news 2016



Results 41 - 60 of 117.

Life Sciences - Economics / Business - 01.08.2016
Trading changes how brain processes selling decisions
A UChicago study found experienced traders had reduced activity in an area of the brain often associated with pain and negative emotions, thus mitigating the role of bias in economic decision-making. Experience in trading changes how the human brain evaluates the sale of goods, muting a well-established economic bias known as the endowment effect, according to researchers at the University of Chicago.

Astronomy / Space Science - Economics / Business - 01.08.2016
Satellite images show poor populations around the world in darkness at night
Economists from the University of Oxford have come up with a novel approach for measuring global poverty - counting the number of people who live in darkness at night. Researchers analysed two separate datasets from satellites: the first showed images of all the areas of the world that light up at night, and the second estimated population using images of roads, buildings and other signs of human habitation.

Economics / Business - 27.07.2016
A picture is worth a thousand calories: Ordering food on a touch screen can influence choices
ANN ARBOR'Order a meal these days and there's a good chance you're using some kind of electronic device'a smartphone, tablet, computer or even a touch screen at the restaurant. As so-called "i-ordering" becomes more common, it raises a question for restaurant owners, researchers and policymakers: Does the kind of interface used by customers affect their food choices? New research at the University of Michigan shows it can.

Economics / Business - Administration - 18.07.2016
Female entrepreneurs can say ’show me the money’ a little louder
For female entrepreneurs seeking more funding for their fledgling businesses, the old maxim holds true: ask and you shall receive. Using data from the television show 'Shark Tank,' Sharon Poczter '01, assistant professor of applied economics and management, found that women entrepreneurs on the show got about half as much funding for their startup ventures as men - but only because they asked for less.

Economics / Business - 12.07.2016
Insurance Mandates Lead to More Children Diagnosed and Treated for Autism Spectrum Disorder, Penn Study Finds
China's growing need for dentists has given rise to a fruitful partnership between experts and practitioners in that country and researchers and students at Penn Dental School. In a field where women constitute approximately 5 percent of the practitioners in the country, Kristy Weber's position as Chief of Orthopaedic Oncology at the Perelman School of Medicine makes her something of a trailblazer.

Environment - Economics / Business - 11.07.2016
Gulf stream slowdown to spare Europe from worst of climate change
Gulf stream slowdown to spare Europe from worst of climate change Europe will be spared the worst economic impacts of climate change by a slowing down of the Gulf Stream, new research predicts. Scientists have long suggested that global warming could lead to a slowdown - or even shutdown - of the vast system of ocean currents, including the Gulf Stream, that keeps Europe warm.

Economics / Business - 11.07.2016
Queensland research centre to improve tall timber building industry
Queensland research centre to improve tall timber building industry
Timber buildings are a familiar part of Queensland life, and they are about to get taller. The University of Queensland has teamed up with the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Hyne Timber, Lendlease, and engineering firm Arup, to create the Centre for Future Timber Structures (CFTS). Centre Director, Professor Jose Torero said the new centre would research ways to use timber to meet the challenges of sustainable construction.

Economics / Business - 08.07.2016
Volume discounts don’t increase profitability for video games
Discounts tied to buying large quantities of virtual goods have little impact on profitability and do not increase the number of customers making purchases, according to economists at the University of Chicago. The findings come from a field experiment of more than 14 million players of mobile games by King Digital Entertainment, maker of Candy Crush Saga.

Economics / Business - Health - 06.07.2016
ACA’s tobacco surcharges reduce smokers? insurance take-up, but do not increase smoking cessation, study finds
A new study by researchers at the Yale School of Public Health reveals an unexpected consequence of the Affordable Care Act's (ACA) tobacco surcharges: High surcharges resulted in lower rates of insurance enrollment among smokers in the first year of the ACA's implementation, without increasing smoking cessation.

Psychology - Economics / Business - 05.07.2016
How we explain things influences what we think is right
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — New research focuses on a fundamental human habit: When trying to explain something (why people give roses for Valentine's Day, for example), we often focus on the traits of the thing itself (roses are pretty) and not its context (advertisers promote roses). In a new study, researchers found that people who tend to focus on "inherent traits" and ignore context also are more likely to assume that the patterns they see around them are good.

