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Health - Life Sciences - 02.12.2014
Mini Profile: Dr Michael Johnson, Honorary Reader in Neurogenetics
Mini Profile: Dr Michael Johnson, Honorary Reader in Neurogenetics
In a quest to find new drugs for epilepsy, Dr Michael Johnson is at the forefront of research investigating the heritability of this serious disorder. Dr Michael Johnson is Deputy Head of the Centre for Clinical Translation at the Division of Brain Sciences , Imperial College London and a consultant neurologist at I mperial College Healthcare NHS Trust.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.12.2014
University of Chicago to establish Genomic Data Commons
The University of Chicago is collaborating with the National Cancer Institute to establish the nation's most comprehensive computational facility, which stores and harmonizes cancer genomic data generated through NCI-funded research programs. The establishment of the NCI Genomic Data Commons will expand access for scientists around the country, speeding up research and, in turn, leading to faster discoveries for patients.

Law - Event - 02.12.2014
Ability of HIV to cause AIDS is slowing
Oxford's law students have held their first moot court competition that specifically focuses on issues affecting people with disabilities.

Health - 02.12.2014
Ancient relative of the elephant 'holidayed in warm Arctic'
The rapid evolution of HIV, which has allowed the virus to develop resistance to patients' natural immunity, is at the same time slowing the virus's ability to cause AIDS. The Oxford University-led study also indicates that people infected by HIV are likely to progress to AIDS more slowly - in other words the virus becomes less 'virulent' - because of widespread access to antiretroviral therapy (ART).

Health - Environment - 02.12.2014
Air pollution in Delhi is worse during winter, international research study shows
As the cold weather sets in, a quantitative analysis on particulate matter (PM) in Delhi has highlighted that residents are exposed to significantly higher levels of air pollutants in the Indian capital during winter than in summer. Air pollution continues to be one of the key global environmental challenges and is widespread in India, with Delhi, most notably, experiencing major air quality problems.

Health - Social Sciences - 02.12.2014
Influential UK birth cohort studies to be brought together for first time
Influential UK birth cohort studies to be brought together for first time
One outcome of the IOE and UCL merger coming into effect today will be that all five of the UK's national birth cohort studies will be housed at the same institution for the first time, forming the largest concentration of birth cohort expertise in the world. Cohort studies are a type of longitudinal research that follow the same group of people throughout their lives, charting health and social changes and untangling the reasons behind them.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.12.2014
New cause of child brain tumour condition identified
Our structure (research) Impact of our research Postgraduate research 02 Dec 2014 Doctors and scientists from The University of Manchester have identified changes in a gene, which can increase the risk of developing brain tumours in children with a rare inherited condition called Gorlin syndrome. Gorlin syndrome causes an increased risk of developing cancers of the skin and, rarely, in the brain.

Life Sciences - 02.12.2014
Animal welfare could be improved by new understanding of their emotions
A new study from researchers at Queen Mary University of London looking at how goats express subtle positive emotions could lead to greater understanding of animal welfare. While there has been a great deal of research into negative emotions and stress in animals it is often hard for those who work with animals to know when they are in more subtle positive states.

Environment - 02.12.2014
Research confirms how global warming links to carbon emissions
The team have derived the first theoretical equation to demonstrate that global warming is a direct result of the build-up of carbon emissions Research by the University of Liverpool has identified, for the first time, how global warming is related to the amount of carbon emitted. A team of researchers from the Universities of Liverpool, Southampton and Bristol have derived the first theoretical equation to demonstrate that global warming is a direct result of the build-up of carbon emissions since the late 1800s when man-made carbon emissions began.

Life Sciences - Environment - 01.12.2014
Predators and isolation shape the evolution of 'island tameness,' providing conservation insights
Predators and isolation shape the evolution of ’island tameness,’ providing conservation insights
ANN ARBOR-Charles Darwin noted more than 150 years ago that animals on the Galapagos Islands, including finches and marine iguanas, were more docile than mainland creatures. He attributed this tameness to the fact that there are fewer predators on remote islands. While "island tameness" is an old idea, there have been few rigorous studies of the phenomenon.

