news 2016


Social Sciences

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Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 22.12.2016
How Social Factors Can Influence Hunting
How Social Factors Can Influence Hunting
Due to a shortage of natural predators, wild animal populations are often controlled through hunting. Whether a hunter shoots at an animal depends not only on specific hunting criteria, but is also significantly influenced by social factors - such as competition with other hunters. This was demonstrated in a study directed by Florian Diekert, economist at Heidelberg University.

Social Sciences - 21.12.2016
Children can 'catch' social bias through nonverbal signals expressed by adults
Children can ‘catch’ social bias through nonverbal signals expressed by adults
Most conscientious adults tend to avoid making biased or discriminatory comments in the presence of children. But new research from the University of Washington suggests that preschool-aged children can learn bias even through nonverbal signals displayed by adults, such as a condescending tone of voice or a disapproving look.

Social Sciences - 16.12.2016
My Marriage My Choice
A new study from The University of Nottingham will examine the issue of forced marriage among adults with learning disabilities. ' My Marriage My Choice ' is a two-year study which aims to improve understanding of the issue, as well as helping to develop policy and practice to support professionals in their work of safeguarding vulnerable children and adults.

Social Sciences - 14.12.2016
Lack of sanitation facilities linked to higher rape incidents in India
Lack of sanitation facilities linked to higher rape incidents in India
ANN ARBOR'Women in India without bathrooms in their homes are more likely to face sexual violence, say University of Michigan researchers. According to a new study, women who use open defecation sites like open fields or the side of a railway track are twice as likely to get raped when compared with women using a home toilet.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.12.2016
System is failing to prevent deaths following police custody and prison, study suggests
System is failing to prevent deaths following police custody and prison, study suggests
Poor access to health care and confusion over post-detention care may have contributed to more than 400 deaths following police custody and prison detention since 2009, a new report has claimed. Here, in an article first published on The Conversation, report authors Prof Loraine Gelsthorpe†and Prof Nicola Padfield of Cambridge's Faculty of Law, along with their colleague Jake Phillips from Sheffield Hallam†University, discuss their findings.

Social Sciences - 13.12.2016
Infants show apparent awareness of ethnic differences, UCLA psychologists report
Infants show apparent awareness of ethnic differences, UCLA psychologists report
Infants less than a year old, who have yet to learn language, appear to notice differences when looking at adult women of different ethnicities, a new study by UCLA psychologists shows. Researchers studied 40 Hispanic infants and 37 non-Hispanic white infants, all 11 months old. The researchers showed them the faces of 18 young women they did not know on a computer screen, two at a time, side-by-side — six African-American, six Hispanic and six non-Hispanic white.

Health - Social Sciences - 13.12.2016
Studies of vulnerable populations get a ’bootstrapped’ boost from statisticians
A hallmark of good government is policies which lift up vulnerable or neglected populations. But crafting effective policy requires sound knowledge of vulnerable groups. And that is a daunting task since these populations - which include undocumented immigrants, homeless people or drug users - are usually hidden in the margins thanks to cultural taboos, murky legal status or simple neglect from society.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.12.2016
Television volume can be festive flashpoint for Christmas viewers
For many households, crowding around the television for a family film or to watch the Queen's speech is as much of a Christmas tradition as opening presents and enjoying a turkey dinner. But in homes where one family member has a hearing aid, settling down to watch the box can become a festive flashpoint - leading to arguments about volume and tussles over the TV remote.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 12.12.2016
Yoga can have social benefits for children in care, says a new study
A new study from The University of Nottingham has found that a certain type of yoga could potentially help to improve the health and psychological wellbeing of children in care. The study, ' Kundalini Yoga as Mutual Recovery: A feasibility study including children in care and their carers ,' published at The Journal of Children's Services , found that the practice of Kundalini yoga in care homes, when both staff and children are involved, can lead to both individual and social benefits.

