news 2014



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Health - Psychology - 18.12.2014
Expectant fathers experience prenatal hormone changes
ANN ARBOR-Impending fatherhood can lower two hormones-testosterone and estradiol-for men, even before their babies are born, a new University of Michigan study found. Other studies indicate that men's hormones change once they become fathers, and there is some evidence that this is a function of a decline after the child's birth.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 17.12.2014
Stanford psychologists show that altruism is not simply innate
Stanford psychologists show that altruism is not simply innate
By recreating a classic experiment, Stanford psychologists find that altruistic behavior may be governed more by relationships, even brief ones, than instincts. Ever since the concept of altruism was proposed in the 19th century, psychologists have debated whether or not people are born into the world preprogrammed to be nice to others.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 16.12.2014
Targeted computer games can change behavior of psychopaths
Psychopaths generally do not feel fear and fail to consider the emotions of others, or reflect upon their behavior - traits that make them notoriously difficult to treat. However, a study published Dec. 18 in Clinical Psychological Science suggests it may be possible to teach psychopaths to consider emotion and other pieces of information when they make decisions.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 16.12.2014
Combining social media and behavioral psychology could lead to more HIV testing
Social media such as Twitter and Facebook can be valuable in the fight against HIV in the United States, where research has demonstrated they can prompt high-risk populations to request at-home testing kits for the virus that causes AIDS, suggesting a way to potentially boost testing rates. But does it lead to actual testing, and can it work outside the United States? A new study from the UCLA AIDS Institute and Center for AIDS Research published online Dec.

Economics - Psychology - 11.12.2014
Forecast 2015: U-M's Scott Rick on smart consumer moves
Forecast 2015: U-M’s Scott Rick on smart consumer moves
Scott Rick, assistant professor of marketing at the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan, is an expert on understanding the emotional causes and consequences of consumer financial decision-making. He shares his thoughts on how consumers can protect themselves and prosper in the new year.

Psychology - 10.12.2014
Wealth, power or lack thereof at heart of many mental disorders
Donald Trump's ego may be the size of his financial empire, but that doesn't mean he's the picture of mental health. The same can be said about the self-esteem of people who are living from paycheck to paycheck, or unemployed. New research from UC Berkeley underscores this mind-wallet connection. Berkeley researchers have linked inflated or deflated feelings of self-worth to such afflictions as bipolar disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, anxiety and depression, providing yet more evidence that the widening gulf between rich and poor can be bad for your health.

Psychology - 08.12.2014
Punishing kids for lying just doesn’t work
If you want your child to tell the truth, it's best not to threaten to punish them if they lie. That's what researchers discovered through a simple experiment involving 372 children between the ages of 4 and 8. How the experiment was done The researchers, led by Prof. Victoria Talwar of McGill's Dept.

Health - Psychology - 05.12.2014
People with Mental Illness More Likely To Be Tested for HIV, Penn Medicine Study Finds
People with mental illness are more likely to have been tested for HIV than those without mental illness, according to a new study from a team of researchers at Penn Medicine and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published online this week in AIDS Patient Care and STDs .

Life Sciences - Psychology - 01.12.2014
For docs, more biology info means less empathy for mental health patients
Give therapists and psychiatrists information about the biology of a mental disorder, and they have less - not more - empathy for the patient, a new Yale study shows. The findings released Dec. 1 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, challenge the notion that biological explanations for mental illness boost compassion for the tens of millions of Americans who suffer from mental-health problems.

