news 2016


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Results 61 - 80 of 3194.

Environment - Computer Science - 19.12.2016
New Leaf Study Sheds Light on 'Shady' Past
New Leaf Study Sheds Light on ‘Shady’ Past
A new study led by a research scientist at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) highlights a literally shady practice in plant science that has in some cases underestimated plants' rate of growth and photosynthesis, among other traits. The study, published Dec.

Philosophy - 19.12.2016
Turns out 'dirty money' does bother people
Turns out ‘dirty money’ does bother people
People tend to view money through a moral lens and are more likely to turn down or donate stolen bills and coins than 'clean' cash, a new study has found. Classic economics suggests that the only thing that matters about money is its amount, not what it looks like or where it has been. However, researchers from Yale and the University of Michigan show that people evaluate money based on its moral history.

Religions - 19.12.2016
Eighteenth Century monks' favourite tipple
Eighteenth Century monks’ favourite tipple
Two Eighteenth Century drinks recipes, discovered by researchers from Durham University's Department of Theology and Religion , have revealed that a brandy-based cocktail was a favourite drink amongst a community of English Catholic monks exiled in France. The recipes were discovered by Dr James Kelly , Research Fellow in Early Modern British and Irish Catholicism, during research work for the Monks in Motion project.

Earth Sciences - 19.12.2016
'Tiny earthquakes' help scientists predict mountain rock falls
‘Tiny earthquakes’ help scientists predict mountain rock falls
'Tiny earthquakes' help scientists predict mountain rock falls The risk of mountain rock falls in regions with sub-zero temperatures, such as the Swiss Alps and parts of Canada, could be better predicted by using technology which measures 'tiny earthquakes' - according to a group of international experts.

Health - Environment - 19.12.2016
El Niño fuelled Zika outbreak, new study suggests
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have shown that a change in weather patterns, brought on by the 'Godzilla' El Niño of 2015, fuelled the Zika outbreak in South America. The findings were revealed using a new epidemiological model that looked at how climate affects the spread of Zika virus by both of its major vectors, the yellow fever mosquito ( Aedes aegypti ) and the Asian tiger mosquito ( Aedes albopictus ).

Health - Life Sciences - 19.12.2016
Further evidence found for causal links between cannabis and schizophrenia
Further evidence found for causal links between cannabis and schizophrenia
People who have a greater risk of developing schizophrenia are more likely to try cannabis, according to new research, which also found a causal link between trying the drug and an increased risk of the condition. The study from the University of Bristol comes on the back of public health warnings issued earlier this year by scientists who voiced concerns about the increased risk of psychosis for vulnerable people who use the drug.

Administration - 19.12.2016
Power tool study investigates DIY disasters
Power tool study investigates DIY disasters
From lifting a mower to trim the hedges to lopping trees with a circular saw, it seems there are endless ways for DIY enthusiasts to end up in hospital emergency departments. How and why these types of do-it-yourself disasters happen will be the focus of a University of Queensland and QUT study into power tool injuries and prevention strategies.

Health - Philosophy - 16.12.2016
From knowledge to certainty
From knowledge to certainty
Research news Evidence is continually growing in importance for political, societal, and individual decisions, despite increasing talk of an impending 'post-factual era'. Evidence is based on data that is collected in a scientific fashion, but is also a social phenomenon. How and by whom is it created and used, and what impact does this have? This is what a new research group funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and represented by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has set out to investigate.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.12.2016
New key players found in fighting fungi
New key players found in fighting fungi
Research news Fungal infections are a serious health risk. They can be harmful especially to patients whose immune system is compromised through illness or chemotherapy. A team working at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has discovered an important mechanism in the body's defenses against fungi.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.12.2016
Bacteria control levels of dangerous pollutant in seabirds
Despite ongoing global pollution, researchers have discovered that levels of mercury in seabirds off the coast of B.C. have remained relatively stable over the past 50 years. Surprisingly, mercury in seabirds is now actually slightly lower. This might appear to be good news, but unfortunately it is due to a decline in fish stocks near the surface which has forced seabirds to change their diet, and in the process to feed in areas low in bacteria (known as sulfate-reducing bacteria) which act to control the levels of mercury in their bodies.

