news 2014


Agronomy/Food Science

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Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 16.12.2014
Still too salty: slight decrease in sodium levels for some foods at chain restaurants, whopping increase for others
Researchers at the University of Toronto have found that sodium levels in Canadian chain restaurant meals have changed little since 2010, despite the food industry's commitment to offer more meals with less sodium. The researchers analyzed nutrition information from 61 sit-down and fast-food restaurants in 2013 and found that compared to levels in 2010, 54 per cent of foods did not change.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 15.12.2014
Poor diet links obese mothers and stunted children
Poor diet links obese mothers and stunted children
Malnutrition is a major cause of stunted growth in children, but new UCL research on mothers and children in Egypt suggests that the problem is not just about quantity of food but also quality. Obesity and malnutrition are often thought of as problems at opposite ends of the nutrition spectrum, but the study found that 6.7% of Egyptian mothers were obese and had stunted children.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 11.12.2014
New insights into the origins of agriculture could help shape the future of food
Home > News > News releases > New insights into the origins of agriculture could help shape the future of food Expanding population is putting increasing demands on food production Study could lead to new crops becoming our staple foods in the future Agricultural decisions made by our ancestors more than 10,000 years ago could hold the key to food security in the future, according to new research by the University of Sheffield.

Chemistry - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.12.2014
Can organic crops compete with industrial agriculture?
A systematic overview of more than 100 studies comparing organic and conventional farming finds that the crop yields of organic agriculture are higher than previously thought. The study, conducted by UC Berkeley researchers, also found that certain practices could further shrink the productivity gap between organic crops and conventional farming.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 08.12.2014
Surprising new leads uncovered in global obesity epidemic
Surprising new leads uncovered in global obesity epidemic
Surprising new leads uncovered in global obesity epidemic 8 December 2014 Researchers have uncovered surprising new leads in the worldwide obesity epidemic by examining the combination of our rapidly changing environment with our overwhelming appetite for protein. Published in the British Journal of Nutrition, the research from the University of Sydney's Charles Perkins Centre indicates that bottle-feeding, climate change and corporate bottom lines could be among the dark horses of global obesity.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 08.12.2014
Bigger bodies bringing more cancers
Bigger bodies bringing more cancers
Growing obesity levels are increasing the burden of cancers throughout the world, say University of Queensland researchers. UQ School of Population Health researcher Dr Nirmala Pandeya and colleagues at the International Agency for Research on Cancer estimate that a quarter of all obesity-related cancers in 2012 could be attributed to the rising average body mass index since 1982.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.12.2014
Obesity may shorten life expectancy up to 8 years
'Tis the season to indulge. However, restraint may be best according to a new study led by investigators at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) and McGill University. The researchers examined the relationship between body weight and life expectancy. Their findings show that overweight and obese individuals have the potential to decrease life expectancy by up to 8 years.

