news 2013



Results 61 - 80 of 84.

Psychology - 19.03.2013
Your brain on video games
Researchers at the University of Toronto have shown that playing shooting or driving video games, even for a relatively short time, improves the ability to search for a target hidden among irrelevant distractions in complex scenes. "Recent studies in different labs, including here at the University of Toronto , have shown that playing first-person shooter videogames can enhance other aspects of visual attention," says psychology professor Ian Spence .

Pedagogy - Psychology - 15.03.2013
Children of divorced parents more likely to start smoking
Both daughters and sons from divorced families are significantly more likely to initiate smoking in comparison to their peers from intact families, shows a new analysis of 19,000 Americans. "Finding this link between parental divorce and smoking is very disturbing," said lead author Esme Fuller-Thomson , Sandra Rotman Chair at the University of Toronto's Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work.

Psychology - 12.03.2013
Infants prefer individuals who punish those not like themselves, Yale researchers find
Infants prefer individuals who punish those not like themselves, Yale researchers find
Infants as young as nine months old prefer individuals who punish those who are not like them, and this seemingly innate mean streak grows stronger in the next five months of life, a study by researchers at Yale University has found. Babies, like adults, prefer individuals who like the same things they do.

Psychology - 08.03.2013
Something to chew over
Chewing gum can help you stay focused for longer on tasks that require continuous monitoring. This is the finding of new research co-authored by Chris Miles of the Cardiff School of Psychology, published today in the British Journal of Psychology. Previous research has shown that chewing gum can improve concentration in visual memory tasks.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 07.03.2013
Stanford psychologists uncover brain-imaging inaccuracies
Stanford psychologists uncover brain-imaging inaccuracies
Stanford Report, March 7, 2013 Traditional methods of fMRI analysis systematically skew which regions of the brain appear to be activating, potentially invalidating hundreds of papers that use the technique. Pictures of brain regions "activating" are by now a familiar accompaniment to any neurological news story.

Psychology - 05.03.2013
A new approach to understanding research relevance
A new approach to understanding research relevance
"Science is broken; let's fix it," says the University of Sydney's Associate Alex Holcombe , who is part of a major new effort to improve the reliability of psychological research. The new approach encourages psychologists to publish replication studies of previously published results, helping make this a part of ongoing scientific practice.

Pedagogy - Psychology - 26.02.2013
Mixed-race youth feel less cohesion with mothers, but greater independence
ANN ARBOR-Multiethnic and mixed-race youth feel less satisfied with their moms-but more independent-compared to other youth, according to a new University of Michigan study. U-M researcher Elma Lorenzo-Blanco and colleagues compared parenting and family-related experiences between multiethnic/mixed-race youth and those from one racial/ethnic background.

Health - Psychology - 21.02.2013
The long shadow cast by childhood bullying on mental health in adulthood
A new study shows that children who are exposed to bullying during childhood are at increased risk of psychiatric disorders in adulthood, regardless of whether they are victims or perpetrators. William E. Copeland of Duke University Medical Center and Dieter Wolke of the University of Warwick led a team in examining whether bullying in childhood predicts psychiatric problems and suicidality in young adulthood.

Psychology - Health - 18.02.2013
Eye movements reveal impaired reading in schizophrenia
A study of eye movements in schizophrenia patients provides new evidence of impaired reading fluency in individuals with the mental illness. The findings, by researchers at McGill University in Montreal, could open avenues to earlier detection and intervention for people with the illness. While schizophrenia patients are known to have abnormalities in language and in eye movements, until recently reading ability was believed to be unaffected.

Psychology - 13.02.2013
Are billboards driving us to distraction?
Are billboards driving us to distraction?
It's now unlawful to shave or use a mobile phone while driving, but reading billboards is still OK. Or is it? In a recent article published in Accident Analysis and Prevention , University of Alberta researcher Michelle Chan makes a case for regulating emotional distractions while driving. Chan and U of A co-author Anthony Singhal devised an experiment using a driving simulator, in which participants drove past 20 billboards in one of three scenarios.

