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Administration - Health - 21.12.2016
NHS hospitals that outsource cleaning ‘linked with higher rates of MRSA’
New research shows that NHS hospitals that employ private cleaners are associated with a higher incidence of MRSA, a 'superbug' that causes life-threatening infection and has previously been linked with a lack of cleanliness. The superbug is becoming increasingly difficult to treat. As from 2005, trusts have been required to regularly report incidents of MRSA, which has enabled researchers to produce empirical evidence for the first time that compares the rates of infection in hospitals that outsource cleaning with those using in-house cleaners.

Life Sciences - Administration - 21.12.2016
Jaws open long-term shark population information
An international study led by University of Queensland researchers seeks to understand how white and tiger shark populations have changed over time. UQ School of Biomedical Sciences' Associate Professor Jenny Ovenden and Professor Mike Bennett hope the project will provide a better understanding of shark population sizes and potential changes in their distributions, information that is likely to help with the species' conservation and management.

Administration - 19.12.2016
Power tool study investigates DIY disasters
Power tool study investigates DIY disasters
From lifting a mower to trim the hedges to lopping trees with a circular saw, it seems there are endless ways for DIY enthusiasts to end up in hospital emergency departments. How and why these types of do-it-yourself disasters happen will be the focus of a University of Queensland and QUT study into power tool injuries and prevention strategies.

Health - Administration - 13.12.2016
Topical cream is potential alternative to surgery for common type of skin cancer, study finds
PA 289/16 A topical skin cream could be used as a viable alternative to surgery for patients with a common type of skin cancer, a study led by researchers at The University of Nottingham found. The research, published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology , found that imiquimod had high levels of success when used to treat basal cell carcinoma (BCC) over a period of five years.

Administration - Health - 12.12.2016
Home-based rehabilitation improves daily life of people with low vision
The visual function and daily life of people whose sight can't be corrected with glasses or contact lenses can be significantly improved through home visits by rehabilitation specialists, concludes a study by Cardiff University. Participants that received home care by visual rehabilitation officers were found to have a significantly greater improvement in visual function compared to those that were only offered standard appointments at hospitals and community based services.

Health - Administration - 09.12.2016
Decision Aid, Support Strategy Boost Colorectal Testing
AUSTIN, Texas - Helping patients understand colonoscopy alternatives and make a colorectal cancer screening choice based on their own values - combined with one-on-one support - dramatically increases screening completion among patients with historically lower screening rates, a new study finds. Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States.

Health - Administration - 09.12.2016
Decision Aid, Support Strategy Boost Colorectal Testing
AUSTIN, Texas - Helping patients understand colonoscopy alternatives and make a colorectal cancer screening choice based on their own values - combined with one-on-one support - dramatically increases screening completion among patients with historically lower screening rates, a new study finds. Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States.

Social Sciences - Administration - 07.12.2016
Investigation into child deaths from family violence exposes critical need for workforce training, identifying perpetrators
A leading Victorian family violence expert has responded to the Victorian Commission on Children and Young People report, Neither Seen nor Heard, which exposes multiple 'systemic issues' with the current child protection system. The report, tabled in Parliament today, investigated the deaths of 127 children between 2013 and 2016, more than half of whom were victims of family violence.

Health - Administration - 05.12.2016
Women with dementia receive less medical attention
Women with dementia receive less medical attention
Women with dementia have fewer visits to the GP, receive less health monitoring and take more potentially harmful medication than men with dementia, new UCL research reveals. The study, published in Age and Ageing, also found that only half of all dementia patients had a documented annual review even though GP surgeries are offered financial incentives to carry these out.

Administration - 28.11.2016
'English votes for English laws' has not given England a voice in parliament, study finds
‘English votes for English laws’ has not given England a voice in parliament, study finds
English votes for English laws? (EVEL) has not enhanced England's voice in the UK Parliament, according a 12-month study by researchers at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL). The study says that 'greater attention should be paid to the challenge of enhancing England's voice in the UK parliament'.

