news 2016



Results 81 - 100 of 117.

Health - Economics / Business - 02.05.2016
Corporate churning associated with lower nursing home quality
ANN ARBOR-Over the last two decades, thousands of nursing homes have been bought and sold by corporate chains. A new study has found that these transactions are related to lower quality of care. Study results suggest chains bought and sold nursing homes that already were having quality problems, and these quality issues persisted after the transaction.

Economics / Business - 27.04.2016
Speakers of two dialects may share cognitive advantage with speakers of two languages
The ability of children to speak any two dialects - two closely related varieties of the same language - may confer the same cognitive advantages as those reported for multilingual children who speak two or more substantially different languages (such as English and French). Dialects are very much under-recognised and undervalued.

Health - Economics / Business - 26.04.2016
Affordable Care Act boosts low-income people
ANN ARBOR-The Affordable Care Act was designed to increase both health insurance and access to health care while reducing the burden of out-of-pocket medical bills. The legislation has become a polarizing political issue, and 21 states have opted out of the Medicaid expansion available under the law.

Economics / Business - 21.04.2016
The fast road out of poverty?
New research has measured the 'wealth effect' of upgrading the infrastructure in poorer sections of cities. Revamps, such as surfacing roads and joining them to the city grid, dramatically push up prices of the adjoining land and properties, says the study to be published in the journal, The Review of Economics and Statistics .

Environment - Economics / Business - 12.04.2016
Economic development does mean greater carbon footprint and greenhouse gas emissions
Economic development does mean greater carbon footprint and greenhouse gas emissions
Infographic illustrates the close link between increased country prosperity and greater carbon footprints that a recently released article has analysed. Graph by Aron Strandberg Must greater prosperity necessarily lead to a greater carbon footprint and increased greenhouse gas emissions? "In theory, no, but in practice this seems to be the case", says researcher Max Koch from Lund University in Sweden.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 07.04.2016
Canvassing conversations reduce transgender prejudice, study finds
Canvassing conversations reduce transgender prejudice, study finds
Researchers from Stanford University and UC Berkeley report in today's edition of Science that door-to-door canvassing by volunteers - both transgender and not - reduced voters' prejudice against transgender people. Last year, the study's authors set off a firestorm of debate about the need for transparency in social science research when they raised doubts about a now-retracted study of the Los Angeles LGBT Center's door-to-door canvassing on marriage for gay and lesbian couples by other researchers that had appeared in Science .

Economics / Business - 07.04.2016
Why measures to increase current account switching rates are unlikely to succeed
Why measures to increase current account switching rates are unlikely to succeed
New research from the Personal Finance Research Centre at the University of Bristol has found the majority of people are unlikely to switch their current account, despite it being easier than ever to do. Only four to six per cent of people switch their PCA each year, and the researchers found as many as eight in ten are unlikely to consider it, despite the introduction of the Current Account Switching Service (CASS) in 2013, which has streamlined the switching process.

Economics / Business - Administration - 06.04.2016
How network effects hurt economies
How network effects hurt economies
When large-scale economic struggles hit a region, a country, or even a continent, the explanations tend to be big in nature as well. Macroeconomists - who study large economic phenomena - often look for sweeping explanations of what has gone wrong, such as declines in productivity, consumer demand, or investor confidence, or significant changes in monetary policy.

Environment - Economics / Business - 30.03.2016
Water problems in Asia's future?
Water problems in Asia’s future?
Economic and population growth on top of climate change could lead to serious water shortages across a broad swath of Asia by the year 2050, a newly published study by MIT scientists has found. The study deploys detailed modeling to produce what the researchers believe is a full range of scenarios involving water availability and use in the future.

Administration - Economics / Business - 23.03.2016
Researchers measure how ranking affects later performance
Researchers from the University of Oxford and Cornell University have measured how ranking workers affects later levels of performance. A total of 18 experimental sessions took place in a laboratory study involving 300 students, who were divided into groups made up of 17 people for the various tasks.

Health - Economics / Business - 23.03.2016
Brand perceptions can make a difference in performance
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. While superior craftsmanship in a product can contribute to enhanced performance, a forthcoming paper co-authored by Lisa Bolton, professor of marketing and Frank and Mary Jean Smeal Research Fellow at the Penn State Smeal College of Business, reveals that merely believing a product to be better can also improve results.

