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Results 101 - 120 of 139.


Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 05.05.2017
Birds choose their neighbours based on personality
Birds of a feather nest together, according to a new study which has found that male great tits ( Parus major ) choose neighbours with similar personalities to their own. Oxford University researchers investigated whether the personality of birds influences their social lives - in particular who they choose to nest near.

Social Sciences - 03.05.2017
Fish step up to lead when predators are near
Fish step up to lead when predators are near
Researchers from the University of Bristol have discovered that some fish within a shoal take on the responsibilities of leader when they are under threat from predators. The findings suggest that the majority of decisions made by the leader fish are followed, making the shoals more effective. And it was the shoals where fish had defined leader/follower roles that were more evident in areas where predators were more prevalent.

Social Sciences - 03.05.2017
Study could provide first clues about the social lives of extinct human relatives
This would be a first, because otherwise the human fossil record provides precious little about how our extinct relatives chose their mates. A new study from The Australian National University (ANU) of the bony head-crests of male gorillas could provide some of the first clues about the social structures of our extinct human relatives, including how they chose their sexual partners.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 02.05.2017
Report: Even in death, indigenous border crossers marginalized
Report: Even in death, indigenous border crossers marginalized
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Of the hundreds of people who die trying to cross into the U.S. from Mexico each year, those with indigenous backgrounds are less likely to be identified than those with more European ancestry, a new analysis reveals. The research, reported in the journal American Anthropologist, focused on DNA from individuals found dead in the Arizona desert and transported to the Pima County Office of the Medical Examiner in Tucson, where efforts are made to identify the individuals and return them to living relatives.

Social Sciences - Health - 01.05.2017
Social support for young violence victims could reduce risk of deadly cancer
ANN ARBOR'Young African-American women who are victims of violence end up having more abnormal Pap smears in adulthood, but those who receive social support to help them avoid risky behaviors reduce their odds of a negative test result, according to a University of Michigan study. Researchers at the U-M School of Public Health and School of Nursing confirmed previous associations of adolescent violence victimization with psychological distress and substance abuse, but added new evidence on the indirect effects of victimization on Pap smear results and the risk of cervical cancer.

Social Sciences - 21.04.2017
Origins of Indonesian ‘hobbits’ finally revealed
We can be 99 per cent sure it's not related to Homo erectus and nearly 100 per cent chance it isn't a malformed Homo sapiens. The most comprehensive study on the bones of Homo floresiensis , a species of tiny human discovered on the Indonesian island of Flores in 2003, has found that they most likely evolved from an ancestor in Africa and not from Homo erectus as has been widely believed.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.04.2017
Married LGBT older adults are healthier, happier than singles, study finds
Same-sex marriage has been the law of the land for nearly two years - and in some states for even longer - but researchers can already detect positive health outcomes among couples who have tied the knot, a University of Washington study finds. For years, studies have linked marriage with happiness among heterosexual couples.

Philosophy - Social Sciences - 07.04.2017
The power of social approval on cooperation
People value their moral reputation to such an extent that they will work to behave well and cooperate with each other rather than risk being judged negatively for their actions, according to new Stanford research. Sociology Professor Robb Willer says a new study shows that moral judgments are a powerful means for encouraging cooperation.

Social Sciences - Environment - 04.04.2017
Sociologists urge use of big data to study human interaction
A group of Stanford experts are encouraging more researchers who study social interaction to conduct studies that examine online environments and use big data. The internet dominates our world and each one of us is leaving a larger digital footprint as more time passes. Those footprints are ripe for studying, experts say.

Politics - Social Sciences - 03.04.2017
Conservatives, liberals read different scientific books
Suggesting that science is not immune to political partisanship, new research shows liberals and conservatives share an interest in science but have stark differences in the types of scientific books they read. An analysis of online book sales found people who bought liberal political books also tended to buy books on basic sciences, such as physics and astronomy.