Psychology - 12.02.2013
Babies whose efforts are praised become more motivated kids, say Stanford researchers
Stanford Report, February 12, 2013 Psychologists analyze the kind of praise mothers give their 1- to 3-year-old children and find that praising effort, not talent, leads to greater motivation and more positive attitudes toward challenges five years later. We think our babies are so smart, so amazing, so good.

Health - Psychology - 12.02.2013
Killing your loved one with kindness can backfire
People who receive high levels of emotional support from their partner have an increased risk of death if they perceive their partner as not caring, understanding and validating, reports a Cornell study published in Health Psychology (Vol. 32:2) this month. The study found this paradoxical association disappeared completely for individuals who perceive their partner as responsive to their needs, suggesting that the effect of emotional support depends on the perceptions of the recipient rather than the amount of actual support provided.

Pedagogy - Psychology - 12.02.2013
Parents who praise effort can bolster children’s persistence, self-belief
Toddlers who receive praise of their efforts, such as "you worked hard on that," rather than praise of their personal qualities, such as "you're a good girl," are more likely to prefer challenging tasks and to believe that hard work can improve intelligence and personality, new research at the University of Chicago reveals.

Psychology - 04.02.2013
Monogamous birds read partner’s food desires
Monogamous birds read partner’s food desires
Our results raise the possibility that these birds may be capable of ascribing desire to their mates." —Ljerka Ostojic New research shows that male Eurasian Jays in committed relationships are able to share food with their female partner according to her current desire. The behaviour suggests the potential for 'state-attribution' in these birds - the ability to recognise and understand the internal life and psychological states of others.

Psychology - Continuing Education - 04.02.2013
Bullying 'gets better' for most - but not all - teens, study says
Bullying ’gets better’ for most - but not all - teens, study says
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Bullied teens often are assured that "it gets better." And a new study suggests that bullying does, indeed, tend to decline as teens progress through high school and move toward adulthood. However, boys who identify as gay or bisexual report significantly higher rates of bullying than their heterosexual peers after leaving high school, higher even than heterosexual boys who reported nearly identical rates of victimization during school.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 04.02.2013
Response and recovery in the brain may predict well-being
It has long been known that the part of the brain called the amygdala is responsible for recognition of a threat and knowing whether to fight or flee from the danger. Now, using functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, scientists at the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds at the University of Wisconsin-Madison Waisman Center are watching the duration of the amygdala response in the brains of healthy people when exposed to negative images.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 30.01.2013
Can you feel my pain? Middle-aged women sure can
ANN ARBOR-Looking for someone to feel your pain? Talk to a woman in her 50s. According to a new study of more than 75,000 adults, women in that age group are more empathic than men of the same age and than younger or older people. "Overall, late middle-aged adults were higher in both of the aspects of empathy that we measured," said Sara Konrath, assistant research professor at the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research and co-author of an article on age and empathy forthcoming in the Journals of Gerontology: Psychological and Social Sciences.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 23.01.2013
Owl Monkeys Who 'Stay True' Produce More Offspring Than Those With Multiple Partners, Penn Study Finds
Owl Monkeys Who ’Stay True’ Produce More Offspring Than Those With Multiple Partners, Penn Study Finds
Breaking up is hard to do - and can be detrimental to one's reproductive fitness, according to a new University of Pennsylvania study. Focusing on wide-eyed, nocturnal owl monkeys, considered a socially monogamous species, the research reveals that, when an owl monkey pair is severed by an intruding individual, the mate who takes up with a new partner produces fewer offspring than a monkey who sticks with its tried-and-true partner.

Health - Psychology - 23.01.2013
Veterans encouraged to participate in wellness study to help others recovering from combat
A U.S. soldier scans a nearby ridge following an engagement with anti-Afghan forces in Kunar province. Veterans who served in Iraq and Afghanistan are being encouraged to participate in a UW-Madison study to help scientists discover new strategies for returning servicemembers adjusting to life after combat.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 22.01.2013
Researchers map emotional intelligence in the brain
Researchers map emotional intelligence in the brain
CHAMPAIGN, lll. A new study of 152 Vietnam veterans with combat-related brain injuries offers the first detailed map of the brain regions that contribute to emotional intelligence - the ability to process emotional information and navigate the social world. The study found significant overlap between general intelligence and emotional intelligence, both in terms of behavior and in the brain.