news 2016



Results 21 - 40 of 117.

Economics / Business - Administration - 29.09.2016
English shoppers ditch the carrier bag
Around 90% of people in England now take their own bags with them when food shopping as a result of the plastic carrier bag charge, new research has revealed. This has increased from 70% before the charge was introduced and was independent of age, gender or income. In addition to this, less than 1 in 15 shoppers (7%) are now regularly taking single-use carrier bags at the checkout, the research from Cardiff University shows, as opposed to 1 in 4 shoppers before the charge.

Economics / Business - Life Sciences - 19.09.2016
Gut feelings? help make more successful financial traders
Financial traders are better at reading their 'gut feelings? than the general population - and the better they are at this ability, the more successful they are as traders, according to new research led by the University of Cambridge. In economics and finance most models analyse conscious reasoning and are based on psychology.

Economics / Business - 16.09.2016
Big data gives insight into appeal of services like Uber
In a novel test of the benefit a company can generate for consumers, a new study estimates just how much consumers are gaining from the technology company Uber, helping to explain the service's popularity. Economists at the University of Chicago and University of Oxford working with researchers at Uber found the company's main service generated $6.8 billion in consumer surplus in the United States last year.

Economics / Business - 13.09.2016
Pigeon flock members can ’overrule’ incompetent leaders, research shows
A new study by the Sad Business School finds that low-quality infrastructure investments pose significant risks to the Chinese and the global economy. It argues that over half of the infrastructure investments in China have destroyed rather than generated economic value. The study authored by Atif Ansar, Bent Flyvbjerg, Alexander Budzier and Daniel Lunn is based on the largest dataset of its kind.

Health - Economics / Business - 09.09.2016
Landmark study on global container port health and safety
An independent study undertaken by University researchers could pave the way for significant improvements in the health, safety and welfare of workers in the global container port industry. Carried out by Professor David Walters and Dr Emma Wadsworth, of the University's School of Social Sciences, the landmark report, Experiences of arrangements for health, safety and welfare in the global container terminal industry , is the only one of its kind ever undertaken to such an exhaustive level.

Economics / Business - Sport - 08.09.2016
UEFA rules benefit rich soccer clubs
Research news The inequality within European soccer leagues has been further reinforced by the introduction of the 'UEFA Financial Fair Play Regulations'. Therefore, these financial regulations of the European soccer association miss a central objective. One reason: The barriers to new investors do not create more competition, but rather a disadvantage for smaller clubs.

Economics / Business - Sport - 08.09.2016
UEFA regulations benefit rich soccer clubs
UEFA regulations benefit rich soccer clubs
Research news The inequality within European soccer leagues has been further reinforced by the introduction of the 'UEFA Financial Fair Play Regulations'. Therefore, these financial regulations of the European soccer association miss a central objective. One reason: The barriers to new investors do not create more competition, but rather a disadvantage for smaller clubs.

Art and Design - Economics / Business - 06.09.2016
Alcohol content in YouTube music videos breaks industry codes of practice, new study finds
"F**k it! Let's get to drinking - poison our livers!" — some of the lyrics in YouTube music videos which researchers at the UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies say may harmfully influence adolescents in Britain. The new research is an extension of previous work which found that UK teenagers were heavily exposed to images of alcohol and tobacco in YouTube music, effectively glamourising the habits and promoting underage drinking and smoking.

Career - Economics / Business - 06.09.2016
New study suggests women do ask for pay rises but don’t get them
New research shows that women ask for wage rises just as often as men, but men are 25 per cent more likely to get a raise when they ask. Using a randomly chosen sample of 4,600 workers across more than 800 employers, the research is the first to do a statistical test of the idea that women get paid less because they are not as pushy as men.

Economics / Business - Pedagogy - 01.09.2016
Research concludes that Head Start’s worth the investment
Berkeley - Expanding Head Start is good public policy and will pay for itself, according to new research by faculty in the University of California, Berkeley's economics department and Goldman School of Public Policy. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the average Head Start expenditure per child is about $8,000.