Economics - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.12.2014
Is publishing in high impact journals the key to career progression?
Our structure (research) Impact of our research Postgraduate research 05 Dec 2014 Economists working in academia are being advised to think twice before publishing in high impact journals. That's according to new research led by Professor Dan Rigby, of The University of Manchester, and published in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics, which examined whether careers were most enhanced by publishing in high impact journals.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 04.12.2014
’Satiety hormone’ leptin links obesity to high blood pressure
Leptin, a hormone that regulates the amount of fat stored in the body, also drives the increase in blood pressure that occurs with weight gain, according to researchers from Monash University and the University of Cambridge. Being obese or overweight is a major risk factor for the development of high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 24.11.2014
Grasshoppers signal slow recovery of post-agricultural woodlands, study finds
UW-Madison researchers Philip Hahn and John Orrock used grasshoppers, like the above Melanoplus found in the South Carolina longleaf pine forests, as indicators of the recovery success of post-agricultural woodlands. Photos: Phil Hahn Sixty years ago, the plows ended their reign and the fields were allowed to return to nature - allowed to become the woodland forests they once were.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 14.11.2014
Obesity among American workers costs the nations billions in lost productivity
Obesity is associated with significant increases in absenteeism among American workers and costs the nation over $8 billion per year in lost productivity, according to a study recently published by Yale's Rudd Center researchers. The study suggests that the health consequences of obesity negatively impact the workforce, and in turn create a significant financial challenge for the nation as well as individual states.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 11.11.2014
Majority of people underestimate a person’s weight
Participants in the study were unable to correctly identify what a healthy weight, overweight or obese person looked like The majority of people - including GPs – are unable to visually identify whether a person is a healthy weight, overweight or obese according to research by psychologists at the University of Liverpool.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 10.11.2014
Study suggests grandparents could leave a big, fat inheritance
A University of Queensland study is one of the world's first to investigate whether obesity and chronic diseases can be passed down three generations. Dr Abdullah Al Mamun, from UQ's School of Population Health, said he would lead research into how grandparents' and parental health, lifestyle and socio-economic status could create a family legacy of obesity and its associated health problems.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 06.11.2014
Calorie labeling effective in reducing weight gain by 50%, study shows
Displaying the calorie content of meals in canteens and restaurants could significantly reduce weight-gain in customers, a new study shows. Researchers conducting the first long-term study of the effects of labeling meals in a university's students' residence canteen over the course of two 36-week academic years found students had reduced weight gain by an average of 3.5kg.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.10.2014
Overweight Children Who Eat Vegetables Are Healthier, Research Finds
Overweight Children Who Eat Vegetables Are Healthier, Research Finds
AUSTIN, Texas - Getting children who are overweight to regularly eat even just a helping or two of the right vegetables each day could improve their health in critical ways, a new study in the November edition of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics reports. School cafeterias, families, policymakers and health professionals have been looking for ways to address a growing epidemic of childhood obesity, which is three times as prevalent now as it was a generation ago.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 16.10.2014
Slow and steady does not win the weight loss race
Gradual weight loss does not reduce the amount or rate of weight regain compared with losing weight quickly, new research led by the University Of Melbourne has found. Published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology today, the study examined whether losing weight at a slow initial rate, as recommended by current dietary guidelines worldwide, resulted in larger long-term weight reduction and less weight regain in obese individuals, than losing weight at a faster rate.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 14.10.2014
Using a novel biological clock, UCLA researchers find that obesity accelerates aging of the liver
Obesity increases the age of liver. The patterns of the figures provides a microscopic view of liver cells from lean (left) and obese subjects. Using a recently developed biomarker of aging known as an epigenetic clock, UCLA researchers working closely with a German team of investigators have found for the first time that obesity greatly accelerates aging of the liver.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 08.10.2014
Grapefruit juice stems weight gain in mice fed a high-fat diet
Grapefruit juice stems weight gain in mice fed a high-fat diet
Fad diets come and go, but might there be something to the ones that involve consuming grapefruit and grapefruit juice? New UC Berkeley research suggests that a closer look at grapefruit juice is warranted. A new study published today (Wednesday, Oct. 8) in the peer-reviewed journal PLOS ONE , found that mice fed a high-fat diet gained 18 percent less weight when they drank clarified, pulp-free grapefruit juice compared with a control group of mice that drank water.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 24.09.2014
Child maltreatment alters hormone levels linked to obesity
Children who are maltreated may be at an increased risk of obesity and inflammatory disorders because of low levels of leptin — a hormone involved in regulating appetite, according to new research from King's College London. The findings, published today in Translational Psychiatry , suggest leptin deficiency may contribute to physical health problems associated with early life stress, and provide a possible target in disease prevention.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 17.09.2014
Research links malnutrition and pollination
Research links malnutrition and pollination
Researchers with the Natural Capital Project discover micronutrient deficiencies are three times as likely to occur in areas dependent upon pollinating insects. A new study published today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B suggests the contribution of bees and other insects to human nutrition is potentially much higher than previously thought.
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