Health - 16.12.2016
Lowering cholesterol to 'levels of a new-born' cuts heart attack risk
Lowering cholesterol to ’levels of a new-born’ cuts heart attack risk
Reducing our cholesterol levels to those of a new-born baby significantly lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease, according to new research. Although previous studies have suggested lowering cholesterol levels may be associated with a lower risk of heart attack, recent evidence has questioned whether very low levels are beneficial.

Environment - Physics - 16.12.2016
Ocean temperatures faithfully recorded in mother-of-pearl
For News Media Pupa Gilbert (608) 262-5829, pupa [at] physics.wisc (p) edu × Nacre, also known as mother-of pearl, is the biomineral that lines some seashells. New research shows it keeps a record of ancient ocean temperatures. UW-Madison Mother-of-pearl or nacre (pronounced nay-ker), the lustrous, tough-as-nails biomineral that lines some seashells, has been shown to be a faithful record of ancient ocean temperature.

Social Sciences - 16.12.2016
My Marriage My Choice
A new study from The University of Nottingham will examine the issue of forced marriage among adults with learning disabilities. ' My Marriage My Choice ' is a two-year study which aims to improve understanding of the issue, as well as helping to develop policy and practice to support professionals in their work of safeguarding vulnerable children and adults.

Linguistics / Literature - Environment - 16.12.2016
What makes influential science? Telling a good story
It turns out that even in the world of scientific writing, your eighth-grade teacher was right: how you write can matter as much as what you write. In a study published Dec. 15 in the journal PLOS ONE, researchers from the University of Washington looked at the abstracts from more than 700 scientific papers about climate change to find out what makes a paper influential in its field.

Physics - 16.12.2016
Towards energy-saving data storage
Towards energy-saving data storage
A new material retains its special magnetic properties even at room temperature A new material could become the basis for future data storage devices, since it may enable significant reductions in energy demands in comparison to present-day hard drives. This is a material from the class of so-called magnetoelectric multiferroics, whose distinguishing characteristic is that their magnetic and electrical properties are coupled to each other.

Life Sciences - 16.12.2016
Battlefield of the sexes
Battlefield of the sexes
How the differences between the sexes evolve depends not only on which parts of the genome are sex-specifically active. The question also arises concerning the sex in which such changes take place. ETH researchers demonstrate this using a closely related pair of plants. Scientists have been asking a fundamental question ever since the time of Darwin: how do the different sexes evolve when the genes of females and males are for the most part the same? Take the example of humans: a small but obviously important genetic difference between women and men is that a man has a Y chromosome.

Life Sciences - Economics - 16.12.2016
Conflicts of interest and publications on GM Bt crops
Three INRA researchers have analyzed the scientific literature on the efficacy or durability of Bt transgenic plants in terms of the possible link of interest between this research and the biotechnology industries. They publish their results in the journal PLOS ONE of 15 December 2016. They show that 40% of the publications studied present a financial conflict of interest 1 .

Life Sciences - Health - 15.12.2016
Method to stabilize X chromosomes in human embryonic stem cells
FINDINGS Researchers at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA have published two studies demonstrating that the classic type of human embryonic stem cells most commonly used in research can pass along a chromosomal instability to tissue-specific cells.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.12.2016
Zika-linked birth defects more extensive than previously thought, UCLA-led research finds
New UCLA-led research finds that Zika-linked abnormalities that occur in human fetuses are more extensive — and severe — than previously thought, with 46 percent of 125 pregnancies among Zika-infected women resulting in birth defects in newborns or ending in fetal death. The study , published in the New England Journal of Medicine, suggests that damage during fetal development from the mosquito-borne virus can occur throughout pregnancy and that other birth defects are more common than microcephaly, when babies are born with very small heads.

Health - 15.12.2016
Breast cancer study predicts better response to chemotherapy
Breast cancer study predicts better response to chemotherapy
It is known from previous research that the ER-beta estrogen receptor often has a protective effect. A new study from Lund University in Sweden has found that this effect is more pronounced in patients that undergo chemotherapy. 'If the finding is confirmed in further studies, it could contribute to women with the highest risk getting more frequent check-ups and/or additional treatment besides chemotherapy, or possibly limit chemotherapy to the women in the high risk group', says Karin Elebro, PhD student and lead author of the study.