news 2014


Social Sciences

Results 161 - 180 of 185.

Social Sciences - 04.03.2014
'Postcode lottery' for race relations
'Postcode lottery' for race relations
People's racial prejudices are influenced by where they live, reports a new study led by Oxford University psychologists. The researchers found that levels of racial prejudice among white people drop significantly when they live in ethnically mixed communities, even when they do not have direct with minorities.

Health - Social Sciences - 03.03.2014
Childhood Adversity Launches Lifelong Relationship and Health Disadvantages for Black Men
AUSTIN, Texas — African American men who endured greater childhood adversity are likely to experience disadvantages in health and relationships over time, according to new sociology research from The University of Texas at Austin. The study, published in the March issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior , helps to explain why African American men are less healthy than white men.

Social Sciences - Health - 03.03.2014
Mandatory arrest in domestic violence call-outs causes early death in victims
Cambridge criminologist follows up on landmark US domestic violence arrest experiment and finds that black victims who had partners arrested rather than warned were twice as likely to die young. Researchers call for UK police to conduct similar experiments so that arrest policy can be based on evidence.

Social Sciences - 28.02.2014
Inside the minds of voters
An MIT political scientist proposes a new polling method to reveal how voters make choices at the ballot box. Any analysis of exit polling reveals a welter of numbers whose meaning remains slightly elusive, with issues or candidate characteristics described as "very important," "somewhat important," or "not important at all" by voters.

Social Sciences - 26.02.2014
Social media’s ’law’ of short messages
Study shows a regular decline in length of social media messaging during public events as the volume of messages increases. In the last year or two, you may have had some moments - during elections, sporting events, or weather incidents - when you found yourself sending out a flurry of messages on social media sites such as Twitter.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 20.02.2014
Research explores weekend happiness, jobless blues
Stanford research studies how people in jobs and the unemployed value free time. Both groups experience greater emotional well-being on weekends and have declines when the workweek begins. The rise in well-being and happiness on weekends is largely explained by opportunities to spend more social time with others.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 19.02.2014
Research explores weekend happiness, unemployment blues
Stanford research studies show that free time is valued by the unemployed almost as much as by people with jobs. Both groups experience greater emotional well-being on weekends and have declines when the workweek begins. The rise in well-being and happiness on weekends is largely explained by opportunities to spend more social time with others.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 17.02.2014
Wasps and Social Acceptance
University of Miami biologist finds that social wasps are accepted more frequently into unfamiliar colonies when both the individual and the group are young. By Marie Guma-Diaz and.(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) UM News CORAL GABLES, Fla. (February 17, 2014) — Ants, wasps and humans live in highly complex societies.

Social Sciences - 17.02.2014
Global communications and the mesh of civilizations
It has been 20 years since political scientist Samuel P. Huntington published his influential "Clash of Civilizations" prediction that cultural differences and "fault lines between civilizations will be the battle lines of the future." Now a team of social and information scientists has revisited Huntington's controversial prediction by tracing hundreds of millions of interpersonal emails and tweets around the globe.

Social Sciences - Administration - 15.02.2014
Research in Japan suggests that a ’relationship-based’ police interviewing style gets the best results
Award-winning research into police ing techniques in Japan reveals that a 'relationship-based' style may be particularly effective in eliciting true confessions. The research included the first ever study of Japanese offenders' views about police interrogation. An ing style in which interrogators listen closely and attempt to form good relationships with suspects is more likely to elicit true confessions.

Social Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 12.02.2014
Male Pinterest users are more interested in art than cars
Male Pinterest users are more interested in art than cars
Research on more than 46,000 Pinterest users reveals new insights about gender and the use of the popular social media site MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (02/12/2014) —Male users of Pinterest pin more content about photography, art, design, and home decor than sports, technology and cars, says a new study by researchers at the University of Minnesota and Georgia Tech.

Astronomy / Space - Social Sciences - 12.02.2014
Four new galaxy clusters take researchers further back in time
Four new galaxy clusters take researchers further back in time
Four unknown galaxy clusters each potentially containing thousands of individual galaxies have been discovered some 10 billion light years from Earth. An international team of astronomers, led by Imperial College London, used a new way of combining data from the two European Space Agency satellites, Planck and Herschel , to identify more distant galaxy clusters than has previously been possible.

Social Sciences - 06.02.2014
Lottery wins make people lurch to the right
Nattavudh (Nick) Powdthavee Melbourne Institute Send email 0406 261 056 Ryan Sheales Media Office Send email 0402 351 412 ?  Read full report   Lottery winners tend to switch their political allegiances towards right-wing political parties and become less egalitarian, joint UK-Australian research has found.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 04.02.2014
Feeling powerless increases the weight of the world... literally
New research shows that the more personally and socially powerless you feel the heavier objects appear to weigh. People's social role, as indicated by a sense of social power, or a lack therefore, can change the way they see the physical environment Eun Hee Lee Scientists have found that people who feel powerless actually see the world differently, and find a task to be more physically challenging than those with a greater sense of personal and social power.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 29.01.2014
Rewards facilitate human cooperation under natural selection
Rewards facilitate human cooperation under natural selection
A new study, by Faculty of Mathematics postdoctoral fellow Tatsuya Sasaki, provides insights into how voluntary rewarding promotes cooperation in joint enterprises. It may help explain how reward funds rise (and fall) and how rewarding is better than punishing in establishing cooperation. The study is published online in the Royal Society journal "Biology Letters".

Career - Social Sciences - 28.01.2014
Online abuse victims let down by lack of training for child support workers, study reveals
Child victims of online sexual abuse may not be getting the right protection or support because training for child workers has not kept pace with technological advances, according to new research out today. A survey of health, education and children’s services workers across England revealed a black hole in the knowledge and capabilities of professionals charged with assisting children who have been abused through the internet.

Social Sciences - Health - 20.01.2014
Schizophrenia in the limelight: film-industry technology provides insights into social exclusion
The first 30 seconds of a social encounter is crucial for people with symptoms of schizophrenia for establishing contact with people, according to new research carried out at Queen Mary University of London. Using motion capture technology more commonly found in the film industry, the researchers studied social interactions of patients in a group and analysed the patterns of verbal and non-verbal communication.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 17.01.2014
Distrust of ethnic minorities 'cancelled out' by positive contact
A study reveals that the level of distrust felt by white British people towards ethnic minorities rises in line with the diversity of their local area. Yet the more day-to-day contact they have with each other, the less threatened they feel and this effectively 'cancels out' the distrust. The level of ethnic diversity had no significant effect on the trust levels reported by those surveyed from ethnic minorities.

Social Sciences - Health - 17.01.2014
'Psychotic personality' could be key to making people laugh
Comedians show high levels of psychotic personality traits, according to new research published in the British Journal of Psychiatry. The finding, by researchers from the University of Oxford and Berkshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, suggests that an unusual personality structure could be the secret to making other people laugh.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 08.01.2014
Infants show ability to tell friends from foes
Even before babies have language skills or much information about social structures, they can infer whether others are likely to be friends by observing their likes and dislikes, a new UChicago study on infant cognition has found. The results offer a new window into humans' earliest understanding of the social world around them and suggest that even nine-month-old infants can engage in reasoning about whether the people they observe are friends.