news 2016



Results 101 - 117 of 117.

Health - Economics / Business - 22.02.2016
To Encourage Physical Activity, Potential to Lose a Financial Reward is More Effective than Gaining One, Penn Study Shows
Financial incentives aimed at increasing physical activity were most effective when the rewards were put at risk of being lost, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The study, which tested the effectiveness of three methods of financial incentives to increase physical activity among overweight and obese adults, shows that depending on how they are framed, incentives of equal amounts can have significantly different effects on outcomes.

Economics / Business - 22.02.2016
Goods targeted in thefts ’change with market values’
The more expensive an item, the more likely it is to be targeted by thieves and stolen, a report by a University of Warwick academic has revealed. Report author Mirko Draca undertook the work for the Social Market Foundation. Called It's prices, stupid: Explaining falling crime rates in the UK - the study analyses monthly data over a 10-year period from the Metropolitan Police and the Office for National Statistics to try to establish a link between prices and crime.

Economics / Business - Career - 17.02.2016
A stake in innovation
A stake in innovation
Want to encourage innovation? A new study co-authored by an MIT professor finds that little-known state laws called "constituency statutes" have significant effects on the quantity and quality of innovative business actions. The statutes, which allow companies to prioritize the interests of "stakeholders" - often employees - rather than just shareholders, tend to allow businesses more time to bring innovations to market, rather than forcing those companies to prioritize quarterly financial results at the exclusion of new products and new activities.

Economics / Business - 17.02.2016
What is a good result in the first leg of European knock out competition?
The most exciting second leg matches in European knock out competition will follow a home 0-0 or 2-1 result, according to analysis of 6,975 Champions League and Europa League games. Professor David Forrest , a football industry expert in the University of Liverpool's Management School , assessed the outcome of every two-legged match in European competition from the birth of the away goals rule in the 1960s right up to the 2012/13 season.

Economics / Business - Life Sciences - 16.02.2016
Opinion: What do our spending habits reveal about our romantic intentions?
Eric Levy (Cambridge Judge Business School) discusses how thinking about meeting a new partner can impact our shopping decisions. Money might not buy you love, but according to some studies in psychology and consumer behaviour, how you spend it could reveal a thing or two about your romantic intentions.

Economics / Business - 02.02.2016
Fitness tracker flaws exposed by U of T’s Citizen Lab and Open Effect
Barb Gormley didn't know that strangers could track her fitness tracker. Or that anyone could rip off personal data leaking from the device. The personal trainer and her clients use the exercise-boosting devices to record steps taken, calories burned and other data about their progress when working out.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 29.01.2016
Once a risk-taker, always a risk-taker, study suggests
People who are risk-takers in their youth also tend to take relatively more risks than their peers as they age, according to an analysis of more than 44,000 German citizens. "The data suggests risk-taking is similar to a personality trait in that it remains relatively stable throughout most of adulthood," said Gregory R. Samanez-Larkin, a co-author of the paper appearing in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Health - Economics / Business - 26.01.2016
Oxford spinout Orbit Discovery launches peptide-discovery platform
Orbit Discovery - a new spinout from the University of Oxford - has raised seed funding to commercialise technology which will help to identify targeted, affordable therapeutic drugs known as peptides. Oxford Sciences Innovation, the £320m investment company established to provide capital and scaling expertise to Oxford spinouts, is the lead investor in the new company.

Economics / Business - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.01.2016
Link between food advertising and child food consumption
New research at the University of Liverpool has confirmed that unhealthy food advertising increases food intake in children. Researchers, led by Dr Emma Boyland from the University's Institute of Psychology, Health & Society , reviewed and analysed 22 separate studies that had examined the impact of acute, experimental unhealthy food advertising exposure on food consumption.

Economics / Business - Life Sciences - 20.01.2016
Age beats height
New research out of the University of Melbourne suggests that when it comes to good leadership at the Olympic level, age trumps physical stature. Professor Mark Elgar, an expert in evolutionary biology and animal behaviour from the School of BioSciences, analysed data from elite-level team sports to shine a light on the nature of leadership.

Psychology - Economics / Business - 19.01.2016
Head up, heart down: Vertical placement matters
ANN ARBOR-The metaphor is an old one in Western civilization-the head represents rationality and the heart represents emotion. The link is often made in speech and literature by pointing at one's head (thinking) or at one's chest (feeling). In the classic movie "The Wizard of Oz," for example, the tin man desires a heart because he is without emotions, and the scarecrow desires a brain because he lacks intelligence.

Architecture - Economics / Business - 19.01.2016
Innovative tool to revolutionise building airtightness test
The University of Nottingham has developed a novel and easy-to-use test for measuring the airtightness of buildings in order to help eliminate draughts, improve energy efficiency and reduce heating bills. The testing of airtightness is needed to help establish and minimise the infiltration rate of cold air into buildings and the loss of heated air out through gaps, holes and cracks in the building fabric.

Economics / Business - Environment - 19.01.2016
Researchers Pinpoint the Drivers for Low-Priced PV Systems in the United States
Berkeley, CA - The price of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems installed on homes and small businesses spans a wide range, and researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have published a new study that reveals the key market and system drivers for low-priced PV systems.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 14.01.2016
Political centre ground could be further to the left than thought, research suggests
Political centre ground could be further to the left than thought, research suggests
Political centre ground could be further to the left than thought, research suggests The centre ground of British politics could be further to the left than we think, according to new research by the University of Sussex and Queen Mary University of London. A study into the views of supporters of the main political parties in the country suggests that many are more left wing than they think they are.

Pedagogy - Economics / Business - 12.01.2016
Study suggests academic benefits to ethnic studies courses
Study suggests academic benefits to ethnic studies courses
New research shows gains in attendance, GPA of at-risk high school students from incorporating culturally relevant pedagogy. A high school ethnic studies course examining the roles of race, nationality and culture on identity and experience boosted attendance and academic performance of students at risk of dropping out, a new study by scholars at Stanford Graduate School of Education (GSE) found.

Economics / Business - 12.01.2016
Food ads significantly influence eating behavior, says Yale study
How greatly does food advertising influence eating behavior? Quite a bit, a new Yale University meta-analysis of 45 studies suggests. The results, the authors say, should rekindle efforts to restrict food industry advertising, especially to children. "Up to 26% of variance in eating behavior or eventual weight outcome has to do with craving and other responses to food cues, especially visual food cues," said Hedy Kober, professor of psychiatry and psychology and co-author of the paper published online in the journal Obesity Reviews.

Health - Economics / Business - 05.01.2016
Medicaid expansion gives hospitals immediate relief from uninsured care
ANN ARBOR-Just six months after opening up health insurance to more low-income people, states saw a huge drop in the amount of care their hospitals provided to uninsured patients and a rise in care for people with coverage, a University of Michigan study finds. The fast, sharp effect suggests one of the key parts of the Affordable Care Act works as intended, giving hospitals a chance to recoup more of the cost of care they provide instead of having to absorb it when a low-income patient can't pay.