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Environment - Earth Sciences - 05.01.2017
Issues of indigenous peoples examined in current IK journal
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. The Interinstitutional Center for Indigenous Knowledge (ICIK) and the Penn State University Libraries - latest volume of its peer-reviewed, open access journal, IK: Other Ways of Knowing , examines current issues facing indigenous persons and peoples.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.01.2017
Genetics play a significant role in immunity
Nearly three quarters of immune traits are influenced by genes, new research from King's reveals. The study published today , adds to a growing body of evidence that the genetic influence on our immune system is significantly higher than previously thought. Researchers from King's, supported by the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at Guy's and St Thomas' Foundation Trust and King's College London, analysed 23,000 immune traits in 497 adult female twins from the TwinsUK cohort.

Physics - Psychology - 05.01.2017
Physical activity, even in small amounts, benefits both physical and psychological well-being
Physical activity, even in small amounts, benefits both physical and psychological well-being
The largest-ever smartphone-based study examining the relationship between physical activity and happiness has found that even minimal levels of activity can have a positive effect on happiness.  In order to be happier, you don't have to go out and run a marathon. Jason Rentfrow A new study, based on reports from more than 10,000 individuals, has found that physical activity, whether or not it is classified as exercise, can have a positive effect on emotional well-being.

Chemistry - Physics - 05.01.2017
Nanotechnology enables new insights into chemical reactions
Nanotechnology enables new insights into chemical reactions
Eighty percent of all products of the chemical industry are manufactured with catalytic processes. Catalysis is also indispensable in energy conversion and treatment of exhaust gases. It is important for these processes to run as quickly and efficiently as possible; that protects the environment while also saving time and conserving resources.

Environment - Mathematics - 04.01.2017
Large-scale tornado outbreaks increasing in frequency, study finds
The frequency of large-scale tornado outbreaks is increasing in the United States, particularly when it comes to the most extreme events, according to research recently published in Science . The study by researchers including Joel E. Cohen, a visiting scholar at the University of Chicago, finds the increase in tornado outbreaks does not appear to be the result of a warming climate as earlier models suggested.

Astronomy / Space Science - 04.01.2017
Fast radio burst tied to distant dwarf galaxy and, perhaps, magnetar
Fast radio burst tied to distant dwarf galaxy and, perhaps, magnetar
One of the rare and brief bursts of cosmic radio waves that have puzzled astronomers since they were first detected nearly 10 years ago has finally been tied to a source: an older dwarf galaxy more than 3 billion light years from Earth. Fast radio bursts, which flash for just a few milliseconds, created a stir among astronomers because they seemed to be coming from outside our galaxy, which means they would have to be very powerful to be seen from Earth, and because none of those first observed were ever seen again.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.01.2017
New technique uses immune cells to deliver anti-cancer drugs
Artist's conception of nanoparticle-carrying immune cells that target tumors and release drug-loaded nanoparticles for cancer treatment. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa - Some researchers are working to discover new, safer ways to deliver cancer-fighting drugs to tumors without damaging healthy cells. Others are finding ways to boost the body's own immune system to attack cancer cells.

Electroengineering - Physics - 04.01.2017
Beam me up, Scotty – build a portable acoustic tractor beam at home for less than £70
Beam me up, Scotty – build a portable acoustic tractor beam at home for less than £70
A team of researchers from the University of Bristol have shown it's possible to create a simplified tractor beam using readily available parts with a total cost of less than £70. Tractor beams are mysterious rays that can grab and attract objects. The concept has been shown in science-fiction movies such as Star Wars or Star Trek and scientists have developed the theory using lasers.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 04.01.2017
Homing in on source of mysterious cosmic radio bursts
Astronomers have pinpointed for the first time the home galaxy of a Fast Radio Burst, moving scientists a step closer to detecting what causes these powerful but fleeting pulses of radio waves. FRBs, which last just a few thousandths of a second, have puzzled astrophysicists since their discovery a decade ago.