Health - Economics / Business - 30.08.2016
Holes found in report on St. Jude medical device security
ANN ARBOR'A recent report that alleges security flaws in St. Jude Medical's pacemakers and other life-saving medical devices has major flaws of its own, University of Michigan researchers say. The U-M researchers have reproduced experiments that led to the allegations and come to strikingly different conclusions.

Economics / Business - 21.08.2016
Is divorce seasonal? UW research shows biannual spike in divorce filings
To everything there is a season - even divorce, new research from University of Washington sociologists concludes. Associate sociology professor Julie Brines and doctoral candidate Brian Serafini found what is believed to be the first quantitative evidence of a seasonal, biannual pattern of filings for divorce.

Health - Economics / Business - 19.08.2016
Mood plays a major role in how people make decisions about time management, Stanford research shows
Psychology Professor James Gross found that people's moods are key to deciding whether to spend time having fun or buckling down to tackle important but mundane chores. Mood plays a strong role in how people decide to spend their time each day, a Stanford psychologist found. According to new research published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , people tend to engage in unpleasant but necessary activities - doing taxes, paying bills or housework - when they are in a good mood.

Economics / Business - 19.08.2016
Study explores unemployment-depression links »
The increased risk of mental illness for people who are unemployed is due to more than just financial hardship, a new study from The Australian National University (ANU) has found. The study, conducted by Dr Laura Crowe as part of her Doctorate in Clinical Psychology, found the lack of social support and low sense of control over life contributes just as much as the financial factors to an increased risk of mental illness for the unemployed.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 17.08.2016
Gender discrimination: Social bias in the workplace
FACULTY Q&A James Westphal ANN ARBOR?Research by James Westphal, a strategy professor at the University of Michigan's Ross School of Business, suggests women executives face social discrimination in the workplace, making their jobs harder. He said that a recent story in the Economist that suggested women executives don't manage differently, or any better, than men misses an important aspect of gender dynamics.

Economics / Business - 17.08.2016
For sensation-seekers, the color red can elicit rebelliousness, study finds
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — As anyone who has driven a car or crossed a busy street knows, colors play a significant role in influencing people's interactions with the world around them. And the color red, in particular, elicits the highest level of compliance for conformity with social norms. But according to new research co-written by a University of Illinois expert in product development and marketing, under certain conditions, the color red can arouse "noncompliant behavior" - basically, a rebellious streak - for a certain sensation-seeking segment of the population.

Economics / Business - 15.08.2016
At work, hierarchies draw narcissist job hunters
People who have narcissistic tendencies are more likely to support hierarchies, according to research by Emily M. Zitek, ILR School assistant professor, and Alexander H. Jordan. Zitek conducted five studies with Jordan, an assistant research professor at the Boston University School of Medicine and adjunct assistant professor at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College.

Economics / Business - Environment - 15.08.2016
Show you’re being green, and customers conserve
ANN ARBOR'A stay in a hotel often comes with a request from management to re-use towels, turn lights off when not in use, and keep the room temperature in a certain range. These actions help save the company money and are good for the environment. But do customers comply with these requests, and can the actions backfire? New research by University of Michigan marketing professor Aradhna Krishna shows that consumers' conservation actions are affected by how green they perceive the company making the request.

Economics / Business - 11.08.2016
Backup plans may keep you from achieving your goal
MADISON - When it comes to setting organizational and personal goals, making a backup plan has been seen as a sensible way to deal with uncertainty - to be prepared if things don't go as expected. However, new research from the Wisconsin School of Business at the University of Wisconsin-Madison challenges that conventional wisdom and finds that merely thinking through a backup plan can reduce goal performance and actually hurt the chances of successfully achieving your goal.

Economics / Business - 03.08.2016
Shorter asylum procedures reduce unemployment
Shorter asylum procedures reduce unemployment
Although refugees in Switzerland are allowed to take up employment while their asylum application procedure is still pending, a long wait reduces their chances of entering into employment. Researchers supported by the SNSF have now robustly quantified this negative effect for the first time. On 5 June 2016, the Swiss electorate approved an accelerated asylum procedure.