Chemistry - Physics - 01.12.2014
New chemical sponge has potential to lessen the carbon footprint of oil industry
UK scientists have discovered a ground-breaking technique with the potential to dramatically reduce the amount of energy used in the refinement of crude oil. Professor Martin Schröder and Dr Sihai Yang from The University of Nottingham have led a multi-disciplinary team of scientists from Nottingham, the Science and Technology Facilities Council's (STFC) ISIS Neutron Facility, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Diamond Light Source, to discover a porous material that works like a chemical sponge to separate a number of important gases from mixtures generated during crude oil refinement.

Electroengineering - Mechanical Engineering - 01.12.2014
New research could transform high speed optical networks
Press release issued: 1 December 2014 There is an ever growing demand for high speed internet communication systems. New research has shown optical switching technology built on nanoantenna reflectarrays and tunable materials could transform high speed optical networks. The study by Dr Maciej Klemm and Professor Martin Cryan from the University of Bristol's Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering is published in the journal, Optics Express .

Environment - Earth Sciences - 01.12.2014
New research highlights the key role of ozone in climate change
The models which are used to predict how climate change will occur could be much improved by including the key role of ozone, which is often overlooked in current models. These models are the only tools we have in terms of predicting the future impacts of climate change Peer Nowack Many of the complex computer models which are used to predict climate change could be missing an important ozone 'feedback' factor in their calculations of future global warming, according to new research led by the University of Cambridge and published today (1 December) .

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 01.12.2014
World’s first artificial enzymes created using synthetic biology
Enzymes made from artificial molecules which do not occur anywhere in nature have been shown to trigger chemical reactions in the lab, challenging existing views about the conditions that are needed to enable life to happen. Our assumptions about what is required for biological processes - the 'secret of life' - may need some further revision Alex Taylor A team of researchers have created the world's first enzymes made from artificial genetic material.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 01.12.2014
For docs, more biology info means less empathy for mental health patients
Give therapists and psychiatrists information about the biology of a mental disorder, and they have less - not more - empathy for the patient, a new Yale study shows. The findings released Dec. 1 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, challenge the notion that biological explanations for mental illness boost compassion for the tens of millions of Americans who suffer from mental-health problems.

Physics - 01.12.2014
Most of Earth's carbon may be hidden in the planet's inner core, new model suggests
Most of Earth’s carbon may be hidden in the planet’s inner core, new model suggests
ANN ARBOR-As much as two-thirds of Earth's carbon may be hidden in the inner core, making it the planet's largest carbon reservoir, according to a new model that even its backers acknowledge is "provocative and speculative." In a paper scheduled for online publication in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences this week, University of Michigan researchers and their colleagues suggest that iron carbide, Fe7C3, provides a good match for the density and sound velocities of Earth's inner core under the relevant conditions.

Life Sciences - Career - 01.12.2014
Researchers Identify Protein Elevated in Blood That Predicts Post-Concussion Symptom Severity in Professional Athletes
New Penn Medicine research has found that elevated levels in the blood of the brain-enriched protein calpain-cleaved 'II-spectrin N-terminal fragment, known as SNTF, shortly after sports-related concussion can predict the severity of post-concussion symptoms in professional athletes. The complete findings were released today in the Journal of Neurotrauma.

Health - 01.12.2014
Family history screening misses people at high risk of cancer
Family history screening misses people at high risk of cancer
UCL research into the BRCA gene mutation in the the Jewish population show that only assessing family history misses half of the people with the mutation. Women carrying a BRCA 1 or 2 gene mutation have approximately a 15%-45% chance of getting ovarian cancer and a 45-65% chance of getting breast cancer.

Health - 01.12.2014
Greater income inequality linked to more deaths for black Americans
Greater income inequality is linked to more deaths among African Americans, but the effect is reversed among white Americans, who experienced fewer deaths, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley. The study , published in the fall 2014 issue of the International Journal of Health Services , highlights stark racial differences in the effects of the widening wage gap.

Social Sciences - Economics - 01.12.2014
Twitter: homophily rules online world as well as offline, research shows
Like its famous avian logo, Twitter users tend to favour birds of a feather - something which may be bad for democracy but good for the biggest flocks of like-minded people on the social media network, a new study suggests. The study analyzed more than two million politically-committed Twitter users.
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