Economics / Business - Health - 22.03.2016
Willingness to give to charity depends on how inferior or superior you feel
An individual's likelihood to donate to charity - and the amount they donate - depends on whether they feel superior or inferior to others, which has implications for charitable advertising strategies, according to new study co-authored at University of Cambridge Judge Business School.

Health - Economics / Business - 21.03.2016
To Increase Group Exercise, Penn Study Suggests Rewarding the Individual and the Team
Financial incentives aimed at increasing physical activity among teams are most effective when the incentives are rewarded for a combination of individual and team performance, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The study, which examined the effectiveness of offering monetary rewards as part of workplace wellness programs, showed that people offered "a combined incentive" were nearly twice likely to achieve their goals as a control group.

History / Archeology - Economics / Business - 17.03.2016
From Pulp to Fiction: our love affair with paper
It may seem strange to describe paper as technology, but its arrival in England in about 1300 was a pivotal moment in cultural history. That story is being pieced together for the first time in a new project that also promises to reveal much about why some innovations succeed where others fail Paper became a pivotal technology for a subsequent explosion in the transmission of knowledge.

Health - Economics / Business - 16.03.2016
Nearly half of women who stop smoking during pregnancy go back to smoking after the baby is born
A new study from The University of Nottingham shows that nearly half of women who managed to stay off cigarettes during pregnancy went back to smoking within six months of giving birth. In the research, published in the scientific journal Addiction , it was revealed that in studies testing the effectiveness of stop-smoking support for pregnant women, forty-three per cent of the women who managed to stay off cigarettes during the pregnancy went back to smoking within six months.

Career - Economics / Business - 10.03.2016
Persistent gender pay gap
New research by ILR School professors Francine Blau and Lawrence Kahn finds an eight percent gender wage gap that cannot be accounted for, even after controlling for observable variables that influence workers' pay. Gender discrimination in the workplace could be a cause, they suggest. In "The Gender Wage Gap: Extent, Trends and Explanations," to be published in an upcoming issue of the "Journal of Economic Literature," Blau and Kahn found that women earned 79 percent of what men earned on an hourly basis in 2010.

Economics / Business - Psychology - 09.03.2016
Links between money and happiness uncovered
Changes in income do not affect most peoples' happiness, most of the time, according to a new study carried out in collaboration with The University of Nottingham. The research, led by the University of Stirling , which examined levels of life satisfaction and income changes in more than 18,000 adults over a nine year period, revealed that income change is only important when individuals with specific personality characteristics experience a loss in income.

Economics / Business - Psychology - 03.03.2016
Experimental Economics: Results You Can Trust
Reproducibility is an important measure of validity in all fields of experimental science. If researcher A publishes a particular scientific result from his laboratory, researcher B should be able to follow the same protocol and achieve the same result in her laboratory. However, in recent years many results in a variety of disciplines have been questioned for their lack of reproducibility.

Life Sciences - Economics / Business - 25.02.2016
Flowers tone down their petals and avoid confusing bees
Flowers tone down their petals and avoid confusing bees
Flowers' iridescent petals, which may look plain to human eyes, are perfectly tailored to a bee's-eye-view so that these pollinators can find and recognise them more easily, research from the University of Bristol and the University of Cambridge has found. A new study by Dr Heather Whitney from Bristol's School of Biological Sciences , Professor Beverley Glover from Cambridge's Department of Plant Sciences and colleagues, shows that the petals of iridescent flowers are tailored to be the perfect signal for bees.

Economics / Business - 23.02.2016
For weather forecasting, precise observations matter more than butterflies
For weather forecasting, precise observations matter more than butterflies
In the 1970s, scientist Edward Lorenz famously asked whether the flapping of a butterfly's wings in Brazil could lead to a tornado in Texas. During the decades since, the butterfly effect and chaos theory have sparked countless debates and pop culture references. But the question also holds practical importance: What do small, unpredictable events mean for the future of weather prediction? A University of Washington study asks whether unobserved, minuscule disturbances - like those from butterfly wings - actually affect weather forecasts.