Health - Psychology - 01.12.2014
UK forces ’early leavers’ more likely to have mental health problems
Our structure (research) Impact of our research Postgraduate research 01 Dec 2014 Each year, some 22,000 personnel leave the UK regular forces. Many leave before completing their service and are classed as 'early leavers'. New research from The University of Manchester shows that early leavers are more likely to have mental health problems than non-early leavers, and that these are likely to respond to specialist psychological treatment services.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 26.11.2014
Dogs listen to our words, not just our voices, says Sussex study
Dogs listen to our words, not just our voices, says Sussex study
Dogs listen to our words, not just our voices, says Sussex study Dog owners often claim their pets understand everything they say. Now a new University of Sussex study shows that our canine friends do actually process human speech in a similar way to us. Mammal communication researchers in the School of Psychology tested more than 250 dogs to see how they responded to a set of spoken commands, and found that, like humans, dogs use different parts of the brain to process the verbal components of a familiar sentence and the emotion or intonation of the speaker.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 21.11.2014
Rejecting suitors? Easier said than done, study finds
You're at a slumber party with your friends. One friend asks "if a guy at school asked you out, but you weren't really attracted to him, would you go?" You laugh and shake your head no: "Why would I, if he's not my type?" Or imagine you're at school, sitting in the cafeteria. A guy who you think is attractive but who has some unsuitable personality traits comes up and asks you out.

Health - Psychology - 21.11.2014
Women with serious mental illness less likely to receive cancer screenings
Women with symptoms of serious mental illness are 40 percent less likely to receive routine cancer screenings, according to new research by Xiaoling Xiang, a doctoral candidate in social work. Photo by L. Brian Stauffer CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Women with symptoms of serious mental illness are significantly less likely to receive three routine cancer screenings - Pap tests, mammograms and clinical breast exams - than women in the general population, despite being at elevated risk for medical comorbidities and early death, a new study indicates.

Psychology - Computer Science - 17.11.2014
Magic tricks created using artificial intelligence for the first time
Researchers working on artificial intelligence at Queen Mary have taught a computer to create magic tricks. The researchers from the School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science gave a computer program the outline of how a magic jigsaw puzzle and a mind reading card trick work, as well the results of experiments into how humans understand magic tricks, and the system created completely new variants on those tricks which can be delivered by a magician.

Health - Psychology - 14.11.2014
Studies highlight importance of mental health among new parents
The importance of looking after the mental health of parents during pregnancy and after childbirth, in order to promote the physical and mental wellbeing of both parents and child, is highlighted by researchers in a new series of articles in The Lancet . The articles were edited by Professor Alan Stein of Oxford University and Louise Howard of King's College London, and discuss the range of mental health disorders that can occur during pregnancy and after childbirth.

Psychology - 13.11.2014
'blind insight' confounds logic
’blind insight’ confounds logic
Sussex study reveals how 'blind insight' confounds logic People can gauge the accuracy of their decisions, even if their decision-making performance itself is no better than chance, according to new University of Sussex research. In a study , people who showed chance-level decision making still reported greater confidence about decisions that turned out to be accurate and less confidence about decisions that turned out to be inaccurate.

Psychology - Administration - 06.11.2014
Fraudsters more likely to be caught through conversation than body language
Fraudsters more likely to be caught through conversation than body language
Airport security study shows fraudsters more likely to be caught through conversation than body language A conversation-based screening method is 20 times more effective at catching airline passengers with false cover stories than the traditional method of examining body language for suspicious signs, according to new University of Sussex research.

Media - Psychology - 24.10.2014
Media Effects Research Lab fosters new research on information processing
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. From the moment we wake up to the second we go to sleep, we're bombarded by media and technology. We read the news on our smartphones, play the latest apps on our tablets and catch up on the newest TV and movies on Hulu and Netflix. The way these different types of media affect us has become a hot topic of study.

Pedagogy - Psychology - 03.10.2014
Preschoolers with low empathy at risk for continued problems
ANN ARBOR-A toddler who doesn't feel guilty after misbehaving or who is less affectionate or less responsive to affection from others might not raise a red flag to parents, but these behaviors may result in later behavior problems in 1st grade. The findings come from a new University of Michigan study that identifies different types of early child problems.

Psychology - 01.10.2014
Hand size provides natural “ruler”
People tend to perceive their dominant hand as staying relatively the same size even when it's magnified, lending support to the idea that we use our hand as a constant perceptual "ruler" to measure the world around us. The findings are published in Psychological Science , a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
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