Social Sciences - 08.12.2016
Men are at risk of overeating in social settings, study shows
Gorging at a holiday meal or friend's barbecue might have more to do with your ego than the quality of the food - especially if you're a man. 'Even if men aren't thinking about it, eating more than a friend tends to be understood as a demonstration of virility and strength,' said Kevin Kniffin , visiting assistant professor and applied behavioral scientist in the Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management.

Social Sciences - Administration - 07.12.2016
Investigation into child deaths from family violence exposes critical need for workforce training, identifying perpetrators
A leading Victorian family violence expert has responded to the Victorian Commission on Children and Young People report, Neither Seen nor Heard, which exposes multiple 'systemic issues' with the current child protection system. The report, tabled in Parliament today, investigated the deaths of 127 children between 2013 and 2016, more than half of whom were victims of family violence.

Agronomy / Food Science - Social Sciences - 06.12.2016
Honey bee teenagers speed up the ageing process of their elders
Honey bee teenagers speed up the ageing process of their elders
Bern, 06. Honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies are complex societies, in which work is not distributed by a central power. How tasks are allocated among workers is still poorly understood. A research team from the Swiss Bee Research Center at Agroscope and the Institute of Bee Health at the University of Bern (both Switzerland), discovered that young adults influence this process by promoting older individuals to perform duties outside the hive, which shortens their life expectancy.

Art and Design - Social Sciences - 30.11.2016
We like what experts like - and what is expensive
We like what experts like - and what is expensive
Whether Peter Paul Rubens or Damien Hirst - the personal taste of art can be argued. Scientists from the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Vienna have now shown that the individual taste of art is also dependent on social factors. The personal valuation of art was influenced by who else liked the work - or not.

Social Sciences - 22.11.2016
Low-income earners need to save tax returns
ANN ARBOR?People with low incomes need to save at least some of their tax returns for rainy days, no matter how hard it is to set aside money, a new study shows. Researchers at the University of Michigan and Washington University in St. Louis say this particular segment of the population is at high-risk from financial shocks, unable to have enough cash savings for more than nine days.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 15.11.2016
Penn Psychologists Tap Big Data, Twitter to Analyze Accuracy of Stereotypes
What's in a tweet' People draw conclusions about us, from our gender to education level, based on the words we use on social media. Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania , along with colleagues from the Technical University of Darmstadt and the University of Melbourne, have now analyzed the accuracy of those inferences.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 15.11.2016
Gratitude for experiences brings surprising benefits
On Thanksgiving, many of us take a moment to reflect on what we're grateful for - and we get rewards for doing so. Feeling gratitude leads to benefits like increased happiness and social cohesion, better health outcomes and even improved sleep quality. But will you get more of such benefits from that antique sofa you bought or the vacation you took? New research shows that we feel more gratitude for what we've done than for what we have - and that kind of gratitude results in more generous behavior toward others.

Social Sciences - 15.11.2016
The Swiss buy more fair trade products than the Germans as a matter of conviction
The Swiss buy more fair trade products than the Germans as a matter of conviction
Switzerland is one the world's top countries in terms of per capita consumption of fair trade products.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 14.11.2016
Women with multiple violent partners more likely to have endured childhood trauma, psychological abuse
ANN ARBOR'While there is abundant research on violently abusive relationships, it does not delve into the background of each individual involved, according to University of Michigan researchers. A new U-M study found that some factors, such as a history of childhood sexual abuse, having been held hostage, tortured or being in a current relationship that involves psychological abuse are all associated with women's exposure to multiple violent intimate partners.

Social Sciences - 14.11.2016
Interpersonal violence increases the risk of repeated suicide attempts
A study conducted by researchers from the Karolinska Institute shows that patients with an experience of violence have an increased risk to carry out repeated suicide attempts. In a multicenter study conducted at the emergency hospitals in Stockholm, Gothenburg and UmeŚ, patients who have survived a suicide attempt have been ed.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 10.11.2016
Led Team Receives DARPA Support to Develop ‘Next Generation’ Social Science
A scientific team led by the University of Pennsylvania has received an award from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to develop and validate reproducible methods for studying human social behavior. DARPA is an agency of the U.S. Department of Defense that invests in breakthrough technologies to support national security.
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