news 2013


Social Sciences

Results 61 - 80 of 151.

Health - Social Sciences - 16.09.2013
Love thy neighbor: It could lower your risk of stroke
ANN ARBOR-Here's some neighborly advice for adults over age 50: Stay friendly with your neighbors. A new University of Michigan study shows that adults in this age bracket who live in a good neighborhood with trustworthy people lowered their risk of stroke up to 48 percent.

Astronomy / Space - Social Sciences - 13.09.2013
"Red Nugget" Galaxies Were Hiding in Plain Sight
Cambridge, MA - In 2005 the Hubble Space Telescope spotted unusually small galaxies densely packed with red stars in the distant, young universe. They were nicknamed "red nuggets," not only because they are small and red but also their existence challenged current theories of galaxy formation, making them precious in astronomers' eyes.

Social Sciences - 11.09.2013
One-for-all cultures foster suicide bomber terrorism
To understand suicide bombers better - why people kill themselves and others for a cause - we need to look more closely at cultures that value a group over an individual, says new Cornell social sciences research. "Suicide bombing is one of the most devastating terrorist tactics. Understanding what explains and predicts its adoption is very important for states facing threats from terrorist organizations," says Michael Genkin, a Cornell doctoral candidate in the field of sociology, who co-authored a study with Robert Braun, Cornell doctoral student in the field of government.

Social Sciences - 09.09.2013
U of M researchers get intimate in new book
MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (09/09/2013) —How much do you really know about your partner? How much do you want them to know about you? The answers to these questions are often surprising, according to two University of Minnesota researchers who recently published a new book, Knowing and Not Knowing in Intimate Relationships .

Social Sciences - Administration - 09.09.2013
Watching television can be a factor in accent change
New research has provided the first evidence to prove that active and engaged television viewing does help to accelerate language change. In particular the study, funded by Economic and Social Research Council and published in the American journal 'Language', looked at how watching the television soap 'EastEnders' is altering certain features of the Scottish accent.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 06.09.2013
Rare fossil ape cranium in China
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Researchers have discovered the cranium of a fossil ape from Shuitangba, a Miocene site in Yunnan Province, China. The juvenile cranium of the fossil ape Lufengpithecus is significant, according to the research team, which includes Nina Jablonski , distinguished professor of anthropology at Penn State.

Social Sciences - 06.09.2013
Problem gambling and family violence strongly linked: new study
Alun Jackson: 0422 444 067 / Education : Catriona May: (03) 8344 3357 / 0435 960 030 / ? UoM : Katherine Smith (03) 8344 7263/ Over half the people presenting at gambling counseling services in Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania reported family violence in the previous 12 months, according to a new study.

Health - Social Sciences - 04.09.2013
Research helps people with social phobia face their fears
Study finds therapy that teaches patients how to reframe negative thoughts reduces symptoms of anxiety associated with social situations. Social anxiety disorder – which can include being afraid of speaking in public, fear of interacting with people, and intense nervousness at being the center of attention – affects millions of people each year.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 04.09.2013
Children benefit from positive peer influence in afterschool programs
"Too often, we don't create a place where youth can grow, develop and have a hand in shaping their own environments," said Smith. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Children in afterschool programs who have a sense of connectedness with their peers are less likely to report emotional problems, according to Penn State researchers.

Economics - Social Sciences - 03.09.2013
Violent crime is having direct impact on the amount people are walking
Violent crime in England is having a direct impact on the amount people are walking. These are the findings of a new study , led jointly by researchers at the Universities of Bristol, Imperial College Business School and Monash , that examined the effects of violent crime on the physical activities of nearly a million adults.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 22.08.2013
Participation in a cultural activity may reduce prejudice
Researchers find that social connections spark interest in another culture and engaging in behaviors associated with that culture may reduce implicit bias. Music really can bring people together. According to new research by Stanford psychologists, people's attitudes toward another racial or ethnic group improve when they participate in the other group's cultural activities, such as – in this case – making a music video together.

