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Life Sciences - Philosophy - 27.12.2017
Behind the scenes: journalists visit animal testing lab: "An unusual step": press event to launch the "Principles on the Ethical Treatment of Animals
The white mouse has been anaesthetized. Its little legs have been affixed to a heating plate by means of adhesive strips, and a large amount of gel has been spread over its clean-shaven breast. An ultrasound probe is positioned overhead, and Richard Holtmeier, a member of the team at the European Institute for Molecular Imaging (EIMI) at the University of MŁnster is using this to study how the mouse copes with a plastic catheter which has been inserted into its carotid artery.

Philosophy - 05.12.2017
Migrant deaths are 'vastly under-reported' according to new report
Migrant deaths are ’vastly under-reported’ according to new report
The majority of migrant deaths are unrecorded, according to a new report which calls for 'significant improvements' to be made in order to capture the true number of deaths which occur during migration worldwide. The report, the second part of Fatal Journeys Volume 3: Improving data on missing migrants from the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and co-edited by University of Bristol academic Ann Singleton , comes just days after the US pulled out of the United Nations' global compact on migration.

Life Sciences - Philosophy - 02.11.2017
Further retraction prompted by UQ investigation
The editors and publishers of the journal Brain Injury have retracted an academic paper following advice from The University of Queensland. UQ Pro-Vice-Chancellor Research Professor Mark Blows said the 2013 paper involved two former UQ staff members who had already had other papers retracted following a UQ investigation.

Environment - Philosophy - 25.07.2017
Could spraying particles into marine clouds help cool the planet?
Could spraying particles into marine clouds help cool the planet?
The idea of geoengineering, also known as climate engineering, is very controversial. But as greenhouse gases continue to accumulate in our atmosphere, scientists are beginning to look at possible emergency measures. A new University of Washington study looks at the idea of marine cloud brightening , which a UW group is investigating as a promising strategy to offset global warming.

Philosophy - 18.07.2017
Hearing a sound can alter perception of finger size
Hearing a sound can alter perception of finger size
Hearing an ascending sound while pulling their own finger can make a person think their finger is longer than it is, finds a new study led by UCL and the Institute of Philosophy, School of Advanced Study, University of London. The study, published in Scientific Reports and funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), provides the first evidence that an artificial sound, unrelated to the sound of body movements, can alter how a person perceives their own body when the sound is arbitrarily paired with a bodily action.

Business / Economics - Philosophy - 14.06.2017
‚?‘Purposeful leaders‚'' are winning hearts and minds in workplaces, study finds
‚?‘Purposeful leaders‚’’ are winning hearts and minds in workplaces, study finds
‚?‘Purposeful leaders‚'' are winning hearts and minds in workplaces, study finds People are happier and more productive when their leaders show strong morals, a clear vision and commitment to stakeholders, a new study has found. The growing importance of what is being described as ‘purposeful leadership' for the modern workplace is outlined today in a new report for the CIPD , the professional body for HR and people development.

Philosophy - Social Sciences - 07.04.2017
The power of social approval on cooperation
People value their moral reputation to such an extent that they will work to behave well and cooperate with each other rather than risk being judged negatively for their actions, according to new Stanford research. Sociology Professor Robb Willer says a new study shows that moral judgments are a powerful means for encouraging cooperation.

Health - Philosophy - 05.04.2017
Public attitudes towards end-of-life care in progressive neurological illness are conflicted, study reveals
Public attitudes towards end-of-life care in progressive neurological illness are conflicted, study reveals
Public attitudes in UK and USA reveal support both for life-sustaining interventions and for measures to enable peaceful death in progressive neurological illness such as dementia, according to a survey carried out by researchers at the University of Cambridge. Debate surrounding assisted dying goes to the heart of clinical ethical principles Gemma Clarke The study found that one in six people believes that measures must be taken to sustain life at any cost even when a patient is in the final stages of an illness such as dementia.

Health - Philosophy - 30.01.2017
Why the bar needs to be raised for human clinical trials
Standards for authorizing first-time trials of drugs in humans are lax, and should be strengthened in several ways, McGill University researchers argue in a paper . Standards for authorizing first-time trials of drugs in humans are lax, and should be strengthened in several ways, McGill University researchers argue in a paper .

Environment - Philosophy - 24.01.2017
Pope’s picture spurs Republicans to shift climate views
After Pope Francis framed climate change as a moral issue in his second encyclical , conservative Republicans shifted and began to see that environmental dilemma in the same way, according to a new study led by Cornell communication researchers. ‘When Pope Francis issued his encyclical paper in June 2015, he emerged as a strong advocate for climate action,' said Jonathon P. Schuldt, assistant professor of communication.