news 2017

« BACK

Agronomy/Food Science



Results 41 - 56 of 56.


Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 08.05.2017
New findings may explain the advantages of polyunsaturated fat
New findings may explain the advantages of polyunsaturated fat
Previous research has demonstrated that saturated fat is more fattening and less muscle building than polyunsaturated fats. A new study shows that the choice of fat causes epigenetic changes which in turn could contribute to differences in fat storage. The so-called 'muffin study' received a lot of attention when it was published in 2014.

Agronomy / Food Science - 18.04.2017
Paper: Nutrition label readers favor food quality over quantity
Paper: Nutrition label readers favor food quality over quantity
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — People who closely eyeball nutrition labels tend to eat differently than less-discerning diners in one key regard, according to research from a University of Illinois expert in food and nutrition policy and consumer food preferences and behaviors. Although nutrition-label users and non-nutrition-label users eat roughly the same amount of food, the two groups diverge when it comes to the quality of the food they eat, says a new paper co-written by Brenna Ellison , a professor of agriculture and consumer economics at Illinois.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 06.04.2017
Over easy: Cannibal larvae eat eggs, grow fast, avoid predators
Insects that cannibalize often do so to boost their nutrition, but a new study of Colorado potato beetles suggests another reason for the behavior: to lay low from predators. The study, published in the April issue of Ecology Letters, reports that a Colorado potato beetle mother lays extra unfertilized eggs when she senses threats from stink bug predators, which eat beetle larvae but are rarely successful at killing adults.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 06.04.2017
High fat, high sugar diet during pregnancy 'programs' for health complications in mother and child
High fat, high sugar diet during pregnancy ‘programs’ for health complications in mother and child
Eating a high-fat, high-sugar diet when pregnant 'programs' both mother and child for potential health complications later in life by disrupting metabolic processes within the mother's body, researchers have found. We know that obesity during pregnancy is a risk factor for health complications for mother and baby both during and after pregnancy.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 30.03.2017
Early childhood the key to improving Indigenous health
A major study into the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children has found programs and policies to promote healthy weight should target children as young as three. Lead researcher Katie Thurber from The Australian National University (ANU) said the majority of Indigenous children in the national study had a health body Mass Index (BMI), but around 40 per cent were classified as overweight or obese by the time they reached nine years of age.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 23.03.2017
Use food subsidies as carrot to encourage healthier eating habits for obese
Use food subsidies as carrot to encourage healthier eating habits for obese
Subsidising healthy foods by up to 10 per cent would do more to shift the eating habits of overweight and obese people than a tax on unhealthy products, and could be cost effective in the long-run, according to the findings of a new study published by economists at the University. Based on the current numbers of obese people in the UK, the authors estimate that a 10 per cent healthy food subsidy over the course of a lifetime and across the population could save as much as £7.2 billion in the long-run.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.03.2017
Effects of the gut microbiota revisited
Matteo Serino, Inserm Research Fellow at the Digestive Health Research Institute (IRSD, an Inserm/University of Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier/National Veterinary College of Toulouse/Inra joint research unit), and his collaborators show that alteration of the intestinal microbiota, whether nutritional or genetic in origin, may have beneficial effects on liver metabolism.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.03.2017
No meaningful results from $5 billion water reform
New research from ANU has found no meaningful results from more than $5 billion spent on water reform in the Murray Darling Basin since 2001. The research focuses on water use since the Murray Darling Basin Plan came into effect in 2012, tracking the key indicators of how much water is diverted from the basin for agriculture, and the efficiency of how well that water is used.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 23.02.2017
Long-term stress linked to higher levels of obesity
Long-term stress linked to higher levels of obesity
People who suffer long-term stress may also be more prone to obesity, according to research by scientists at UCL which involved examining hair samples for levels of cortisol, a hormone which regulates the body's response to stress. The paper, published in the journal Obesity , showed that exposure to higher levels of cortisol over several months is associated with people being more heavily, and more persistently, overweight.

Agronomy / Food Science - 20.02.2017
Child obesity '35-40%' inherited from parents, study finds
Child obesity ‘35-40%’ inherited from parents, study finds
Child obesity '35-40%' inherited from parents, study finds Around 35-40 per cent of a child's BMI - how fat or thin they are - is inherited from their parents, a new study has found. For the most obese children, the proportion rises to 55-60 per cent, suggesting that more than half of their tendency towards obesity is determined by genetics and family environment.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.02.2017
Obesity leads to harmful activation of the immune system
Obesity leads to harmful activation of the immune system
Researchers find link between a high fat diet, obesity and cardiovascular disease risk. Obesity and a diet high in fat could lead to a harmful activation of the immune system, increasing a person's risk of heart disease, according to a study led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL). Previous research has shown that obesity increases blood pressure and cholesterol - both risk factors for heart disease.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.02.2017
Win-win strategies for climate and food security
Win-win strategies for climate and food security
Efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the agriculture and forestry sectors could lead to increased food prices-but new research identifies strategies that could help mitigate climate change while avoiding steep hikes in food prices. Climate policies that target agriculture and forests could lead to increased food prices, but reducing deforestation and increasing soil carbon sequestration in agriculture could significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions while avoiding risk to food security, according to new research published in the journal Environmental Research Letters .

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.02.2017
Baltic hunter-gatherers adopted farming without influence of mass migration, ancient DNA suggests
Baltic hunter-gatherers adopted farming without influence of mass migration, ancient DNA suggests
Ancient DNA analyses show that - unlike elsewhere in Europe - farmers from the Near East did not overtake hunter-gatherer populations in the Baltic. The findings also suggest that the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family originated in the Steppe grasslands of the East.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.02.2017
Ancient DNA reveals genetic 'continuity' between Stone Age and modern populations in East Asia
Ancient DNA reveals genetic ‘continuity’ between Stone Age and modern populations in East Asia
In contrast to Western Europeans, new research finds contemporary East Asians are genetically much closer to the ancient hunter-gatherers that lived in the same region eight thousand years previously.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.01.2017
New urine test can quickly detect whether a person has a healthy diet
New urine test can quickly detect whether a person has a healthy diet
Scientists have developed a urine test that measures the health of a person's diet. The five-minute test measures biological markers in urine created by the breakdown of foods such as red meat, chicken, fish and fruit and vegetables. The analysis, developed by researchers from Imperial College London, Newcastle University and Aberystwyth University, also gives an indication of how much fat, sugar, fibre and protein a person has eaten.

Agronomy / Food Science - 04.01.2017
Pigeon peas improve soil fertility
Pigeon peas improve soil fertility
By planting pigeon peas alongside maize, African farmers can improve the soil and their own nutritional intake.