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Social Sciences - 28.09.2017
Great minds think alike - or are they just copying? Great minds think alike - or are they just copying?
A new study has shown that children as young as eight years old know the difference between independent agreement and copying and can take into account individuals' independence when evaluating the reliability of a consensus. The research, Thinking for themselves' The effect of informant independence on children's endorsement of testimony from a consensus has been published in Social Development and was carried out by Dr Shiri Einav, Assistant Professor in the School of Psychology at the University of Nottingham.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.09.2017
For suicidal veterans, loneliness is the deadliest enemy
About 20 veterans commit suicide every day. The primary enemy most veterans face after service is not war-related trauma but loneliness, according to a new study by researchers at Yale and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

Social Sciences - Sport Sciences - 26.09.2017
Understanding football violence could help the fight against terror
Football has long been tarnished by outbreaks of fan violence. Although media headlines often link the behaviour to 'hooliganism', the activity could stem from potentially more positive motivations, such as passionate commitment to the group and the desire to belong.  Understanding the root cause of football violence may therefore help in tackling the behaviour and channelling it into something more positive, Oxford University scientists suggest.

Social Sciences - Health - 26.09.2017
Older Adults More Likely to Disclose Suicidal Thoughts
Older Adults More Likely to Disclose Suicidal Thoughts
AUSTIN, Texas - Suicide among older adults is a growing public health issue. Conditions associated with aging such as chronic pain, diagnosed or perceived terminal illness, social isolation and the death of friends and family can push older Americans toward ending their lives. A new study by social work researchers at The University of Texas at Austin, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine , shows that 23 percent of individuals age 50 and older who died by suicide had disclosed their suicidal intent.

Civil Engineering - Social Sciences - 25.09.2017
Urban Studies Scholars in Global Premier League
Two University of Glasgow staff have been named in the top 50 cited authors in the field of Urban Studies. Professor Ade Kearns was 7th and Professor Ya Ping Wang was 49th in the world ranking top 50 scholars. They were among only eight scholars in the top 50 who were UK-based. This news backs up the University of Glasgow's Research Excellence Framework performance as the top rated research unit in the subject in the UK.

Environment - Social Sciences - 21.09.2017
The Women's March Mobilised People with Diverse Interests: study
The Women’s March Mobilised People with Diverse Interests: study
People who participated in the Women's March in Washington DC in January 2017 were motivated by a range of diverse issues that cut across race, gender, and sexuality but shared similar educational backgrounds, a new study finds. It was led by researcher Dana R. Fisher, a Professor at the University of Maryland, and currently a visiting guest professor at Lund University in Sweden.

Social Sciences - Health - 20.09.2017
Study suggests you can ‘pick up’ a good or bad mood from your friends - but it also suggests that depression doesn’t have the same effect
New research suggests that both good and bad moods can be ‘picked up' from friends, but depression can't. A team led by the University of Warwick has examined whether friends' moods can affect an individual therefore implying that moods may spread across friendship networks. The team analysed data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health which incorporates the moods and friendship networks of US adolescents in schools.

Social Sciences - Sport Sciences - 19.09.2017
Winner takes all: Success enhances taste for luxury goods, study suggests
Winner takes all: Success enhances taste for luxury goods, study suggests
Footballers in flashy cars, City workers in Armani suits, reality TV celebrities sipping expensive champagne while sitting in hot tubs: what drives people to purchase luxury goods' New research suggests that it may be a sense of being a 'winner' - but that contrary to expectations, it is not driven by testosterone.

Social Sciences - 13.09.2017
Offhand comments can expose underlying racism, UW study finds
Offhand comments can expose underlying racism, UW study finds
Blatant racism is easy to identify - a shouted racial slur, a white supremacist rally, or the open discrimination, segregation and violence of the pre-civil rights era. But more subtle forms of bias, called microaggressions , emerge in the everyday exchanges among friends and strangers alike and can offend racial and ethnic minorities.

