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Health - Life Sciences - 15.12.2016
Zika-linked birth defects more extensive than previously thought, UCLA-led research finds
New UCLA-led research finds that Zika-linked abnormalities that occur in human fetuses are more extensive — and severe — than previously thought, with 46 percent of 125 pregnancies among Zika-infected women resulting in birth defects in newborns or ending in fetal death. The study , published in the New England Journal of Medicine, suggests that damage during fetal development from the mosquito-borne virus can occur throughout pregnancy and that other birth defects are more common than microcephaly, when babies are born with very small heads.

Health - 15.12.2016
Breast cancer study predicts better response to chemotherapy
Breast cancer study predicts better response to chemotherapy
It is known from previous research that the ER-beta estrogen receptor often has a protective effect. A new study from Lund University in Sweden has found that this effect is more pronounced in patients that undergo chemotherapy. 'If the finding is confirmed in further studies, it could contribute to women with the highest risk getting more frequent check-ups and/or additional treatment besides chemotherapy, or possibly limit chemotherapy to the women in the high risk group', says Karin Elebro, PhD student and lead author of the study.

Astronomy / Space Science - 15.12.2016
Dark past of planet-eating ‘Death Star’
HIP68468, a twin star to the sun about 300 light-years away, may have swallowed one or more of its planets, based on lithium and refractory elements recently discovered near its surface. An international team of scientists, including researchers from the University of Chicago, has made the rare discovery of a planetary system with a host star similar to Earth's sun.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 15.12.2016
Wheat crop yield can be increased by up to 20% using new chemical technology
UK scientists have created a synthetic molecule that, when applied to crops, has been shown to increase the size and starch content of wheat grains in the lab by up to 20%. The new plant application, developed by Rothamsted Research and Oxford University, could help solve the issue of increasing food insecurity across the globe.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.12.2016
The needle in the haystack
The needle in the haystack
Research news New cancer therapies harness the immune system to fight tumors. One of the main principles behind these therapies is to find out precisely which molecules on cancer cells trigger an immune response. A team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry has for the first time identified suitable protein structures directly from patients` tumor cells.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.12.2016
Brain technique improves cognitive control
A cutting edge, non-invasive brain stimulation technique could improve cognitive control for people with conditions such as schizophrenia and autism. Researchers at The University of Queensland's Centre for Clinical Research have found the technique - which applies high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation to a particular area of the brain - improves cognitive and conflict control.

Psychology - 15.12.2016
Curling up with a good e-book? Why there's nothing quite like a paper book when it comes to a bedtime story
Curling up with a good e-book? Why there’s nothing quite like a paper book when it comes to a bedtime story
Curling up with a good e-book? Why there's nothing quite like a paper book when it comes to a bedtime story Since the birth of digital reading technology, arguments have raged over whether reading from a screen has any significant effects on the experience of reading and shared storytelling among both adults and children.

Life Sciences - Economics / Business - 15.12.2016
Analyzing brain patterns may help neuroscientists increase people's confidence, reduce fear
Analyzing brain patterns may help neuroscientists increase people’s confidence, reduce fear
A new technique of analyzing brain patterns appears to help people overcome fear and build self-confidence. The approach, developed by a UCLA-led team of neuroscientists, is described in two new papers, published in the journals Nature Communications and Nature Human Behaviour. Their method could have implications for treating people with depression, dementia and anxiety disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, said Hakwan Lau, a UCLA associate professor of psychology and the senior author of both studies.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.12.2016
From a single genetic mutation, secrets of 'boy in the bubble' disease revealed
From a single genetic mutation, secrets of ’boy in the bubble’ disease revealed
UC Berkeley was part of an interdisciplinary, international research team that has identified the rare genetic mutation responsible for a unique case of 'boy in the bubble' disease, known as severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), a deadly immune system disorder. The researchers found that the cause was a mutated version of a gene called BCL11B, which also plays an unexpected role in the normal processes of immune system development.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Chinese herbal treatment shows signs of effectiveness in bone marrow recovery
FINDINGS UCLA researchers have found that a Chinese herbal regimen called TSY-1 (Tianshengyuan-1) increased telomerase activity in normal blood cells but decreased it in cancer cells. Telomerase is an enzyme responsible for the production of telomeres, which play an important role in the regulation of normal cell division.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Does omega-3 algal oil improve osteoarthritis in dogs?
Does omega-3 algal oil improve osteoarthritis in dogs?
Owners of dogs showing signs of osteoarthritis are being asked by the University of Bristol's School of Veterinary Sciences to take part in the first study of its kind to find out whether an omega-3 oil derived from algae can help dogs with osteoarthritis (OA). The double blind placebo-controlled trial , funded by the Dogs Trust , is led by Dr Jo Murrell and a team of animal health and welfare specialists in the Vet School.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Can a cancer drug treat a rare cardiac disease?
Can a cancer drug treat a rare cardiac disease?
About 1 in 2,500 babies born in the United States each year have Noonan syndrome (NS), a genetic disorder that results in severe heart defects, among other symptoms. A gene called PTPN11 causes the condition, for which there is no treatment. To identify a potential target for therapy, a team of Yale researchers studied mouse models of the disease.

