the hedge-fund managers who make billions of dollars' worth of trades, almost always make well-informed and objective decisions.