Social Sciences - 31.03.2017
German Research Foundation Supports New Centre for Advanced Studies at Freie Universität Berlin
Investigation of Tension between Ancient Oriental Despotism and Enlightened Democracy ‘ 066/2017 from Mar 31, 2017 The German Research Foundation (DFG) is setting up one of nationwide only two new Centres for Advanced Study at Freie Universität. It is entitled "Rethinking Oriental Despotism - Strategies of Governance and Modes of Participation in the Ancient Near East" and directed by Eva Cancik-Kirschbaum and Jörg Klinger from the Department of History and Cultural Studies, as the DFG announced on Friday in Bonn.

Religions - Social Sciences - 24.03.2017
Study into who is least afraid of death
A new study examines all robust, available data on how fearful we are of what happens once we shuffle off this mortal coil.  They find that atheists are among those least afraid of dying...and, perhaps not surprisingly, the very religious.  Religion has long been thought to be a solution to the problem of death.

Social Sciences - 23.03.2017
Landmark signing provides boost to Birmingham Life Sciences
Researchers at the University of Birmingham worked with children, young people and their families living in a new urban development in India to understand the everyday experiences of urban transformation - with the results informing the future development of Indian cities. Their research with 350 participants has led to findings which are intended to help make other cities across India, indeed any cities undergoing change, citizen-friendly and sustainable.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 23.03.2017
Lack of staffing, funds hamper protected areas
Lack of staffing, funds hamper protected areas
A widespread lack of funds and personnel are preventing protected marine areas from reaching their full potential, a new global study involving University of Queensland research has revealed. Co-author Professor Peter Mumby of UQ's School of Biological Sciences said only nine per cent of marine protected areas (MPAs) reported having adequate staff and only 35 per cent reported acceptable funding levels.

Social Sciences - 20.03.2017
Yale-led study: Wild chimpanzees have surprisingly long life spans
Yale-led study: Wild chimpanzees have surprisingly long life spans
A 20-year demographic study of a large chimpanzee community in Uganda's Kibale National Park has revealed that, under the right ecological conditions, our close primate relatives can lead surprisingly long lives in the wild. The study, published March 19 in the Journal of Human Evolution , establishes an average life expectancy of about 33 years in its sample of 306 chimpanzees, nearly twice as high as that of other chimpanzee communities and within the 27- to 37-year range of life expectancy at birth of human hunter-gatherers.

Social Sciences - 17.03.2017
European teens - especially girls - dream about cars
European teens - especially girls - dream about cars
A study on mobility patterns among young people shows that under-18s have a very positive image of cars. The researchers' approach relied heavily on social media. What is it about cars? ‘They're fast, practical, comfortable and safe.' That's what young people think - and girls more than boys - according to a study by EPFL researchers.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 16.03.2017
Natural measures to prevent floods are not a ’silver bullet’
Research has revealed that the more often people eat with others the more likely they are to feel happy and satisfied with their lives. New research from the University of Oxford has revealed that the more often people eat with others, the more likely they are to feel happy and satisfied with their lives.

Career - Social Sciences - 16.03.2017
Social eating connects communities
A writing group for PhD students and early career academics has helped to boost productivity and reduce stress for Oxford University humanities students.

Social Sciences - 07.03.2017
Scientists pinpoint sensory links between autism and synaesthesia
Scientists pinpoint sensory links between autism and synaesthesia
Sussex scientists pinpoint sensory links between autism and synaesthesia Concrete links between the symptoms of autism and synaesthesia have been discovered and clarified for the first time, according to new research by psychologists at the University of Sussex. The study, conducted by world-leading experts in both conditions at Sussex and the University of Cambridge and published in the journal Scientific Reports, found that both groups experience remarkably similar heightened sensory sensitivity, despite clear differences in communicative ability and social skills.

Career - Social Sciences - 03.03.2017
Defying the skills shortage with family-friendly HR policies: The Family-Friendly HR Policy Research Centre at Münster University publishes a study on family-friendly measures at Münster University Hospital
The Family-Friendly HR Policy Research Centre at Münster University publishes a study on family-friendly measures at Münster University Hospital Can family-friendly measures undertaken by companies can be innovative and, at the same time, a worthwhile social investment? This is the question asked in a study just published entitled “Balancing career and family with the audit berufundfamilie programme - a case study at Münster University Hospital”.

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