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Earth Sciences - 22.11.2017
Puzzling patches in Earth’s interior billions of years in the making
Mysterious patches on the planet's core that dampen seismic waves could be the result of ancient seawater chemically reacting with iron under extreme conditions. A chemical reaction between ancient seawater and iron in Earth's mantle over eons could explain the formation of mysterious blobs in the planet's interior that dampen passing seismic waves, Stanford researchers say.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 22.11.2017
Frictional Heat Powers Hydrothermal Activity on Enceladus
Frictional Heat Powers Hydrothermal Activity on Enceladus
Heat from the friction of rocks caused by tidal forces could be the "engine" for the hydrothermal activity on Saturn's moon Enceladus. This presupposes that the moon has a porous core that allows water from the overlying ocean to seep in, where the tidal friction exerted on the rocks heats it. This shows a computer simulation based on observations from the European-American Cassini-Huygens mission.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 21.11.2017
Why are global CO2 emissions on the rise again?
Why are global CO2 emissions on the rise again?
Illinois atmospheric scientist Atul Jain was among the many scientists worldwide who contributed data to the Global Carbon Budget 2017 , released Nov. 13. Jain talked about this year's findings with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian . What is the primary purpose of the annual carbon budget assessment? The budget estimate is essential to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the climate policy process and project future climate change.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 21.11.2017
Mars might be drier than previously thought
Mars might be drier than previously thought
The wall of the Newton Crater on Mars. The dark thick lines spread out horizontally in the picture while the Recurring Slope Lineae run downwards. Credit C. Dundas NASA/JPL/USGS Dark features previously proposed as evidence for significant liquid water flowing on Mars have now been identified as granular flows, where sand and dust move rather than liquid water, according to a new study.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 20.11.2017
'Brazil Nut Effect' Helps Explain How Rivers Resist Erosion, Penn Team Finds
’Brazil Nut Effect’ Helps Explain How Rivers Resist Erosion, Penn Team Finds
Pop the top off a can of mixed nuts and, chances are, Brazil nuts will be at the top. This phenomenon, of large particles tending to rise to the top of mixtures while small particles tend to sink down, is popularly known as the "Brazil nut effect" and more technically as granular segregation. Look down at the top of a riverbed and it's easy to draw a parallel: the top of a riverbed is typically lined with larger cobbles, while finer sand and small gravel particles make up the deeper layers.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 20.11.2017
Research Becomes Reality in Study of Fire Impact on Sonoma Water Resources
Research Becomes Reality in Study of Fire Impact on Sonoma Water Resources
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) spent a decade developing world-class modeling and monitoring capabilities to pinpoint factors behind the success of Sonoma's riverbank filtration system. They were turning their attention to investigating the potential impact of extreme events, such as storms and wildfires, when disaster struck.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 16.11.2017
Fossil that fills missing evolutionary link named after UChicago professors
Profs. Susan Kidwell and David Jablonski with the Jablonskipora kidwellae fossil, a tiny marine creature named after them. Lurking in oceans, rivers and lakes around the world are tiny, ancient animals known to few people. Bryozoans, tiny marine creatures that live in colonies, are "living fossils"-their lineage goes back to the time when multi-celled life was a newfangled concept.

Earth Sciences - History / Archeology - 16.11.2017
East Antarctic Ice Sheet Has History of Instability
East Antarctic Ice Sheet Has History of Instability
The East Antarctic Ice Sheet locks away enough water to raise sea level an estimated 53 meters (174 feet), more than any other ice sheet on the planet. It's also thought to be among the most stable, not gaining or losing mass even as ice sheets in West Antarctica and Greenland shrink. New research published on Nov.

Earth Sciences - Life Sciences - 13.11.2017
World's longest sauropod dinosaur trackway brought to light
World’s longest sauropod dinosaur trackway brought to light
In 2009, the world's largest dinosaur tracks were discovered in the French village of Plagne, in the Jura Mountains. Since then, a series of excavations at the site has uncovered other tracks, sprawling over more than 150 meters. They form the longest sauropod trackway ever to be found.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 10.11.2017
New insights into the 2004 Sumatra megathrust earthquake
New insights into the 2004 Sumatra megathrust earthquake
Research news Scientists in Munich have completed the first detailed simulation of the Sumatra earthquake that triggered a devastating tsunami on Christmas 2004. The results of the largest-ever rupture dynamics simulation of an earthquake offer new insights into the underlying geophysical processes. It was performed on the SuperMUC supercomputer at the Leibniz Supercomputing Center (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences in Munich.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 03.11.2017
Atmospheric rivers could increase flood risk by 80 per cent
The global effect and impact of atmospheric rivers on rainfall, flooding and droughts has been estimated for the first time - revealing that in some regions the risks can be enhanced by up to 80 percent.The work, of which Oxford University is a key partner, also considers the number of people affected by these atmospheric phenomena across the globe.