Social Sciences - 14.12.2016
Lack of sanitation facilities linked to higher rape incidents in India
Lack of sanitation facilities linked to higher rape incidents in India
ANN ARBOR'Women in India without bathrooms in their homes are more likely to face sexual violence, say University of Michigan researchers. According to a new study, women who use open defecation sites like open fields or the side of a railway track are twice as likely to get raped when compared with women using a home toilet.

Environment - 14.12.2016
Scientists Measure Pulse of CO2 Emissions During Spring Thaw in the Arctic
Scientists set up the gas flux tower at the Barrow Environmental Observatory, 330 miles north of the Arctic Circle, as part of the Department of Energy's Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiment (NGEE-Arctic), in the summer of 2013. (Credit: Roy Kaltschmidt/Berkeley Lab) Scientists collect permafrost cores from the tundra at the Barrow Environmental Observatory.

Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Larger brain size linked to longer life in deer
Larger brain size linked to longer life in deer
The size of a female animals' brain may determine whether they live longer and have more healthy offspring, according to new research led by the University of Cambridge.  We found that some of the cross-species predictions about brain size held for female red deer, and that none of the predictions were supported in male red deer.

Politics - Law - 14.12.2016
Thomas Muir - new evidence unearthed
New Court of Session papers, missing for more than 200 years, have been unearthed by the Faculty of Advocates and Professor Gerard Carruthers, University of Glasgow. The newly found papers shine light on Thomas Muir and how he courted controversy in his early years, which may have contributed to his treatment by the justice system in later life.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Testosterone for nerve fibre repair
To protect against attack, the body uses natural repair processes. What is involved in the spontaneous regeneration of the myelin sheath surrounding nerve fibres' This is the question addressed by researchers in Unit 1195, 'Neuroprotective, Neuroregenerative and Remyelinating Small Molecules' (Inserm/Paris-Sud University).

Health - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Early signs in cerebrospinal fluid
Early signs in cerebrospinal fluid
Little is known about the role of the brain's immune system in Alzheimer's disease. Researchers at Ludwig Maximilian University (LMU) Munich and the Munich site of the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) have now found an early immune response in individuals with a genetic predisposition to Alzheimer's: their brain's showed abnormal immune reactions as early as about seven years before the expected onset of dementia.

Health - 14.12.2016
Dell Med Research: Stroke Prevention Combo Shows Promise
AUSTIN, Texas - If you've had a minor stroke or a transient ischemic stroke (TIA), taking the clot-preventing drug clopidogrel along with aspirin may lower your risk of having a major stroke within the next 90 days, according to new research published in The New England Journal of Medicine .

Health - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Studies probe value, impact of direct-to-consumer genetic testing
ANN ARBOR?Despite being on the market for nearly a decade, direct-to-consumer genetic testing continues to be controversial among experts and raises concerns among health care providers and regulatory agencies. A new NIH-funded "Impact of Personal Genomics (PGen) Study" addresses these concerns by empirically measuring the perceptions and tracking the behaviors of individuals who have received direct-to-consumer genetic testing from two separate companies.