news 2016



Results 1 - 15 of 15.

Philosophy - 21.12.2016
Emojis’ So does the rest of the world
ANN ARBOR?People worldwide love , except the French, who prefer , according to a new study of global emoji usage. Researchers at the University of Michigan and Peking University analyzed 427 million messages from nearly 4 million smartphone users in 212 countries and regions to see if emoji use was universal or differed based on user location and culture.

Philosophy - 19.12.2016
Turns out 'dirty money' does bother people
Turns out ‘dirty money’ does bother people
People tend to view money through a moral lens and are more likely to turn down or donate stolen bills and coins than 'clean' cash, a new study has found. Classic economics suggests that the only thing that matters about money is its amount, not what it looks like or where it has been. However, researchers from Yale and the University of Michigan show that people evaluate money based on its moral history.

Health - Philosophy - 16.12.2016
From knowledge to certainty
From knowledge to certainty
Research news Evidence is continually growing in importance for political, societal, and individual decisions, despite increasing talk of an impending 'post-factual era'. Evidence is based on data that is collected in a scientific fashion, but is also a social phenomenon. How and by whom is it created and used, and what impact does this have? This is what a new research group funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and represented by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has set out to investigate.

Philosophy - 07.12.2016
More order with less judgment: An optimal theory of the evolution of cooperation
More order with less judgment: An optimal theory of the evolution of cooperation
Optional moral assessment can promote cooperation more effectively than compulsory moral assessment A research team led by Mathematician Tatsuya Sasaki from the University of Vienna presents a new optimal theory of the evolution of reputation-based cooperation. This team proves that the practice of making moral assessments conditionally is very effective in establishing cooperation in terms of evolutionary game theory.

Environment - Philosophy - 16.11.2016
Moral values influence action on climate change
Two moral values most highly rated by liberals predict willingness to make lifestyle changes to avert climate change, according to Cornell research. The findings also suggest that a moral value rated more highly by conservatives may foster intention to act on climate change. A new multidisciplinary study suggests moral values highly rated by liberals - namely, compassion and fairness - influence willingness to make personal choices to mitigate climate change's impact in the future.

Economics - Philosophy - 01.11.2016
Elephant poaching costs African economies US $25 million per year in lost tourism revenue
New research shows investing in elephant conservation is smart economic policy for many African countries. We know that within parks, tourism suffers when elephant poaching ramps up. This work provides a first estimate of the scale of that loss Andrew Balmford The current elephant poaching crisis costs African countries around USD $25 million annually in lost tourism revenue, according to a new study published .

Philosophy - Pedagogy - 05.10.2016
The truth about lying? Children’s perceptions get more nuanced with age
Moral development study suggests that younger children have a binary take on truth and lies - while older children take intent and outcomes more into consideration Parents don't like it when children lie. But what do the kids themselves think about it? New research suggests truth telling isn't black and white.

Social Sciences - Philosophy - 05.10.2016
Being kind to others does make you ’slightly happier’
Researchers conclude that being kind to others causes a small but significant improvement in subjective well-being. The review found that the effect is lower than some pop-psychology articles have claimed, but also concluded that future research might help identify which kind acts are most effective at boosting happiness.

Health - Philosophy - 16.09.2016
A litmus test of fairness
A litmus test of fairness
For example, lay people think that the sickest patients and those on waiting lists should be treated first, while ethicists - and to some degree medical professionals - tend to have a different set of priorities.

Philosophy - 17.08.2016
The dragonfly's flight technique uncovered
The dragonfly’s flight technique uncovered
An American emperor dragonfly accelerates streaks of smoke down when it flaps its four wings. The photo has been edited. PHOTO: IGOR SIWANOWICZ/HUAI-TI LIN The complicated structure of the dragonfly's wings makes them sturdier and increases their stability and flexibility in the air, without affecting the aerodynamics.

Philosophy - 07.07.2016
248 from Jul 07, 2016 Appointed to Senate of German Research Foundation Three Researchers at Freie Universität Berlin Newly Appointed to DFG Senate
Three Researchers at Freie Universität Berlin Newly Appointed to DFG Senate ' 248/2016 from Jul 07, 2016 Three scholars at Freie Universität Berlin have been newly appointed to the Senate of the German Research Foundation (DFG). They are Eva Cancik-Kirschbaum, Professor Dr. Peter Geimer, and Thomas Risse.

Philosophy - 06.07.2016
How to get moral free-riders to cooperate
How to get moral free-riders to cooperate
What motivates people to contribute to trustful moral judgment, which is a public good yet tends to be costly? This is the moral free rider problem. Mathematician Tatsuya Sasaki from University of Vienna and colleagues Isamu Okada and Yutaka Nakai in Japan have put forth a theoretical resolution. The study has been published online in Biology Letters, a journal published by The Royal Society.

Philosophy - Health - 30.06.2016
Ethical issues surrounding CRISPR-Cas9 technology
Font size Bookmark Print Tip a friend On 13 June last, the Inserm Ethics Committee assembled over a hundred individuals at its annual seminar. All those present had the benefit of an ethical perspective on many problems posed by biomedical research. One of the questions addressed was that of CRISPR-Cas9 technology.

Philosophy - 09.06.2016
UQ responds to inaccurate media reports
Letter to the Editor On 9 June 2016 The Guardian published an article in relation to a decision involving Professor Paul Frijters. It is not the University's practice to comment in relation to ongoing staffing matters. However there are a number of inaccuracies in the article which need to be corrected.

Philosophy - Health - 29.03.2016
Autistic and non-autistic people make similar moral judgements
Autistic and non-autistic people make similar moral judgements
Despite prevalent myths in public about autism about their lack of empathic concern for others and propensity for condoning harmful behavior, so far the relation between their empathic capacity and moral evaluations remains sparsely studied. New research shows that the seemingly callous attitudes in autism are not a feature of autism per se but are due to an understudied aspect of their personality called alexithymia, which is characterized by emotional processing difficulties.