Mathematics - Social Sciences - 12.09.2017
Sharp decline in poverty in U.S. despite census report
Contrary to numbers released by the U.S. Census Bureau on Sept. 12, researchers at the University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy and the University of Notre Dame find that poverty has fallen sharply in the U.S. in recent decades. The U.S. Census Bureau's annual income-based poverty report provides data that inform a range of policies and issues affecting Americans from taxes to immigration to trade policy.

Social Sciences - 06.09.2017
Couples Weather Bickering With Help from Friends
AUSTIN, Texas - Every couple has conflict, and new research finds that having good friends and family members to turn to alleviates the stress of everyday conflict between partners. In fact, according to the study led by The University of Texas at Austin's Lisa Neff , social networks may help provide protection against health problems brought about by ordinary tension between spouses.

Social Sciences - 05.09.2017
Reputation can offset social bias
In a study involving nearly 9,000 Airbnb users, Stanford scholars propose that implementing features that emphasize a user's reputation can offset harmful social bias. The "share economy," where people rent goods and services, including their residences and automobiles, has numerous benefits for people trying to make extra money.

Social Sciences - 04.09.2017
The will to fight for and against ISIS
ANN ARBOR-Although Islamic State fighters are often undermanned and undergunned, they prove difficult enemies to fight. Researchers from the University of Michigan and Artis International show that the tenacity of these fighters-and those who oppose them-comes from a willingness to fight and die due to a commitment to sacred values, a readiness to renounce kin for those values, and a belief in the spiritual strength of their own group compared with the enemy.

Social Sciences - Health - 31.08.2017
Psychotic experiences flag raised suicide risk
Psychotic experiences flag raised suicide risk
Otherwise healthy people who experience hallucinations or delusions are more likely to have later suicidal thoughts or attempts, an international study has found. The University of Queensland-led research found that having a psychotic experience doubled the risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviours. UQ Queensland Brain Institute researcher Professor John McGrath said children were at even greater risk.

Social Sciences - 30.08.2017
Both chimpanzees and humans spontaneously imitate each other's actions
Both chimpanzees and humans spontaneously imitate each other’s actions
Copying the behaviour of others makes us effective learners and allow skills, knowledge and inventions to be passed on from one generation to the next. Imitation is therefore viewed as the key cognitive ability that enabled human culture to grow and create such things as language, technology, art and science.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 28.08.2017
Expectations for all-day schools are too high
Expectations for all-day schools are too high
Children in the German-speaking part of Switzerland who utilise extended education offerings in the first two years of primary school generally perform no better in school than other children, an SNSF-funded project has found. Overall, the research shows that all-day schools do not fulfil all the expectations people place in them.

Health - Social Sciences - 24.08.2017
Lesbian, gay and bisexual older adults suffer more chronic health conditions than heterosexuals, study finds
Lesbian, gay and bisexual older adults suffer more chronic health conditions than heterosexuals, study finds
Lesbian and bisexual older women are more likely than heterosexual older women to suffer chronic health conditions, experience sleep problems and drink excessively, a new University of Washington study finds. In general, lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) older adults were found to be in poorer health than heterosexuals, specifically in terms of higher rates of cardiovascular disease, weakened immune system and low back or neck pain.

Social Sciences - Mathematics - 24.08.2017
Ending the silence on older victims of rape
Ending the silence on older victims of rape
Many people over 60 in the UK are victims of sexual violence, according to Durham University research. Despite the pervasive stereotypes of what constitutes a “real rape” - a young woman being attacked by a stranger - the research has uncovered that older people are victims too. The study shows that people over 60 are more likely to be raped by an acquaintance either in their own home or a care home.

Environment - Social Sciences - 23.08.2017
Using compost to preserve forests in Madagascar
Using compost to preserve forests in Madagascar
Research by an EPFL PhD student has found a way to boost Madagascar's corn crop yields up to five times while decreasing deforestation at the same time.

Business / Economics - Social Sciences - 23.08.2017
Personality drives purchasing of luxury goods
People who are 'extraverted' and on low incomes buy more luxury goods than their introverted peers to compensate for the experience of low financial status, finds new UCL research. The study, published today in Psychological Science , used real life spending data from UK bank accounts to investigate the spending habits of richer and poorer people with different personality types.