Event - Social Sciences - 22.08.2013
In the Face of Trauma, Distance Helps People Find Clarity, Study Shows
AUSTIN, Texas — In the wake of tragedies such as the Sandy Hook school shooting, the Boston Marathon bombing and the devastating explosion in the Texas town of West, people are often left asking, "Why did this happen?" According to new research from The University of Texas at Austin, the best way to make sense of tragedy is to turn away from detailed reports in the news and social media and adopt a more simplified understanding of the event.

Environment - Social Sciences - 20.08.2013
A new approach to making climate treaties function
Petty Officer 3rd Class Patrick Kelley/USCG International collaboration on climate change mitigation depends to a great extent on how agreements are designed. Institutions for international climate cooperation need to appeal to fairness and effectiveness to gain support, study says By Rob Jordan Why can't global leaders agree on a broad, effective climate change pact? More than 20 years after they began, international negotiations based on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change have resulted in only one legally binding treaty.

Social Sciences - 14.08.2013
Facebook use predicts declines in happiness, new study finds
ANN ARBOR-Facebook helps people feel connected, but it doesn't necessarily make them happier, a new study shows. ??Facebook use actually predicts declines in a user's well-being, according to a University of Michigan study that is the first known published research examining Facebook influence on happiness and satisfaction.

Social Sciences - Economics - 08.08.2013
Views you can use? How online ratings affect your judgment
Study: Positive comments create an illusory snowball effect, while negative responses get cancelled out. Are you influenced by the opinions of other people - say, in the comments sections of websites? If your answer is no, here's another question: Are you sure? A new study co-authored by an MIT professor suggests that many people are, in fact, heavily influenced by the positive opinions other people express online - but are much less swayed by negative opinions posted in the same venues.

Health - Social Sciences - 05.08.2013
Abused children found to smoke more as teens and adults
Researchers have long suspected some kind of link between childhood abuse and smoking. But in an interesting twist, a new study from the University of Washington finds a connection not between whether or not an abused child will ever begin smoking, but to how much they smoke once they do start. "In other words, people are as likely to smoke whether or not they were sexually or physically abused, but they're inclined to smoke more if they were abused and have a history of smoking,” said Todd Herrenkohl , a professor in the UW School of Social Work.

Environment - Social Sciences - 01.08.2013
Cool heads likely won't prevail in a hotter, wetter world
Cool heads likely won't prevail in a hotter, wetter world Posted August 1, 2013; 02:00 p.m. by Morgan Kelly, Office of Should climate change trigger the upsurge in heat and rainfall that scientists predict, people may face a threat just as perilous and volatile as extreme weather — each other.

Social Sciences - Economics - 30.07.2013
Indian microloan program more popular when well-connected spread word, Stanford study finds
When it comes to spreading information through a social network, researchers studying participation in a microfinance project in India find it really is about who you know. When the representatives from Bharatha Swamukti Samsthe, a microfinance institution in India, want to get the word out about a new loan program, they a handful of people – teachers, shopkeepers and heads of local savings groups – and ask them to spread the news.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 30.07.2013
Evolution of monogamy in humans the result of infanticide risk
Evolution of monogamy in humans the result of infanticide risk
The threat of infants being killed by unrelated males is the key driver of monogamy in humans and other primates. The study by academics from UCL, University of Manchester, University of Oxford and University of Auckland, is the first to reveal this evolutionary pathway for the emergence of pair living.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 29.07.2013
Monogamy evolved as a mating strategy
Where females are widely dispersed, the best strategy for a male is to stick with one female, defend her, and make sure that he sires all her offspring. In short, a male's best strategy is to be monogamous. Professor Tim Clutton-Brock Social monogamy, where one breeding female and one breeding male are closely associated with each other over several breeding seasons, appears to have evolved as a mating strategy, new research reveals.