Physics - Administration - 16.11.2016
Researchers present quantum technologies at major showcase
Researchers present quantum technologies at major showcase
Members of Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics presented their latest demonstrations to industry leaders, funding bodies and government representatives at this year's Quantum Showcase in London. The researchers occupied three stands in the exhibition space at the QEII Centre in Westminster, at an event attended by industry, government and funding bodies.

Physics - Administration - 15.11.2016
Controlling Electrons in Time and Space
Controlling Electrons in Time and Space
Sharp metal needles can be used to emit electrons. A quantum effect opens up new possibilities of controlling electron emission with extremely high accuracy. In an electron microscope, electrons are emitted by pointy metal tips, that way the can be steered and controlled with high precision. Recently, such metal tips have also been used as high precision electron sources for generating x-rays.

Administration - Psychology - 14.11.2016
Refusing to be labelled as ‘homeless’ has positive impact
People experiencing homelessness who reject being defined 'homeless' not only reduce stigma associated with the label but are also more likely to increase their feeling of self-worth. The burden of perceiving yourself as 'homeless' has been detailed in research conducted by The University of Queensland and The Salvation Army.

Environment - Administration - 14.11.2016
Kelp forests thriving in some locations despite environmental stressors, Stanford researcher finds
In a global survey of kelp forests, scientists found that some populations are remaining stable or increasing despite global climate change in part due to local management of stressors such as pollution, fishing and coastal development. New research shows that while global factors associated with climate change are generally harming kelp, local management can play a major role in species survival by easing damage from pollution and coastal development.

Administration - Psychology - 10.11.2016
Criteria for funding and promotion leads to bad science
Criteria for funding and promotion leads to bad science
Scientists are trained to carefully assess theories by designing good experiments and building on existing knowledge. But there is growing concern that too many research findings may be wrong. New research conducted by psychologists at the universities of Bristol and Exeter suggests that this may happen because of the criteria that seem to be used in funding science and promoting scientists, which place too much weight on eye-catching findings.

Physics - Administration - 04.11.2016
Physicists gain insights into why materials break
New research suggests scientists could eventually help create materials that resist breaking or crack in a predictable fashion. Using both a simulation and artificial structures called metamaterials, scientists at the University of Chicago, New York University and Leiden University found material failure can be continuously tuned through changes in its underlying rigidity.

Economics / Business - Administration - 24.10.2016
Uber service faster in low income Seattle neighborhoods, initial study finds
Uber service faster in low income Seattle neighborhoods, initial study finds
Your wait time for an Uber ride in Seattle is shorter if you are in a lower income neighborhood. Alternatively, wait times are longer for an Uber in wealthier neighborhoods, according to a new University of Washington study that compares Uber service across different neighborhoods in the Seattle region.

Administration - Environment - 24.10.2016
Q&A with Prof. Kerwin Charles on surprises, data and evidence-driven policymaking
Prof. Kerwin Charles ticks through new ways researchers can bring evidence to public policymaking, from tapping voluminous administrative data sets to deploying machine learning. Such innovations provide surprises that have long driven the research of the Edwin and Betty L. Bergman Distinguished Service Professor and his colleagues at the University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy , creating new opportunities for better policymaking.

Health - Administration - 24.10.2016
Avoidable hospitalisations in Aboriginal children too high
It doesn't matter if children live in a poor area or a wealthy area, in the city or remote communities, there is a big gap. New research from The Australian National University (ANU) and UNSW has revealed rates of avoidable hospitalisations among Aboriginal children are almost double those of non-Aboriginal children.

Health - Administration - 11.10.2016
Diagnosis of cancer as a medical emergency leads to poorer prognosis for many patients
Too many patients - particularly those from disadvantaged backgrounds - are being diagnosed with cancer as medical emergencies, say researchers. This means that their chances of successful treatment are greatly reduced. The earlier an individual can get a diagnosis of cancer, the better the prognosis and the options for treatment.
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