Art and Design - Life Sciences - 04.01.2017
Lack of joy from music linked to brain disconnection
Using fMRI data, researchers found that while listening to music, specific musical anhedonics presented a reduction in the activity of the Nucleus Accumbens Have you ever met someone who just wasn‘t into music' They may have a condition called specific musical anhedonia, which affects three-to-five per cent of the population.

Agronomy / Food Science - 04.01.2017
Pigeon peas improve soil fertility
Pigeon peas improve soil fertility
By planting pigeon peas alongside maize, African farmers can improve the soil and their own nutritional intake.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 03.01.2017
Research reinforces role of supernovae in clocking the universe
How much light does a supernova shed on the history of universe? New research by cosmologists at the University of Chicago and Wayne State University confirms the accuracy of Type Ia supernovae in measuring the pace at which the universe expands. The findings support a widely held theory that the expansion of the universe is accelerating and such acceleration is attributable to a mysterious force known as dark energy.

Chemistry - Physics - 03.01.2017
‘Glue’ that makes plant cell walls strong could hold the key to wooden skyscrapers
Molecules 10,000 times narrower than the width of a human hair could hold the key to making possible wooden skyscrapers and more energy-efficient paper production, according to research published . The study, led by a father and son team at the Universities of Warwick and Cambridge, solves a long-standing mystery of how key sugars in cells bind to form strong, indigestible materials.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.01.2017
Tailoring individual therapies for Multiple Sclerosis
Tailoring individual therapies for Multiple Sclerosis
Research news A large global new partnership called 'MultipleMS', coordinated by Karolinska Institute in Sweden, has been awarded 15 million euro from the European Commission in the Horizon2020 program to find novel and better treatments for Multiple Sclerosis (MS). In this project, 21 universities and companies from Europe and the USA will unite efforts to tailor the development and application of therapies to the individual MS patient.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.01.2017
From photosynthesis to new compounds for eye diseases
From photosynthesis to new compounds for eye diseases
Researchers have succeeded in using X-rays to minutely observe a photosynthesis reaction and produce a movie of the event. The findings will aid understanding of similar processes in the human eye. Plants and algae are not alone in undergoing photosynthesis. Some bacteria also use energy from sunlight to grow and reproduce.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.01.2017
Researchers contribute to six of 10 discoveries of year picked by Quebec Science
Québec Science magazine has selected its 10 Discoveries of the Year for 2016, and McGill researchers figure in six of them. The annual list highlights top scientific research from across Quebec. Two of the discoveries were led by researchers at McGill: Québec Science magazine has selected its 10 Discoveries of the Year for 2016, and McGill researchers figure in six of them.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 03.01.2017
When cells play dice
When cells play dice
Single-Cell-Based Analysis Highlights a Surge in Cell-to-Cell Molecular Variability Preceding Irreversible Commitment in a Differentiation Process Abstract In some recent studies, a view emerged that stochastic dynamics governing the switching of cells from one differentiation state to another could be characterized by a peak in gene expression variability at the point of fate commitment.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.01.2017
Stocking up on spare parts
Stocking up on spare parts
LMU researchers show, for the first time, that the orientation of the plane of division of neural stem cells at a specific stage during embryonic development determines the capacity of the adult brain to replace nerve cells. Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer‘s or Parkinson‘s, but also strokes or other types of traumatic brain damage, result in the death of nerve cells in the brain.

Health - Physics - 02.01.2017
Nanohyperthermia softens tumors to improve treatment
Nanohyperthermia softens tumors to improve treatment
The mechanical resistance of tumors and collateral damage of standard treatments often hinder efforts to defeat cancers.

Earth Sciences - 02.01.2017
Blackouts and other disasters
Blackouts and other disasters
Timothy Prior and Florian Roth of the ‘risk and resilience' team at the Center for Security Studies (CSS) will be appearing as experts on today's SRF theme day on blackouts.
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