Health - Economics / Business - 29.06.2016
Medicaid expansion could decrease ER visits
Medicaid expansion could decrease ER visits
Emergency room visits could decrease under the Affordable Care Act despite the findings of a 2013 study linking Medicaid expansion to an increase in trips to the ER in Oregon, according to a new paper by Yale University health economist Amanda Kowalski. Kowalski, associate professor of economics at Yale and faculty research fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research, concludes that the cost of expanding Medicaid - the federal program that provides health care for the poor and disabled - could be lower than what the Oregon findings have led experts and policymakers to assume.

Earth Sciences - Economics / Business - 29.06.2016
Vision through the clouds
Vision through the clouds
Research news Fog, blizzards, gusts of wind - poor weather can often make the operation of rescue helicopters a highly risky business, and sometimes even impossible. A new helmet-mounted display, developed by researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), may in the future be able to help pilots detect hazards at an early stage, even when their visibility is severely impaired: the information required to do this is created in an on-board computer and imported into digital eye glasses.

Administration - Economics / Business - 24.06.2016
Hive of innovation found at Australian and NZ universities
A world-first study on innovation in Higher Education by the Australian Innovation Research Centre (AIRC) at University of Tasmania and the LH Martin Institute at University of Melbourne, has shown that Australian and New Zealand universities are prolific innovators. The report, based on a comprehensive survey investigating the managerial and administrative functions of 39 Australian and six New Zealand universities has found that the majority of universities have implemented significant innovative measures in the last two years.

Politics - Economics / Business - 23.06.2016
New Book Links Political Buzz With Honeybees’ Search for New Hive
When it's time to move their hives, honeybees are able to quickly identify a high-quality nesting site without approval from the king or queen bee. Carnegie Mellon University economist and complexity theorist John H. Miller argues that there are lessons to be learned by understanding how bees in a hive, and a variety of other systems, interact.

Astronomy / Space Science - Economics / Business - 22.06.2016
Sentinel-1 satellites combine radar vision
The twin Sentinel-1 satellites have - for the first time - combined to show their capability for revealing even small deformations in Earth's surface. Following its orbital manoeuvres, the recently launched Sentinel-1B satellite reached its designated orbit position on 15 June. The satellite is now orbiting Earth 180 apart from its twin, Sentinel-1A, at an altitude of almost 700 km.

Economics / Business - Psychology - 20.06.2016
Behavioral economics helps boost fuel and carbon efficiency of airline captains
A study found significant savings in carbon emissions and monetary costs when Virgin Airlines pilots were provided with monthly information on fuel efficiency and other individualized feedback. Interventions rooted in behavioral economics can significantly and safely boost the use of fueland carbon-efficient flight practices in the airline industry, according to economists at the University of Chicago and the London School of Economics and Political Science.

Economics / Business - 15.06.2016
Debt level analysis could help investors make sharper choices about real estate
Retail and institutional investors alike often buy stocks in Real Estate Investment Trusts, because they are known as defensive stocks, able to withstand periods of economic downturn, but a new study explains why some of these companies could prove a much safer bet than others.

Health - Economics / Business - 14.06.2016
Penn Smoking Research Lab Shows Not All Low Nicotine Cigarettes Reduce Harm
Switching to reduced nicotine content (RNC) cigarettes may not necessarily reduce harm to smokers, according to new research conducted by Penn's Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Nicotine Addiction (CIRNA). Smokers also tend to ignore cautions contained in warning box labels, the authors found in a separate study.

Sport - Economics / Business - 08.06.2016

Health - Economics / Business - 06.06.2016
Shorter Patient Consent Forms, Video Formats Improve Comprehension
When patients participate in a clinical trial, they are required - for legal and ethical reasons - to complete consent forms that are typically long, complicated and filled with technical language. Some experts fear these forms can lead some patients to enroll in studies without fully understanding them and others to miss valuable opportunities.