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Health - Materials Science - 21.12.2016
Top Los Alamos science stories of 2016
Top Los Alamos science stories of 2016
From discoveries on Mars to breakthroughs in cancer research, from national security science to materials science, 2016 has proven to be another productive year for Los Alamos National Laboratory achievements. "This year's significant advancements in high-performance computing, materials science, cancer research as well as national security, space exploration and nuclear nonproliferation science underscore the Lab's unique multidisciplinary scientific capabilities," said Alan Bishop.

Materials Science - Physics - 07.12.2016
Porous crystalline materials: TU Graz researcher shows method for controlled growth
Porous crystalline materials: TU Graz researcher shows method for controlled growth
Microporous crystals (MOFs) have a great potential as functional materials of the future. Paolo Falcaro of TU Graz et al demonstrate how the growth of MOFs can be precisely controlled on a large scale. Porous crystals called metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) consist of metallic intersections with organic molecules as connecting elements.

Materials Science - 05.12.2016
Flexibility increases water resistance
Flexibility increases water resistance
Butterfly wings are a prime example of how flexible and elastic materials can be extremely water-repellent. The relationship between elasticity and water resistance has now been described for the first time by researchers at ETH Zurich. The new finding could help to improve water-repellent textiles for use in tents or clothing.

Materials Science - Physics - 28.11.2016
Networked colours
Networked colours
A team that includes ETH Zurich scientists is the first to use materials with a network-like structure to create a full spectrum of intense colours.

Physics - Materials Science - 24.11.2016
A new perovskite could lead the next generation of data storage
A new perovskite could lead the next generation of data storage
EPFL scientists have developed a new perovskite material with unique properties that can be used to build next-generation hard drives.

Materials Science - Physics - 17.11.2016
Switching off vibrations
Switching off vibrations
Macroscopic crystal structures can absorb unwanted vibrations or filter noise - without any electronics or electricity whatsoever.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 30.10.2016
Ceramics 3D printed from foams
Ceramics 3D printed from foams
ETH researchers have used an additive manufacturing process to print an extremely porous ceramic component. Manufacturing a material of this kind with a 3D printer is a considerable achievement. Doctoral student Carla Minas, from the Complex Materials group led by ETH Professor André Studart, has succeeded in creating a highly porous and yet extremely robust ceramic material, which she 'printed' using an additive manufacturing process.

Physics - Materials Science - 11.10.2016
Quantum-dot solar windows evolve with 'doctor-blade' spreading
Quantum-dot solar windows evolve with ’doctor-blade’ spreading
A Los Alamos National Laboratory research team demonstrates an important step in taking quantum dot, solar-powered windows from the laboratory to the construction site. "We are developing solar concentrators that will harvest sunlight from building windows and turn it into electricity, using quantum-dot based luminescent solar concentrators," said lead scientist Victor Klimov.

Physics - Materials Science - 13.09.2016
Metal in chains
Metal in chains
The electronic energy states allowed by quantum mechanics determine whether a solid is an insulator or whether it conducts electric current as a metal.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 23.08.2016
New class of fuel cells offer increased flexibility, lower cost
New class of fuel cells offer increased flexibility, lower cost
A new class of fuel cells based on a newly discovered polymer-based material could bridge the gap between the operating temperature ranges of two existing types of polymer fuel cells. "Polymer-based fuel cells are regarded as the key technology of the future for both vehicle and stationary energy systems," said Yu Seung Kim.

Materials Science - Electroengineering - 17.08.2016
Piggyback battery for microchips: TU Graz researchers develop new concept
Piggyback battery for microchips: TU Graz researchers develop new concept
Electrochemists at TU Graz have managed to use monocrystalline semiconductor silicon as an active storage electrode in lithium batteries. This enables an integrated power supply to be made for microchips with a rechargeable battery. Photographic material available for download at the end of the text Small electrical gadgets, such as mobile phones, tablets or notebooks, are indispensable accompaniments of everyday life.

Materials Science - 02.08.2016
Creating 3D objects from inextensible sheet materials
Creating 3D objects from inextensible sheet materials
Researchers have developed an algorithm for creating complex objects by cutting holes in sheets of inextensible, but flexible materials such as metal, plastic and leather. It has potential applications in many areas, including microengineering, bioengineering, fashion and architecture. EPFL researchers, in collaboration with Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Hull, have come up with a method for creating everyday objects - like a mask or a shoe - from sheets of inextensible material.

Environment - Materials Science - 01.08.2016
TU Graz develops environmentally friendly eco-concrete
TU Graz develops environmentally friendly eco-concrete
Grey on the outside, green inside: The production of "Öko˛-Beton" concrete consumes up to 30 percent less CO2 than the production of standard concrete, and yet the "green" concrete is by no means less stable or less convenient to process. Photographic material available for download at the end of the text.

Materials Science - 27.07.2016
Objects that sculpt light
Objects that sculpt light
Researchers at EPFL have found a way to make images by controlling the reflections that are produce when light passes through a transparent object. This technology is now being marketed by the startup Rayform. Researchers at EPFL have found a way to make images by controlling the reflections that are produce when light passes through a transparent object.

Materials Science - Physics - 14.07.2016
Electricity generated with water, salt - and a 3 atoms thick membrane
Electricity generated with water, salt - and a 3 atoms thick membrane
EPFL researchers have developed a system that generates electricity from osmosis with unparalleled efficiency.

Physics - Materials Science - 11.07.2016
Physicists Couple Distant Nuclear Spins Using a Single Electron
Physicists Couple Distant Nuclear Spins Using a Single Electron
For the first time, researchers at the University of Basel have coupled the nuclear spins of distant atoms using just a single electron. Three research groups from the Department of Physics took part in this complex experiment, the results of which have now been published Nanotechnology. In most materials, the nuclear spins of neighboring atoms have only a very weak effect on one another, as the tiny nuclei are located deep within the atoms.

Materials Science - Environment - 06.07.2016
Flipping crystals improves solar-cell performance
Flipping crystals improves solar-cell performance
Perovskite research team spin-casts crystals for efficient and resilient optoelectronic devices. "The 2-D perovskite opens up a new dimension in perovskite research," said Kanatzidis.

Materials Science - 17.06.2016
Scientists solve a long-standing mystery about wear
Scientists solve a long-standing mystery about wear
17.06.16 - It generates particulate-matter air pollution and degrades mechanical parts. Adhesive wear a major, yet poorly understood problem. Using simulations, researchers from EPFL offer new insights into what happens when seemingly smooth surfaces rub against each other. Adhesive wear can cause machine failure, particulate-matter air pollution, and many other societal woes.

Physics - Materials Science - 14.06.2016
A new material can clear up nuclear waste gases
A new material can clear up nuclear waste gases
14.06.16 - An international team of scientists at EPFL and the US have discovered a material that can clear out radioactive waste from nuclear plants more efficiently, cheaply, and safely than current methods. Figure: The crystal structure of SBMOF-1 (green = Ca, yellow = S, red = O, gray = C, white = H).

Materials Science - Environment - 07.06.2016
Nature knows how to do it - as does
Nature knows how to do it - as does
As part of the "LightChEC" research project at the University of Zurich, Empa scientists are working with other researchers on a novel method of artificial photosynthesis - photocatalysis, which uses a purely chemical process to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. Unlike other methods, it does not involve the electrolysis of water.