Earth Sciences - 01.11.2017
Time to rewrite the dinosaur textbooks' Not quite yet!
Time to rewrite the dinosaur textbooks’ Not quite yet!
However, this is not at all the case. Recently, Matthew Baron and colleagues from the University of Cambridge proposed a radical revision to our understanding of the major branches of dinosaurs, but in a critique published today some caution is proposed before we rewrite the textbooks.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 01.11.2017
New Research Could Predict La Niña Drought Years in Advance
New Research Could Predict La Niña Drought Years in Advance
The La Nia weather pattern can cause droughts in the southern United States, including parts of eastern Texas. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Two new studies from The University of Texas at Austin have significantly improved scientists' ability to predict the strength and duration of droughts caused by La Nia - a recurrent cooling pattern in the tropical Pacific Ocean.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 31.10.2017
Aliens may be more like us than we think
Hollywood films and science fiction literature fuel the belief that aliens are monster-like beings, who are very different to humans. But new research suggests that we could have more in common with our extra-terrestrial neighbours, than initially thought. In a new study published in the International Journal of Astrobiology scientists from the University of Oxford show for the first time how evolutionary theory can be used to support alien predictions and better understand their behaviour.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 27.10.2017
Winds Driving Warm Water Under East Antarctic
Winds Driving Warm Water Under East Antarctic
Totten Glacier is the largest glacier in East Antarctica. Scientists are concerned that if Totten loses enough mass it could destabilize the rest of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. UT Austin/University of Texas Institute for Geophysics. AUSTIN, Texas - Totten Glacier, the largest glacier in East Antarctica, is being melted from below by warm water that reaches the ice when winds over the ocean are strong - a cause for concern because the glacier holds more than 11 feet of sea level rise and acts as a plug that helps lock in the ice of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 26.10.2017
The oceans were colder than we thought
The oceans were colder than we thought
A team of EPFLand European researchers has discovered a flaw in the way past ocean temperatures have been estimated up to now. Their findings could mean that the current period of climate change is unparalleled over the last 100 million years. According to the methodology widely used by the scientific community, the temperature of the ocean depths and that of the surface of the polar ocean 100 million years ago were around 15 degrees higher than current readings.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 26.10.2017
Ocean sound waves may reveal location of incoming objects
Ocean sound waves may reveal location of incoming objects
The ocean can seem like an acoustically disorienting place, with muffled sounds from near and far blending together in a murky sea of noise. Now an MIT mathematician has found a way to cut through this aquatic cacaphony, to identify underwater sound waves generated by objects impacting the ocean's surface, such as debris from meteorites or aircraft.

Earth Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 23.10.2017
Crops evolving ten millennia before experts thought
Ancient peoples began to systematically affect evolution of crops up to 30,000 years ago - ten millennia before experts previously thought, says new University of Warwick research Rice, wheat and barley were used so much that their evolution was affected - beginning the process that eventually turned them from wild to domesticated - as long ago as the last Ice Age Einkorn found to be on the evolutionary trajectory to domestication up to 30,000 y

Earth Sciences - Life Sciences - 23.10.2017
World’s oldest and most complex trees
The first trees to have ever grown on Earth were also the most complex, new research has revealed. Fossils from a 374-million-year-old tree found in north-west China have revealed an interconnected web of woody strands within the trunk of the tree that is much more intricate than that of the trees we see around us today.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 19.10.2017
Hydroelectric power plants have to be adapted for climate change
Hydroelectric power plants have to be adapted for climate change
Of all the electricity produced in Switzerland, 56% comes from hydropower. The life span of hydroelectric plants, which are massive and expensive to build and maintain, is measured in decades, yet the rivers and streams they depend on and the surrounding environment are ever-changing.

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